What is Architectural History

181 Pages · 2013 · 1.25 MB · English

  • What is Architectural History

    What is

    Architectural History? What is History? series

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    polity Copyright © Andrew Leach 2010

    The right of Andrew Leach to be identifi ed as Author of this Work has

    been asserted in accordance with the UK Copyright, Designs and Patents

    Act 1988.

    First published in 2010 by Polity Press

    Polity Press

    65 Bridge Street

    Cambridge CB2 1UR, UK

    Polity Press

    350 Main Street

    Malden, MA 02148, USA

    All rights reserved. Except for the quotation of short passages for the

    purpose of criticism and review, no part of this publication may be

    reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form

    or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or

    otherwise, without the prior permission of the publisher.

    ISBN-13: 978-0-7456-4456-1

    ISBN-13: 978-0-7456-4457-8(pb)

    A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library.

    Typeset in 10.5 on 12 pt Sabon

    by Toppan Best-set Premedia Limited

    Printed and bound in Great Britain by MPG Books Group Limited,

    Bodmin, Cornwall

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    external websites referred to in this book are correct and active at the

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    For further information on Polity, visit our website:

    www.politybooks.com Contents

    List of illustrations vii

    Acknowledgements x

    How to use this book xii

    Introduction 1

    1. Foundations of a modern discipline 9

    Architectural history as the architect’s patrimony 13

    The architect as artist 19

    Architecture and empirical knowledge 25

    Architecture and culture 31

    A modern discipline? 36

    2. Organizing the past 41

    Approach 43

    Style and period 44

    Biography 52

    Geography and culture 57

    Type 61

    Technique 66

    Theme and analogy 71

    3. Evidence 76 vi Contents

    4. How useful? 97

    5. History and theory 115

    Notes 134

    Further reading 156

    Index of names 164 List of illustrations

    1 Il Gesù. Courtesy of Wikipedia Commons. 2

    2 Florentia, rendering intended to illustrate

    Ptolemy’s Geografi a, probably drawn 1420.

    Courtesy of the Bibliothèque Nationale de France. 12

    3 Sebastiano Serlio, studies of architectural details

    from the Pantheon, in Book III ‘On Antiquities’,

    Tutte l’opere d’architettura et prospetiva, 2nd edn,

    1544. Courtesy of the Bibliothèque Nationale

    de France. 16

    4 Titian (Tiziano Vecellio), portrait of Giulio

    Romano, c.1536. Courtesy of the Museo Civico del

    Pala 330 Te, Mantua. © Christie’s Images Corbis 21

    5 Pirro Ligorio, Anteiquae Urbis Imago, 1561,

    detail. Courtesy of the British School at Rome. 27

    6 Renaissance Gothic: Stephan Weyrer the Elder,

    Church of St George, Nördlingen, nave and choir

    vaults, c.1500. Courtesy of Andreas Praetcker and

    Wikipedia Commons. 49 viii List of illustrations

    7 Mies and America? Jacqueline Kennedy chatting

    with Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, 12 April 1964,

    Hyannis Port, Mass. © Bettman/Corbis. 55

    8 Whose heritage? Kaiserbad Spa (now Bath I) at

    Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic, architects Fellner

    und Helmer, Vienna 1895, atelierchef Alexander

    Neumann, photographer unknown. Private collection. 61

    9 Evolution of the temple type, Plate 1 of Les

    ruines des plus beaux monuments de la Grèce,

    considérées du côté de l’histoire et du côté de

    l’architecture, by Julien-David Le Roy, plate by

    Michelinot, after Le Moine. 64

    10 Ampio Magnifi co Collegio, by Giovanni

    Battista Piranesi, fi rst published in his Opera

    varie di architettura, prospettive, grotteschi,

    antichità (Rome: Bouchard, 1750). Courtesy of the

    Universiteitsbibliotheek Gent. 70

    11 Jeffries apartment and courtyard, West 10th St,

    Greenwich Village, New York, depicted in Rear

    Window, directed by Alfred Hitchcock (1954).

    Production photograph. Courtesy of Paramount/

    The Kobal Collections. 74

    12 Poster advertising the Exhibition of Seventy

    Drawings by Francesco Borromini from the

    Albertina of Vienna at the Gabinetto Nazionale

    delle Stampe, Rome, 1958–9. Courtesy of the

    Albertina, Vienna. 82

    13 Measured drawing and geometrical study of

    San Lorenzo, Florence, by Matthew A. Cohen.

    By permission of Matthew A. Cohen. 87

    14 Adelaide, South Australia, drawn by Le Corbusier

    with Hugh Trumble, Bogotá, Colombia, 1950.

    Courtesy of the Fondation le Corbusier. © Le

    Corbusier/ADAGP. Licensed by VISCOPY, 2009. 90

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