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What is Architectural History

181 Pages · 2013 · 1.25 MB · English

  • What is Architectural History

    What is


    Architectural History? What is History? series


    John H. Arnold, What is Medieval History?


    Peter Burke, What is Cultural History?


    John C. Burnham, What is Medical History?


    Pamela Kyle Crossley, What is Global History?


    Christiane Harzig, What is Migration History?


    Andrew Hinde, What is Population History?


    J. Donald Hughes, What is Environmental History?


    Andrew Leach, What is Architectural History?


    Stephen Morillo, What is Military History?


    Sonya O. Rose, What is Gender History? What is


    Architectural


    History?


    ANDREW LEACH


    polity Copyright © Andrew Leach 2010


    The right of Andrew Leach to be identifi ed as Author of this Work has


    been asserted in accordance with the UK Copyright, Designs and Patents


    Act 1988.


    First published in 2010 by Polity Press


    Polity Press


    65 Bridge Street


    Cambridge CB2 1UR, UK


    Polity Press


    350 Main Street


    Malden, MA 02148, USA


    All rights reserved. Except for the quotation of short passages for the


    purpose of criticism and review, no part of this publication may be


    reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form


    or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or


    otherwise, without the prior permission of the publisher.


    ISBN-13: 978-0-7456-4456-1


    ISBN-13: 978-0-7456-4457-8(pb)


    A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library.


    Typeset in 10.5 on 12 pt Sabon


    by Toppan Best-set Premedia Limited


    Printed and bound in Great Britain by MPG Books Group Limited,


    Bodmin, Cornwall


    The publisher has used its best endeavours to ensure that the URLs for


    external websites referred to in this book are correct and active at the


    time of going to press. However, the publisher has no responsibility for


    the websites and can make no guarantee that a site will remain live or


    that the content is or will remain appropriate.


    Every effort has been made to trace all copyright holders, but if any have


    been inadvertently overlooked the publisher will be pleased to include


    any necessary credits in any subsequent reprint or edition.


    For further information on Polity, visit our website:


    www.politybooks.com Contents


    List of illustrations vii


    Acknowledgements x


    How to use this book xii


    Introduction 1


    1. Foundations of a modern discipline 9


    Architectural history as the architect’s patrimony 13


    The architect as artist 19


    Architecture and empirical knowledge 25


    Architecture and culture 31


    A modern discipline? 36


    2. Organizing the past 41


    Approach 43


    Style and period 44


    Biography 52


    Geography and culture 57


    Type 61


    Technique 66


    Theme and analogy 71


    3. Evidence 76 vi Contents


    4. How useful? 97


    5. History and theory 115


    Notes 134


    Further reading 156


    Index of names 164 List of illustrations


    1 Il Gesù. Courtesy of Wikipedia Commons. 2


    2 Florentia, rendering intended to illustrate


    Ptolemy’s Geografi a, probably drawn 1420.


    Courtesy of the Bibliothèque Nationale de France. 12


    3 Sebastiano Serlio, studies of architectural details


    from the Pantheon, in Book III ‘On Antiquities’,


    Tutte l’opere d’architettura et prospetiva, 2nd edn,


    1544. Courtesy of the Bibliothèque Nationale


    de France. 16


    4 Titian (Tiziano Vecellio), portrait of Giulio


    Romano, c.1536. Courtesy of the Museo Civico del


    Pala 330 Te, Mantua. © Christie’s Images Corbis 21


    5 Pirro Ligorio, Anteiquae Urbis Imago, 1561,


    detail. Courtesy of the British School at Rome. 27


    6 Renaissance Gothic: Stephan Weyrer the Elder,


    Church of St George, Nördlingen, nave and choir


    vaults, c.1500. Courtesy of Andreas Praetcker and


    Wikipedia Commons. 49 viii List of illustrations


    7 Mies and America? Jacqueline Kennedy chatting


    with Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, 12 April 1964,


    Hyannis Port, Mass. © Bettman/Corbis. 55


    8 Whose heritage? Kaiserbad Spa (now Bath I) at


    Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic, architects Fellner


    und Helmer, Vienna 1895, atelierchef Alexander


    Neumann, photographer unknown. Private collection. 61


    9 Evolution of the temple type, Plate 1 of Les


    ruines des plus beaux monuments de la Grèce,


    considérées du côté de l’histoire et du côté de


    l’architecture, by Julien-David Le Roy, plate by


    Michelinot, after Le Moine. 64


    10 Ampio Magnifi co Collegio, by Giovanni


    Battista Piranesi, fi rst published in his Opera


    varie di architettura, prospettive, grotteschi,


    antichità (Rome: Bouchard, 1750). Courtesy of the


    Universiteitsbibliotheek Gent. 70


    11 Jeffries apartment and courtyard, West 10th St,


    Greenwich Village, New York, depicted in Rear


    Window, directed by Alfred Hitchcock (1954).


    Production photograph. Courtesy of Paramount/


    The Kobal Collections. 74


    12 Poster advertising the Exhibition of Seventy


    Drawings by Francesco Borromini from the


    Albertina of Vienna at the Gabinetto Nazionale


    delle Stampe, Rome, 1958–9. Courtesy of the


    Albertina, Vienna. 82


    13 Measured drawing and geometrical study of


    San Lorenzo, Florence, by Matthew A. Cohen.


    By permission of Matthew A. Cohen. 87


    14 Adelaide, South Australia, drawn by Le Corbusier


    with Hugh Trumble, Bogotá, Colombia, 1950.


    Courtesy of the Fondation le Corbusier. © Le


    Corbusier/ADAGP. Licensed by VISCOPY, 2009. 90


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