True Christianity

True Christianity

True Christianity

572 Pages ·2011·1.92 MB ·English

True Christianity

T


R U E


C


H R I S T I A N I T Y T


R U E


C


H R I S T I A N I T Y


The Portable New Century Edition


EMANUEL SWEDENBORG


Volume 1


Translated from the Latin by Jonathan S. Rose


S W E D E N B O R G F O U N D AT I O N


West Chester, Pennsylvania Originally published in Latin as Vera Christiana Religio, Continens Universam Theologiam Novae


Ecclesiae a Domino apud Danielem Cap. VII:13–14, et in Apocalypsi Cap. XXI:1, 2 Praedictae


© Copyright 2010by the Swedenborg Foundation, Inc.


All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or


by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or any information


storage or retrieval system, without prior permission from the publisher.


Printed in the United States of America


ISBN (library) Volume 1: 978-0-87785-484-5


Volume 2: 978-0-87785-501-9


ISBN (paperback) Volume 1: 978-0-87785-485-2


Volume 2: 978-0-87785-502-6


ISBN (slipcase set) Volumes 1 & 2: 978-0-87785-506-4


ISBN (portable) Volume 1: 978-0-87785-407-4


Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data


Swedenborg, Emanuel, 1688-1772.


[Vera Christiana religio. English]


True Christianity / author, Emanuel Swedenborg ; translator, Jonathan S.


Rose. — Portable ed.


p. cm.


ISBN 978-0-87785-400-5


1. New Jerusalem Church—Doctrines. 2. Theology, Doctrinal. I. Rose,


Jonathan S. II. Title.


BX8712.T8 2008


230'.94—dc22


2008005681


Senior Copyeditor, Alicia L. Dole


Text designed by Joanna V. Hill


Ornaments from the first Latin edition, 1771


Typesetting by Alicia L. Dole


Cover designed by Karen Connor


For information contact:


Swedenborg Foundation


320North Church Street


West Chester, PA 19380USA


Tel: 800-355-3222


web: www.swedenborg.com


or


email: info@swedenborg.com Contents


Conventions Used in This Work vii


Volume 1


The Faith of the New Heaven and the New Church 3


Chapter 1: God the Creator 5


The Oneness of God 6


The Underlying Divine Reality or Jehovah 26


The Infinity of God: His Immensity and Eternity 37


The Essence of God: Divine Love and Wisdom 54


God’s Omnipotence, Omniscience, and Omnipresence 74


The Creation of the Universe 100


Chapter 2: The Lord the Redeemer 116


Redemption 164


Chapter 3: The Holy Spirit and the Divine Action 201


The Divine Trinity 236


Chapter 4: Sacred Scripture, the Word of the Lord 270


Chapter 5: The Catechism, or Ten Commandments, Explained in Both


Its Outer and Its Inner Meanings 352


Chapter 6: Faith 402


Chapter 7: Goodwill (or Loving Our Neighbor) and Good Actions 483


Notes


Biographical Note 563


v Conventions Used in This Work


A


LTHOUGH True Christianity was originally published as a single


volume, in this edition it has been broken into two volumes.


Following a practice common in his time, Swedenborg divided his


published theological works into sections numbered in sequence from


beginning to end. His original section numbers have been preserved in


this edition; they appear in boxes in the outside margins. Because many


sections throughout Swedenborg’s works are too long for precise cross-


referencing, Swedenborgian scholar John F. Potts (1838–1923) further


divided them into subsections; these have since become standard. They


are indicated by bracketed arabic numbers that appear in the text itself:


[2], [3], and so on. Since the beginning of the first subsection coincides


with the beginning of the section, it is not labeled in the text.


As is common in Swedenborgian studies, text citations of Swedenborg’s


works refer not to page numbers but to section numbers, which are uni-


form in most editions. Thus “Secrets of Heaven29” refers to section 29(§29)


of Swedenborg’s Secrets of Heaven. Subsection numbers are given after a


colon; a reference such as “29:2” indicates subsection 2of section 29.


Biblical citations in this edition follow the accepted standard: a semi-


colon is used between book references and between chapter references, and


a comma between verse references. Therefore “Matthew 5:11, 12; 6:1; 10:41,


42; Luke 6:23, 35” refers to Matthew chapter 5, verses 11 and 12; Matthew


chapter 6, verse 1; Matthew chapter 10, verses 41and 42; and Luke chapter


6, verses 23and 35.


Swedenborg refers to the Hebrew Scriptures as the Old Testament


and to the Greek Scriptures as the New Testament; his terminology has


been adopted in this edition. As was the custom in his day, he refers to


the Pentateuch (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteron-


omy) as the books of Moses, or simply as “Moses”; for example, in §218


he writes “in Moses we read the following” and then quotes a passage


from Exodus. Similarly, in sentences or phrases introducing quotations


he sometimes refers to the Psalms as “David,” and to both the Gospel


vii viii TRUE CHRISTIANITY


and the Epistles of John as simply “John”; references given in parentheses


after the quotations specify their sources.


Some features of the original Latin text of True Christianityhave been


modernized in this edition. For example, Swedenborg’s first edition relies


on context or italics rather than quotation marks to indicate passages


taken from the Bible or from his other works. The manner in which


these conventions are used in the original suggests that Swedenborg did


not belabor the distinction between direct quotation and paraphrase;


neither did he mark his omissions from or changes to material, whether


biblical or his own. This edition follows Swedenborg’s practice of not


marking omissions or changes in quotations; but it reserves the use of


either block quotes or quotation marks for directly quoted material, and


presents paraphrased material instead as regular text. Words in italics in


the biblical quotations of this edition reflect a similar emphasis in the


first edition. In passages of dialog as well, quotation marks have been


introduced that were not present as such in the original.


This translation is based on the first Latin edition, published by


Swedenborg himself. It incorporates the silent emendation of minor


errors, not only in the text proper but in Bible verse references and in


section references to Swedenborg’s other published theological works.


The text has also been changed without notice where the verse number-


ing of the Latin Bible cited by Swedenborg differs from that of modern


English Bibles. Biblical references that occur in parentheses in passages


of dialog are present in the first edition. In these passages and elsewhere


throughout the translation, references or cross-references that were


implied but not stated have been inserted in square brackets []. Occa-


sionally such brackets represent an insertion of material that was not


present in the first edition, but no note is made of this use in this


portable edition. True Christianity


By Emanuel Swedenborg


Servant of the Lord Jesus Christ


T


R U E


C


H R I S T I A N I T Y T


R U E


C


H R I S T I A N I T Y


The Portable New Century Edition


EMANUEL SWEDENBORG


Volume 1


Translated from the Latin by Jonathan S. Rose


S W E D E N B O R G F O U N D AT I O N


West Chester, Pennsylvania Originally published in Latin as Vera Christiana Religio, Continens Universam Theologiam Novae


Ecclesiae a Domino apud Danielem Cap. VII:13–14, et in Apocalypsi Cap. XXI:1, 2 Praedictae


© Copyright 2010by the Swedenborg Foundation, Inc.


All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or


by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or any information


storage or retrieval system, without prior permission from the publisher.


Printed in the United States of America


ISBN (library) Volume 1: 978-0-87785-484-5


Volume 2: 978-0-87785-501-9


ISBN (paperback) Volume 1: 978-0-87785-485-2


Volume 2: 978-0-87785-502-6


ISBN (slipcase set) Volumes 1 & 2: 978-0-87785-506-4


ISBN (portable) Volume 1: 978-0-87785-407-4


Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data


Swedenborg, Emanuel, 1688-1772.


[Vera Christiana religio. English]


True Christianity / author, Emanuel Swedenborg ; translator, Jonathan S.


Rose. — Portable ed.


p. cm.


ISBN 978-0-87785-400-5


1. New Jerusalem Church—Doctrines. 2. Theology, Doctrinal. I. Rose,


Jonathan S. II. Title.


BX8712.T8 2008


230'.94—dc22


2008005681


Senior Copyeditor, Alicia L. Dole


Text designed by Joanna V. Hill


Ornaments from the first Latin edition, 1771


Typesetting by Alicia L. Dole


Cover designed by Karen Connor


For information contact:


Swedenborg Foundation


320North Church Street


West Chester, PA 19380USA


Tel: 800-355-3222


web: www.swedenborg.com


or


email: info@swedenborg.com Contents


Conventions Used in This Work vii


Volume 1


The Faith of the New Heaven and the New Church 3


Chapter 1: God the Creator 5


The Oneness of God 6


The Underlying Divine Reality or Jehovah 26


The Infinity of God: His Immensity and Eternity 37


The Essence of God: Divine Love and Wisdom 54


God’s Omnipotence, Omniscience, and Omnipresence 74


The Creation of the Universe 100


Chapter 2: The Lord the Redeemer 116


Redemption 164


Chapter 3: The Holy Spirit and the Divine Action 201


The Divine Trinity 236


Chapter 4: Sacred Scripture, the Word of the Lord 270


Chapter 5: The Catechism, or Ten Commandments, Explained in Both


Its Outer and Its Inner Meanings 352


Chapter 6: Faith 402


Chapter 7: Goodwill (or Loving Our Neighbor) and Good Actions 483


Notes


Biographical Note 563


v Conventions Used in This Work


A


LTHOUGH True Christianity was originally published as a single


volume, in this edition it has been broken into two volumes.


Following a practice common in his time, Swedenborg divided his


published theological works into sections numbered in sequence from


beginning to end. His original section numbers have been preserved in


this edition; they appear in boxes in the outside margins. Because many


sections throughout Swedenborg’s works are too long for precise cross-


referencing, Swedenborgian scholar John F. Potts (1838–1923) further


divided them into subsections; these have since become standard. They


are indicated by bracketed arabic numbers that appear in the text itself:


[2], [3], and so on. Since the beginning of the first subsection coincides


with the beginning of the section, it is not labeled in the text.


As is common in Swedenborgian studies, text citations of Swedenborg’s


works refer not to page numbers but to section numbers, which are uni-


form in most editions. Thus “Secrets of Heaven29” refers to section 29(§29)


of Swedenborg’s Secrets of Heaven. Subsection numbers are given after a


colon; a reference such as “29:2” indicates subsection 2of section 29.


Biblical citations in this edition follow the accepted standard: a semi-


colon is used between book references and between chapter references, and


a comma between verse references. Therefore “Matthew 5:11, 12; 6:1; 10:41,


42; Luke 6:23, 35” refers to Matthew chapter 5, verses 11 and 12; Matthew


chapter 6, verse 1; Matthew chapter 10, verses 41and 42; and Luke chapter


6, verses 23and 35.


Swedenborg refers to the Hebrew Scriptures as the Old Testament


and to the Greek Scriptures as the New Testament; his terminology has


been adopted in this edition. As was the custom in his day, he refers to


the Pentateuch (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteron-


omy) as the books of Moses, or simply as “Moses”; for example, in §218


he writes “in Moses we read the following” and then quotes a passage


from Exodus. Similarly, in sentences or phrases introducing quotations


he sometimes refers to the Psalms as “David,” and to both the Gospel


vii viii TRUE CHRISTIANITY


and the Epistles of John as simply “John”; references given in parentheses


after the quotations specify their sources.


Some features of the original Latin text of True Christianityhave been


modernized in this edition. For example, Swedenborg’s first edition relies


on context or italics rather than quotation marks to indicate passages


taken from the Bible or from his other works. The manner in which


these conventions are used in the original suggests that Swedenborg did


not belabor the distinction between direct quotation and paraphrase;


neither did he mark his omissions from or changes to material, whether


biblical or his own. This edition follows Swedenborg’s practice of not


marking omissions or changes in quotations; but it reserves the use of


either block quotes or quotation marks for directly quoted material, and


presents paraphrased material instead as regular text. Words in italics in


the biblical quotations of this edition reflect a similar emphasis in the


first edition. In passages of dialog as well, quotation marks have been


introduced that were not present as such in the original.


This translation is based on the first Latin edition, published by


Swedenborg himself. It incorporates the silent emendation of minor


errors, not only in the text proper but in Bible verse references and in


section references to Swedenborg’s other published theological works.


The text has also been changed without notice where the verse number-


ing of the Latin Bible cited by Swedenborg differs from that of modern


English Bibles. Biblical references that occur in parentheses in passages


of dialog are present in the first edition. In these passages and elsewhere


throughout the translation, references or cross-references that were


implied but not stated have been inserted in square brackets []. Occa-


sionally such brackets represent an insertion of material that was not


present in the first edition, but no note is made of this use in this


portable edition. True Christianity


By Emanuel Swedenborg


Servant of the Lord Jesus Christ


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