Traditional Medicine by Steven B Kayne

347 Pages · 2009 · 4.81 MB · English

  • Traditional Medicine by Steven B Kayne

    Writing in plain English

    Traditional Medicine Traditional Medicine

    A global perspective

    Edited by

    Steven B Kayne

    BSc, PhD, MBA, LLM, MSc, DAgVetPharm, FRPharmS,


    Honorary Consultant Pharmacist, Glasgow Homeopathic Hospital;

    Honorary Lecturer, University of Strathclyde School of Pharmacy, Glasgow, UK

    London • Chicago Published by the Pharmaceutical Press

    An imprint of RPS Publishing

    1 Lambeth High Street, London SE1 7JN, UK

    100 South Atkinson Road, Suite 200, Grayslake, IL 60030–7820, USA

    © Pharmaceutical Press 2010

    is a trade mark of RPS Publishing

    RPS Publishing is the publishing organisation of the Royal Pharmaceutical Society

    of Great Britain

    First published 2010

    Typeset by New Leaf Design, Scarborough, North Yorkshire

    Printed in Great Britain by TJ International, Padstow, Cornwall

    ISBN 978 0 85369 833 3

    All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a

    retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior

    written permission of the copyright holder.

    The publisher makes no representation, express or implied, with regard to the accuracy

    of the information contained in this book and cannot accept any legal responsibilityor

    liability for any errors or omissions that may be made.

    The right of Steven B Kayne to be identified as the author of this work has been

    asserted by him in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 1988.

    A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library. Contents

    Preface vii

    About the editor ix

    Contributors x

    1 Introduction to traditional medicine 1

    Steven Kayne

    2 Traditional European folk medicine 25

    Owen Davies

    3 Aboriginal/traditional medicine in North America:

    a practical approach for practitioners 44

    John K Crellin

    4 Traditional medicine used by ethnic groups in the

    Colombian Amazon tropical forest, South America 65

    Blanca Margarita Vargas de Corredor and

    Ann Mitchell (Simpson)

    5 Traditional medical practice in Africa 82

    Gillian Scott

    6 Traditional Chinese medicine 119

    Steven Kayne and Tony Booker

    7 Indian ayurvedic medicine 195

    Steven Kayne

    8 Japanese kampo medicine 225

    Haruki Yamada vi | Contents

    9 Korean medicine 257

    Seon Ho Kim, Bong-Hyun Kim and Il-Moo Chang

    10 Traditional medicines in the Pacific 270

    Rosemary Beresford

    11 Traditional Jewish medicine 293

    Kenneth Collins

    Index 317 Preface

    My good friend, Dr Gill Scott, and I were sitting in the gardens of the

    Mount Nelson Hotel (affectionately known as ‘The Nellie’) in Cape Town

    discussing Traditional African Medicine. We both thought that it would be

    good to bring descriptions of a representative number of traditional medical

    systems together in one text, aimed at academics, students and interested

    members of the public. I was delighted when Gill immediately agreed to

    contribute a chapter.

    Over one-third of the population in developing countries lack access to

    essential medicines. Countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America use tradi-

    tional medicine to help meet some of their primary health care needs. In

    Africa, up to 80% of the population uses traditional medicine for primary

    health care. The provision of safe and effective Traditional Medicine

    Therapies could become a critical tool to increase access to health care.

    Migration, both within countries and across continents, means that host

    communities, in particular health care providers working in multicultural

    environments, may well come into contact with unfamiliar practices. A

    compact yet wide ranging source of knowledge such as that provided in this

    book will help them understand the basics of medical systems that are being

    used by patients, often concurrently with western medicine. However,

    health care providers need more than just knowledge, for it is necessary to

    understand and effectively interact with people across cultures. In short,

    there is a need to develop cultural competence. With this in mind a method

    by which orthodox health care providers can approach patients using their

    traditional practices in a sympathetic manner is introduced in Chapter 3.

    Although it specifically refers to North American aboriginal medicine it can

    be adapted to other health care environments.

    This book covers medical systems practised on five continents, chosen to

    offer readers an awareness of different approaches to health care around the

    world. For example, Traditional Chinese Medicine and Ayurvedic medicine,

    two complete health systems that form the basis of almost all Asian medi-

    cine, are covered in detail, using material derived from both observation and

    published literature. Medicine from the Amazonian region of Colombia is

    presented through a series of fascinating interviews with local healers that viii | Preface

    emphasises the importance of ritualistic practice. In the African chapter the

    importance of using indigenous plants as remedies and the involvement of

    WHO are highlighted. Chapters on Japanese, Korean and Traditional

    Medicine in the Pacific provide an insight into the way other cultures have

    contributed to the development of their health care practices. Two chapters

    on folk medicine are also included: one covers the history and practice of

    secular and ecclesiastical practices with their origins across the continent of

    Europe, while the other seeks to demonstrate the wide ranging influence

    that a global religion can have on the health care of its believers.

    I am grateful to my colleagues around the world for their generous


    Steven Kayne


    September 2009

    steven.kayne@nhs.net About the editor

    Steven Kayne practised as a Community Pharmacist in Glasgow for more

    than 30 years before retiring from active practice in 1999. He is currently

    Honorary Consultant Pharmacist at Glasgow Homeopathic Hospital and

    Honorary Lecturer in CAM at the University of Strathclyde School of


    Dr Kayne was a member of the UK Advisory Board on the Registration of

    Homeopathic Products from its formation in 1994 until he retired in 2008,

    and currently serves on two other UK Government Expert Advisory Bodies:

    the Herbal Medicines Advisory Committee and the Veterinary Products

    Committee. He has also acted as an advisor to the WHO Collaborating

    Centre for Traditional Medicine.

    As well as authoring, editing and contributing chapters to many books,

    Dr Kayne has written numerous papers and journal articles on a variety of

    topics associated with health care and has presented at conferences as an

    invited speaker on four continents. He is a member of the editorial advisory

    board of several journals, lectures to undergraduate and postgraduate

    students and acts as an Examiner, in the UK and overseas.

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