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Traditional Medicine by Steven B Kayne

347 Pages · 2009 · 4.81 MB · English

  • Traditional Medicine by Steven B Kayne

    Writing in plain English


    Traditional Medicine Traditional Medicine


    A global perspective


    Edited by


    Steven B Kayne


    BSc, PhD, MBA, LLM, MSc, DAgVetPharm, FRPharmS,


    FCPP, FIPharmM, FFHom, MPS(NZ), FNZCP


    Honorary Consultant Pharmacist, Glasgow Homeopathic Hospital;


    Honorary Lecturer, University of Strathclyde School of Pharmacy, Glasgow, UK


    London • Chicago Published by the Pharmaceutical Press


    An imprint of RPS Publishing


    1 Lambeth High Street, London SE1 7JN, UK


    100 South Atkinson Road, Suite 200, Grayslake, IL 60030–7820, USA


    © Pharmaceutical Press 2010


    is a trade mark of RPS Publishing


    RPS Publishing is the publishing organisation of the Royal Pharmaceutical Society


    of Great Britain


    First published 2010


    Typeset by New Leaf Design, Scarborough, North Yorkshire


    Printed in Great Britain by TJ International, Padstow, Cornwall


    ISBN 978 0 85369 833 3


    All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a


    retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior


    written permission of the copyright holder.


    The publisher makes no representation, express or implied, with regard to the accuracy


    of the information contained in this book and cannot accept any legal responsibilityor


    liability for any errors or omissions that may be made.


    The right of Steven B Kayne to be identified as the author of this work has been


    asserted by him in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 1988.


    A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library. Contents


    Preface vii


    About the editor ix


    Contributors x


    1 Introduction to traditional medicine 1


    Steven Kayne


    2 Traditional European folk medicine 25


    Owen Davies


    3 Aboriginal/traditional medicine in North America:


    a practical approach for practitioners 44


    John K Crellin


    4 Traditional medicine used by ethnic groups in the


    Colombian Amazon tropical forest, South America 65


    Blanca Margarita Vargas de Corredor and


    Ann Mitchell (Simpson)


    5 Traditional medical practice in Africa 82


    Gillian Scott


    6 Traditional Chinese medicine 119


    Steven Kayne and Tony Booker


    7 Indian ayurvedic medicine 195


    Steven Kayne


    8 Japanese kampo medicine 225


    Haruki Yamada vi | Contents


    9 Korean medicine 257


    Seon Ho Kim, Bong-Hyun Kim and Il-Moo Chang


    10 Traditional medicines in the Pacific 270


    Rosemary Beresford


    11 Traditional Jewish medicine 293


    Kenneth Collins


    Index 317 Preface


    My good friend, Dr Gill Scott, and I were sitting in the gardens of the


    Mount Nelson Hotel (affectionately known as ‘The Nellie’) in Cape Town


    discussing Traditional African Medicine. We both thought that it would be


    good to bring descriptions of a representative number of traditional medical


    systems together in one text, aimed at academics, students and interested


    members of the public. I was delighted when Gill immediately agreed to


    contribute a chapter.


    Over one-third of the population in developing countries lack access to


    essential medicines. Countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America use tradi-


    tional medicine to help meet some of their primary health care needs. In


    Africa, up to 80% of the population uses traditional medicine for primary


    health care. The provision of safe and effective Traditional Medicine


    Therapies could become a critical tool to increase access to health care.


    Migration, both within countries and across continents, means that host


    communities, in particular health care providers working in multicultural


    environments, may well come into contact with unfamiliar practices. A


    compact yet wide ranging source of knowledge such as that provided in this


    book will help them understand the basics of medical systems that are being


    used by patients, often concurrently with western medicine. However,


    health care providers need more than just knowledge, for it is necessary to


    understand and effectively interact with people across cultures. In short,


    there is a need to develop cultural competence. With this in mind a method


    by which orthodox health care providers can approach patients using their


    traditional practices in a sympathetic manner is introduced in Chapter 3.


    Although it specifically refers to North American aboriginal medicine it can


    be adapted to other health care environments.


    This book covers medical systems practised on five continents, chosen to


    offer readers an awareness of different approaches to health care around the


    world. For example, Traditional Chinese Medicine and Ayurvedic medicine,


    two complete health systems that form the basis of almost all Asian medi-


    cine, are covered in detail, using material derived from both observation and


    published literature. Medicine from the Amazonian region of Colombia is


    presented through a series of fascinating interviews with local healers that viii | Preface


    emphasises the importance of ritualistic practice. In the African chapter the


    importance of using indigenous plants as remedies and the involvement of


    WHO are highlighted. Chapters on Japanese, Korean and Traditional


    Medicine in the Pacific provide an insight into the way other cultures have


    contributed to the development of their health care practices. Two chapters


    on folk medicine are also included: one covers the history and practice of


    secular and ecclesiastical practices with their origins across the continent of


    Europe, while the other seeks to demonstrate the wide ranging influence


    that a global religion can have on the health care of its believers.


    I am grateful to my colleagues around the world for their generous


    support.


    Steven Kayne


    Glasgow


    September 2009


    steven.kayne@nhs.net About the editor


    Steven Kayne practised as a Community Pharmacist in Glasgow for more


    than 30 years before retiring from active practice in 1999. He is currently


    Honorary Consultant Pharmacist at Glasgow Homeopathic Hospital and


    Honorary Lecturer in CAM at the University of Strathclyde School of


    Pharmacy.


    Dr Kayne was a member of the UK Advisory Board on the Registration of


    Homeopathic Products from its formation in 1994 until he retired in 2008,


    and currently serves on two other UK Government Expert Advisory Bodies:


    the Herbal Medicines Advisory Committee and the Veterinary Products


    Committee. He has also acted as an advisor to the WHO Collaborating


    Centre for Traditional Medicine.


    As well as authoring, editing and contributing chapters to many books,


    Dr Kayne has written numerous papers and journal articles on a variety of


    topics associated with health care and has presented at conferences as an


    invited speaker on four continents. He is a member of the editorial advisory


    board of several journals, lectures to undergraduate and postgraduate


    students and acts as an Examiner, in the UK and overseas.


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