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The Psychology of Marxian Socialism

528 Pages · 2016 · 26.69 MB · English

  • The Psychology of Marxian Socialism

    Henry de Man


    Translated by Eden and Cedar Paul


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    With a New Introduction by


    Peter J. Steinberger The Psychology of


    Marxian Socialism Social Science Classics Series


    VilhAeulbme rTth.eH iddSeonc iety


    SamuBeelrns teFirn.e nPcohl iatnidIc natle llHeiscttourya l


    HerbBelrutm eCrr.it iqoufRe ess eairntc hhSe o cSiacli ences


    G.D.CHo.l Geu.i Slodc iaRleissmt ated


    CharHloerst Coono lHeuym.a Nna tuarnedt hSeo cOiradle r


    CharHloerst Coono lSeoyc.iO arlg anization


    BenedCertotcoHe is.t orMiactaelria laisnmd Etchoen omoifc s


    KarMla rx


    HenrdyeM anT.h eP sychoolfMo agyr xiSaonc ialism


    AlbeVretn Dni ceLye.c tuornte hsRe e latiboent wLeaewna nd


    PubliOcp iniinoE nn glanddu ritnhNgein eteeCnetnht ury


    AdamF erguAsnoEs nsa.y o nt hHeis tooryfC iviSlo ciety


    RutFhi scShteraa.ln idGn e rmCaonm munism


    G.SG.h uryTeh.eS chedTurliebodef Is n dia


    LudwGiugm plowOiuctzl.oi fnS eosc iology


    EverCe.tH tu gheTsh.eS ociolEoygei cal


    HeleMna cGiHluglh eNse.wa sn dt hHeu maInn teSrteosryt


    KurKto ftkGar.o wotfth h Mei nd


    WaltLearq ueYuoru.n Gge rmany


    HaroJl.Ld a skTih.Ae m ericPraens idency


    GustLaevBeo Tnh.Fe r enRcehv oluatnidto hPnes ychology


    ofR evolution


    GustaLveeB oTnh.eP sy choloofSgy o cialism


    WaltLeirp pmaAn Prne.f atcoMe o rals


    HeleMne rrLeyln dE.n glanidnt hEeig hteen-Eighties


    HarrMiaertt inSeoacui.ie nAt mye rica


    VilfrPeadroeT thoeT. ransforomfDa etmioocnr acy


    JoseAp.Sh c hupme t.eT rh eT heooryfE conoDmeivce lopment


    GeorBgeern arSdh awT.h Ien tellWigoemnatnG su itdoe


    SociaalnisdCm a pitalism


    WerneSro mbaTrhtJe.e wasn Mdo deCrna pitalism


    PitiSroirmo kSionc.ai nadCl u ltDuyrnaalm ics


    AnseSltmr aeutas lsP. sy.c hiaItdrieco logies


    WilliGarma haSmu mneEra.r th-HaunndOg tehrEse sra ys


    ThorsVteebilneT nh.eE ngineaenrdts h Pricee System


    ThorsVteebilnTe nh.eT heooryfB usinEenstse rprise


    GrahaWma llHausm.a Nna tuirnPe o litics


    MaxW ebeGre.n eErcaoln oHmisitco ry


    FlorZinaann ieCcuklit.Su criaeln ces The Psychology of


    Marxian Socialism


    Henry de Man


    Translated by Eden and Cedar Paul


    With a New Introduction by


    Peter J. Steinberger



    TransactioBnoo ks


    NewB runswick (U.S.anAd.L o)n do(n U.K.) New materitahlie sd iticoonp yri©g1h9t85b yT ransactiIonnc,. ,


    New BrunswickN,e w Jerse0y8 90SO.r iginaeld iticoonp yright


    ©1928b yGe orgeA lle&n U nwinL td.L,o ndon.


    Allr ighrtess erveudn deIrn ternatioannadPl a n-AmericCaonp yxad


    righCto nventioNnso. p arto ft hiboso k mayb er eproducoerd


    transmititnae ndy f ormo rb ya nym eanse,l ectroonrmi ecc hanxad


    icailn,c ludpihnogt ocorpeyc,o rdionrga ,n yi nformatisotno rage


    andr etriesvysatle mw,i thopurti opre rmissiionwn r itifnrgo mt he


    publishAelrl.i nquirsiheosu lbde addressetdo Transaction


    BooksR,u tgers-STthaetU en iversNietwyB ,r unswiNcekw,J ersey


    0890S.


    LibraorfyC ongreCssa talNougm ber8:4 -161S0


    ISBN:0 -87855-9(9p2a-p2e r)


    Printiendt heU niteSdt atoefsAm erica


    LibraorfyCo ngressC atalogiinnP gu blicatDiaotna


    Man,H endridcek, 1 885-195S.


    Thep sycholoofgyM arxiasonc ialism.


    (Socisacli encclea ssiscesr ies)


    Translatioofn:Z urP sycholodgeisSe o zialismus.


    ReprinPtr.e vioupsulbyl ishTehde:p sycholoofgyso cialism.


    London: Alle&n U nwin1,9 28.


    1. SocialisIm.T. i tleI.I .S eries.


    MX72.MS6U 1985 SS5.4 B4.16UO


    ISBN0 -87855-9(9p2b-k2. ) INTRODUCTION TO THE TRANSACTION


    EDITION


    PETER J. STEINBERGER


    Ini ntroducai bnoogk sucha sd e Man'sT heP sychoolfo gy


    MarxiaSno cialmisym p,re ferewnocuel bde t oc onsidtehret ext


    oni tosw nm eritasp arftr omt heh istoraincdab li ographiccoanlxad


    textisnw hiciht w asw ritteSnu.c ha prefereinsrc aet heoru to f


    fashiwoint hpo litictahle oritshtessed ays.I np articutlhaesor xad,


    callNeedw H istorioafpn osl itical htahvoeau rgghute fdo rcefully


    thaat c riticaaplp reciaotfpi roin masroyu rcmeuss tb eb asedu pon


    an analysiso fa n authori'nst entiaosns sh apebdy linguistic,


    polit,ia cnadlso ciaclo ntexTthse.y c laitmh atto r econstarunc t


    argumenti nt ermso ft imeloersst ranscencdaetnetg oirsit eods e ny


    theh istorsipceacli fiyc cihtaracteroifas ntypi ice coefw ritinMgy.


    ownj udgmenits t hatth eN ew Historitaennstd o r educe tteox ts


    ideologairctailf aacntdts h erefbayit lot aksee rioustlhyei mplicit


    claiomft hep hilosophetrob ep roduciwnogr ktsh ariset abovteh e


    peculiariotfhi ieossw np sychaen dt ransctehnepd a rticulaorift ies


    hisa ge.I ti sq uitcee rtatihna otu ru nderstanodfi,sn agy J,o hn


    Lockiesa idebdy a kn owledgoefh iasc tiviatnidsee nst imendtusr xad


    ingt heG lorioRuesv olutbiuotni ;ts eemesq ualcllye atrh awte o nxad


    lyd oj ustitcohe i st houghitfws e a lssoe etko d etermiwnhee ther


    his theoroyfd emocraisc cyo rreocrtn ot.


    Stililnt, h ec aseo fd eM an iti sd ifficulttoi gnorceo ntextual


    factorWse. cannohte lpt o notef,o re xamplet,h atT he


    PsychooflM oagyr xian Saonce ssiaayil ns isomci,a rleivsits ionism,


    wasw ritteinn a decadfea moufso rs uche ssays.Ge org Lukacs's


    History andClas s ConsciousKnaerslK sor,s chM'asr xisamn d


    PhilosaonpdA hnyto,n iGor amscPrisi'osn Notebaoloblkse l ong


    v vi PSYCHOLOGYO F SOCIALISM


    tot he1 920osn;l syh orttlhye reafbteegrat nh em ajowro rko fM ax


    Horkheimaenrdt he othearssso caitewdi ht theF rankfuSrtc hool.


    AlthoudgehM ans pecificraelnloyu ncMeasr xishme,c ontintuoe s


    calhli mseal sfo cialainsdtt ,h uhsi sw ritinignsv ictoem parison


    witthh osoeft heo thres.


    Thent oot,h eraer et hes ingulara ndd isturbfiancgtso fd e


    Man'bsi ograpIhnyd.e ehdi,sl ifmea yb et hougohftas a reflecxad


    tioonf t hem osti mportacnutr renotfsE uropeacnu ltuarned


    politiinct sh efi rshta loff t hicse nturAyn. a ctiavned c ommitted


    Marxiisnth ise arlyye arsh,e e ventuablelcya mae majofirg ure


    amongE uroped'esm ocratoirc p arliamentsoacriya lisHtes .


    foughitnW orldW ar1 a ndw as decorawteidt h Btehleg iCarno ix


    deG uerrHee. h ada na cademciacr eaenrd t aughattt heU niverxad


    sitoyfF rankfuwrth,e rhei sc olleagiunecsl udKeadr lM annheim


    andM axH orkheimAe rp.r oliwfirci tehrea, u thortehdei nfluenxad


    tiaPlla nd uT ravafiorlt h er ecoveorfty h eB elgieacno nomIyn.


    the1 9!5Ohse b ecamlee adoefrt heP artiO uvrieBre lg(eP OBa)n d


    brieflsye rvedi nt heg overnmenta sa ministAesrW .o rldW ar II


    approachtehdi,ms a jors ocialfiigsutr ea ndo ne-tiMmaer xist


    becamfer ieanndd c onfidatnotB elgiumK'isn gL eopolIdI I.


    Thea stonischuilnmgi natoifod neM an'lsi fwea st hep ublicaxad


    tioonf h is" Manifetsott oh eM emberso ft heP OB"i n1 940i,n


    whichhe u rgead poliocfya ppeasemaenntda mittyo wartdh e


    Nazii nvadeTrhse." Manifescteol"e brattheecd o llaopfsb eo urxad


    geoilsi beraluinsdmeH ri tlearr'msi epsr,a isetdh eN azir egimeas


    onew hic"hh alse ssenecdl adssi fferemnuccesh m oree fficaciously


    thant hes elf-stdyelmeodc ratasn,d"l ookedh opefultloyw arad


    futuroefc ommuniatnyd p rosperitgyu idebdy a na uthoritarian


    kinodf s ocialIitsw mo.u lbde a bsurtdoc aldle M ana Nazib,u ti t


    wouldb e equalwlryo ngt od ismitssh iesp isodaes s omething


    merelayc cidenatnadli nessentiTahle.d enouemeonftd eM an's


    lifien volvheidsc onvictiinoan b senoftt iar easaogna intshte


    Belgisatna tHee.s penhti lsa syte arisnb itteexri ilneS witzerland.


    We mayw elble t emptetdov iewT heP sychoolfMo agyrx ian


    Sociailisntm h el ighotf t hesfea ctIst.w ouldb e particlaurly


    interesttoir nega dt hibsoo k asa precurosfot rh e1 940" Manixad


    festoa,n"d t ofi nd ini tt hese edso fa fascitsetm perament. INTR.ODUCTION TO THE TRANSACTION EDITION vii


    Indeetdh,ea rreme a terhiearlfeso j ru sstu cah s tudByu.tt o


    purstuheti asc wko ulbdet oi gnowrheai tst ruolfiy n tearnesdt


    importainntc hebi oso nka,m edleyM, a np'asr ticulaorf account


    socialainsdom ft hreo loefs octihaelo ry.


    AbovIeh avcea llTehdePsy choloofMgy a rxiSaonc ialaisnm


    essaiyn so cialriesvti sioTnhiiisssma . p hratshea dte M an


    explirceijteclteyea dg,ae srh ew ast od istahnicmesf erloftm h e


    worokfr evisisouncaihsEs dtwsa Bredrn stYeeitni,.nt hbioosk d e


    Manc leaprlleyaf dsoa rn ewa nmdo rree lesovcainatl piusrmge,d


    ofi tdso ctriannadui nrree aleilesmteiancnt das i meadtp roviding


    af reaen dpe acefkuilno dfso cieaxli stHeeni ctseh .e remfoosrte


    certaeinnglaygi enrd e vissoicniga alnidsi mti, si nt hetsee rms


    thawtec amnos tf ruitafpuplrloyha icwsho rk.


    THE CRrrIQUEO FMAR XISM


    Ther eviosfsoi coina lhiesrpmer opoiseessdse n tiadlilrye actt ed


    thei deoafsM arxa sa doptaendda rticublyad teeM da n's


    contempoDreaM raine'cssr. i toifqM uaer xiisnsmo mte reolney


    ofm anays peocfht isas r gumenitnl ;a rpgaert th,be oo ki nso thing


    morteh aann a ttaocnko rthoMdaorxx diosctt rDienM ea.n


    makensob onaebso tuhti Hsen. o otn lrye pudiaotwenfs o rmheirs


    viewsb,u td efinhises t askp reciass etlhye" liquidoaft ion"


    Marxis(mp 4.1 1I)n.a senseh,ic sr itiwciilbslemf sa miltioa r


    thoswiet ha knowleodfgt eh el eftciosntt rovoefrt shiee s


    posWto-rlWda rIp eriFooddr.e M anM,a rxiisfsmu ndameyn tall


    a scienteinstteircp rrooitseiedn,n ineteenthp-ocseinttiuvriys m


    ande spousai knign odf d eterminmiescthiacn,ia sntdi c,


    hedonviisetowfit chw eo rl(dp . M2a5r)x.i rsemd ucmeasn" ttoh e


    leveolfa m eroeb jeacmto ntgh oeb jeocfht ises n vironmaenndt ,


    these ehxitsetrnoa'rlri eclaalt iaornsehhlei ltpdosd 'e terhmiisn e


    volitainodtns od ecihdioesb jectAsi svuecsh.," Moaprexriastme s


    int ermosf " thlea wosfs oceivaoll uwtihoinca,hra ess umetdo


    havteh ien exorableo ftn he'ecl eaosswfnis at tyu froer'm uliant ed


    physicsacli enTchee.r "e suilsat philoseovpehryby i ta s


    dehumanaiszc ianpgi tpahliilsotso opnhewy h,i cfho,er x ample, viii PSYCHOLOGYO F SOCIALISM


    criticciezretsae ilne menotfTs a yloriwshmi laec tuaelmlbyr acing


    Taylorisvimew' osf t he" idewaolr kman"( p.6 9).


    De Man thuosf fearns a ccounotfM arxistmh aits s imilairn


    manyw ays tot haotf t heC riticalT heoristass r epresenftoerd ,


    examplbey,t hee ssaye ntit"lTehde L atenPtos itivismo fM arx's


    Phlioso phyo fH istoryi"nA lbrecWhetl lmere'ns· tTihceaolory j


    SociAegtayin.ss utc ha Marxisdme M an proposes a "science"


    morea ttunteod t her ealiteisepesc,i atlhlepsy y chologriecaalli ties.


    ofe verydcaayp itasocliiestty H.e arguefsoa rn onmechanivsiteiwc


    oft hew orldi,nw hicthh er elationsbhiept weecna use ande ffecits


    shown tob ec omplex,i ndeterminataen,di rreducibtloes imple.


    lawlipkreo positAicocnosr.d itnodg e M an.m echanincoatli oonsf


    causalairteyi napproprfioartu en derstandi"ntgh ev oluntarist


    andt eleologniactaulro eft hep sychologriecaaclt ioofwn h icahl l


    historical haaprpete hneie nxgspes rsion("p .M 7).H e prefetrso


    seet he resultosfso ciailn teracatsi" ocno nditiornaetdh"et rh an


    caused.a ndr efuses tor egartdh esoc ialirsetv olutaisio nna nyw ay


    inevitoarbp lree determiAnleldt .h iiss r eminisceonft t he


    standa"rhdu manistcirict"i quoef vu lgarM arxisamn do ft he


    widelyac cepted distincbteitownee nt heh um ana ndt hen atural


    sciences.


    Therea repe culiariitnid eesM an'sa ccountth amte risotm e


    furthaetrt entiToon b.eg inw ithi.ti sn ote ntircelleya wrh od e


    Man isa ttackiHneg i.n sitshtasht is probleism n otw ithM arx


    himsealnfd.t harte ferentcoMes a rx'sw rtiingss houlndo tb eused


    tor efuhtiesc riticiYsemths e.a lso claimst ha"tM arx belontgso


    Marxismb ecauseh eg avet hefi rsitm pulstoet hed octri(nep".


    412)a.n dt harte feretnoct eh eM arxc orpuisst herefeonrtei rely


    appropriWahteen.h ei dentihisfie osp ponenats"s t hMea rxists."


    posed


    iti sn otd earj utsh owi nclustihivsegr oupis sup tobe or


    evenw hethesru cha grourpe alelxyis tsG.i vetnh ed iversiotfy


    authowrhso c laimteodb eM arxisitnts h e1 9205i.t b ecomedsi ffixad


    cultt om aintatihna dte M an'csr itiqhuaes a nys ignificfaocusn.t


    He faitlose ngagteh ew ritinogsfL ukicsK,o rsch.a ndt heli ke.


    Theraer eo nlyb rierfe ferentcoKe asr lK autskBye,rns teina.n d


    theB olshevaitkt si;m esh.e a ctuaselemsl y morec oncernewdi th


    thep opular manifeosfMt aartxiiosnam s i ta ppeariendt hec onxad


    sciousnoefssl ower-level oragnadan citvziseitrsos r .pe rahpsi.n


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