The Psychology of Eating

394 Pages · 2010 · 1.09 MB · English

  • The Psychology of Eating

    The Psychology of Eating The Psychology of Eating

    From Healthy to Disordered Behavior

    2nd edition

    Jane Ogden

    A John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Publication This edition first published 2010

    © 2010 Jane Ogden

    Edition history: Blackwell Publishing. (1e, 2003)

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    Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

    Ogden, Jane, 1966–

    The psychology of eating : from healthy to disordered behavior / Jane Ogden.

    p. cm.

    Includes bibliographical references and index.

    ISBN 978-1-4051-9121-0 (hardcover : alk. paper) — ISBN 978-1-4051-9120-3 (pbk. : alk.

    paper) 1. Eating disorders. 2. Appetite disorders. 3. Food habits. I. Title.

    RC552.E18O47 2010



    A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library.

    Set in 10.5/13pt Minion by Graphicraft Limited, Hong Kong

    Printed in Malaysia

    1 2010 Contents

    List of Figures viii

    Foreword – Janet Polivy x

    Acknowledgments xiii

    Chapter 1 Introduction 1

    The Aim of This Book 1

    The Focus of This Book 2

    The Structure of This Book 2

    Further Reading 5

    Chapter 2 Healthy Eating 8

    What Is Healthy Eating? 8

    The Role of Diet in Contributing to Illness 11

    The Role of Diet in Treating Illness 16

    Who Has a Healthy Diet? 20

    The Impact of Health Concerns 27

    A Note on Measuring Food Intake 28

    Conclusion 30

    Chapter 3 Food Choice 31

    Developmental Models of Food Choice 32

    Cognitive Models of Food Choice 43

    Psychophysiological Models of Food Choice 49

    Conclusion 61 vi Contents

    Chapter 4 The Meaning of Food 63

    Food Classification Systems 64

    Food as a Statement of the Self 66

    Food as Social Interaction 72

    Food as Cultural Identity 74

    Measuring Beliefs About the Meaning of Food 80

    Conclusion 80

    Chapter 5 The Meaning of Size 82

    Media Representations 82

    The Meaning of Sex 87

    The Meaning of Size 88

    Conclusion 96

    Chapter 6 Body Dissatisfaction 97

    What Is Body Dissatisfaction? 97

    Who Is Dissatisfied With Their Body? 100

    Causes of Body Dissatisfaction 105

    Consequences of Body Dissatisfaction 112

    Conclusion 115

    Chapter 7 Dieting 116

    Putting Dieting in Context 116

    The Dieting Industry 121

    What Is Dieting? 127

    Dieting and Overeating 130

    The Consequences of Dieting 138

    Problems With Restraint Theory 142

    Conclusion 146

    Chapter 8 Obesity 148

    What Is Obesity? 148

    How Common Is Obesity? 151

    What Are the Consequences of Obesity? 152

    What Are the Causes of Obesity? 157

    Physiological Theories 157 Contents vii

    The Obesogenic Environment 163

    Problems With Obesity Research 177

    Conclusion 179

    Chapter 9 Obesity Treatment 180

    Doctors’ Beliefs About Obesity 180

    Dietary Interventions 182

    Should Obesity Be Treated at All? 187

    The Treatment Alternatives 190

    The Success Stories 201

    Preventing Obesity 206

    Conclusion 209

    Chapter 10 Eating Disorders 211

    Anorexia Nervosa 211

    What Are the Consequences of Anorexia Nervosa? 220

    Bulimia Nervosa 225

    What Are the Consequences of Bulimia Nervosa? 230

    Causes of Eating Disorders 233

    Conclusion 252

    Chapter 11 Treating Eating Disorders 254

    Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy 255

    Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) 259

    Family Therapy 264

    Inpatient Treatment 267

    An Integrated Approach to Treatment 273

    Chapter 12 An Integrated Model of Diet 276

    A Summary of the Literature on Diet 276

    Common Themes Across the Literature on Eating Behavior 279

    An Integrated Model of Diet 285

    Conclusion 286

    References 288

    Author Index 351

    Subject Index 365 List of Figures

    1.1 From healthy to disordered eating: A spectrum of diet 3

    2.1 Healthy eating 10

    2.2 Healthy eating in young adults 23

    3.1 Food choice 33

    3.2 Social eating 36

    3.3 The basics of the theory of reasoned action 44

    3.4 The basics of the theory of planned behavior 45

    3.5 Neurochemicals and food choice 54

    4.1 The meaning of food 66

    4.2 Food and sex 67

    4.3 Food: Guilt versus pleasure 70

    4.4 Food as self-control 71

    4.5 Food and the family 73

    4.6 Food: Health versus pleasure 75

    4.7 Food and religion 76

    5.1 Contemporary ideals of beauty 86

    5.2 The meaning of size 89

    5.3 The meaning of size: Control 92

    5.4 The meaning of size: Success 94

    6.1 Body dissatisfaction 99

    6.2 Body silhouettes for adults 99

    6.3 Smoking as a response to body dissatisfaction 113

    7.1 “Diets work” 124

    7.2 The central role for control 127

    7.3 Dieting and overeating 129

    7.4 The boundary model of overeating 132

    7.5 A comparison of the boundaries for different

    types of eating 133

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