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The Psychology of Eating

394 Pages · 2010 · 1.09 MB · English

  • The Psychology of Eating

    The Psychology of Eating The Psychology of Eating


    From Healthy to Disordered Behavior


    2nd edition


    Jane Ogden


    A John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Publication This edition first published 2010


    © 2010 Jane Ogden


    Edition history: Blackwell Publishing. (1e, 2003)


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    Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data


    Ogden, Jane, 1966–


    The psychology of eating : from healthy to disordered behavior / Jane Ogden.


    p. cm.


    Includes bibliographical references and index.


    ISBN 978-1-4051-9121-0 (hardcover : alk. paper) — ISBN 978-1-4051-9120-3 (pbk. : alk.


    paper) 1. Eating disorders. 2. Appetite disorders. 3. Food habits. I. Title.


    RC552.E18O47 2010


    616.85′26–dc22


    2009035840


    A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library.


    Set in 10.5/13pt Minion by Graphicraft Limited, Hong Kong


    Printed in Malaysia


    1 2010 Contents


    List of Figures viii


    Foreword – Janet Polivy x


    Acknowledgments xiii


    Chapter 1 Introduction 1


    The Aim of This Book 1


    The Focus of This Book 2


    The Structure of This Book 2


    Further Reading 5


    Chapter 2 Healthy Eating 8


    What Is Healthy Eating? 8


    The Role of Diet in Contributing to Illness 11


    The Role of Diet in Treating Illness 16


    Who Has a Healthy Diet? 20


    The Impact of Health Concerns 27


    A Note on Measuring Food Intake 28


    Conclusion 30


    Chapter 3 Food Choice 31


    Developmental Models of Food Choice 32


    Cognitive Models of Food Choice 43


    Psychophysiological Models of Food Choice 49


    Conclusion 61 vi Contents


    Chapter 4 The Meaning of Food 63


    Food Classification Systems 64


    Food as a Statement of the Self 66


    Food as Social Interaction 72


    Food as Cultural Identity 74


    Measuring Beliefs About the Meaning of Food 80


    Conclusion 80


    Chapter 5 The Meaning of Size 82


    Media Representations 82


    The Meaning of Sex 87


    The Meaning of Size 88


    Conclusion 96


    Chapter 6 Body Dissatisfaction 97


    What Is Body Dissatisfaction? 97


    Who Is Dissatisfied With Their Body? 100


    Causes of Body Dissatisfaction 105


    Consequences of Body Dissatisfaction 112


    Conclusion 115


    Chapter 7 Dieting 116


    Putting Dieting in Context 116


    The Dieting Industry 121


    What Is Dieting? 127


    Dieting and Overeating 130


    The Consequences of Dieting 138


    Problems With Restraint Theory 142


    Conclusion 146


    Chapter 8 Obesity 148


    What Is Obesity? 148


    How Common Is Obesity? 151


    What Are the Consequences of Obesity? 152


    What Are the Causes of Obesity? 157


    Physiological Theories 157 Contents vii


    The Obesogenic Environment 163


    Problems With Obesity Research 177


    Conclusion 179


    Chapter 9 Obesity Treatment 180


    Doctors’ Beliefs About Obesity 180


    Dietary Interventions 182


    Should Obesity Be Treated at All? 187


    The Treatment Alternatives 190


    The Success Stories 201


    Preventing Obesity 206


    Conclusion 209


    Chapter 10 Eating Disorders 211


    Anorexia Nervosa 211


    What Are the Consequences of Anorexia Nervosa? 220


    Bulimia Nervosa 225


    What Are the Consequences of Bulimia Nervosa? 230


    Causes of Eating Disorders 233


    Conclusion 252


    Chapter 11 Treating Eating Disorders 254


    Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy 255


    Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) 259


    Family Therapy 264


    Inpatient Treatment 267


    An Integrated Approach to Treatment 273


    Chapter 12 An Integrated Model of Diet 276


    A Summary of the Literature on Diet 276


    Common Themes Across the Literature on Eating Behavior 279


    An Integrated Model of Diet 285


    Conclusion 286


    References 288


    Author Index 351


    Subject Index 365 List of Figures


    1.1 From healthy to disordered eating: A spectrum of diet 3


    2.1 Healthy eating 10


    2.2 Healthy eating in young adults 23


    3.1 Food choice 33


    3.2 Social eating 36


    3.3 The basics of the theory of reasoned action 44


    3.4 The basics of the theory of planned behavior 45


    3.5 Neurochemicals and food choice 54


    4.1 The meaning of food 66


    4.2 Food and sex 67


    4.3 Food: Guilt versus pleasure 70


    4.4 Food as self-control 71


    4.5 Food and the family 73


    4.6 Food: Health versus pleasure 75


    4.7 Food and religion 76


    5.1 Contemporary ideals of beauty 86


    5.2 The meaning of size 89


    5.3 The meaning of size: Control 92


    5.4 The meaning of size: Success 94


    6.1 Body dissatisfaction 99


    6.2 Body silhouettes for adults 99


    6.3 Smoking as a response to body dissatisfaction 113


    7.1 “Diets work” 124


    7.2 The central role for control 127


    7.3 Dieting and overeating 129


    7.4 The boundary model of overeating 132


    7.5 A comparison of the boundaries for different


    types of eating 133


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