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The Life of Hinduism

343 Pages · 2008 · 1.31 MB · English

  • The Life of Hinduism

    THE LIFE OF HINDUISM THE LIFE OF RELIGION


    Mark Juergensmeyer, editor; Richard Carp, photo editor


    1. The Life of Buddhism,


    edited by Frank E. Reynolds


    and Jason A. Carbine


    2. The Life of Judaism,


    edited by Harvey E. Goldberg


    3. The Life of Hinduism,


    edited by John Stratton Hawley


    and Vasudha Narayanan THE LIFE OF HINDUISM


    edited by


    John Stratton Hawley


    and Vasudha Narayanan


    University of California Press


    Berkeley Los Angeles London University ofCalifornia Press, one ofthe most distinguished university presses in the United States,


    enriches lives around the world by advancing scholarship in the humanities, social sciences, and natural


    sciences. Its activities are supported by the UC Press Foundation and by philanthropic contributions


    from individuals and institutions. For more information, visit www.ucpress.edu.


    University ofCalifornia Press


    Berkeley and Los Angeles, California


    University ofCalifornia Press, Ltd.


    London, England


    © 2006 by The Regents ofthe University ofCalifornia


    Library ofCongress Cataloging-in-Publication Data


    The life ofHinduism / edited by John Stratton Hawley and Vasudha Narayanan.


    p. cm. — (The life ofreligion)


    Includes bibliographical references and index.


    isbn-13: 978-0-520-24913-4 (cloth : alk. paper)


    isbn-10: 0-520-24913-5 (cloth : alk. paper)


    isbn-13: 978-0-520-24914-1 (pbk. : alk. paper)


    isbn-10: 0-520-24914-3 (pbk. : alk. paper)


    1. Religious life—Hinduism. 2. Hinduism—Customs and practices. 3. Hinduism—Social


    aspects. I. Hawley, John Stratton, 1941– II. Narayanan, Vasudha.


    BL1226.13.L55 2007


    294.5—dc22 2006024692


    Manufactured in the United States ofAmerica


    16 15 14 13 12 11 10 09 08 07


    10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1


    This book is printed on New LeafEcoBook 50, a 100% recycled fiber ofwhich 50% is de-inked post-


    consumer waste, processed chlorine-free. EcoBook 50 is acid-free and meets the minimum requirements


    ofANSI/ASTMD5634-01 (Permanence ofPaper). CONTENTS


    List of Illustrations ix


    A Note on Transliteration xi


    Introduction 1


    part i worship


    1 The Experience: Approaching God 33


    Stephen P. Huyler


    2 The Deity: The Image of God 42


    Diana L. Eck


    3 The Miraculous: The Birth of a Shrine 53


    Shrivatsa Goswami and Margaret H. Case


    part ii the life cycle


    4 Marriage: Women in India 63


    Doranne Jacobson 5 Death beyond Death: The Ochre Robe 76


    Agehananda Bharati


    part iii festival


    6 Divali: The Festival of Lights 91


    Om Lata Bahadur


    7 Holi: The Feast of Love 99


    McKim Marriott


    part iv performance


    8 An Open-Air Ramayana: Ramlila, the Audience


    Experience 115


    Linda Hess


    9 A Ramayana on Air: “All in the (Raghu)


    Family,” A Video Epic in Cultural


    Context 140


    Philip Lutgendorf


    10 Possession by Durga: The Mother Who


    Possesses 158


    Kathleen M. Erndl


    part v gurus


    11 Anandamayi Ma: God Came as a Woman 173


    Lisa Lassell Hallstrom


    12 Radhasoami: The Healing Offer 184


    Sudhir Kakar


    part vi caste


    13 A Dalit Poet-Saint: Ravidas 199


    John Stratton Hawley, with Mark Juergensmeyer 14 A Brahmin Woman: Revenge Herself 218


    Lalitambika Antarjanam


    part vii diaspora


    15 Hinduism in Pittsburgh: Creating the South


    Indian “Hindu” Experience in the


    United States 231


    Vasudha Narayanan


    16 A Diasporic Hindu Creed: Some Basic Features


    of Hinduism 249


    Sitansu S. Chakravarti


    part viii identity


    17 Militant Hinduism: Ayodhya and the Momentum


    of Hindu Nationalism 257


    John Stratton Hawley


    18 Tolerant Hinduism: Shared Ritual Spaces—


    Hindus and Muslims at the Shrine of Shahul


    Hamid 266


    Vasudha Narayanan


    19 Hinduism for Hindus: Taking Back Hindu


    Studies 271


    Shrinivas Tilak


    20 Hinduism with Others: Interlogue 288


    Laurie L. Patton and Chakravarthi


    Ram-Prasad, with Kala Acharya


    List of Contributors 301


    Index 307


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