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The Concise Dictionary of American Jewish Biography

702 Pages · 2009 · 36.44 MB · English

  • The Concise Dictionary of American Jewish Biography

    American


    T H E


    C O N C I S E


    D I C T I O N A R Y


    Jewish


    O F


    Biography


    JACOB RADER MARCUS, editor


    JUDITH M. DANIELS, associate editor HOW TO'USE


    The Concise Dictionary of


    American Jewish Biography


    CONTENTS however, that we had accumulated hundreds upon


    hundreds (probablythousands) ofbiographies for people


    This Corzcise Dictionary consists of almost 24,000 brief


    for whom we did not have obituaries. Many of these


    biographies ofAmericanJews. Itisbyfar thelargestsuch


    individuals had probablydied bythe end of1985, butwe


    biographical dictionary ever undertaken. All of these


    had no systematic way of determining who they were.


    individuals are notable in that their names were taken


    Rather than drop all these names, we decided we would


    from standard sources for American Jewish biography.


    include theinformationwe had from.oursources. So, the


    These sources are listed in the bibliography. Additional


    reader should note-ifthere is no death date given in a


    information (and additional names) came froI!1 such


    biography this signifies that we did not find an obituary


    sources as Who Was Who inAmerica andNotableAmerican


    for this person in oursources. We could, ofcourse, have'


    Women.


    addedsomedeathdatesfromourownpersonalknowledge


    It should be emphasized that the names and the


    or from the popular press (Leonard Bernstein, for


    informationincludedhere comefrom theprintedsources


    example), butwe decided thisinconsistencywould betoo


    in the bibliography. We did not use.our judgment as to


    confusingforthereader.


    whichindividualstoincludeorexcludeandtheinformation


    Similarly, oursources often did notindicatewhere


    included is only the information available in the sources.


    and/or when an individual was born. In that case, the


    Whenthesourcesdisagreewitheachotheronsuchthings


    designationb.*wasused.


    as dates, the conflicting information is included. Each


    entryconcludeswith a.listingofeverysourceweused.for


    that entry. Thus, the reader can always go back to the TWO EXAMPLES


    originaltocheckourinformation.


    Below are two examples of entries from the Dictionary,


    Many individuals were included in more than one


    whichshouldhelpfamiliarizethereaderwithourformat.


    ofour sources and we have combined their biographical


    information here. However, there were some instances Aaron,AHoward;b.Buffalo,Feb28 1892.


    wherewecouldnotbecertainaboutsingleordualidentity. LLBU Buffalo.• Lawyer,Buffalo;activeLegal


    Inthesecaseswehaveentered bothcitationswithacross AidCOffi,JewishFednforSocialService;


    authorinfield. • See:WWIAJ, 1926,1928,


    reference [e.g. See entryaboveorSeeentrybelow].


    1938.


    Thereaderwillnotethatmanywomenareidentified


    onlybytheir husband's name. For this we apologize, but From this biography of a fairly obscure individual, you


    whenthisoccursitistheonlynameinformationavailable, canseethat his date ofdeathisnotin anyofoursources.


    eveninsuchpublicationsas TheNew York Times. So, (a) he is still alive and over 100years old; (b) he died


    Several of our most {:ommonly cited sources use after1985;or(c)hewasnotconsideredprominentenough


    the word "communal" to designate activity within the at his death to receive an obituary in our sources. We


    Jewish.community [as in communalldr]. A civic ldris one have used our own standard list of abbreviations in The


    who is active within the general community. We have Con~ise Dictionary and they are listed on page xvii. The


    followed thisdistinctionhere. . reader will note that all of the information in the entry


    wastakenfrom thethreeissues ofWho's Who inAmerican


    Jewrypublishedin1926, 1928,and 1938.


    CUT-OFF DATE


    We had originally intended to include in The Concise Adler,Cyrus;b.Van,Buren,AR,Sep13


    1863;d.Apr71940.


    Dictionary only those individuals who were deceased and


    BACentralHighSchool(Philadelphia),BA,


    weestablishedacutoffdateoftheendof1985.Wefound,


    MA,U PA,PhDJohnsHopkins.•Natl


    xi xii HowtoUseThe ConciseDictt"onaryofAmericanJewish Biography


    communalldr,Orientalist,coIlpres,author; Cyrus Adler has one of the longest entries. It gives his


    presDropsie,UnitedSynagogueofAm,JTS, exactdatesofbirthand death, thecompletehistoryofhis


    AmJewishCom,professionalsoc;facultyJohns


    education,andthemostimportantofhisaccomplishments.


    Hopkins;assocdSmithsonian;fdrJewish


    He appearsinnumerous sources. All ofthe abbreviations


    PublicationSoc,AmJewishHistoricalSoc;


    editorA]YB;representativeVersaillesPeace in the entry appear in our list ofabbreviations. The last


    Con£;non-Zionistco-chrJewishAgency. • citationistohisobituaryinThe·NewYork Times.


    See:]E;UJE;E];A]YB,6(1904-1905):54-55,


    24:113,42:23-144,476;Eisenstadt,9;WWIA], JacobRaderMarcus


    1926,1928,1938;BEOA];PAIRS, 37:451-154; JudithM.Daniels


    WWWIA, 1;DAB,2;Detroit]ewishNews,June


    7 1968;NYTimes,Apr81940,1:3. PREFACE


    After the Holocaust, America automatically assumed marginalJew-hewas proudly claimed ifhe had enjoyed .


    culturalhegemonyinWorldJewry.Tomeetthechallenge adegreeofprominence.Almostanyrabbiorcantor, even


    of cultural and spiritual leadership the AmericanJewish asmall-townminister, was deemed apersonality. Indeed,


    Archives was established in 1947 on the campus of the whentheJewishPublicationSocietystartedtolistnotables,


    HebrewUnionCollegeinCincinnatibythepresentwriter. theybeganwithrabbis and cantors (AmericanJewish Year


    I setoutto collectdocuments and data throwinglighton Book, 1903-1904).


    theJews ofthe Western Hemisphere; the United States InplanningThe ConciseDictionaryofAmericanJewish


    communitieswereemphasized. Bythe 1990stheArchives Biography,wewere eagertoincludethe personalitieswho


    had collected about 8,000,000 pages ofmaterial. In order graced the towns and cities in all parts of the United


    to further the study of American Jewish history, a States;we did notlimitourselvestometropolitancenters.


    semiannualmagazinewas published beginningin 1948;it (Itis interestingto notethat the editors ofVolume 39 of


    carriedselectedlistsofaccessions. Intheyears 1971-1978 theAmericanJewish YearBook deemed asextonworthyof


    the Archives published a five-volume Manuscript Catalog an obituary, brief as it was; the man had served a


    ofthe American Jewish Archives; a microfiche edition of Milwaukee congregation for thirty years; many persons


    newaccessionswas issued in 1991.As aids to researchers, arelistedsimplyas"communalworkers.")


    detailedindexes-incard catalogform-were preparedof In this Concise Dictionary the effort was made to


    a number of the country's most important Jewish include only deadJews; for avariety ofreasons there are


    periodicals. In 1984Jewish Newspapers and Periodicals on many exceptions. When a Jewish Who's Who of living


    MicrofilmwaspublishedbytheAmericanJewishPeriodical American personages was published in 1938-1939, itwas


    Center, Cincinnati. In 1950 and 1960 censuses of assumedthattheywouldbedeadbythe 1990's.However,


    seventeenth-andeighteenth-centuryAmericanjewrywere anumber ofthem listed in thatvolume survived into the


    prepared. 1990's; all are included here; hence the reward ofthose


    Thereisnoquestionth~tmostoftheJewsportrayed whohavesurvived;theycanenjoyreadingwhattheeditors


    in America's standard biographical reference works are saidofthemintheirantemortemportrayals.


    indeed notables as are those depicted in the several fine Individualswho had butoneJewishparentare also


    Jewish multivolumed encyclopedias; nevertheless their deemed Jews as are converts to other faiths. Dr. Karl


    criteria for notability are often mixed. Relatively few Landsteiner, a Nobel laureate in the area ofphysiology


    women are included, "for women were given little and medicine, appears here. He was a convert to


    recognition prior to the passage of the Nineteenth Christianity,.but a bornJew. Certainly not grateful for


    Amendmentin 1920. Evenintheirobituariesin The New inclusioninanearlierJewishwork, hesuedthepublisher,


    York Times women are often denoted by only their unsuccessfully. We have also included many persons as


    husbands' names; women like Mrs. Maurice Rothschild Jews solely on the basis of their "Jewish" names;


    (d. 1922) remain nameless; enfranchisement would undoubtedly we have made errors. European Jews,


    ultimatelymakeadifference. refugees, who stayed in the States but a fewyears before


    In the decades before and after the turn of the returningtoEuropeorAsiaarealsochronicled;theywere


    nineteenth century,AmericanJewswereeagerto boastof American, ifonly for the time being.Jews who affiliated


    theirimportantpersons.Althoughmostwereimmigrants, with various religious cults were always looked upon as


    many of these newcomers had more than earned their Jews. Notable criminals have also found a haven in this


    welcomehere.Anartistwhoreceivedanawardwassingled dictionary. If the Dictionary ofAmerican Biography can


    out;pioneersinallregionswerelauded;veteranswhohad shelterJesseJames, theJews can do no less than provide


    foughtinnationalwarswere, afterdecades,paraded.Even anasylumforArnoldRothstein, gamblerand bookmaker,


    if an individual had little or no Jewish affiliation-a who was fatally wounded in a poker game in 1928. The


    xiii xiv Preface


    criteria for acceptance in this lexicographical work are maynotbeknown; the date ofthe obituaryinthepapers


    ethnic origin, notability, notoriety, and inclusion in one maynotbethe dateofdeath. Inmostinstances, however,


    ofourJewishsources. we have sought to determine when the biographee died;


    Thereis everyreasonto believethatonthebasisof we have turned to The New York Times, ·makinggood use


    our sources it has been possible to assemble a relatively ofitstwopublishedobituaryindexvolumes.


    inclusive corpus of American Jewry's notables. On the In copying a biography we have usually accepted


    whole, the eighty-seven volumes of the American Jewish the givenspelling ofthe hometown, though the spellings


    Year Book were most productive. Some Jews of repute in the original were often phonetic, and we did not


    asked to submit biographical data refused to do so. This transliterateHebrewterms in accord withmodernusage.


    is interesting; it is equally interesting to note that social We have allowed the biographees to spell as their minds


    workerswere, onthewhole, notdeemednotables. Rabbis and educationprompted.Ifsome bios are brief-inmany


    andcantorswere."WhenLeeK Frankel,onceaninstructor casesnotmorethanalineortwo-wearemerelycopying


    at the UniversityofPennsylvania, told his friend the Rev. thesource,theonlyoneavailable.


    Dr. Kaufmann Kohler of New York that he was going We have labored for over a decade to.produce this


    into social work, the rabbi told him, rather sharply, that Concise Dictionary because it is our beliefthat it will save


    responsiblesuccessfulmen did notworkfor the charities. students many hours of research. Statisticians studying


    Frankelsucceededinbecomingone ofthecountry'smost AmericanJewish life and culturewill find that thousands


    distinguishedsocialworkers. of biographies will provide them with a more than


    Caveats. The editors of Who's Who in America adequate sampling for their studies. The data in these


    believe that the data submitted by the biographees are volumes are rich in the areas ofeconomics, politics, the


    accurate, thatpeoplearemeticulouswhenfillingouttheir professions, cultural anthropology, onomastics (names),


    questionnaires. It is our opinion that some oftheJewish feminism, immigration, and genealogy. Comparisons can


    biographies are not without embellishment: people get bemadebetweenfirst-generationnewcomersand natives,


    younger; theygain degrees. Inaddition, somesources are allJews ofcourse. OnecantracethehistoryoftheJewish


    generally less reliable than others;·thus the many-paged urban middle class since the seventeenth century; a


    list of "Notable American Jews" in the American Jewish comparative study of immigrant achievers according to


    Year Book, volume 24, is error-ridden. We assumed, their country of origin is well within the realm of


    however, that mostlife stories are accurate as given. The possibility; a comparative study of the AmericanJewish


    biographies in this Concise Dictionary are limited to the middle class, men and women, according to the


    information printed in the selected reference works in geographical areas where they lived and prospered could


    ourbibliography;whenthesources disagree, astheyoften beundertaken.Thisstudyalsowouldthrowlightonwhat


    do, particularly about dates, we include the variants. We they did for their communities. The biographies include


    hadneitherthestaffnorthefunds toundertakeadditional theeducation, training, and honorarydegreesreceived by


    independentresearch. Someofthebiographies, especially the men and thewomen portrayed. We believe, too, that


    thoseexcerptedfromthe manyvolumes ofWho Was Who there are enough biographies ofwomen to unearth some


    inAmerica may, inadvertently, have included Gentiles. It ofthe lost history ofAmericanJewry's women. Though


    is ourhopethattheirGentile, Christian, descendantswill somewhat limited, the data may be extensive enough to


    not be indignant that their ancestors were numbered determine the contributions of the Central European


    amongapeoplethatincludedMoses, King David, Isaiah, refugeeswhofledinthe 1930'sandsettledinthiscountry.


    Jeremiah, the Maccabees, Jesus, Karl Marx, Sigmund "What did they do for the America that provided them


    Freud, and Albert Einstein. Itis worthyofnote too, that withahaven?


    many, ifnotmost, oftheJewsin Who Was Who.inAmerica This Concise Dictionary was actually begun in 1950


    do not go out oftheir way to identify themselves as one when Earl Grollman, a student at the Hebrew Union


    ofthe ChosenPeople. In general, theJewishbiographical College, published a paper on America's seventeenth


    works tend to ignore Orthodox East European rabbis; centuryJews. This was followed by a largerworkbyDr.


    since some were fine talmudists, this is regrettable. The Joseph Rosenbloom in 1960. That, in turn, was followed


    writing style employed in this Concise Dictionary is by a master's thesis by David Zielonka in 1962. During


    telegraphic, elliptical;wewereeagerto savespaceso asto the 1980's, graduate students of the seminary and the


    includeas manybiographies aspossibleinthecompass of nearbyuniversityworkedcontinuouslyontheproject; the


    one handy publication. But we did not skimp when it scholarshipfundsweregenerouslysuppliedbytheHebrew


    cametocitingoursourcesfor everyindividual'sbiography. Union College. I forbear to mention all their


    Because they are relatively numerous, they will enable names-althoughNinaMjagkij, SigurdAdickes, andAnn


    researchers to secure additional information. No attempt Millinwereamongthem-lestIinadvertentlyforgetsome


    was made to interpret the data; the facts must speak for ~ofthem.AaronLevine, aretiredexecutiveoftheFederated


    themselves. The actual death date is not always given; it Department Stores and now co':"director ofthe Institute Preface xv


    forLearninginRetirementattheUniversityofCincinnati, deeply grateful for their largesse and their vision. Itwas


    undertook the arduous task ofexcerpting the data on all this giftthatmadeitpossiblefor us to continueonevena


    theJewish biographees in the eightvolumes ofWho Was larger scale. Melanie A. Miller did the computer work


    Who inAmerica(thisofcourseincluded allJewsidentified magnificently, organizing and typing the biographies.


    in the many volumes of the standard Who's Who in JudithM. Daniels, Lecturer in History at the University


    America). At all times, the staffs ofthe AmericanJewish ofCincinnati, came aboard in the 1980's and took over


    Archives and the Hebrew Union College Library were thetaskofchiefofstaff.Withoutherthisworkwouldnot


    onlytoo eagerto beofassistance. exist. I prepared the data forhundreds ofbiographiesand


    Finally, we received a matching grant from Jack checkedeveryfinal entryinthiswork.


    Skirballand hiswifeAudreyMarxSkirballKenis. We are


    JacobRaderMarcus


    AmericanJewishArchives


    HebrewUnionCollege, Cincinnati


    . 1993 ABBREVIATIONS


    admladmr: administration,administrator cotp: corporation nad: national


    AFL: AmericanFederationofLabor CPA: CertifiedPublicAccountant NAWi NotableAmericanWomen


    A]A: AmericanJewishArchives d: died NAWimodem: NotableAmericanWomen:


    AI: AmericanIsraelite DAB: DictionaryofAmericanBiography TheModernPeriod


    AJH: AmericanJewishHistory dept: department NYC: NewYorkCity


    AJHQ: AmericanJewishHistorical dir: director NYTimes: NewYorkTimes


    Quarterly dr: doctor org/orgs: organization!organizations


    A}YB: AmericanJewishYearBook Eisenstadt: Eisenstadt,HakmeYisroelbe- orgr: organizer


    Am: America!American Amerika ORT: OrganizationforRehabilitation


    assnlassns: association!associations EJ: EncyclopaediaJudaica ThroughTraining


    assocd: associated estd: established PAJHS:. PublicationsoftheAmericanJewish


    HistoricalSociety


    asst: assistant exec: executive


    post-grad: post-graduate


    atty: attorney fdr: founder


    pres: president


    b: born fedn: federation


    pseud: pseudonym


    bd: board Fink: Fink,BiographicalDictionaryof


    BDEAJ: BiographicalDictionaryofEarly AmericanLaborLeaders RIETS: RabbiIsaacElchanan


    TheologicalSeminary


    AmericanJews found: foundation·


    secy: secretary


    BEOAJ: BiographicalEncyclopediaof Gottlieb: Gottlieb,Ohole-Schem


    AmericanJews Heb: Hebrew soclsocs: society/societies


    bIdr: builder HEW: DepartmentofHealth,Education supt: superintendent


    bros: brothers & Welfare tchr: teacher


    ca: circa Hgts: Heights U: university


    CCARYB: CentralConferenceofAmerican ILGWU: InternationalLadiesGarment UJE: UniversalJewishEncyclopedia


    RabbisYearbook WorkersUnion UN: UnitedNations


    chr: chairman inst: institute/institution UNESCO: UnitedNationsEducational,


    CIO: CongressofIndustrial IRS: InternalRevenueService Social&CulturalOrganization


    Organizations JE: JewishEncyclopedia WPA: WorksProgressAdministration


    civic: referstogeneralcommunity* JTA-DNB: Jewish TelegraphicAgency- WSJ: WallStreetJournal


    co: company DailyNewsBulletin ~: WorldWarI


    coIl: college ]TS: JewishTheologicalSeminary,NYC ~: WorldWarII


    com: committee Idr: leader WWlAJ: Who'sWhoinAmericanJewry


    conimnlcommr: commission! LI: LongIsland WWWIA: Who WasWhoinAmerica


    commissioner med: medicaVmedicine YMCA: YoungMen'sChristian


    communal: referstoJewishcommunity* mem: member Association


    conf: conference mfr: manufacturer YM-YWHA: YoungMen's&Young


    cong: congress mgr: manager Women'sHebrewAssociation


    consult: consultant NAACP: NationalAssociationforthe


    AdvancementofColoredPeople


    *Several ofour most commo~yused sources used the word "communal" to designate


    activitywithintheJewishcommunity[asincommunalldr].Acivicldrisonewhowasactive


    withinthegeneralcommunity.Wehavefollowedthisdistinctionhere.


    xvii BIBLIOGRAPHY


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    AmericanJewishHistorical Society.AmericanJewish Historical Landman,Isaac,ed.The UniversalJewishEncyclopedia.NewYork:


    .Quarterly,Vols.51-67.1961-1978. TheUniversalJewishEncyclopedia, 1939~1943.


    American Jewish Historical Society. American Jewish History. The New York Times ObituariesIndex. 2vols. NewYork: New


    vols.68-76. 1977(1978)- 1986. YorkTimes, 1970,1980.


    CentralConferenceofAmericanRabbis. YearbookoftheCentral Roseribloom, Joseph R. A Biographical Dictionary ofEarly


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    Eisenstadt, Ben Zion. Hakme Yisroel be-Amerika. New York, Sicherman, Barbara and Carol Hurd Green, eds. Notable


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    EncyclopaediaJudaica. Jerusalem: Keter PublishingHouse Ltd,


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    Simons,John, ed. Mo's Mo inAmericanJewry,-Vo1.3,1938


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    PublishingHouse, 1982.


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    Mo's Mo in American Jewry, 1926. New York: Jewish


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    xix A


    ToUS'1857.•Businessman,merchant, Abarbanel,Albert(AlbertBrandt);b.


    communalworker,Pittsburgh;presHomer Hamburg,Jan81896.


    LaughlinChinaCo;afdrHebBenevolentSoc; ToUS 1933.·LLB,LLD,PhDUWiirzburg,


    anorgrHebInst.·See:A]YB,22:164;PA]HS, post-graduateBerlin,Munich.•Philosopher,


    28:257-58. Newark;pacificist& liberalldr,Germany;


    facultyUNewark;authorinfield;WWI


    Aaron,Marcus;b.Pittsburgh,Dec141869; Germanservice,woundedeighttimes,awarded


    d.Pittsburgh,June211954. fivemedalsincludingIronCross. • See:


    Aaron,A,Howard;b.Buffalo,Feb281892. WesternU ofPA;honorarydegree.•Mfr, WWIA], 1938.


    LLBUBuffalo.•Lawyer,Buffalo;activeLegal civic& communalldr,Pittsburgh;memState


    AidCom,JewisliFednforSocialService; BdofEducation;presBdofEducation;bdHeb Abarbanel,Henry;b.*;d.NYC, 1896.


    authorinfield. • See:WWIA], 1926,1928, UnionColI,UnionofAmHebCongregations; Author,tchr,NYC;authorworkforReform


    1938. HomerLaughlinChinaCo.• See:UJE; , schools.• See:UJE.


    WWIA], 1926,1928,1938;WWWIA,3.


    Aaron,AbrahamHigham;b.Buffalo,May Abarbanell,JacobRalph(pseud=Ralph


    23 1889. Aaron,MaxN;b.ca1868;d.Philadelphia, Royal);b.NYC,Dec6 1852;d.


    MDUBuffalo.• Physician,Buffalo;facultyU Nov141935. 'Whitestone,LI,Nov9 1922.


    Buffalo;presCity& CountyTuberculosisand Mfr,communalworker,Philadelphia.• See: AB,BSCCNY,LLBColumbia.•Lawyer,


    HealthAssn.• See:WWWIA, 8. A]YB,38:424. novelist,editor,translator,NYC;editorNew


    YorkFamilyStoryPaper. •See: UJE;A]YB,


    Aaron, Charles;b.NYC,Dec28'1890. Aarons,AA(AlexA);b.ca1891;d.Mar 6(1904-1905):54,24:112,25:138;WWWIA, 1;


    LLBJohnMarshallLaw.•Lawyer,bankdir, 1943. NYTimes,Nov111922,13:5.


    Chicago;presJewishPeoplesInst;dirJewish Theatricalmgr,stageproducer,musical


    Charities;activebarassn. • See:WWIA], comedymotionpictureproducer,NYC, Abarbanell,Lina;b.Berlirt,Jan31880;d.


    1938. Hollywood.• See:A]YB,24:112;NYTimes, Jan81963.


    Mar161943,19:5. ToUS 1905.•'Actress,singer,musicalcomedy


    Aaron,CharlesDettie;b.Lockport,NY, dir,Berlin,NYC;performedMetropolitan


    May81866. Aarons, CharlesLehman;b.NYC,Aug18 Opera."See:UJE;A]YB,24:112;WWWIA, 6;


    ScDUHeidelberg,MDUBuffalo,post-grad 1872. NYTimes,Jan81963,8:7.


    abroad;honorarydegree.• Gastroenterologist, U'WI,LLBU'WI.•Lawyer,circuit&


    Detroit;facultyWayne;originatorAaronSign juvenilecourtjudge,Milwaukee;memSchool Abbell,Maxwell;b.Slonim,Poland,Feb22


    fordiagnosingappendicitis;officermedsocs; Bd;officerB'naiB'rith.• See: UJE;WWIA], 1902/1906;d.Chicago,July91957.


    author/translatorinfield. • See:A]YB,24:112; 1926,1928,1938. ToUS 1904.·ABHarvard,MBA


    WWIA], 1926,1928,1938;WWWIA, 5,6. Northwestern,JDLoyola;honorarydegree.•


    Aarons,GeorgeManuel;b.StPeterburg, Socialworker,publicaccountant,lawyer,


    Aaron,ElyMayer;b.Chicago,Apr291896; Apr61896. hotelier,philanthropist,Chicago;execdir


    d.Chicago,Mar31975. ,ToUS 1906.• BostonMuseumofFineArts, JewishCharities;clirPresidentsComon


    UChicago,LLB0'0)Northwestern.Lawyer, BeauxArts.• Sculptor,Boston;instructorArt GovernmentEmploymentPolicy;fdrWorld


    communalworker,Chicago;chrMayorsCom Center,Fichtenburg,MA. • See:WWIA], CouncilofSynagogues;presUnited


    onNewResidents,ChicagoCommnon 1938. SynagogueofAm;benefactorIsrael,JTS.•


    HumanRights;natlofficerAmJewishCom; See:E];A]YB60:354;WWIA], 1938;


    WWIservice.·See:A]YB, 77:591;WWIAJ, Aaronsohn,Aaron;b.Rumania,ca1875;d. WWWIA, 3;NYTimes,July101957,27:3.


    1938;WWWIA, 6;NYTimes,Mar41975,36:5. May151919.


    ToUS 1909.·UBonn,UBerlin,UMunich. Abbey,Adolph;b.Riga,Feb28 1875.


    Aaron,Hart;b.*;d.NYC,Jan291777. •Agronomist,Zionistldr,Palestine;withUS LLBUOR.•Rabbi,Portland,OR;


    Merchant,LI;shohet,NYC. •See:BDEA]. DeptofAgriculture;fdrJewishAgricultural contributortoJewishpress. •See:A]YB,


    ExperimentalStation(Haifa);WWIBritish 6(1904-1905):214.


    Aaron,Hyman;b.Kovno,Apr181878;d. governmentservice.• See: UJE.


    Brooklyn,June 1950. Abel,Elie;b.Montreal,October171920.


    ToUS 1900.•Realtor,bldr,Brooklyn;bd Aaronsohn,Michael;b.Baltimore,1896;d. MAColumbia.•Journalist,NYC;dean


    synagog,TalmudTorah. •See:WWIA], 1938; Cincinnati,1976. ColumbiaU GradSchoolofJournalism;with


    NYTimes,June61950,29:3. ABU Cincinnati,ordainedHebUnionColI.• NYTimes, DetroitNews;coveredNuremberg


    Rabbi,chaplain,writer,singletaxadvocate; warcrimestrialsforMontrealGazette.•See:


    Aaron,Israel;b.Lancaster,PA,Nov20 blindedinaction,WWI;fdrJewishBraille Woi-ldOverstory,Mar27 1970;NYTimesstory,


    1859;d.Buffalo,May151912. Review;natlchaplainDisabledAmVeteransof Dec201969.


    BAUCincinnati,ordained,DDHebUnion WWI;withUnionofAmHebCongregations.


    ColI(1stgraduatingclass);honorarydegree.• • See:UJE;CCARYB. Abel,Frederick;b.ca1838;d.,Brooklyn,


    Rabbi,FtWayne,Buffalo.• See:]E;UJE; Nov31924.


    A]YB,5(1903-1904):41,14(1912-1913):127; Aaronson,Michael;b.Zhitomir,Volhynia, CivilWarcaptain,Brooklyn.•See:A]YB,


    Eisenstadt, 12;NYTimes,May161912. Jan71879. 27:150.


    BrooklynPolytechnicInst.•Yiddishpoet,


    Aaron,Jonas;b.* journalist,NYC;with]ewishMorning]ournal. Abel,Joseph;b.Philadelphia,Dec261872.


    FirstknownJewish(?)residentofPhiladelphia • See:WWIA], 1928,1938. LLB,LLMGeorgeWashington.·


    (1703).• See:]E;UJE;BDEA]. Commercialphotographer,congressionalaide,


    Aaronson,MichaelS;'b.Russia,Sep16 WashingtonDC;withDeptofAgriculture;


    Aaron,JosephIsaac;b.Kovno,Jan151886; 1887. officersynagog.• See:WWIA], 1938.


    d.Brooklyn,Mar201951. MDBellevueMedColI.•Physician,Ansonia,


    Bldr,realtor,Brooklyn;presCityT~Payers CT;natlexeccomZionistOrgofAm;active Abel,Shneur;b.ca1870;d.NYC,'Mar2


    Assn;dirHebFreeSchool;activehospital communalaffairs.• See:WWIA], 1928. 1925.


    philanthropies.·See:A]YB, 53:523;WWIA], DirJewishNatlFund,Zionistworker,NYc.•


    1938;NYTimes,Mar211951,33:4. Aaronson,Ralph;b.ca1860;d. See:A]YB,27:150.


    Philadelphia,Oct121913.


    Aaron,LouisI;b.Prussia,Oct181840;d. Communalworker,Philadelphia.• See:A]YB, Abeles,HerbertR;b.Newark,Feb14


    Pittsburgh,Dec311919. 16(1914-1915):161. 1898;d.WestOrange,NJ,Nov11960. Abeles, IdaBlock(MrsAlbertAbeles) 4


    Businessexec,communalldr,Newark;natIbd Abels,Simon;b.Lithuania,Jan101866;d. Rabbi,Cleveland.• See:A]YB, 20(1918


    JointDistributionCom,NJComonDisplaced Brooklyn,May201950. J919):227.


    Persons;presCouncilofJewishFednsand ToUS1887.•Bldr,realtor,developer,


    WelfareFunds. • See:A]YB63:558;NITimes, Brooklyn;earlierbanker,Pittsburgh;active Abraham,Abraham;b.NYC,Mar91843;


    Nov21960,39:4. synagog. • See:WWIA], 1926;NITimes,May d.NYC,June281911.


    221950,21:4. Deptstorefdr,natIcommunalldr,philanthro


    Abeles,IdaBlock(MrsAlbertAbeles);b. pist,NYC;presUnionofAmHebCongrega


    Newark,Dec41883. Abelson,Alter;b.Miriampol,Lithuania, tions,JewishHospital;officerSocforthe


    Communalworker,Orange,NJ;trustee July171880/1881;d.NYC,Dec201964. PreventionofCrueltytoChildren;donated


    TheresaGrottaAidforConvalescents;active ToUS1887.·JTS.·Rabbi,poet,NYC, uniqueEgyptologylibrarytoCornell.• See:


    AmJewishCongo• See:WWIA], 1938. earlierJerseyCity;hospitalchaplainforNYBd UJE;EJ(subAbraham);A]YB,7(1905


    ofRabbis.•See: UJE;A]YB, 5(1903-1904):41, 1906):33,13(1911-1912):138(subAbrahams);


    Abeles,JulianTheodore;b.LittleRock, 7(1905-1906):119,24:112,66:572; WWIA], PA]HS,22:199-100;WWWIA, 1;NITimes,


    Dec251892;d.Mar1973. 1938;NITimes,Dec22 1964,27:4. June291911,-11:3.


    UAR,LLBNYU...Lawyer,NYC;specialty:


    motionpicture& musiccopyright;general Abelson,HaroldHerbert;b.NYC,Sep25 Abraham,Harris;b.ca1834;d.Nashville,


    counseltradeassns. •See:WWWL4, 5; 1904. Oct181914.


    NITimes,Mar71963,46:1. BSCCNY,MAPhDColumbia.• Confederateveteran,Nashville.• See:A]YB,


    Psychologist,educator,NYC;faculty,dean 17(1915-1916):218.


    Abeles,PeterAron;b.Oltenitza,Rumania, SchoolofEducation,CCNY;presprofessional


    Feb151886;d.Sep1952. assn;authorinfield. •See:E];WWIA], 1938. Abraham,Henry;b.ca1835;d.New


    ToNYC1895.·LLBNYU.•Lawyer, Orleans,Sep41910.


    accountant,legislator,municipal& US Abelson,Isadore;b.Adanta,Feb21894. Cottonmerchant,NewOrleans.·See:A]YB,


    customscourtjudge,NYc.• See:WWIA], BAU Georgia,JTS.• Communalsocial 13(1911-1912):135.


    1938;NITimes,Sep13 1952,17:1. worker,Brooklyn;withJewishWelfareBd.•


    See:WWIA], 1928. Abraham,Herbert;b.NYC,July91883;d.


    Abelman,Max;b.Jassy,Jan261887;d. Apr41967.


    Brooklyn,Oct171960. Abelson,LesterSidney;b.NiagaraFalls, CCNY,BSColumbia.•Mfr,NYC;chemical


    ToNYC1892/1902.• DeWightSchoolof Dec181902;d.Nov51980. coexec,StLouis;WWIgovernmentservice.•


    Accounting,MechanicsInstofNY,NYU JDU Chicago.•Distillingcoexec,Chicago; See:A]YB,24:112;WWIA], 1938;WWWIA.,


    SchoolofPhilanthropy,NYU.•Public withBartonBrands.• See:WWW1A, 7. 4;NITimes,Apr51967,47:2.


    relationsdir,civic& communalworker,


    Brooklyn;execdirFednofJewishCharities; Abelson,LouisIrving;b.NYC,Aug51895. Abraham,HilleIJ;b.ca1842;d.San


    dirpublicrelationsBrooklynJewi.shHospital; .CCNY,DDSColumbia.•Dentist,NYC; Francisco,Apr1917.


    WWIfundraiser.· See:A]YB,63:558; officerAmJewishDentistsComforHebU, Rabbi.• See:A]YB, 19(1917-1918):263.


    WWIA], 1926,1938;NITimes,Oct181960, professionalorgs;authorinfield. • See:


    39:3. WWIA], 1938. Abraham,JosephHenry;b.Montgomery,


    AL,Sep171870;d.NYC,June1954.


    Abeloff,AbramJoseph;b.NYC,Mar19 Abelson,Nathan;b.Syracuse,Aug121883. MDUVA,post-gradVienna,Berlin.•


    ,1900. LLBSyracuseU. •LaWyer,municipaljudge, Laryngologist,instrumentdesigner,NYC;a


    AB,MDColumbia.• Surgeon,NYC;author Syracuse;memBdofSupervisors;WWI fdrCollegeofSurgeons;facultyNYPolyclinic.


    infield. • See:WWIA], 1938. governmentservice.•See:WWIA], 1938. •See:A]YB,24:112;WWIA], 1938;NITimes,


    June41954,23:4.


    Abelow,Robert;b.NYC,Dec291902;d. Abelson,Paul;b.Kovno,Sep271878;d.


    May21978. NYC,Nov41953. Abraham,Lewis;b.London, 1825;d.


    LLBStLawrenceU.• Lawyer,NYC;tchr ToNYC1892.•ABCCNY,LLB,PhD WashingtonDC,Dec30/311903.


    NewSchool;wwnexecdirNatIWarLabor Columbia.•Notedlaborarbitrator,lawyer, ToCincinnati1841.•Publicist,lawyer,


    Bd..•See:WWWL4,'7;NITimes,May41978, socialwelfareworker,laborunionimpartial communalworker,WashingtonDC;secyBd


    II2:2. chr,NYC;afdrMadisonHouseSettlement; ofDelegatesonCivil& ReligiousRights;


    officerJewishFarmersofAm;editor-in-chief officerB'naiB'rith;activeUnionofAmHeb


    Abelow,Solomon;b.Brooklyn,July22 English-YiddishEncyclopedicDictionary;author/ Congregations.• See:UJE;A]YB,6(1904


    1894;d.Feb1955. . lecturerinfield;WWIdraftbdchr.•See:E]; 1905):373;PA]HS, 32:117-118.


    BSCornell,LLBBrooklynLawSchool.• UJE;A]YB,24:112,56:568;WWIA], 1928,


    Lawyer,exportbroker,Brooklyn;mem 1938;NITimes,Nov51953,31:5. Abraham,MrsBenjaminL;~.Stry,Austria,


    GovernorsCrimeConf;statecommander Sep261884.


    JewishWarVeterans;presMeretzReliefAssn; Ableman,Benjamin;b.Philadelphia,Apr1 Communal& Zionistworker,Philadelphia;


    activeDemocraticpolitics,veteransorgs; 1890. officerHadassah,UnitedPalestineAppeal,


    WWIservice.• See:WWIA], 1938;NITimes, Merchant,farmowner,WPAadmr, NatICouncilofJewishWomen.·See:


    Feb261955,15:2. Georgetown& Wilmington,DE.• See: WWIA], 1926.


    WWIA], 1938(addenda).


    Abels,Morris;b.RussianPoland,Mar Abraham,Sam;b.ca1886;d.Memphis,Jan


    1876;d.AdanticCity,May81943. Abom,Milton;b.Marysville,CA,May18 261940.


    Wholesalemerchant,Pittsburgh;prestrade 1864;d.NYC,Nov121933. Merchant,Memphis.• See:A]YB,42:476.


    assn;trusteeFednofJewishPhilanthropies.• Theatrical& operaproducer,impresario,


    See:WWIAJ, 1928;NITimes,May91943, Boston,NYC,Philadelphia;popularizedopera Abraham,Samuel;b.Budapest,Sep20


    40:4. inUS.·See:A]YB,24:112,36:277;WWW1A, 1885.


    1;DAB, 1;NITimes,Nov131933,17:1. . ToUS 1886.·PhG,PhC,DDSColumbia.·


    Abels,MosesJS;b.Russia,Feb191887;d. Orthodontist,chemist,NYC;deanPost-Grad


    NYC, 1959. Abom,Sargent;b.Boston,1866;d.Feb SchoolofOrthodontia& OralSurgery;bd


    ToUS 1898.•ABCCNY,MAColumbia, 1956. HebOrphanAsylum,HebSheltering


    ordainedJTS.•Rabbi,author,Zionist, Operaproducer,NYC.• See:A]YB,24:112; GuardianSoc,RebU;authorinfield;WWI


    Brooklyn;earlierWilmington,DE,Altoona, NITimes, Feb71956,31:4.t service.·See:WWIA], 1926,1928,1938.


    PA,LI;officerWilmingtonJuvenileCourt.•


    See:WWIA], 1938;CCARYB. Abovitz,J;b.*;d.Cleveland,June261917. Abraham,Victor;b.Cincinnati,June12


    1846.


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