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The Ancient Egyptians For Dummies

384 Pages · 2007 · 10.51 MB · English

  • The Ancient Egyptians For Dummies

    01_065440 ffirs.qxp 5/31/07 9:19 AM Page i


    The Ancient


    Egyptians


    FOR


    DUMmIES


    ‰ 01_065440 ffirs.qxp 5/31/07 9:19 AM Page ii 01_065440 ffirs.qxp 5/31/07 9:19 AM Page iii


    The Ancient


    Egyptians


    FOR


    DUMmIES



    by Charlotte Booth 01_065440 ffirs.qxp 5/31/07 9:19 AM Page iv


    The Ancient Egyptians For Dummies®


    Published by


    John Wiley & Sons, Ltd


    The Atrium


    Southern Gate


    Chichester


    West Sussex


    PO19 8SQ


    England


    E-mail (for orders and customer service enquires): [email protected]


    Visit our Home Page on www.wiley.com


    Copyright ©2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, West Sussex, England


    Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, West Sussex


    All Rights Reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or trans-


    mitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning or other-


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    addressed to the Permissions Department, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, The Atrium, Southern Gate, Chichester,


    West Sussex, PO19 8SQ, England, or emailed to [email protected], or faxed to (44) 1243 770620.


    Trademarks:Wiley, the Wiley Publishing logo, For Dummies, the Dummies Man logo, A Reference for the


    Rest of Us!, The Dummies Way, Dummies Daily, The Fun and Easy Way, Dummies.com and related trade


    dress are trademarks or registered trademarks of John Wiley & Sons, Inc. and/or its affiliates in the United


    States and other countries, and may not be used without written permission. All other trademarks are the


    property of their respective owners. Wiley Publishing, Inc., is not associated with any product or vendor


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    British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data: A catalogue record for this book is available from the


    British Library


    ISBN: 978-0-470-06544-0


    Printed and bound in Great Britain by Bell and Bain Ltd, Glasgow.


    Translations by James Henry Brested, B. Brier, J. and R. Janssen, Barbara S. Lesko, M. Lichtheim,


    C. El Mahdy, C. Nims, R. Partridge, James B. Pritchard.


    With thanks to C. Banks, W. Frostick, D. Thompson, and G. Webb for their kind permission to reproduce


    the photographs in this book. 01_065440 ffirs.qxp 5/31/07 9:19 AM Page v


    About the Author


    Charlotte Booth is a freelance Egyptologist who started her education at


    Birkbeck, University of London, with a Diploma in Egyptology. From there she


    went to University College London and gained a degree and a Masters in


    Egyptian Archaeology. She is currently studying at the University of Wales,


    Swansea, for a PhD, and has written a number of articles and books on


    Egyptology. Charlotte teaches archaeology and Egyptology in various adult


    education institutions including the Workers’ Educational Association and


    Birkbeck. She is the founder of the Essex Egyptology Group.


    Charlotte has worked in Egypt on the Egyptian Antiquities Information


    System (EAIS) project (part of the Supreme Council of Antiquities) as an


    Archaeological Researcher. Closer to home, she appeared on The New Paul


    O’Grady Showas the mummification expert! 01_065440 ffirs.qxp 5/31/07 9:19 AM Page vi 01_065440 ffirs.qxp 5/31/07 9:19 AM Page vii


    Author’s Acknowledgements


    Over the years many people have inspired me to continue researching and


    writing. I would like to thank my mum for giving me the all-important first


    break, the good education, and for her support over the years. Thanks to my


    fiancé, Wayne Frostick, who knows when to offer advice and when to go and


    watch the football. Various Egyptologists over the years have also inspired


    me, including Rosalind Janssen and the late Dominic Montserrat; both were


    inspirational and memorable teachers. My students also help a great deal by


    letting me know exactly what is interesting and what is not. Apparently I get the


    two confused sometimes. Let’s hope I have got the right blend in this book.


    IfI have got it right, this is due to the guidance of the For Dummiesteam:


    SamClapp, Rachael Chilvers, and Brian Kramer. 01_065440 ffirs.qxp 5/31/07 9:19 AM Page viii


    Publisher’s Acknowledgements


    We’re proud of this book; please send us your comments through our Dummies online registration


    form located at www.dummies.com/register/.


    Some of the people who helped bring this book to market include the following:


    Acquisitions, Editorial, and Composition Services


    Media Development


    Project Coordinator: Jennifer Theriot


    Project Editor: Rachael Chilvers


    Layout and Graphics:Claudia Bell,


    Development Editor:Brian Kramer Shane Johnson, Barbara Moore,


    Heather Ryan, Alicia B. South,


    Content Editor: Steve Edwards


    ChristineWilliams


    Commissioning Editor: Samantha Clapp


    Proofreaders:Laura Albert, Susan Moritz


    Copy Editor: Sally Lansdell


    Indexer: Aptara


    Proofreader:Mary White


    Brand Reviewer: Jennifer Bingham


    Executive Editor: Jason Dunne


    Executive Project Editor: Martin Tribe


    Cover Photos:©Trip/Alamy


    Cartoons: Rich Tennant


    (www.the5thwave.com)


    Publishing and Editorial for Consumer Dummies


    Diane Graves Steele, Vice President and Publisher, Consumer Dummies


    Joyce Pepple, Acquisitions Director, Consumer Dummies


    Kristin A. Cocks, Product Development Director, Consumer Dummies


    Michael Spring, Vice President and Publisher, Travel


    Kelly Regan,Editorial Director, Travel


    Publishing for Technology Dummies


    Andy Cummings,Vice President and Publisher, Dummies Technology/General User


    Composition Services


    Gerry Fahey,Vice President of Production Services


    Debbie Stailey,Director of Composition Services 02_065440 ftoc.qxp 5/31/07 9:19 AM Page ix


    Contents at a Glance


    Introduction.................................................................1


    Part I: Introducing the Ancient Egyptians.......................7


    Chapter 1: Getting Grounded: The Geography and History of Ancient Egypt............9


    Chapter 2: Examining the Lives of the Everyday Egyptians.......................................29


    Part II: Stepping Back in Time.....................................55


    Chapter 3: Building a Civilisation with Military Might................................................57


    Chapter 4: Building the Empire: The Glories of the New Kingdom............................79


    Chapter 5: Looking at the Power Behind the Throne: Royal Women .....................101


    Chapter 6: Following the Decline and Fall of the Egyptian Civilisation...................117


    Part III: Living Life to the Full: Culture and Beliefs.....139


    Chapter 7: Enjoying Food and Entertainment............................................................141


    Chapter 8: Staying Healthy: Diseases and Medicine..................................................157


    Chapter 9: Worshipping like an Egyptian: Religion....................................................171


    Chapter 10: Exploring Funerary Beliefs and Mummification....................................189


    Part IV: Interpreting Egyptian Art and Architecture....207


    Chapter 11: Deciphering Egyptian Art and Hieroglyphs...........................................209


    Chapter 12: Touring the Temples.................................................................................229


    Chapter 13: Excavating the Tombs: Houses of Eternity............................................253


    Chapter 14: Probing the Pyramids...............................................................................271


    Part V: The Part of Tens ............................................285


    Chapter 15: Top Ten Breakthroughs in Egyptology...................................................287


    Chapter 16: Ten Egyptians Worth Knowing................................................................297


    Chapter 17: Ten Ancient Egyptian Achievements......................................................307


    Chapter 18: Top Ten Places to Visit in Egypt..............................................................317


    Chapter 19: Ten Key Egyptologists..............................................................................327


    Index.......................................................................335


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