Teaching Critical Thinking in Psychology: A Handbook of Best Practices

295 Pages · 2009 · 2.08 MB · English

  • Teaching Critical Thinking in Psychology: A Handbook of Best Practices

    Teaching Critical Thinking in Psychology

    Teaching Critical Thinking in Psychology: A H a ndbook of Best Practices Edited by D. S. Dunn, J. S. Halonen, and R. A. Smith

    © 2008 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. ISBN: 978-1-405-17402-2

    99778811440055117744003399__11__PPrreettoocc..iinndddd ii 66//2277//22000088 44::3388::1188 PPMM Teaching Critical Thinking in Psychology

    A Handbook of Best Practices

    Edited by

    Dana S. Dunn, Jane S. Halonen,

    and Randolph A. Smith

    A John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Publication

    99778811440055117744003399__11__PPrreettoocc..iinndddd iiiiii 66//2277//22000088 44::3388::1188 PPMM This edition first published 2008

    © 2008 Blackwell Publishing Ltd

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    The right of Dana S. Dunn, Jane S. Halonen, and Randolph A. Smith to be identified as the authors of

    the editorial material in this work has been asserted in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and

    Patents Act 1988.

    All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or trans-

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    Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

    Teaching critical thinking in psychology : a handbook of best practices / edited by Dana S. Dunn, Jane

    S. Halonen, and Randolph A. Smith.

    p. cm.

    Includes bibliographical references and indexes.

    ISBN 978-1-4051-7402-2 (pbk. : alk. paper) – ISBN 978-1-4051-7403-9 (hardcover : alk. paper)

    1. Critical thinking–Study and teaching. 2. Thought and thinking–Study and teaching. 3. Psychology–

    Study and teaching. I. Dunn, Dana S. II. Halonen, Jane S. III. Smith, Randolph A., 1951-

    BF441.T35 2008



    A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library.

    Set in 10.5/12.5pt Adobe Garamond by SPi Publisher Services, Pondicherry, India

    Printed in Singapore by Markono Print Media Pte Ltd

    1 2008

    99778811440055117744003399__11__PPrreettoocc..iinndddd iivv 66//2277//22000088 44::3388::1188 PPMM In memory of my grandmother, Yvonne Harman, ever a critical thinker. DSD

    In honor of my amazing colleagues at Alverno College who helped me find such

    satisfaction in the mystery of teaching critical thinking. JSH

    To my parents—Anna and Hugh—and my mentors—Phil, Dick, Eric, and

    Mrs. Flowers—who encouraged my early efforts at critical thinking. RAS

    99778811440055117744003399__11__PPrreettoocc..iinndddd vv 66//2277//22000088 44::3388::1188 PPMM Contents

    List of Contributors xi

    About the Editors xiii

    Foreword xv

    Diane F. Halpern

    Preface xvii

    Dana S. Dunn, Jane S. Halonen, and Randolph A. Smith

    Acknowledgments xix

    1 Engaging Minds: Introducing Best Practices in

    Teaching Critical Thinking in Psychology 1

    Dana S. Dunn, Jane S. Halonen, and Randolph A. Smith

    Part I The Case for Teaching Critical Thinking in Psychology 9

    2 Critical Thinking: Needed Now More Than Ever 11

    Carole Wade

    3 Have We Demystified Critical Thinking? 23

    Natalie Kerr Lawrence, Sherry L. Serdikoff, Tracy E. Zinn,

    and Suzanne C. Baker

    4 Are They Ready Yet? Developmental Issues in Teaching Thinking 35

    Laird R. O. Edman

    5 Simple Strategies for Teaching Your Students to Think Critically 49

    William Buskist and Jessica G. Irons

    99778811440055117744003399__22__ttoocc..iinndddd vviiii 66//2288//22000088 11::4422::2222 PPMM Contents

    Part II Assessing Critical Thinking 59

    6 Measure for Measure: The Challenge of Assessing Critical Thinking 61

    Jane S. Halonen

    7 Programmatic Assessment of Critical Thinking 77

    Kevin J. Apple, Sherry L. Serdikoff, Monica J. Reis-Bergan,

    and Kenneth E. Barron

    8 A Process Approach to Thinking Critically About Complex Concepts 89

    Stacie M. Spencer and Marin Gillis

    Part III Critical Thinking in Critical Psychology Courses 99

    9 Integrating Critical Thinking with Course Content 101

    David W. Carroll, Allen H. Keniston, and Blaine F. Peden

    10 Critical Thinking on Contemporary Issues 117

    Susan L. O’Donnell, Alisha L. Francis, and Sherrie L. Mahurin

    11 The Repertory Grid as a Heuristic Tool in Teaching

    Undergraduate Psychology 127

    Joseph A. Mayo

    12 Critical Thinking in Critical Courses: Principles and Applications 137

    Janet E. Kuebli, Richard D. Harvey, and James H. Korn

    13 Teaching Critical Thinking in Statistics and Research Methods 149

    Bryan K. Saville, Tracy E. Zinn, Natalie Kerr Lawrence,

    Kenneth E. Barron, and Jeffrey Andre

    Part IV Integrating Critical Thinking Across the Psychology Curriculum 161

    14 Writing as Critical Thinking 163

    Dana S. Dunn and Randolph A. Smith

    15 Using Service Learning to Promote Critical Thinking

    in the Psychology Curriculum 175

    Elizabeth Yost Hammer

    16 Beyond Standard Lectures: Supporting the Development

    of Critical Thinking in Cognitive Psychology Courses 183

    Jordan P. Lippman, Trina C. Kershaw,

    James W. Pellegrino, and Stellan Ohlsson

    17 Why We Believe: Fostering Critical Thought

    and Scientific Literacy in Research Methods 199

    Bernard C. Beins

    18 Teaching Critical Thinking About Difficult Topics 211

    Paul C. Smith and Kris Vasquez


    99778811440055117744003399__22__ttoocc..iinndddd vviiiiii 66//2288//22000088 11::4422::2233 PPMM Contents

    Part V Thinking Critical Beyond the Classroom 223

    19 Thinking Critically About Careers in Psychology 225

    Deborah S. Briihl, Claudia J. Stanny, Kiersten A. Jarvis,

    Maria Darcy, and Ronald W. Belter

    Part VI Critical Briefings: Short Reports on Critical Thinking 235

    1 Best and Worst: Learning to Think Like a Psychologist 237

    Dana Gross

    2 Personal Mission Statements as Tools for Developing

    Writing and Reflection Skills 241

    Lawrence Benjamin Lewis and Elizabeth Yost Hammer

    3 A Module-Based Research Project: Modeling Critical

    Thinking in Psychology 247

    Nina Lamson and Katherine Kipp

    4 Effectively Using Literature Circles in the Psychology Classroom 251

    Rebecca Wenrich Wheeler

    5 Introducing Controversial Issues in Psychology

    Through Debate and Reflection 257

    Sherri B. Lantinga

    6 The Critical Thinking Lab: Developing Student Skills

    Through Practical Application 263

    Todd J. Wilkinson, Bryan J. Dik, and Andrew P. Tix

    7 Encouraging Students to Think Critically About Psychotherapy:

    Overcoming Naïve Realism 267

    Scott O. Lilienfeld, Jeffrey M. Lohr, and Bunmi O. Olatunji

    8 Effectiveness of a Web-Based Critical Thinking Module 273

    Beth Dietz-Uhler

    9 An Introductory Exercise for Promoting Critical

    Thinking About Psychological Measurement 277

    Jeffrey D. Holmes

    Author Index 281

    Subject Index 290


    99778811440055117744003399__22__ttoocc..iinndddd iixx 66//2288//22000088 11::4422::2233 PPMM List of Contributors

    Jeffrey Andre, James Madison University – andrejt@jmu.edu

    Kevin J. Apple, James Madison University – applekj@jmu.edu

    Suzanne C. Baker, James Madison University – bakers@jmu.edu

    Kenneth E. Barron, James Madison University – barronke@jmu.edu

    Bernard C. Beins, Ithaca College – beins@ithaca.edu

    Ronald W. Belter, University of West Florida – rbelter@uwf.edu

    Deborah S. Briihl, Valdosta State University – dbriihl@valdosta.edu

    William Buskist, Auburn University – buskiwf@auburn.edu

    David W. Carroll, University of Wisconsin-Superior – dcarroll@uwsuper.edu

    Maria Darcy, Private practice, Orlando, FL – drmariadarcy@cfl.rr.com

    Beth Dietz-Uhler, Miami University – uhlerbd@muohio.edu

    Bryan J. Dik, Colorado State University – Bryan.dik@ColoState.edu

    Dana S. Dunn, Moravian College – dunn@moravian.edu

    Laird R. O. Edman, Northwestern College – ledman@nwciowa.edu

    Alisha L. Francis, Northwest Missouri State University – ALISHAF@nwmissouri.edu

    Marin Gillis, University of Nevada School of Medicine – mgillis@ medicine.nevada.edu

    Dana Gross, St. Olaf College – grossd@stolaf.edu

    Jane S. Halonen, University of West Florida – jhalonen@uwf.edu

    Diane F. Halpern, Claremont McKenna College – diane.halpern@


    Elizabeth Yost Hammer, Xavier University of Louisiana – eyhammer@xula.edu

    Richard D. Harvey, Saint Louis University – harveyr@slu.edu

    Jeffrey D. Holmes, Ithaca College – jholmes@ithaca.edu

    Jessica G. Irons, James Madison University – ironsjg@jmu.edu

    Kiersten A. Jarvis, University of North Florida – kiersten.jarvis@unf.edu

    Allen H. Keniston, University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire – kenistah@ uwec.edu

    Trina C. Kershaw, University of Massachusetts Dartmouth – tkershaw@umassd.edu

    99778811440055117744003399__33__PPoossttoocc..iinndddd xxii 66//2277//22000088 66::0099::2288 PPMM List of Contributors

    Katherine Kipp, Gainesville College-Oconee Campus – kkipp@gsc.edu

    James H. Korn, Saint Louis University – kornjh@earthlink.net

    Janet E. Kuebli, Saint Louis University – kueblije@slu.edu

    Nina Lamson, Gainesville College–Oconee Campus – nlamson@gsc.edu

    Sherri B. Lantinga, Dordt College – lantinga@dordt.edu

    Natalie Kerr Lawrence, James Madison University – lawrennk@jmu.edu

    Lawrence Benjamin Lewis, Loyola University of New Orleans – lewis@loyno.edu

    Scott O. Lilienfeld, Emory University – slilien@emory.edu

    Jordan P. Lippman, University of Illinois at Chicago – jlippman@uic.edu

    Jeffrey M. Lohr, University of Arkansas – jlohr@uark.edu

    Sherrie L. Mahurin, George Fox University – slmahurin@comcast.net

    Joseph A. Mayo, Gordon College – joe _m@gdn.edu

    Susan L. O’Donnell, George Fox University – sodonnell@georgefox.edu

    Stellan Ohlsson, University of Illinois at Chicago – stellan@uic.edu

    Bunmi O. Olatunji, Vanderbilt University – olubunmi.o.olatunji@ vanderbilt.edu

    Blaine F. Peden, University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire – pedenbf@uwec.edu

    James W. Pellegrino, University of Illinois at Chicago – pellejw@uic.edu

    Monica J. Reis-Bergan, James Madison University – reisbemj@jmu.edu

    Bryan K. Saville, James Madison University – savillbk@jmu.edu

    Sherry L. Serdikoff, James Madison University – serdiksl@jmu.edu

    Paul C. Smith, Alverno College – paul.smith@alverno.edu

    Randolph A. Smith, Lamar University – randolph.smith@lamar.edu

    Stacie M. Spencer, Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences – stacie.


    Claudia J. Stanny, University of West Florida – cstanny@uwf.edu

    Andrew P. Tix, Normandale Community College – andrew.tix@ normandale.edu

    Kris Vasquez, Alverno College – kris.vasquez@alverno.edu

    Carole Wade, Dominican University of California – cwade2@sbcglobal.net

    Rebecca Wenrich Wheeler, Southeast Raleigh Magnet High School – rwheeler1@


    Todd J. Wilkinson, University of Minnesota – wilk0159@umn.edu

    Tracy E. Zinn, James Madison University – zinnte@jmu.edu


    99778811440055117744003399__33__PPoossttoocc..iinndddd xxiiii 66//2277//22000088 66::0099::2288 PPMM

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