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Teaching Critical Thinking in Psychology: A Handbook of Best Practices

295 Pages · 2009 · 2.08 MB · English

  • Teaching Critical Thinking in Psychology: A Handbook of Best Practices

    Teaching Critical Thinking in Psychology


    Teaching Critical Thinking in Psychology: A H a ndbook of Best Practices Edited by D. S. Dunn, J. S. Halonen, and R. A. Smith


    © 2008 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. ISBN: 978-1-405-17402-2


    99778811440055117744003399__11__PPrreettoocc..iinndddd ii 66//2277//22000088 44::3388::1188 PPMM Teaching Critical Thinking in Psychology


    A Handbook of Best Practices


    Edited by


    Dana S. Dunn, Jane S. Halonen,


    and Randolph A. Smith


    A John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Publication


    99778811440055117744003399__11__PPrreettoocc..iinndddd iiiiii 66//2277//22000088 44::3388::1188 PPMM This edition first published 2008


    © 2008 Blackwell Publishing Ltd


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    The right of Dana S. Dunn, Jane S. Halonen, and Randolph A. Smith to be identified as the authors of


    the editorial material in this work has been asserted in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and


    Patents Act 1988.


    All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or trans-


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    Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data


    Teaching critical thinking in psychology : a handbook of best practices / edited by Dana S. Dunn, Jane


    S. Halonen, and Randolph A. Smith.


    p. cm.


    Includes bibliographical references and indexes.


    ISBN 978-1-4051-7402-2 (pbk. : alk. paper) – ISBN 978-1-4051-7403-9 (hardcover : alk. paper)


    1. Critical thinking–Study and teaching. 2. Thought and thinking–Study and teaching. 3. Psychology–


    Study and teaching. I. Dunn, Dana S. II. Halonen, Jane S. III. Smith, Randolph A., 1951-


    BF441.T35 2008


    150.71–dc22


    2008011373


    A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library.


    Set in 10.5/12.5pt Adobe Garamond by SPi Publisher Services, Pondicherry, India


    Printed in Singapore by Markono Print Media Pte Ltd


    1 2008


    99778811440055117744003399__11__PPrreettoocc..iinndddd iivv 66//2277//22000088 44::3388::1188 PPMM In memory of my grandmother, Yvonne Harman, ever a critical thinker. DSD


    In honor of my amazing colleagues at Alverno College who helped me find such


    satisfaction in the mystery of teaching critical thinking. JSH


    To my parents—Anna and Hugh—and my mentors—Phil, Dick, Eric, and


    Mrs. Flowers—who encouraged my early efforts at critical thinking. RAS


    99778811440055117744003399__11__PPrreettoocc..iinndddd vv 66//2277//22000088 44::3388::1188 PPMM Contents


    List of Contributors xi


    About the Editors xiii


    Foreword xv


    Diane F. Halpern


    Preface xvii


    Dana S. Dunn, Jane S. Halonen, and Randolph A. Smith


    Acknowledgments xix


    1 Engaging Minds: Introducing Best Practices in


    Teaching Critical Thinking in Psychology 1


    Dana S. Dunn, Jane S. Halonen, and Randolph A. Smith


    Part I The Case for Teaching Critical Thinking in Psychology 9


    2 Critical Thinking: Needed Now More Than Ever 11


    Carole Wade


    3 Have We Demystified Critical Thinking? 23


    Natalie Kerr Lawrence, Sherry L. Serdikoff, Tracy E. Zinn,


    and Suzanne C. Baker


    4 Are They Ready Yet? Developmental Issues in Teaching Thinking 35


    Laird R. O. Edman


    5 Simple Strategies for Teaching Your Students to Think Critically 49


    William Buskist and Jessica G. Irons


    99778811440055117744003399__22__ttoocc..iinndddd vviiii 66//2288//22000088 11::4422::2222 PPMM Contents


    Part II Assessing Critical Thinking 59


    6 Measure for Measure: The Challenge of Assessing Critical Thinking 61


    Jane S. Halonen


    7 Programmatic Assessment of Critical Thinking 77


    Kevin J. Apple, Sherry L. Serdikoff, Monica J. Reis-Bergan,


    and Kenneth E. Barron


    8 A Process Approach to Thinking Critically About Complex Concepts 89


    Stacie M. Spencer and Marin Gillis


    Part III Critical Thinking in Critical Psychology Courses 99


    9 Integrating Critical Thinking with Course Content 101


    David W. Carroll, Allen H. Keniston, and Blaine F. Peden


    10 Critical Thinking on Contemporary Issues 117


    Susan L. O’Donnell, Alisha L. Francis, and Sherrie L. Mahurin


    11 The Repertory Grid as a Heuristic Tool in Teaching


    Undergraduate Psychology 127


    Joseph A. Mayo


    12 Critical Thinking in Critical Courses: Principles and Applications 137


    Janet E. Kuebli, Richard D. Harvey, and James H. Korn


    13 Teaching Critical Thinking in Statistics and Research Methods 149


    Bryan K. Saville, Tracy E. Zinn, Natalie Kerr Lawrence,


    Kenneth E. Barron, and Jeffrey Andre


    Part IV Integrating Critical Thinking Across the Psychology Curriculum 161


    14 Writing as Critical Thinking 163


    Dana S. Dunn and Randolph A. Smith


    15 Using Service Learning to Promote Critical Thinking


    in the Psychology Curriculum 175


    Elizabeth Yost Hammer


    16 Beyond Standard Lectures: Supporting the Development


    of Critical Thinking in Cognitive Psychology Courses 183


    Jordan P. Lippman, Trina C. Kershaw,


    James W. Pellegrino, and Stellan Ohlsson


    17 Why We Believe: Fostering Critical Thought


    and Scientific Literacy in Research Methods 199


    Bernard C. Beins


    18 Teaching Critical Thinking About Difficult Topics 211


    Paul C. Smith and Kris Vasquez


    viii


    99778811440055117744003399__22__ttoocc..iinndddd vviiiiii 66//2288//22000088 11::4422::2233 PPMM Contents


    Part V Thinking Critical Beyond the Classroom 223


    19 Thinking Critically About Careers in Psychology 225


    Deborah S. Briihl, Claudia J. Stanny, Kiersten A. Jarvis,


    Maria Darcy, and Ronald W. Belter


    Part VI Critical Briefings: Short Reports on Critical Thinking 235


    1 Best and Worst: Learning to Think Like a Psychologist 237


    Dana Gross


    2 Personal Mission Statements as Tools for Developing


    Writing and Reflection Skills 241


    Lawrence Benjamin Lewis and Elizabeth Yost Hammer


    3 A Module-Based Research Project: Modeling Critical


    Thinking in Psychology 247


    Nina Lamson and Katherine Kipp


    4 Effectively Using Literature Circles in the Psychology Classroom 251


    Rebecca Wenrich Wheeler


    5 Introducing Controversial Issues in Psychology


    Through Debate and Reflection 257


    Sherri B. Lantinga


    6 The Critical Thinking Lab: Developing Student Skills


    Through Practical Application 263


    Todd J. Wilkinson, Bryan J. Dik, and Andrew P. Tix


    7 Encouraging Students to Think Critically About Psychotherapy:


    Overcoming Naïve Realism 267


    Scott O. Lilienfeld, Jeffrey M. Lohr, and Bunmi O. Olatunji


    8 Effectiveness of a Web-Based Critical Thinking Module 273


    Beth Dietz-Uhler


    9 An Introductory Exercise for Promoting Critical


    Thinking About Psychological Measurement 277


    Jeffrey D. Holmes


    Author Index 281


    Subject Index 290


    ix


    99778811440055117744003399__22__ttoocc..iinndddd iixx 66//2288//22000088 11::4422::2233 PPMM List of Contributors


    Jeffrey Andre, James Madison University – andrejt@jmu.edu


    Kevin J. Apple, James Madison University – applekj@jmu.edu


    Suzanne C. Baker, James Madison University – bakers@jmu.edu


    Kenneth E. Barron, James Madison University – barronke@jmu.edu


    Bernard C. Beins, Ithaca College – beins@ithaca.edu


    Ronald W. Belter, University of West Florida – rbelter@uwf.edu


    Deborah S. Briihl, Valdosta State University – dbriihl@valdosta.edu


    William Buskist, Auburn University – buskiwf@auburn.edu


    David W. Carroll, University of Wisconsin-Superior – dcarroll@uwsuper.edu


    Maria Darcy, Private practice, Orlando, FL – drmariadarcy@cfl.rr.com


    Beth Dietz-Uhler, Miami University – uhlerbd@muohio.edu


    Bryan J. Dik, Colorado State University – Bryan.dik@ColoState.edu


    Dana S. Dunn, Moravian College – dunn@moravian.edu


    Laird R. O. Edman, Northwestern College – ledman@nwciowa.edu


    Alisha L. Francis, Northwest Missouri State University – ALISHAF@nwmissouri.edu


    Marin Gillis, University of Nevada School of Medicine – mgillis@ medicine.nevada.edu


    Dana Gross, St. Olaf College – grossd@stolaf.edu


    Jane S. Halonen, University of West Florida – jhalonen@uwf.edu


    Diane F. Halpern, Claremont McKenna College – diane.halpern@


    claremontmckenna.edu


    Elizabeth Yost Hammer, Xavier University of Louisiana – eyhammer@xula.edu


    Richard D. Harvey, Saint Louis University – harveyr@slu.edu


    Jeffrey D. Holmes, Ithaca College – jholmes@ithaca.edu


    Jessica G. Irons, James Madison University – ironsjg@jmu.edu


    Kiersten A. Jarvis, University of North Florida – kiersten.jarvis@unf.edu


    Allen H. Keniston, University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire – kenistah@ uwec.edu


    Trina C. Kershaw, University of Massachusetts Dartmouth – tkershaw@umassd.edu


    99778811440055117744003399__33__PPoossttoocc..iinndddd xxii 66//2277//22000088 66::0099::2288 PPMM List of Contributors


    Katherine Kipp, Gainesville College-Oconee Campus – kkipp@gsc.edu


    James H. Korn, Saint Louis University – kornjh@earthlink.net


    Janet E. Kuebli, Saint Louis University – kueblije@slu.edu


    Nina Lamson, Gainesville College–Oconee Campus – nlamson@gsc.edu


    Sherri B. Lantinga, Dordt College – lantinga@dordt.edu


    Natalie Kerr Lawrence, James Madison University – lawrennk@jmu.edu


    Lawrence Benjamin Lewis, Loyola University of New Orleans – lewis@loyno.edu


    Scott O. Lilienfeld, Emory University – slilien@emory.edu


    Jordan P. Lippman, University of Illinois at Chicago – jlippman@uic.edu


    Jeffrey M. Lohr, University of Arkansas – jlohr@uark.edu


    Sherrie L. Mahurin, George Fox University – slmahurin@comcast.net


    Joseph A. Mayo, Gordon College – joe _m@gdn.edu


    Susan L. O’Donnell, George Fox University – sodonnell@georgefox.edu


    Stellan Ohlsson, University of Illinois at Chicago – stellan@uic.edu


    Bunmi O. Olatunji, Vanderbilt University – olubunmi.o.olatunji@ vanderbilt.edu


    Blaine F. Peden, University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire – pedenbf@uwec.edu


    James W. Pellegrino, University of Illinois at Chicago – pellejw@uic.edu


    Monica J. Reis-Bergan, James Madison University – reisbemj@jmu.edu


    Bryan K. Saville, James Madison University – savillbk@jmu.edu


    Sherry L. Serdikoff, James Madison University – serdiksl@jmu.edu


    Paul C. Smith, Alverno College – paul.smith@alverno.edu


    Randolph A. Smith, Lamar University – randolph.smith@lamar.edu


    Stacie M. Spencer, Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences – stacie.


    spencer@mcphs.edu


    Claudia J. Stanny, University of West Florida – cstanny@uwf.edu


    Andrew P. Tix, Normandale Community College – andrew.tix@ normandale.edu


    Kris Vasquez, Alverno College – kris.vasquez@alverno.edu


    Carole Wade, Dominican University of California – cwade2@sbcglobal.net


    Rebecca Wenrich Wheeler, Southeast Raleigh Magnet High School – rwheeler1@


    wcpss.net


    Todd J. Wilkinson, University of Minnesota – wilk0159@umn.edu


    Tracy E. Zinn, James Madison University – zinnte@jmu.edu


    xii


    99778811440055117744003399__33__PPoossttoocc..iinndddd xxiiii 66//2277//22000088 66::0099::2288 PPMM


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