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Sturgeon biodiversity and conservation

445 Pages · 2002 · 10.96 MB · English

  • Sturgeon biodiversity and conservation

    Sturgeonbiodiversity andconservation Developments in environmental biology of fishes 17


    SeriesEditor


    EUGENE K. BALON Sturgeon biodiversity and conservation


    Editors:


    VADIMJ. BIRSTEIN,JOHNR. WALDMAN &WILLIAM E. BEMIS


    Reprinted from Environmental biology of fishes, Volume 48 (1–4), 1997


    withadditionofspeciesandsubjectindex


    KLUWERACADEMICPUBLISHERS


    NEW YORK / BOSTON / DORDRECHT /LONDON / MOSCOW eBookISBN: 0-306-46854-9


    Print ISBN: 0-792-34517-7


    ©2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers


    New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow


    Print ©1997 Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers


    New York


    All rights reserved


    No part of this eBook may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic,


    mechanical, recording, or otherwise, without written consent from the Publisher


    Created in the United States of America


    Visit Kluwer Online at: http://kluweronline.com


    and Kluwer's eBookstore at: http://ebooks.kluweronline.com Contents


    Preludeto sturgeonbiodiversity andconservation


    byE.K.Balon 9-11


    Sturgeonbiodiversity andconservation: anintroduction


    byW.E.Bemis,V.J.Birstein&J.R.Waldman 13-14


    LeoSemenovichBerg andthebiology ofAcipenseriformes:adedication


    byV.J.Birstein&W.E.Bemis 15-22


    Part1:Diversityandevolutionofsturgeonsandpaddlefishes


    Anoverview of Acipenseriformes


    byW.E.Bemis,E.K.Findeis&L.Grande 25-71


    Osteology andphylogeneticinterrelationships of sturgeons (Acipenseridae)


    byE.K. Findeis 73-126


    Phylogenyof the Acipenseriformes:cytogeneticandmolecular approaches


    byV.J.Birstein,R. Hanner&R. DeSalle 127-155


    Howmany speciesarethere within thegenusAcipenser?


    byV.J.Birstein & W.E.Bemis 157-163


    Part2:Biologyandstatusreportsonsturgeonsandpaddlefishes


    Sturgeonrivers: anintroductiontoacipenseriformbiogeographyandlifehistory


    byW.E.Bemis&B.Kynard 167-183


    Pastandcurrentstatusofsturgeons intheupperandmiddleDanubeRiver


    by K. Hensel&J. Holc^ik 185-200


    Endangeredmigratory sturgeonsofthelower DanubeRiverandits delta


    byN. Bacalbasa-Dobrovici 20 1 -207


    Presentstatus ofcommercial stocksofsturgeons in theCaspianSeabasin


    by R.P. Khodorevskaya, G.F. Dovgopol, O.L. Zhuravleva & A.D. Vlasenko 209-219


    Speciesstructure,contemporarydistributionandstatusoftheSiberiansturgeon,


    Acipenser baerii


    by G.I. Ruban 221-230


    EndemicsturgeonsoftheAmurRiver: kaluga,Husodauricus,andAmursturgeon,


    Acipenser schrenckii


    by M.L. Krykhtin & V.G. Svirskii 231-239


    Biology,fisheries,and conservation ofsturgeonsandpaddlefishinChina


    byQ.Wei,F.Ke,J.Zhang,P.Zhuang,J.Luo,R.Zhou &W.Yang 241-255


    Biology and life history of Dabry’s sturgeon, Acipenser dabryanus, in the Yangtze River


    byP.Zhuang,F.Ke,Q.Wei,X.He&Y.Cen 257-264


    Observations on the reproductive cycle of cultured white sturgeon, Acipenser transmontanus


    by S.I. Doroshov, G.P. Moberg & J.P. Van Eenennaam 265-278


    Contemporary status of the North American paddlefish, Polyodon spathula


    byK. Graham 279-289


    Lifehistoryandstatusoftheshovelnosesturgeon,Scaphirhynchusplatorynchus


    byK.D. Keenlyne 291-298


    The status anddistribution oflake sturgeon,Acipenserfulvescens,inthe Canadianprovinces


    ofManitoba,OntarioandQuebec: ageneticperspective


    byM.M.Ferguson&G.A.Duckworth 299 309


    — 6


    LakesturgeonmanagementintheMenomineeRiver,aWisconsin-Michiganboundarywater


    by T.F. Thuemler 311-317


    Lifehistory,latitudinalpatterns,andstatusoftheshortnosesturgeon,Acipenserbrevirostrum


    by B. Kynard 319-334


    StatusandmanagementofAtlantic sturgeon,Acipenseroxyrinchus,inNorthAmerica


    by T.I.J. Smith & J.P. Clugston 335-346


    Atlantic and shortnose sturgeons of the Hudson River: common and divergent life history


    attributes


    byM.B. Bain 347-358


    Biological characteristics of the European Atlantic sturgeon, Acipenser sturio, as the basis for


    a restoration program in France


    byP.Williot,E.Rochard,G. Castelnaud,T.Rouault,R. Brun,M.Lepage&P.Elie 359-370


    Part3: Controversies,conservationandsummary


    Sturgeons and the Aral Sea ecological catastrophe


    by I. Zholdasova 373-380


    Threatened fishes of the world Pseudoscaphirhynchusspp. (Acipenseridae)


    byV.J.Birstein 381-383


    Molecular analysis in the conservation of sturgeons and paddlefish


    byI.I.Wirgin,J.E.Stabile&J.R.Waldman 385-398


    Sensitivity of North American sturgeons and paddlefish to fishing mortality


    byJ. Boreman 399-405


    Alternatives for the protection and restoration of sturgeons and their habitat


    byR.C.P.Beamesderfer&R.A.Farr 407-417


    Threatenedfishesoftheworld: Scaphirhynchus suttkusiWilliams&Clemmer,1991,


    (Acipenseridae)


    byR.L.Mayden&B.R.Kuhajda 418-419


    Threatened fishesof the world:Scaphirhynchusalbus(Forbes& Richardson,1905)


    (Acipenseridae)


    byR.L.Mayden&B.R.Kuhajda 420-421


    Sturgeon poaching and black market caviar: a case study


    by A. Cohen 423-426


    Thethreatenedstatusofacipenseriformfishes: asummary


    by V.J. Birstein, W.E. Bemis & J.R.Waldman 427-435


    Speciesandsubjectindex,byAliceG.Klingener 437-444


    Thisvolumeisdedicatedtothememoryof Leo SemenovichBerg


    LogodesignbyWilliamE.Bemisinspiredbytheholarcticdistributionofsturgeonsandpaddlefishes


    Numaeis Anishnabe for sturgeon, a painting by the Chippewas ofNawash artist Adrian Nadjiwon of Cape Croker,


    LakeHuron:“InthepaintingIwantedtodepictthebalancethatoneexistedbetweenmyancestorsandthesturgeon


    (thesturgeonbeingsymbolicofallthefishspeciesthattheOldPeoplesubsistedon)withthefishinglinesymbolising


    aspirituallinkandbalancingpointbetweenthemanandthesturgeon”(1992). Portraits of three juvenile sturgeons which originated from the Black Sea stock bred at the Propa-Gen International Aquaculture Produc-


    tion R & D and Trading, Komadi, Hungary: the top photograph shows a 71 cm armored form of the Russian sturgeon, Acipenser guelden-


    staedtii: the middle photograph shows a 77 cm naked form of A. gueldenstaedtii (note its smooth skin and absence of scutes): and the


    bottom photograph is of a 54 cm A. persicus Photographs by Paul Vecei. May 1996. Environmental Biology of Fishes48:9-12, 1997.


    © 1997KluwerAcademic Publishers. Printed inthe Netherlands.


    Prelude to sturgeonbiodiversity andconservation


    Soaring Eagle, you have angered Great Sturgeon, and he has taken your son because you


    took too manyfishfromthe lake.


    Joe McLellan (1993)


    in‘Nanabosho, SoaringEagleandtheGreatSturgeon’,PammicanPublications,Winnipeg.


    Itgavemegreatpleasuretohelpwiththe publicationofthisvolume.Theelusivebeastsitdealswithsustainedmyenthusi-


    asm in the early days ofwork on the Danube River. Already then, 40 years ago. sturgeons were so rare1 in the middle


    Danube (Figure1),thatIhadtoshiftmyattentiontothewildcarp2.3whichhavefollowedsincemanyofthesturgeonsinto



    oblivion.


    Figure1.SpecimenofAcipensergueldenstaedtii 35cmlongcaughton30.7.1967 intheDanubeRiver near Radvan^(river km 1749).


    Originaldrawingby Miriam Baradlai1.


    OftenIwasstandingontheshore,where about100years ago,theViennese courthadtheirmilitaryfirecannonballsat


    giant beluga, Huso huso, and other sturgeon species ascending the river to spawn4. I was dreaming of arresting the present


    destruction5.6 and ofrebuilding the past (Figure 2).I envied Marsilius7 whowas able to witness here the processing of


    caviar (Figure 3) which I was privileged to spoon up in Russia only 30 years, no, 270 years later, and became addicted to.


    1Balon, E.K. 1968. D∨alší nález mlade Acipenser güldenstaedti colchicus Marti, 1940 v c^eskoslovenskom úsekuDunaja(Afurtherdiscov-


    eryofajuvenile RussiansturgeonintheCzechoslovakpartoftheDanube).Ac. Rer.Natur.Mus.Nat.Slov. (Bratislava)14:95-100.


    2Balon.E.K.1974.Domesticationofthecarp CyprinuscarpioL.Royal OntarioMus.LifeSci.Misc.Publ.,Toronto.37pp.


    3Balon.E.K.1995.Thecommoncarp,Cyprinuscarpio:itswildorigin,domesticationinaquaculture,andselectionascolorednishikigoi.


    GuelphIchthyologyReviews3:1-55.


    4Hensel, K. & J. Holc∨ik. 1997. Past and current status of sturgeons in the upper and middle Danube River. Env. Biol. Fish. 48 (this


    volume).


    5Balon,E.K.1967.VývojichtyofaunyDunaja,jejsúc∨asnýstavapokusoprognózuód’alšichzmienpovýstavbevodnýchdiel (Evolution of


    the Danube ichthyofauna. its recent state and an attempt to predict further changes after the construction of the planned hydro-electric


    power stations and diversion schemes). Biologické práce 13: 1-121 + 24 plates.


    6Balon, E.K. 1968. Einfluß des Fischfangsaufdie Fischgemeinschaften der Donau. Arch. Hydrobiol. (Suppl. Donauforschung3) 34:


    228–249.


    7 Marsilius. A.F.C. 1726. Danubius Pannonico-Mysicus, observationibus geographicis, astronomicis, hydrographicis, historicis, physicis


    perlustratus et in sexTomos digestus. Hagae Comitum, Amstelodami.


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