Sturgeon biodiversity and conservation

445 Pages · 2002 · 10.96 MB · English

  • Sturgeon biodiversity and conservation

    Sturgeonbiodiversity andconservation Developments in environmental biology of fishes 17


    EUGENE K. BALON Sturgeon biodiversity and conservation



    Reprinted from Environmental biology of fishes, Volume 48 (1–4), 1997




    Print ISBN: 0-792-34517-7

    ©2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers

    New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow

    Print ©1997 Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers

    New York

    All rights reserved

    No part of this eBook may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic,

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    and Kluwer's eBookstore at: http://ebooks.kluweronline.com Contents

    Preludeto sturgeonbiodiversity andconservation

    byE.K.Balon 9-11

    Sturgeonbiodiversity andconservation: anintroduction

    byW.E.Bemis,V.J.Birstein&J.R.Waldman 13-14

    LeoSemenovichBerg andthebiology ofAcipenseriformes:adedication

    byV.J.Birstein&W.E.Bemis 15-22


    Anoverview of Acipenseriformes

    byW.E.Bemis,E.K.Findeis&L.Grande 25-71

    Osteology andphylogeneticinterrelationships of sturgeons (Acipenseridae)

    byE.K. Findeis 73-126

    Phylogenyof the Acipenseriformes:cytogeneticandmolecular approaches

    byV.J.Birstein,R. Hanner&R. DeSalle 127-155

    Howmany speciesarethere within thegenusAcipenser?

    byV.J.Birstein & W.E.Bemis 157-163


    Sturgeonrivers: anintroductiontoacipenseriformbiogeographyandlifehistory

    byW.E.Bemis&B.Kynard 167-183

    Pastandcurrentstatusofsturgeons intheupperandmiddleDanubeRiver

    by K. Hensel&J. Holc^ik 185-200

    Endangeredmigratory sturgeonsofthelower DanubeRiverandits delta

    byN. Bacalbasa-Dobrovici 20 1 -207

    Presentstatus ofcommercial stocksofsturgeons in theCaspianSeabasin

    by R.P. Khodorevskaya, G.F. Dovgopol, O.L. Zhuravleva & A.D. Vlasenko 209-219


    Acipenser baerii

    by G.I. Ruban 221-230

    EndemicsturgeonsoftheAmurRiver: kaluga,Husodauricus,andAmursturgeon,

    Acipenser schrenckii

    by M.L. Krykhtin & V.G. Svirskii 231-239

    Biology,fisheries,and conservation ofsturgeonsandpaddlefishinChina

    byQ.Wei,F.Ke,J.Zhang,P.Zhuang,J.Luo,R.Zhou &W.Yang 241-255

    Biology and life history of Dabry’s sturgeon, Acipenser dabryanus, in the Yangtze River

    byP.Zhuang,F.Ke,Q.Wei,X.He&Y.Cen 257-264

    Observations on the reproductive cycle of cultured white sturgeon, Acipenser transmontanus

    by S.I. Doroshov, G.P. Moberg & J.P. Van Eenennaam 265-278

    Contemporary status of the North American paddlefish, Polyodon spathula

    byK. Graham 279-289


    byK.D. Keenlyne 291-298

    The status anddistribution oflake sturgeon,Acipenserfulvescens,inthe Canadianprovinces

    ofManitoba,OntarioandQuebec: ageneticperspective

    byM.M.Ferguson&G.A.Duckworth 299 309

    — 6


    by T.F. Thuemler 311-317


    by B. Kynard 319-334

    StatusandmanagementofAtlantic sturgeon,Acipenseroxyrinchus,inNorthAmerica

    by T.I.J. Smith & J.P. Clugston 335-346

    Atlantic and shortnose sturgeons of the Hudson River: common and divergent life history


    byM.B. Bain 347-358

    Biological characteristics of the European Atlantic sturgeon, Acipenser sturio, as the basis for

    a restoration program in France

    byP.Williot,E.Rochard,G. Castelnaud,T.Rouault,R. Brun,M.Lepage&P.Elie 359-370

    Part3: Controversies,conservationandsummary

    Sturgeons and the Aral Sea ecological catastrophe

    by I. Zholdasova 373-380

    Threatened fishes of the world Pseudoscaphirhynchusspp. (Acipenseridae)

    byV.J.Birstein 381-383

    Molecular analysis in the conservation of sturgeons and paddlefish

    byI.I.Wirgin,J.E.Stabile&J.R.Waldman 385-398

    Sensitivity of North American sturgeons and paddlefish to fishing mortality

    byJ. Boreman 399-405

    Alternatives for the protection and restoration of sturgeons and their habitat

    byR.C.P.Beamesderfer&R.A.Farr 407-417

    Threatenedfishesoftheworld: Scaphirhynchus suttkusiWilliams&Clemmer,1991,


    byR.L.Mayden&B.R.Kuhajda 418-419

    Threatened fishesof the world:Scaphirhynchusalbus(Forbes& Richardson,1905)


    byR.L.Mayden&B.R.Kuhajda 420-421

    Sturgeon poaching and black market caviar: a case study

    by A. Cohen 423-426

    Thethreatenedstatusofacipenseriformfishes: asummary

    by V.J. Birstein, W.E. Bemis & J.R.Waldman 427-435

    Speciesandsubjectindex,byAliceG.Klingener 437-444

    Thisvolumeisdedicatedtothememoryof Leo SemenovichBerg


    Numaeis Anishnabe for sturgeon, a painting by the Chippewas ofNawash artist Adrian Nadjiwon of Cape Croker,



    aspirituallinkandbalancingpointbetweenthemanandthesturgeon”(1992). Portraits of three juvenile sturgeons which originated from the Black Sea stock bred at the Propa-Gen International Aquaculture Produc-

    tion R & D and Trading, Komadi, Hungary: the top photograph shows a 71 cm armored form of the Russian sturgeon, Acipenser guelden-

    staedtii: the middle photograph shows a 77 cm naked form of A. gueldenstaedtii (note its smooth skin and absence of scutes): and the

    bottom photograph is of a 54 cm A. persicus Photographs by Paul Vecei. May 1996. Environmental Biology of Fishes48:9-12, 1997.

    © 1997KluwerAcademic Publishers. Printed inthe Netherlands.

    Prelude to sturgeonbiodiversity andconservation

    Soaring Eagle, you have angered Great Sturgeon, and he has taken your son because you

    took too manyfishfromthe lake.

    Joe McLellan (1993)

    in‘Nanabosho, SoaringEagleandtheGreatSturgeon’,PammicanPublications,Winnipeg.

    Itgavemegreatpleasuretohelpwiththe publicationofthisvolume.Theelusivebeastsitdealswithsustainedmyenthusi-

    asm in the early days ofwork on the Danube River. Already then, 40 years ago. sturgeons were so rare1 in the middle

    Danube (Figure1),thatIhadtoshiftmyattentiontothewildcarp2.3whichhavefollowedsincemanyofthesturgeonsinto


    Figure1.SpecimenofAcipensergueldenstaedtii 35cmlongcaughton30.7.1967 intheDanubeRiver near Radvan^(river km 1749).

    Originaldrawingby Miriam Baradlai1.

    OftenIwasstandingontheshore,where about100years ago,theViennese courthadtheirmilitaryfirecannonballsat

    giant beluga, Huso huso, and other sturgeon species ascending the river to spawn4. I was dreaming of arresting the present

    destruction5.6 and ofrebuilding the past (Figure 2).I envied Marsilius7 whowas able to witness here the processing of

    caviar (Figure 3) which I was privileged to spoon up in Russia only 30 years, no, 270 years later, and became addicted to.

    1Balon, E.K. 1968. D∨alší nález mlade Acipenser güldenstaedti colchicus Marti, 1940 v c^eskoslovenskom úsekuDunaja(Afurtherdiscov-

    eryofajuvenile RussiansturgeonintheCzechoslovakpartoftheDanube).Ac. Rer.Natur.Mus.Nat.Slov. (Bratislava)14:95-100.

    2Balon.E.K.1974.Domesticationofthecarp CyprinuscarpioL.Royal OntarioMus.LifeSci.Misc.Publ.,Toronto.37pp.



    4Hensel, K. & J. Holc∨ik. 1997. Past and current status of sturgeons in the upper and middle Danube River. Env. Biol. Fish. 48 (this


    5Balon,E.K.1967.VývojichtyofaunyDunaja,jejsúc∨asnýstavapokusoprognózuód’alšichzmienpovýstavbevodnýchdiel (Evolution of

    the Danube ichthyofauna. its recent state and an attempt to predict further changes after the construction of the planned hydro-electric

    power stations and diversion schemes). Biologické práce 13: 1-121 + 24 plates.

    6Balon, E.K. 1968. Einfluß des Fischfangsaufdie Fischgemeinschaften der Donau. Arch. Hydrobiol. (Suppl. Donauforschung3) 34:


    7 Marsilius. A.F.C. 1726. Danubius Pannonico-Mysicus, observationibus geographicis, astronomicis, hydrographicis, historicis, physicis

    perlustratus et in sexTomos digestus. Hagae Comitum, Amstelodami.

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