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Sport And Exercise Psychology

368 Pages · 2005 · 3.54 MB · English

  • Sport And Exercise Psychology

    Sport and Exercise Psychology Sport and Exercise Psychology


    A Critical Introduction


    Aidan P.Moran



    LONDON AND NEW YORK First published 2004 by Routledge 27 Church Road, Hove, East Sussex BN3 2FA


    Simultaneously published in the USA and Canada by Routledge 29 West 35th Street, New York,


    NY 10001


    Routledge is an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group


    This edition published in the Taylor & Francis e-Library, 2005.


    “To purchase your own copy of this or any of Taylor & Francis or Routledge’s collection of


    thousands of eBooks please go to http://www.ebookstore.tandf.co.uk/.”


    © 2004 Aidan Moran


    Cover design by Anú Design


    All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted or reproduced or utilised in any form or


    by any electronic, mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafter invented, including


    photocopying and recording, or in any information storage or retrieval system, without permission


    in writing from the publishers.


    This publication has been produced with paper manufactured to strict environmental standards and


    with pulp derived from sustainable forests.


    British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available


    from the British Library


    Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Moran, Aidan P. Sport and exercise


    psychology: a critical introduction/Aidan P.Moran. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references.


    ISBN 0-415-16808-2 (hard)— ISBN 0-415-16809-0 (pbk.) 1. Sports—Psychological aspects. 2.


    Exercise—Psychological aspects. I. Title. GV706.4.M67 2004 796′.01–dc22 2003017078


    ISBN 0-203-38024-X Master e-book ISBN


    ISBN 0-203-38641-8 (Adobe e-Reader Format)


    ISBN 0-415-16809-0 (pbk)


    ISBN 0-415-16808-2 (hbk) To three special people in my life: My mother, Nora Moran, my girlfriend, Angela, and


    my late nephew, Tristan Moran, who died for his love of sport. Ar dheis Dé go raibh a


    anam dílis. Contents




    Foreword ix


    Preface xi


    Acknowledgements Xii


    List of figures xiv



    1


    Part one Introducing sport and exercise psychology




    1 Introducing sport and exercise psychology: discipline and profession 3




    33


    Part two Exploring athletic performance: key constructs




    2 Motivation and goal-setting in sport 35


    3 “Psyching up” and “calming down”: anxiety in sport 65


    4 Staying focused in sport: concentration in sport performers 95


    5 Using imagination in sport: mental imagery and mental practice in athletes 124


    6 What lies beneath the surface? Investigating expertise in sport 152




    182


    Part three Team cohesion




    7 Exploring team cohesion in sport: a critical perspective 184



    211


    Part four Exploring health, exercise and injury




    8 Does a healthy body always lead to a healthy mind? Exploring exercise 213



    psychology


    9 Helping athletes to cope with injury: from theory to practice 241



    Glossary 267


    References 275


    Author index 308


    Subject index 323 Foreword



    With increasing interest in and even a fascination with sport psychology and health


    psychology in academic environments, to the sports world and exercise settings, it is not


    surprising to note the variety of books being published on such themes at a rapid rate in


    recent years. Contents range from the very superficial or highly practical to the


    exceptionally scholarly and scientific, depending on the purpose and possible audience of


    the publication. The challenge for the author of a textbook, especially intended for


    undergraduate students, is to somehow present the research literature in an interesting,


    informative, useful, understandable, and organized manner. Ideally, the reader would be


    enthusiastic about learning the subject matter.


    Professor Moran succeeds admirably. This is not just another sport psychology


    textbook. Perhaps what primarily sets it apart from others is the integration of scientific


    substance with real-sport examples of and reference to many famous athletes and


    coaches. As a highly respected scholar and practitioner, his passion for sport as well as


    sport and exercise psychology is obvious throughout the pages of the book.


    Consequently, the reader becomes absorbed in the contents. Even though I am quite


    familiar with the areas of sport psychology addressed by Professor Moran, my attention


    was captured and my motivation sustained as I reviewed the various topics. They include


    a blend of summaries of investigations and theories, issues needing to be resolved, and


    anecdotes and references to sports, athletes, and coaches.


    What I particularly admired was the recency of the scholarly literature and sport figure


    references. Professor Moran is evidently very familiar with the latest happenings in the


    field. His writing style is reader-friendly, and the contents are presented in an interesting


    and intellectually stimulating way. Helpful are exercise boxes sprinkled throughout the


    chapters, with questions to challenge the reader. These are intended to spark reflection on


    issues of debate, as well as to generate possible small-scale research projects. The subject


    matter throughout the book is organized very well, and evidence supportive of


    conclusions is indicated as is inconclusive evidence. Thus, the reader can appreciate the


    difference between scientifically based knowledge vs. intuition and beliefs based on


    personal experiences and hearsay.


    Professor Moran does not attempt to include every conceivable topic or theme


    associated with sport and exercise psychology in his book. This is a wise decision. The


    body of knowledge and areas of interest have exploded in contemporary times, making it


    impossible to do justice to all these topics in one textbook. Professor Moran has included


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