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Spoken English Flourish Your Language

225 Pages · 2010 · 5.11 MB · English

  • Spoken English Flourish Your Language

    SPOKEN


    ENGLISH


    Flourish Your Language


    Edited and Compiled by:


    Robert Carmen


    ABHISHEK All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any


    form, electronically or otherwise, in print, photoprint, micro film or


    by any other means without written permission from the publisher.


    ISBN


    Copyright Publisher


    Revised Edition 2010


    Published by


    ABHISHEK PUBLICATIONS,


    S.C.O. 57-59, Sector 17-C,


    CHANDIGARH-1600 17 (India)


    Ph.-2707562,Fax-OI72-2704668


    Email: abhpub@yahoo.com English is a universal language and it is understood all over the


    world. In fact, in today's world speaking English has become a


    necessity. It is not only that but today's generation looks down


    upon anyone who is unable to speak English. It has become more


    like a status symbol. All the companies are recruiting only those


    people who speak fluent and correct English. With the coming up


    of the call centre and Multinational companies the need for En


    glish language has increased ten folds. With all this, happening


    one cannot afford to live without speaking English.


    In this book we have tried to do just that and that is to improve


    your English speaking skills. This book will help you in speaking


    better and correct English. Mter reading this book you will feel


    much more confident and better-equipped at speaking English.


    The book is divided into chapters and each chapter deals with


    different aspects of spoken English. Each chapter is given in a


    detailed manner so that you get the full knowledge about the given


    topic.


    The book also contains a chapter on tongue twisters. They will


    help you in practicing how to speak English correctly and fluently.


    The chapter on slangs is also very interesting because it familiarises


    you with the usage of latest way of speaking in the modern world. The book also has interesting chapters like common errors, which


    will help you in avoiding all the mistakes we usually make while


    speaking English. All and all, this book is your free ticket to the


    world of speaking better and fluent English. CONTENTS


    1. Contractions............................................................... 8


    2. Pronunciation ........................................................... 24


    3. Vowels ...................................................................... 42


    4. Stress in English Language ....................................... 49


    5. List of English Symbols ............................................ 63


    6. Conversation ............................................................ 71


    7. Common Errors ...................................................... 100


    8. Tongue-Twisters ............. :. ........................................ 114


    9. Phrasal Verbs .......................................................... 118


    10. Prepositional Verbs .................................................. 192


    11. Cliche ...................................................................... 194


    12. Slangs ...................................................................... 208 INTROduCTioN


    If you're a person whose mother-tongue is not English, the chances


    are, you've learnt English in the 'non-natural way'. That is, you've


    learnt English in a way that is opposite to the way of natural lan


    guage acquisition.


    You know, the natural way of acquiring a language is to learn to


    speak it first and then to write it.


    Those people who do not learn English the natural way, know


    reasonable English - or even excellent English. And if you ask


    them to write a report or something in English, they may do it


    fairly well. But, if you ask them to speak to you about the same


    thing, they find it hard to do. Or even impossible.


    When they start speaking, most of the words remain on the tip of


    their tongue and don't readily come out. And often, what words


    do come out sound disconnected and random. And, they find


    themselves speaking in a clumsy and unclear way, with long gaps


    and intervals of indecision between every two words. And they


    keep fumbling for something to say. Not only this, they fmd it


    difficult to go on beyond one or two lines, without tripping up


    and without stumbling over the sounds or sequences of sounds.


    And then, they tend to fall back upon their mother-tongue - or


    become tongue-tied. This book will help you to overcome all these


    problems and will also help you in developing better speaking


    skills. (BHAPIER


    1


    CONTRACTioNS


    Contraction means to shorten a word or phrase by omitting one


    or more sounds or letters from it. The word so formed is also


    called a contraction. Discussed below are the various contractions


    used in spoken English.


    The apostrophe has two uses:


    1. To show that we have made words shorter. We have contracted


    them.


    2. To show that something belongs to someone, i.e. they possess


    it. (possession)


    Here are two examples.


    • My dad's car is red.


    Here we hive only one dad but we have put on the letter's' be


    cause we have put an apostrophe. It shows that the car belongs to


    dad.


    • "I'll tell you that later," he whispered.


    I will has become I'll, we have joined two words and missed out


    the letters WI and put in the apostrophe instead.


    We use apostrophes because it can make our writing easier to


    read.


    In the list below we are going to look at apostrophes for contract- II gil


    Contractions


    ing words.


    Contraction Letters missed out


    Can not Can't no


    Do not Don't 0


    Should not Shouldn't 0


    Could not Couldn't 0


    Would not Wouldn't 0


    Has not Hasn't 0


    I will I'll WI


    They will They'll WI


    He will He'll WI


    There is There's


    Who is Who's


    You are You're a


    They are They're a


    Would have Would've ha


    They have They've ha


    Let's start with Let)s. Except for some set phrases (example: 'Let


    us pray') let us is almost always expressed as a contraction: Let)s.


    Example:


    • Let's go!


    It is almost always used to express an imperative, thus:


    • Let's do it!


    However, sometimes it is used to express something like an ad


    monition, thus:


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