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Sartre: A Philosophical Biography

454 Pages · 2015 · 2.24 MB · English

  • Sartre: A Philosophical Biography

    SARTRE: A PHILOSOPHICAL BIOGRAPHY


    Jean-PaulSartre(1905–1980)wasoneofthemostinfluentialthinkersofthe


    twentiethcentury.Regardedasthefatherofexistentialistphilosophy,hewas


    alsoapoliticalcritic,moralist,playwright,novelist,andauthorofbiograph-


    ies and short stories. Thomas R. Flynn provides the first book-length


    accountofSartreasaphilosopheroftheimaginary,mappingtheintellectual


    developmentofhisideasthroughouthislife,andbuildinganarrativethatis


    notonlyphilosophicalbutalsoattentivetothepoliticalandliterarydimen-


    sions of his work. Exploring Sartre’s existentialism, politics, ethics,


    and ontology, this book illuminates the defining ideas of Sartre’s oeuvre:


    the literary and the philosophical, the imaginary and the conceptual, his


    descriptivephenomenologyandhisphenomenologicalconceptofintention-


    ality,andhisconjunctionofethicsandpoliticswithan“egoless”conscious-


    ness. It will appeal to all who are interested in Sartre’s philosophy and its


    relation to his life.


    thomas r. flynn is Samuel Candler Dobbs Professor of Philosophy at


    Emory University. He is the author of many articles and books, including


    Sartre and Marxist Existentialism: The Test Case of Collective Responsibility


    (1984);Sartre,FoucaultandHistoricalReason,vol.i,TowardanExistentialist


    Theory of History (1997) and vol. ii, A Poststructuralist Mapping of History


    (2005); andExistentialism: A VeryShortIntroduction (2006). Sartre


    A Philosophical Biography


    Thomas R. Flynn UniversityPrintingHouse,CambridgeCB28BS,UnitedKingdom


    CambridgeUniversityPressispartoftheUniversityofCambridge.


    ItfurtherstheUniversity’smissionbydisseminatingknowledgeinthepursuitof


    education,learningandresearchatthehighestinternationallevelsofexcellence.


    www.cambridge.org


    Informationonthistitle:www.cambridge.org/9780521826402


    ©ThomasR.Flynn2014


    Thispublicationisincopyright.Subjecttostatutoryexception


    andtotheprovisionsofrelevantcollectivelicensingagreements,


    noreproductionofanypartmaytakeplacewithoutthewritten


    permissionofCambridgeUniversityPress.


    Firstpublished2014


    PrintedintheUnitedStatesofAmericabySheridanBooks,Inc


    AcataloguerecordforthispublicationisavailablefromtheBritishLibrary


    LibraryofCongressCataloguinginPublicationdata


    Flynn,ThomasR.,author.


    Sartre:aphilosophicalbiography/ThomasR.Flynn.


    pages cm


    Includesbibliographicalreferencesandindex.


    ISBN978-0-521-82640-2(Hardback)


    1. Sartre,Jean-Paul,1905–1980. 2. Existentialism. I. Title.


    B2430.S34F5782014


    194–dc23


    [B] 2014015829


    ISBN978-0-521-82640-2Hardback


    CambridgeUniversityPresshasnoresponsibilityforthepersistenceoraccuracyof


    URLsforexternalorthird-partyinternetwebsitesreferredtointhispublication,


    anddoesnotguaranteethatanycontentonsuchwebsitesis,orwillremain,


    accurateorappropriate. For my extended family Contents


    Preface page ix


    Acknowledgments xi


    Abbreviations xiii


    1 The childhood of a genius 1


    2 An elite education: student, author, soldier,


    teacher 20


    3 Teaching in the lyce´e, 1931–1939 47


    4 First triumph: The Imagination 76


    5 Consciousness as imagination 104


    6 The necessityof contingency: Nausea 137


    7 The war years, 1939–1944 162


    8 Bad faith in human life: Beingand Nothingness 196


    9 Existentialism: the fruit of liberation 230


    10 Ends and means: existential ethics 262


    11 Means and ends: political existentialism 283


    12 A theoryof history: Search for a Method 314


    13 Individuals and groups: Critique of


    Dialectical Reason 334


    14 A second ethics? 355


    15 Existential biography: Flaubert and others 382


    Conclusion: the Sartrean imaginary, chastened


    but indomitable 409


    Select bibliography 413


    Index 424


    vii


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