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Quick Review Cards for Medical Laboratory Science

619 Pages · 2014 · 4.02 MB · English

  • Quick Review Cards for Medical Laboratory Science

    2956_FM_i-xxii 29/01/14 11:54 AM Page i


    Quick Review Cards for Medical


    Laboratory Science


    Second Edition


    Valerie Dietz Polansky, MEd,


    MLS(ASCP)CM


    Program Director


    Medical Laboratory Technology Program


    St. Petersburg College


    St. Petersburg, Florida 2956_FM_i-xxii 29/01/14 11:54 AM Page ii


    F. A. Davis Company


    1915 Arch Street


    Philadelphia, PA 19103


    www.fadavis.com


    Copyright © 2014 by F. A. Davis Company


    Copyright © 2014 by F. A. Davis Company. All rights reserved. This product is protected by copyright. No part of it may be reproduced, stored in


    a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without written


    permission from the publisher.


    Printed in the United States of America


    Last digit indicates print number: 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1


    Senior Acquisitions Editor: Christa Fratantoro


    Developmental Editor: Angela Norton


    Manager of Content Development: George Lang


    Design and Illustration Manager:Carolyn O’Brien


    As new scientific information becomes available through basic and clinical research, recommended treatments and drug therapies undergo changes.


    The author(s) and publisher have done everything possible to make this book accurate, up to date, and in accord with accepted standards at the time


    of publication. The author(s), editors, and publisher are not responsible for errors or omissions or for consequences from application of the book, and


    make no warranty, expressed or implied, in regard to the contents of the book. Any practice described in this book should be applied by the reader in


    accordance with professional standards of care used in regard to the unique circumstances that may apply in each situation. The reader is advised


    always to check product information (package inserts) for changes and new information regarding dose and contraindications before administering


    any drug. Caution is especially urged when using new or infrequently ordered drugs.


    ISBN: 978-0-8036-2956-1


    Authorization to photocopy items for internal or personal use, or the internal or personal use of specific clients, is granted by F. A. Davis Company for


    users registered with the Copyright Clearance Center (CCC) Transactional Reporting Service, provided that the fee of $.25 per copy is paid directly to


    CCC, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923. For those organizations that have been granted a photocopy license by CCC, a separate system of


    payment has been arranged. The fee code for users of the Transactional Reporting Service is: 978080362956-1/14 0 + $.25. 2956_FM_i-xxii 29/01/14 11:54 AM Page iii


    Dedicated to my husband, Gary, for his support and


    encouragement through another long project, and in loving


    memory of my parents, Bill and Lee Dietz, who provided me


    with the education that was the foundation of my career. 2956_FM_i-xxii 29/01/14 11:54 AM Page iv 2956_FM_i-xxii 29/01/14 11:54 AM Page v


    Preface v


    Quick Review Cards for Medical Laboratory Science were No review of this type can include all topics. This review


    developed as a study aid to improve student performance focuses on common procedures and disorders, other


    on Board examinations in medical laboratory science knowledge that entry-level laboratory professionals are ex-


    (medical technology) at both the technician and technol- pected to have, and topics that are frequently included on


    ogist levels. (Technician candidates may skip the section Board exams. The review cards are written in an informal


    on management and education.) note-taking style, using abbreviations, symbols, and short


    This card deck is the product of more than 30 years of phrases to maximize the amount of information included.


    experience teaching hundreds of students who have suc- A list of abbreviations is found in the frontmatter.


    cessfully passed Board examinations at both levels. The New to the second edition are a chapter on molecular


    card format allows for easy sorting and portability, making diagnostics and graphics for select topics. Space did not


    them ideal for quick reviews and last-minute studying. Use allow for inclusion of drawings of all cells/organisms. Stu-


    of these cards alone, however, does not guarantee a pass- dents are encouraged to refer to textbooks to supplement


    ing score; they are intended to be used as an adjunct to their review with additional pictures and diagrams. Further


    traditional textbooks. Students are encouraged to high- benefit could be derived from making their own drawings,


    light unfamiliar information and to refer to textbooks and diagrams, and flow charts. Active and frequent review will


    class notes to supplement their study of those topics. The lead to higher scores.


    use of a multiple-choice review book and practice exams Every effort was made to ensure the accuracy of the


    also will help to round out a student’s preparation for the content. In some cases, discrepancies were found within


    Board exam. and among references; then information was either se-


    The review cards will also be beneficial to MSL and MLT lected from the most recent publication or confirmed in


    students before graduation as they prepare for course exam- another source. Please let the publisher know if you have


    inations. Professionals who are cross-training or reentering suggestions for improving future editions.


    the workplace will find these cards useful as well. 2956_FM_i-xxii 29/01/14 11:54 AM Page vi 2956_FM_i-xxii 29/01/14 11:54 AM Page vii


    Bibliography vii


    Arneson, W., & Brickell, J. Clinical Harmening, D. M., Laboratory Manage- McKenzie, S. B., & Williams, J. L. Clinical


    Chemistry A Laboratory Perspective. ment Principles and Processes Laboratory Hematology. Upper Saddle


    Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis, 2007. (2nd ed.). St. Petersburg, FL: D. H. River, NJ: Pearson Education, 2010.


    Bishop, M. L., Fody, E. P., & Schoeff, L. E. Publishing & Consulting, 2007. Mundt, L. A., & Shanahan, K. Graff’s Text-


    Clinical Chemistry: Principles, Procedures, Harmening, D. M., Modern Blood Banking book of Urinalysis and Body Fluids


    Correlations (6th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: and Transfusion Practices (6th ed.). (2nd ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott


    Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2010. Philadelphia, PA: F. A. Davis, 2012. Williams & Wilkins, 2011.


    Bruns, D. E., Ashwood, E. R., & Burtis, C. Kern, M. E. & Blevins, K. S. Medical Mycol- Quinley, E. D. Immunohematology


    A. Fundamentals of Molecular ogy, A Self-Instructional Text (2nd ed.). Principles & Practice (3rd ed.).


    Diagnostics. St. Louis, MO: Saunders Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis, 1997. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott


    Elsevier, 2007. Kiser, K. M., Payne, W. C., & Taff, T. A. Williams & Wilkins, 2011.


    Buckingham, L. & Flaws, M. L. Molecular Clinical Laboratory Microbiology A Rodak, B. F., Fritsma, G. A., & Koehane, E.


    Diagnostics Fundamentals, Methods, Practical Approach. Upper Saddle M. Hematology Clinical Principles and


    & Clinical Applications. Philadelphia, River, NJ: Pearson Education, 2011. Applications (4th ed.). St. Louis, MO:


    PA: F.A. Davis, 2007. Leventhal, R., & Cheadle, R.F. Medical Elsevier Saunders, 2012.


    Ciesla, B., Hematology in Practice Parasitology: A Self-Instructional Text Standards for Blood Banks and Transfusion


    (2nd ed.). Philadelphia: F.A. Davis (5th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis, Services (27th ed.). Bethesda: American


    Company, 2012. 2002. Association of Blood Banks, 2011.


    Harmening, D. M., Clinical Hematol- Mahon, C. R., Lehman, D. C., & Stevens, C. D. Clinical Immunology


    ogy and Fundamentals of Hemosta- Manuselis, G. Textbook of Diagnostic and Serology: A Laboratory Perspec-


    sis (5th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Microbiology (4th ed.). Philadelphia, tive (3rd ed.). Philadelphia, PA:


    F.A. Davis, 2009. PA: W B. Saunders, 2011. F.A. Davis, 2010.


    continued... 2956_FM_i-xxii 29/01/14 11:54 AM Page viii


    Bibliographycontinued viii


    Strasinger, S. K., & Di Lorenzo, M. S. Technical Manual (17th ed.). Bethesda: Turgeon, M. L. Immunology &


    The Phlebotomy Textbook (3rd ed.). American Association of Blood Serology in Laboratory Medicine


    Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis, 2011. Banks, 2011. (4th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby


    Strasinger, S. K., & Di Lorenzo, M. S., Turgeon, M. L. Clinical Hematology Elsevier, 2009.


    Urinalysis and Body Fluids (5th ed.). Theory and Procedures (5th ed.). Turgeon, M. L. Linne & Ringsrud’s


    Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis, 2008. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Clinical Laboratory Science (5th ed.).


    Sunheimer, R. L., & Graves, L. Clinical Williams & Wilkins, 2012. St. Louis, MO: Mosby Elsevier, 2007.


    Laboratory Chemistry. Upper Saddle


    River, NJ: Pearson Education, 2011. 2956_FM_i-xxii 29/01/14 11:54 AM Page ix


    Reviewers ix


    Eileen Carreiro-Lewandowski, CLS Andrea R. Hoffmann, MT(ASCP)CM Sonja Nehr-Kanet, MS, MLS(ASCP)CM


    Professor Instructor Clinical Associate Professor


    University of Massachusetts Delgado Community College Idaho State University


    Dartmouth, Massachusetts New Orleans, Louisiana Meridian, Idaho


    Terry Dunkel, MS, MT(ASCP) Stephen M. Johnson, MS, MT(ASCP) Maura Pieretti, PhD, HCLD


    Program Director, Assistant Professor Program Director Scientific Director


    Presentation College Saint Vincent Health Center, BayCare Laboratories


    Aberdeen, South Dakota Erie, Pennsylvania Tampa, Florida


    Kathleen Engelmann, PhD, MLS(ASCP) Kathy Kenwright, MS, MT(ASCP)SI, MB Ellen F. Romani, MHSA, MLS(ASCP)CM,


    Associate Professor Associate Professor BB, DLM


    University of Bridgeport University of Tennessee Health Department Chair


    Bridgeport, Connecticut Science Center Spartanburg Community College


    David M. Falleur, Med, MT(ASCP), CLS Memphis, Tennessee Spartanburg, South Carolina


    Chair, Associate Professor Kristi Lew, BSc (MLS), MSc, MLT, Anchalee D. Steele, MT(ASCP)


    Southwest Texas State University MLS(ASCP)CM Program Director


    San Marcos, Texas Assistant Professor Spencerian College


    Abraham Furman, PhD University of Alberta Lexington, Kentucky


    Associate Professor Edmonton, Alberta, Canada Amy Sutton, BS, MT(ASCP)


    Oregon Institute of Technology Amy M. McCarty, MA, BS(ASCP) Laboratory Supervisor


    Klamath Falls, Oregon Program Director Schryver Medical


    Michelle L. Gagan, MSHS, MLS(ASCP) Washington Hospital Center Phoenix, Arizona


    Education Coordinator Washington, DC


    York Technical College


    Rock Hill, South Carolina


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