2

practising human geography

433 Pages · 2004 · 5.21 MB · English

  • practising human geography

    CLOKE-PRELIMS.qxd 3/3/04 12:06 PM Page i


    PRACTISING


    HUMAN


    GEOGRAPHY CLOKE-PRELIMS.qxd 3/3/04 12:06 PM Page ii CLOKE-PRELIMS.qxd 3/3/04 12:06 PM Page iii


    P R A C T I S I N G


    H U M A N


    G E O G R A P H Y


    Paul Cloke


    Ian Cook


    Philip Crang


    Mark Goodwin


    Joe Painter


    Chris Philo


    SAGE Publications


    London •Thousand Oaks • New Delhi CLOKE-PRELIMS.qxd 3/3/04 12:06 PM Page iv


    © Paul Cloke, Ian Cook, Philip Crang, Mark Goodwin, Joe Painter, Chris Philo 2004


    First Published 2004


    Apart from any fair dealing for the purposes of research or private study, or criticism or


    review, as permitted under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 1988, this publication


    may be reproduced, stored or transmitted in any form, or by any means, only with the


    prior permission in writing of the publishers, or in the case of reprographic reproduction,


    in accordance with the terms of licences issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency.


    Inquiries concerning reproduction outside those terms should be sent to the publishers.


    SAGE Publications Ltd


    1 Oliver’s Yard


    55 City Road


    London EC1Y 1SP


    SAGE Publications Inc


    2455 Teller Road


    Thousand Oaks, California 91320


    SAGE Publications India Pvt Ltd


    B-42, Panchsheel Enclave


    Post Box 4109


    New Delhi 100 017


    British Library Cataloguing in Publication data


    A catalogue record for this book is available


    from the British Library


    ISBN 0 7619 7325 7


    ISBN 0 7619 7300 1 (pbk)


    Library of Congress Control Number 2003108066


    Typeset by C&M Digitals (P) Ltd., Chennai, India


    Printed in Great Britain by The Cromwell Press Ltd, Trowbridge, Wiltshire CLOKE-PRELIMS.qxd 3/3/04 12:06 PM Page v


    Summary of Contents


    1 Changing practices of human geography: an introduction 1


    PART I CONSTRUCTING GEOGRAPHICAL DATA 35


    2 Official sources 41


    3 Non-official sources 62


    4 Imaginative sources 93


    5 Talking to people 123


    6 Observing, participating and ethnographies 169


    PART II CONSTRUCTING GEOGRAPHICAL INTERPRETATIONS 207


    7 Sifting and sorting 215


    8 Enumerating 247


    9 Explaining 285


    10 Understanding 307


    11 Representing human geographies 336


    12 The politics of practising human geography 364 CLOKE-PRELIMS.qxd 3/3/04 12:06 PM Page vi CLOKE-PRELIMS.qxd 3/3/04 12:06 PM Page vii


    Contents


    Preface x


    Acknowledgements xvi


    1 Changing practices of human geography: an introduction 1


    Practising human geography? 1


    A thumbnail history of practising human geography 7


    Conclusion 31


    Notes 32


    PART I CONSTRUCTING GEOGRAPHICAL DATA 35


    2 Official sources 41


    Introduction 41


    Types of official information 42


    Information and state formation 43


    The contemporary informational state 49


    Understanding the construction of official information 53


    Conclusion 61


    Notes 61


    3 Non-official sources 62


    Introduction 62


    Non-official sources in geographical research 63


    Critical issues in the use of non-official data sources 68


    Conclusion 91


    Note 92


    4 Imaginative sources 93


    Introduction 93


    Understanding the construction of imaginative sources 94


    Imaginative sources in geographical research 104


    Case studies 115


    Conclusion 122


    Notes CLOKE-PRELIMS.qxd 3/3/04 12:06 PM Page viii


    Contents


    5 Talking to people 123


    Introduction 123


    The practices of talking to people 126


    Questionnairing 130


    Interviewing 148


    Discussion groups 159


    Ethics: an important end note 164


    Notes 168


    6 Observing, participating and ethnographies 169


    Introduction: what is ethnography and how can it be geographical? 169


    Geography’s humanistic ethnographies 171


    The black inner city as Frontier outpost 173


    Geography’s ‘new’ ethnographies 182


    Top tips for prospective researchers 195


    Conclusion: field-noting 196


    Notes 204


    PART II CONSTRUCTING GEOGRAPHICAL INTERPRETATIONS 207


    7 Sifting and sorting 215


    Sitting down with your data 215


    What happens when we put things into boxes and make lists 223


    A geographical detour into set theory 227


    Alternatives and recommendations 240


    Notes 245


    8 Enumerating 247


    Enumeration and human geography 247


    Describing, exploring, inferring 253


    Modelling spatial processes 264


    Geocomputation 271


    GIS and spatial analysis 272


    The authority of numbers? 277


    Notes 284


    9 Explaining 285


    The complexity of explanation 285


    Explanation through laws: geography as spatial science 286


    Explanation as causation 288


    Intensive and extensive research 289


    The search for a revolution in geographical explanation 290


    Explanation through abstraction 291


    Explanation and subjectivity 295


    Explanation and practice 299


    Concluding comments: from the explanation of geography


    to the geographies within explanation 305


    Note 306


    viii CLOKE-PRELIMS.qxd 3/3/04 12:06 PM Page ix


    CONTENTS


    10 Understanding 307


    Introduction 307


    Seven modes of understanding 310


    Conclusion: between understanding and explanation 335


    Notes 335


    11 Representing human geographies 336


    Introduction 336


    The work of writing 337


    Presenting research 342


    Representation and rhetoric 347


    Representation in practice 358


    Beyond the book 362


    Conclusion 363


    Notes 363


    12 The politics of practising human geography 364


    The ‘personal’ politics of geographical practice 364


    The politics of research practice 367


    The politics of the academy 370


    Ethics, morality and geographical research 374


    Notes 375


    References 376


    Index 409


    ix


    Please note: To fully download this free PDF,EBook files you need know All free.
    Found by internet command,site not saved pdf file
You May Also Like

Related PPT Template in the same category.