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Posing Techniques for Photographing Model Portfolios

128 Pages · 2007 · 4.1 MB · English

  • Posing Techniques for Photographing Model Portfolios

    P


    OSING


    TECHNIQUES


    for Photographing


    Model Portfolios


    BILLY PEGRAM


    Amherst Media


    ®


    PUBLISHEROFPHOTOGRAPHYBOOKS Dedication


    Iwouldlike toextendmy appreciationtoDorothyPegram,andTomandDolly Branskifor their encourage-


    ment,love,andsupportinhelpingmakethisarewardingcareer.


    AdditionalthankstoLoaAndersonforherspecialconsultation,especiallyinsectionsdealingwiththeCSI


    program.Iwouldalsoliketothankallthedemomodels:Bethany,Ciana,Iana,Janeen,Kasia,Krissy,Lexie,Lisa,


    Marisa,Mary,Monique,andShayn.


    Specialthanksto:BikiniBaySportswearandSwimweardesignerBoofToronto,Canada;LanaFuchsfrom


    Isis Couture, who provided many of the fashions in the images; hair and fashion stylist Michael Hall of Seat-


    tle; hair and makeup specialist Wendalynn Nelson of Las Vegas; and makeup artists Nicci Kelly and Christina


    Copeland.


    Finally, thanks to: Cinch Jeans, Dusk magazine, Headlights and Tailpipes in Las Vegas, Luxury Las Vegas


    magazine,andShowbizmagazine.


    Copyright©2008byBillyPegram.


    Allphotographsbytheauthor.


    Allrightsreserved.


    Publishedby:


    AmherstMedia,Inc.


    P.O.Box586


    Buffalo,N.Y.14226


    Fax:716-874-4508


    www.AmherstMedia.com


    Publisher:CraigAlesse


    SeniorEditor/ProductionManager:MichellePerkins


    AssistantEditor:BarbaraA.Lynch-Johnt


    EditorialAssistance:JohnS.Loder,CareyA.Maines,andArtieVanderpool


    ISBN-13:978-1-58428-220-4


    LibraryofCongressControlNumber:2007926868


    PrintedinKorea.


    10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1


    Nopartofthispublicationmaybereproduced,stored,ortransmittedinanyformorbyanymeans,electronic,me-


    chanical,photocopied,recordedorotherwise,withoutpriorwrittenconsentfromthepublisher.


    NoticeofDisclaimer:Theinformationcontainedinthisbookisbasedontheauthor’sexperienceandopinions.The


    authorandpublisherwillnotbeheldliablefortheuseormisuseoftheinformationinthisbook. Table of Contents


    Introduction .........................6


    TheImportanceofGoodPosing .............6


    HelpingtheModelLookHerBest .........6


    PleasingtheClient .....................6


    TheChallengesofModelPhotography ........9


    TechnicalChallenges ..................10


    Styling .............................10


    WorkingwithPeople ..................12


    AboutThisBook .......................13


    1. Basic Principles ...................14


    Previsualization .........................14


    EmulatetheSuccessofOthers ...........14


    UseYourImagination .................14


    CommunicateYourConcept ............15


    Objectives .............................17


    CreatingFlow .......................17


    StoppingtheGaze ....................18


    Tools ................................20


    StraightLines ........................21


    Curves .............................21


    CompositionandCropping .............24


    Perspective ..........................27


    ToneandColor ......................28


    Posing .............................31


    2. Posing the Body ...................33


    ThreeBasicRules .......................33


    Posture ...............................33


    TABLEOFCONTENTS 3 CSIProgram:AStartingPoint .............34 ImportanceoftheHands ...............45


    HistoryandPurpose ...................34 “Bad”Hands ........................47


    DiagrammingaPose ..................35 GeneralGuidelines ....................47


    TheC,S,andIPoses ..................35 RelaxedPositions .....................48


    FootPositions .......................36 HandswithPropsandProducts ..........49


    TheCrossoverandOpenPoses ..........36 HandsAroundtheFace ................51


    FeetandAnkles .........................38 HandsattheWaist ....................52


    ShowOneHeel ......................38 HandsintheWaistband/Belt ............54


    Cropping ...........................39 HandsinPockets .....................56


    PointtheToes .......................40 HandswithLapelsandZippers ...........57


    HidetheBottomsoftheFeet ............42 HandsonThighs .....................59


    SlimmingandLengtheningtheLegs ......42 HandsintheLap .....................61


    HelpforBeginningModels .............44 PracticalExamples ....................62


    HipsandDerriere .......................44 ArmsandShoulders .....................67


    RearView ..........................44 SeparationfromtheBody ...............67


    SeatedPoses .........................45 Elbows .............................67


    RaiseOneFoot ......................45 FramingtheFace .....................68


    HandsandWrists .......................45 ArmsRaised .........................68


    4 POSINGTECHNIQUESFORPHOTOGRAPHINGMODELPORTFOLIOS 3. Posing the Head and Face .........69 BackgroundSelection ...................120


    ViewsoftheFace .......................69 Clothing .............................120


    FullFace ...........................69 Lighting .............................121


    Three-QuarterView ...................69 CreatingaPortfolio ....................122


    Profile .............................71 OpeningandClosingShots ............122


    TiltingtheHead ........................71 ArrangingtheInteriorImages ..........122


    Eyes .................................72 Grouping ..........................122


    Lips .................................76 Stuffing ...........................122


    Expression ............................80 BlankPages ........................122


    Variety ..............................123


    4. Posing for Different Genres ........81


    DeterminingtheBestMarket ..............81 InClosing ............................124


    Age ...............................81 Index ...............................125


    Height .............................82


    OverallAppearance ....................82


    Commercial ...........................83


    Fashion ...............................86


    Glamour ..............................86


    Lingerie ..............................90


    Plus-SizeModels ........................90


    Editorial ..............................93


    Athletic/Sports .........................94


    Catalog ...............................96


    Swimwear .............................97


    SpecialAttributes ......................100


    5. Practical Examples ................101


    Bethany:BodyShot ....................101


    Ciana:Symmetry .......................103


    Janeen:NaturalCurves ..................106


    Lexie:ShowingPersonality ...............109


    Monique:Girly,Cute,andFun ............110


    6. Hints and Tips ...................112


    BuildaSamplePortfolio .................113


    Quality ..............................115


    InformtheModel ......................115


    BeginwithPortraiture ..................116


    CreateaMood ........................118


    TheModel’sComfort ...................118


    TABLEOFCONTENTS 5 Introduction


    THEIMPORTANCEOFGOODPOSING


    Overtheyears,I’verealizedthatthereisin-


    deed an art to posing models—an art that


    allphotographers,inordertobesuccessful,


    muststudyanddevelop.


    Helping the Model Look Her Best.


    Beginning models in particular rely on the


    experience of the photographer to guide


    them to flattering poses. Even experienced


    models, although they usually develop a


    rather extensive repertoire of poses and


    move gracefully through a series, still need


    the photographer to fine-tune their poses,


    emphasizing their best features while mini-


    mizingtheweakerones.


    Often,anervousmodelwillsimplystand


    in front of the camera, waiting to be told


    what to do. If you are an inexperienced


    photographer, it can be difficult to direct


    the model—especially since photographers


    tend to be better at visualizing a pose than


    communicatingitclearlytoasubject.


    Pleasing the Client. With model pho-


    tography, there is an additional considera-


    tion: the client. This may be a commercial


    clientor,whenshootingforamodel’sport-


    Thereisanarttoposingmodels,andtheonlywaytomasteritisthrough


    folio,allofherprospectiveemployers. studyandpractice.


    6 POSINGTECHNIQUESFORPHOTOGRAPHINGMODELPORTFOLIOS Gettingagreatmodelshotisnotamatterof If the image is being created for a commercial client, the model is


    luck—itrequirespatience,skill,knowledge, often secondary to the product; she is used solely to enhance the


    andcommitment.


    mood of the photograph. In this case, the model’s pose must force


    theviewer’seyestotheproductorservicebeingpromoted.Ifamodel


    candothis,while stillcreatinganemotionalresponse,thenthe pho-


    tograph will be successful for the client or advertiser. Ask yourself:


    Whatarewetryingtoshow?Isitaparticularitemofclothing,some-


    thingspecialabouttheclothing(e.g.,azipper,material,oradesign)?


    Whatisitthatwillprompttheviewerofthephototowanttopurchase


    thisproduct?


    If the image is being created for the model’s portfolio, it must be


    designedtoappealtothekindsofclientsfromwhomsheishopingto


    gain employment. These may include designers, magazines, product


    manufacturers,jewelers,andanyotherindustrywheremodelsareem-


    ployed. In addition, the images must showcase the model’s best at-


    tributes, conceal any problem areas, and appeal to her own aesthetic


    sensibilitiesandpersonality.Again,askyourselfsomequestions:What


    arewetryingtoshow?Whatwillinspiretheclienttohirethismodel?


    INTRODUCTION 7 Inacommercial


    image,youneedto


    determinewhatwill


    prompttheviewerof


    thephotostowant


    topurchasethefea-


    turedproduct. Inamodel’sportfolio,youwantthepoten-


    tialclienttoseesomethingthathecanre-


    latetoandwanttohireher.Variety,asseen


    inthesethreeimagesofCiana,isakeyfac-


    torinachievingthisgoal. The purpose of creating the model’s portfolio is to show a wide


    rangeoflooksandtofeatureherbestattributes.Ultimately,youwant


    thepotentialclienttoseesomethinginherbookthathecanrelateto


    and,basedonthat,wanttohireher.


    THECHALLENGESOFMODELPHOTOGRAPHY


    Asyoucanimagine,allofthismeansthatgettingagreatmodelshot


    isdefinitelynotamatterofluck.Onesimplydoesn’thappenacrossthe


    INTRODUCTION 9 Successful model photography requires a


    masteryofallthetechnicalaspectsofpho-


    tography,includingdigitalenhancements.


    perfect model in the perfect position with the perfect lighting and


    grabacamera.Creatingthatflawless,captivatingphotographrequires


    patience,skill,knowledge,andcommitment.Italsorequiresmastery


    ofalloftheotheraspectsofprofessionalphotography.


    TechnicalChanges.Nomatterhowexperiencedyouareasapho-


    tographer,therearealwaysnewtechniquestolearn—newequipment,


    new film and capture methods, and new styles. Your repertoire of


    techniques must always be changing and suited to the current tastes


    of the market. This is especially true in the digital age, where tech-


    nologygrowsbyleapsandboundswitheachpassingday.


    Styling. An additional challenge in working in model photogra-


    phy is that you need to be well versed in all aspects of hair, makeup,


    andphotostyling.Buildingateamofspecialistsiscrucialinattaining


    FACINGPAGE–Onceyou’vedecidedonthelook


    professional status as a shooter. After you decide what you need to


    you want, having a team of specialists in


    emphasize in the photograph, your team (makeup artist, hairdresser, placecanhelpyoutoachieveyourgoal.


    10 POSINGTECHNIQUESFORPHOTOGRAPHINGMODELPORTFOLIOS


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