Piping Materials Guide by Peter Smith
Smith/PipingMaterialsGuide FinalProof 14.11.2004 10:45pm pagei
P I P I N G
M A T E R I A L S
S E L E C T I O N A N D
A P P L I C A T I O N S Smith/PipingMaterialsGuide FinalProof 14.11.2004 10:45pm pageii Smith/PipingMaterialsGuide FinalProof 14.11.2004 10:45pm pageiii
P I P I N G
M A T E R I A L S
S E L E C T I O N A N D
A P P L I C A T I O N S
. . . . .
AMSTER.DAM BOST.ON HEIDELBERG.LONDON N.EWYORK.OXFORD
PARIS SANDIEGO SAN FRANCISCO SINGAPORE SYDNEY TOKYO
Gulf Professional Publishing is an imprint of Elsevier Smith/PipingMaterialsGuide FinalProof 14.11.2004 10:45pm pageiv
04 05 06 07 08 09 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
PrintedintheUnitedStatesofAmerica Smith/PipingMaterialsGuide FinalProof 14.11.2004 10:45pm pagev
Preface ... ... ... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... vii
1 The Piping Material Engineer.. ... ... ... ... ... ... 1
2 Process Industry Codes and Standards ... ... ... .. 11
3 Materials... ... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. 37
4 Piping Components .... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... . 131
5 Joints for Process Piping Systems.. ... ... ... ... . 171
6 Bolts and Gaskets . .... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... . 201
7 Valves .. ... ... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... . 213
8 Glossaries and Abbreviations . ... ... ... ... ... . 243
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The Piping Material Selection Guide for Process Systems, as the title
states, is a guide for the piping engineer who is faced with the challenge
of choosing the correct piping materials of construction.
The list of codes and standards in ASME B31.3 that apply to process
plant design is huge, and it is impossible to cover them all in one book.
Instead I use ASME B31.3 as the basic construction code, and I brieﬂy
touch on the most signiﬁcant codes and standards applicable to the
design of the plant.
The EPC contractor is responsible for having all the necessary codes
andstandards available at all times during the design,construction,and
commissioning of the plant. These standards must be the ﬁnal reference
point, and the objective of this book is to guide the piping engineer to
Although the function of a piping material engineer is driven by code
and speciﬁcations, there is no substitute for all-around experience. This
can be gained from several areas: the design ofﬁce, a manufacturer’s
of an engineer’s professional development. Each sector has its own
The design ofﬁce is where the project evolves and is engineered and
developed on paper. A manufacturer’s facility is were the numerous
For piping this includes pipe, ﬁttings, ﬂanges, valves,bolts, gaskets,and
the like. In the fabrication yard, the welded piping components are
hardware come together and ﬁnal fabrication and erection take place.
to its conclusion and ﬁnally handed over to the client’s operators. All
these phases of a project are equally important, and it is very important
vii Smith/PipingMaterialsGuide FinalProof 14.11.2004 10:45pm pageviii
that the engineer understand the challenges that arise in these very
The PipingMaterial Selection Guidefor theProcess Systems is written
to be useful to all piping engineers and designers involved in the design,
However, it is primarily aimed at the piping material engineer, the
individual responsible for the selection and the specifying of piping
material for process facilities.
areas and introduce the reader to the fundamentals of the speciﬁc
subjects. I suggest readers skim through the pages to gain a familiarity
with text and technical data. I limit my use of opinions and concentrate
on mandatory statements that are set out in the design codes. These
standards must be met or improved on.
by working with fellow engineers who imparted their knowledge to the
through personal research.
To be a complete engineer, it is essential not only to have knowledge
but to share this knowledge with fellow piping engineers and other
colleagues. A piping material engineer’s role is driven by codes,
standards, technical data, and catalogued information. When asked a
copy from the relevant source of information. This allows recipients to
material engineer. It is a small action that pays big dividends.
and how their ﬁnal shape is computed. All the piping components
discussed in this book are covered by strict design codes or recognized
manufacturers’ standards.Their dimensionsare carefully calculated and
unlikely to change dramatically in the near or distant future. Indeed,
most have remained the same dimensionally for several decades and
longer. Smith/PipingMaterialsGuide FinalProof 14.11.2004 10:45pm pageix
Piping engineering is not rocket science. As a fellow engineer, not a
piping specialist, once said, ‘‘I thought that the Romans sorted piping
out.’’ Not true, but I see where my colleague was coming from. The
material value, engineering, and construction personnel. Piping engin-
eering also creates large volumes of paper in the form of drawings,
speciﬁcations, and support documents. What it lacks in technical
complexity it more than makes up for by the volumes of paperwork,
which seem to increase each year.
disciplines, such as instrumentation and electrical, which are driven
greatly by vendors and technology, piping does not stand still. New
materials are always being developed, as well as fresh methods of
manufacturing and new designs, that constantly ﬁne-tune what we
inherited from our friends the Romans.
it will guide you in the right direction.
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