425 Pages · 2002 · 1.12 MB · English



    “As a contemporary introduction to philosophy of religion, it is a God-send

    or, if you prefer, a dharma-gift. Keith Yandell succeeds admirably in

    producing a textbook which has clarity, wit and rigour and that engages

    religion in its historical and cultural diversity . . . He grasps that religious

    traditions are irreducibly different: they make different types of claims,

    argue from different sorts of grounds, cultivate diverse values and aim at

    divergent goals.”

    John Clayton, Boston University

    “The central strength of the book is its willingness to argue points out in

    detail rather than just reporting on arguments. It is a model of rigorous

    argument applied to questions of religion.”

    Mark Wynn, Australian Catholic University, Brisbane

    Philosophy of Religion is one of the first comprehensive textbooks to

    consider the subject with reference to religions other than Christianity. As

    an experienced textbook author and an established generalist in philosophy

    of religion, Keith Yandell deals lucidly and constructively with

    representative views and competing issues from Judaism, Christianity,

    Islam, Buddhism and Jainism. He also shows how such issues and

    competing views can be rationally assessed. He includes discussion of major

    philosophical figures in religious traditions as well as important

    contemporary philosophers. This engaging text will appeal to students of

    both philosophy and religion as well as to the general reader interested in

    the subject.

    Keith E. Yandell is Professor of Philosophy at the University of

    Wisconsin at Madison. He has written widely on philosophy and

    philosophy of religion and among his most recent books are Hume’s

    “Inexplicable Mystery” (1990) and The Epistemology of Religious

    Experience (1995).

    Routledge Contemporary Introductions to Philosophy

    Series Editor:

    Paul K. Moser

    Loyola University of Chicago

    This innovative, well-structured series is for students who have already done

    an introductory course in philosophy. Each book introduces a core general

    subject in contemporary philosophy and offers students an accessible but

    substantial transition from introductory to higher-level college work in that

    subject. The series is accessible to nonspecialists and each book clearly

    motivates and expounds the problems and positions introduced. An orientating

    chapter briefly introduces its topic and reminds readers of any crucial material

    they need to have retained from a typical introductory course. Considerable

    attention is given to explaining the central philosophical problems of a subject

    and the main competing solutions and arguments for those solutions. The

    primary aim is to educate students in the main problems, positions and

    arguments of contemporary philosophy rather than to convince students of a

    single position. The initial eight central books in the series are written by

    experienced authors and teachers, and treat topics essential to a well-rounded

    philosophy curriculum.


    Robert Audi


    Harry Gensler


    Michael J. Loux

    Philosophy of Art

    Noel Carroll

    Philosophy of Language

    William G. Lycan

    Philosophy of Mind

    John Heil

    Philosophy of Religion

    Keith E. Yandell

    Philosophy of Science

    Alexander Rosenberg



    A contemporary introduction

    Keith E. Yandell

    London and New York

    Thanks are due to Karen Buege Yandell for illustrations of

    the various Digitators.

    First published in 1999

    by Routledge

    11 New Fetter Lane, London EC4P 4EE

    This edition published in the Taylor & Francis e-Library, 2002.

    Simultaneously published in the USA and Canada

    by Routledge

    29 West 35th Street, New York, NY 10001

    © 1999 Keith E. Yandell

    All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted or

    reproduced or utilized in any form or by any electronic,

    mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafter

    invented, including photocopying and recording, or in any

    information storage or retrieval system, without permission

    in writing from the publishers.

    British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data

    A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library

    Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data

    A catalog record for this book has been requested

    ISBN 0-415-13213-4 (hbk)

    ISBN 0-415-13214-2 (pbk)

    ISBN 0-203-00708-5 Master e-book ISBN

    ISBN 0-203-20854-4 (Glassbook Format) To Alvin Plantinga

    —he led the way.


    Preface xiii

    Chapter 1: Introduction 1


    Chapter 2: What is philosophy? What is religion? What is

    philosophy of religion? 11

    Philosophy 13

    Objectivity 15

    Religion 16

    Philosophy of religion 17

    Questions for reflection 18

    Annotated reading 18

    Chapter 3: What sorts of religion are there? 21

    Monotheism 24

    Advaita Vedanta 28

    Jainism 30

    Buddhism 31

    Comparison 32

    The criteria applied 32

    Questions for reflection 34

    Annotated reading 35

    Chapter 4: What sorts of religious experience are there? 37

    Structure and content 39

    Descriptions 41

    Criteria and their application 46

    Questions for reflection 50

    Annotated reading 50 viii CONTENTS

    Chapter 5: The importance of doctrine and the distinctness of

    religious traditions 51

    Doctrine 53

    “Truth-claims” 56

    Identity 57

    Diversity 61

    Questions for reflection 64

    Annotated reading 64

    Chapter 6: Religious pluralism 65

    Religious plurality and religious pluralism 67

    The content of religious pluralism 67

    Some religion-relevant consequences of RP 68

    A critical discussion of RP: Part one 69

    A critical discussion of RP: Part two 74

    A critical discussion of RP: Part three 77

    Questions for reflection 79

    Annotated reading 79


    REALITY 81

    Chapter 7: Monotheistic conceptions of ultimate reality 83

    Generic philosophical monotheism 85

    Greek monotheism 86

    Semitic monotheism 89

    Hindu monotheism 90

    Monotheisms and atheisms 91

    Questions for reflection 95

    Annotated reading 96

    Chapter 8: Nonmonotheistic conceptions of ultimate

    reality 99

    Advaita Vedanta Hinduism 102

    Jainism and Buddhism 109

    Conclusion 116

    Questions for reflection 116

    Annotated reading 116 CONTENTS ix



    Chapter 9: Arguments against monotheism 121

    Three questions 123

    The problem of evil 124

    Failed escapes 125

    The consistency issue 128

    The evidential issue 131

    Conclusion 161

    Epilogue 161

    Questions for reflection 164

    Annotated reading 164

    Chapter 10: Arguments for monotheism 167

    Proof 169

    Logical necessity 171

    Purely conceptual proofs and the Ontological

    Argument 174

    Empirical proofs, argument strategies, and principles of

    sufficient reason 181

    Arguments by Thomas Aquinas 184

    Questions for reflection 210

    Annotated reading 211

    Chapter 11: Monotheism and religious experience 213

    Phenomenologically thick experiences 215

    Experience as direct evidence 216

    A principle of experiential evidence 218

    Being evidence versus providing evidence 228

    The evidential argument from religious experience 230

    The principle of experiential evidence applied 231

    Questions for reflection 235

    Annotated reading 235

    Please note: To fully download this free PDF,EBook files you need know All free.
    Found by internet command,site not saved pdf file
You May Also Like

Related PPT Template in the same category.