378 Pages · 2011 · 13.34 MB · English

  • permaculture

    A Facilitator’s Handbook


    ~ ~


    Solutions for Sustainable Lifestyles

    Developed by IDEP Foundation with PERMATIL and GreenHand

    Published by IDEP Foundation • www.idepfoundation.org First edition 2011 © IDEP Foundation

    IDEP Foundation

    PO BOX 160 Ubud, 80571, Bali, Indonesia

    w w w. i d e p f o u n d a t i o n . o r g

    © Permatil and IDEP Foundation


    To provide a wide range of practical and comprehensive guidelines, tools,

    and techniques for delivering effective Permaculture workshops. It includes

    over 200 presentations, creative thinking exercises, and practical hands-on

    exercises, which can be used by local facilitators to design and implement

    effective courses appropriate to the needs in their area. It has been

    designed to work in conjunction with the companion books ‘‘A Resource

    Book for Permaculture – Solutions for Sustainable Lifestyles” and

    “The Facilitator’s Resource Book for Permaculture Training and


    These workshop techniques include knowledge and practical techniques for

    environmental rehabilitation and sustainability, strengthening community

    resilience and local economies. The contents of the book are based on concepts

    of deep ecology, the inter connectedness of our environment and culture,

    and the principles and ethics of sustainable community development.

    Permatil and IDEP Foundation invite organizations or individuals wishing

    to reproduce this book to do so, in the interest of sharing Permaculture

    activities for non-commercial purposes and without altering the contents of

    this book. For rights of reproduction for other purposes, please submit a

    written request for permission to IDEP Foundation.

    The materials contained in this book have been drawn from many different

    sources including Permaculture works and publications worldwide as well as

    practitioners in East Timor and Indonesia. If you have any input or suggestions

    regarding either the contents or the use of this book, please contact us at

    the address listed above. We greatly appreciate your suggestions and input.

    We have tried to be as factual and accurate as possible. We hope that

    this book will provide many benefits for those that use it. However, any

    problems that occur as a result of practical use of the information is not the

    responsibility of Permatil, IDEP Foundation, or of the book’s authors, artists,

    contributors, or publisher. A Facilitator’s Handbook


    ~ ~


    Solutions for Sustainable Lifestyles

    Developed by IDEP Foundation with PERMATIL and GreenHand

    Published by IDEP Foundation • www.idepfoundation.org

    Produced with

    support from Written by

    Lachlan McKenzie with Petra Schneider

    Contributing Writers

    Steve Cran, Gove DePuy

    Valuable Information Contributors

    IDEP Foundation, Permatil, all of the contributors of the Resource Book, and

    IDEP and the GreenHand Field School’s Permaculture project participants and

    partners. Permatil, Bali Permaculture Project and the GreenHand Field School’s

    Permaculture project participants and partners, Yudi Suanda, Lachlan McKenzie,

    Lakota Moira, Made Chakra, Dessy Haryanti, Nita Noor, Sherry Kasman Entus,

    Purnawan Budisetia, Misbahhudin, Gede Sugiarta, Made Suyasa, I Gusti Raka

    Panji Tisna, Roberto Hutabarat, Petra Schneider, Courtney Stephen, Kadek Lisa,

    Dewi Surtikanti


    Arte Moris Art School, Simao “Mong” Cardosso Periera, Gibrael “Aziby” Dias

    Soares Carocho, Edson Arintes Da Costa Carminha, Grinaldo Gilmarodep

    Fernandes, Jose “Osme” Fortunato Gonzalves, Jose “Tony” de Jesus Amaral,

    Leo Marcal, Ozorio “Azo” Jeronimo, Kathryn “Cipi” Morgan, Lachlan McKenzie,

    Rappy, Robi Supriyanto & the Spiritual Junkies

    Editors and translators

    Petra Schneider, Robi Supriyanto, Lakota Moira, Yudi Suanda, Adnyana, Sherry

    Entus, Nita Noor

    Desktop publishing and graphic design

    Petra Schneider, Lakota Moira, Courtney Stephens, Dewi Surtikanti


    IDEP Foundation - www.idepfoundation.org Fo r w a rd

    Permaculture is not simply a The contents of the books in the Permaculture

    “back to nature” movement, it is a series have been derived from a wide range

    system for sustainable development of experiences of Permaculture trainers and

    based on natural principles. It is a practical and designers from many different areas, including

    effective way to use natural patterns and natural local and international practitioners, over an

    principles for increasing sustainability and quality extended period of time.

    of life. This Permaculture Facilitator’s Manual has

    been developed to assist Permaculture facilitators, This handbook will be most effective if used

    trainers, and designers to use and share these for the purpose for which it was designed: as a

    principles and methodologies through their work, Handbook for Permaculture design trainings.

    and increase the benefits of natural methods

    for development. Everyone can study and apply Even though the contents of this book have already

    Permaculture by learning from proven effective in field application, this

    and cooperating with nature does not mean that the manual is

    while preserving natural complete, it is open for updates,

    resources. inputs, and reviews. Just

    as nature is constantly

    This Permaculture in a dynamic process of

    Facilitator’s Handbook change and evolution,

    is designed to work in this Facilitator’s Handbook

    conjunction with ‘The is very much a living

    Permaculture Reference document open to new ideas

    Book’, which covers a wide and inputs so that it can be

    range of information about the made even more useful over time.

    Principles of Permaculture and how

    they can be applied in many practical ways. It was I hope that this Permaculture Facilitator’s

    developed for Permaculture trainers, facilitators, Handbook, and the companion Reference Book

    and designers to be able to deliver effective and Trainer’s Resources Book will be a driving

    Permaculture workshops which will help people force for the important movement towards more

    apply the practical ideas in the Permaculture sustainable living. The books are based on the

    Reference Book. philosophy of sustainability, which was so well

    explained by Mahatma Gandhi as “The earth

    The practical and effective way that the contents provides enough to satisfy every man’s need but

    of this handbook are presented are useful for not every man’s greed.”

    any Permaculture teacher as a reference before,

    during, and after trainings are conducted.

    This is an extensive handbook, it is systematic, Roberto Hutabarat

    user friendly, and has been developed to be easy

    IDEP Aceh Recovery Programs Coordinator

    to read and use so as to make it as practical as

    and Director GreenHand Field School

    possible for Permaculture trainers. Notes...

    iv Facilitator’s Handbook for Permaculture Workshops S






    TA B L E O F C O N T E N TS










































    P Notes...

    vi Facilitator’s Handbook for Permaculture Workshops Table of Contents

    INTRODUCTION: Considerations for Planning

    a Permaculture Workshop 1

    What is a Permaculture workshop? 3

    Who facilitates Permaculture workshops? 4

    Who attends Permaculture workshops? 5

    About women’s participation 6

    INTRODUCTION: Designing an Effective

    Permaculture Workshop 7

    BEGINNING A WORKSHOP: Workshop Opening

    Address and Introductions 39

    Presentation : Opening address and introductions 41

    Presentation : Introduction to sustainability 46

    Creative thinking : Forum on problems and solutions 48

    Creative thinking : Discussion about the “quality of life” 50

    Module No. 1: What is Permaculture? 53

    Presentation : What is Permaculture? 55

    Presentation: Permaculture ethics 56

    Creative thinking : Local ethics that support sustainability 57

    Presentation: Permaculture design principles 58

    Creative thinking : Permaculture principles brainstorm 59

    Module No. 2: Natural Patterns and Permaculture Design 61

    Presentation : Patterns in nature 63

    Field activity : Patterns observation and analysis walk 64

    Presentation : Planning and methods for design 65

    Field activity : Resources observation walk 66

    Presentation : Various ways to create maps 67

    Field activity : Making and using an A-frame 68

    Field activity : Methods for measuring and right angles 69

    Field activity : Creating a scaled map with elements 70

    Presentation : Introduction to Permaculture zones 72

    Creative thinking : Build a community zones model 73

    Presentation : Introduction to the village zone 74

    Creative thinking : Uses for community land 75

    Presentation : Pollution of water, soil, and living creatures 76

    Creative thinking : Create a list of pollutants 78

    Presentation : Waste management 80

    Creative thinking : Recycling and disposal of community waste 81

    Creative thinking : Community garbage math 82

    Table of Contents vii Module No. 3: Houses, Water, and Waste Management 85

    Presentation : Houses and their environments 87

    Presentation : Sustainable and unsustainable building materials 89

    Creative thinking : List various building materials 90

    Creative thinking : Sustainable house design ideas 92

    Presentation : Healthy and practical kitchens 94

    Presentation : Water strategies 96

    Creative thinking : Managing and storing drinking water 98

    Field activity : Create a safe water storage system 100

    Field activity : Cleaning drinking water 101

    Presentation : About wastewater treatment systems 102

    Field activity : Create a biological wastewater filter 104

    Field activity : Build a compost shower 106

    Presentation : Types of composting toilets 107

    Creative thinking : Plan to eliminate stagnant water 108

    Creative thinking : Household waste disposal methods 110

    Field activity : Design a “Permaculture house” 111

    Module No. 4: Healthy Soil 113

    Presentation : Soil improvements 115

    Field activity : Simple method of testing soil 118

    Creative thinking : Identify nutrient deficiencies in soil 119

    Presentation : Mulching for soil improvement 120

    Creative thinking : Legumes and their uses 122

    Field activity : Mulching a garden bed 123

    Presentation : How to use legumes 124

    Field activity : Various methods of using legumes 125

    Presentation : About natural fertilizers 126

    Presentation : Various natural fertilizing techniques 127

    Creative thinking : List of natural fertilizers and uses 128

    Field activity : Make a quick compost heap 129

    Field activity : Make liquid fertilizer 130

    Field activity : Using liquid fertilizer 131

    Presentation : About worms for healthy soils 133

    Field activity : Make a worm farm 134

    Module No. 5: Seed Saving and Nurseries 137

    Presentation : How seeds are reproduced 139

    Presentation : Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) 140

    Creative thinking : What are GMOs? 142

    Presentation : About seed saving 143

    viii Facilitator’s Handbook for Permaculture Workshops

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