permaculture

permaculture

permaculture

378 Pages ·2011·13.34 MB ·English

permaculture

A Facilitator’s Handbook


for


~ ~


PERMACULTURE


Solutions for Sustainable Lifestyles


Developed by IDEP Foundation with PERMATIL and GreenHand


Published by IDEP Foundation • www.idepfoundation.org First edition 2011 © IDEP Foundation


IDEP Foundation


PO BOX 160 Ubud, 80571, Bali, Indonesia


w w w. i d e p f o u n d a t i o n . o r g


© Permatil and IDEP Foundation


THE AIM OF THIS BOOK IS...


To provide a wide range of practical and comprehensive guidelines, tools,


and techniques for delivering effective Permaculture workshops. It includes


over 200 presentations, creative thinking exercises, and practical hands-on


exercises, which can be used by local facilitators to design and implement


effective courses appropriate to the needs in their area. It has been


designed to work in conjunction with the companion books ‘‘A Resource


Book for Permaculture – Solutions for Sustainable Lifestyles” and


“The Facilitator’s Resource Book for Permaculture Training and


Assessment.”


These workshop techniques include knowledge and practical techniques for


environmental rehabilitation and sustainability, strengthening community


resilience and local economies. The contents of the book are based on concepts


of deep ecology, the inter connectedness of our environment and culture,


and the principles and ethics of sustainable community development.


Permatil and IDEP Foundation invite organizations or individuals wishing


to reproduce this book to do so, in the interest of sharing Permaculture


activities for non-commercial purposes and without altering the contents of


this book. For rights of reproduction for other purposes, please submit a


written request for permission to IDEP Foundation.


The materials contained in this book have been drawn from many different


sources including Permaculture works and publications worldwide as well as


practitioners in East Timor and Indonesia. If you have any input or suggestions


regarding either the contents or the use of this book, please contact us at


the address listed above. We greatly appreciate your suggestions and input.


We have tried to be as factual and accurate as possible. We hope that


this book will provide many benefits for those that use it. However, any


problems that occur as a result of practical use of the information is not the


responsibility of Permatil, IDEP Foundation, or of the book’s authors, artists,


contributors, or publisher. A Facilitator’s Handbook


for


~ ~


PERMACULTURE


Solutions for Sustainable Lifestyles


Developed by IDEP Foundation with PERMATIL and GreenHand


Published by IDEP Foundation • www.idepfoundation.org


Produced with


support from Written by


Lachlan McKenzie with Petra Schneider


Contributing Writers


Steve Cran, Gove DePuy


Valuable Information Contributors


IDEP Foundation, Permatil, all of the contributors of the Resource Book, and


IDEP and the GreenHand Field School’s Permaculture project participants and


partners. Permatil, Bali Permaculture Project and the GreenHand Field School’s


Permaculture project participants and partners, Yudi Suanda, Lachlan McKenzie,


Lakota Moira, Made Chakra, Dessy Haryanti, Nita Noor, Sherry Kasman Entus,


Purnawan Budisetia, Misbahhudin, Gede Sugiarta, Made Suyasa, I Gusti Raka


Panji Tisna, Roberto Hutabarat, Petra Schneider, Courtney Stephen, Kadek Lisa,


Dewi Surtikanti


Artists


Arte Moris Art School, Simao “Mong” Cardosso Periera, Gibrael “Aziby” Dias


Soares Carocho, Edson Arintes Da Costa Carminha, Grinaldo Gilmarodep


Fernandes, Jose “Osme” Fortunato Gonzalves, Jose “Tony” de Jesus Amaral,


Leo Marcal, Ozorio “Azo” Jeronimo, Kathryn “Cipi” Morgan, Lachlan McKenzie,


Rappy, Robi Supriyanto & the Spiritual Junkies


Editors and translators


Petra Schneider, Robi Supriyanto, Lakota Moira, Yudi Suanda, Adnyana, Sherry


Entus, Nita Noor


Desktop publishing and graphic design


Petra Schneider, Lakota Moira, Courtney Stephens, Dewi Surtikanti


Publisher


IDEP Foundation - www.idepfoundation.org Fo r w a rd


Permaculture is not simply a The contents of the books in the Permaculture


“back to nature” movement, it is a series have been derived from a wide range


system for sustainable development of experiences of Permaculture trainers and


based on natural principles. It is a practical and designers from many different areas, including


effective way to use natural patterns and natural local and international practitioners, over an


principles for increasing sustainability and quality extended period of time.


of life. This Permaculture Facilitator’s Manual has


been developed to assist Permaculture facilitators, This handbook will be most effective if used


trainers, and designers to use and share these for the purpose for which it was designed: as a


principles and methodologies through their work, Handbook for Permaculture design trainings.


and increase the benefits of natural methods


for development. Everyone can study and apply Even though the contents of this book have already


Permaculture by learning from proven effective in field application, this


and cooperating with nature does not mean that the manual is


while preserving natural complete, it is open for updates,


resources. inputs, and reviews. Just


as nature is constantly


This Permaculture in a dynamic process of


Facilitator’s Handbook change and evolution,


is designed to work in this Facilitator’s Handbook


conjunction with ‘The is very much a living


Permaculture Reference document open to new ideas


Book’, which covers a wide and inputs so that it can be


range of information about the made even more useful over time.


Principles of Permaculture and how


they can be applied in many practical ways. It was I hope that this Permaculture Facilitator’s


developed for Permaculture trainers, facilitators, Handbook, and the companion Reference Book


and designers to be able to deliver effective and Trainer’s Resources Book will be a driving


Permaculture workshops which will help people force for the important movement towards more


apply the practical ideas in the Permaculture sustainable living. The books are based on the


Reference Book. philosophy of sustainability, which was so well


explained by Mahatma Gandhi as “The earth


The practical and effective way that the contents provides enough to satisfy every man’s need but


of this handbook are presented are useful for not every man’s greed.”


any Permaculture teacher as a reference before,


during, and after trainings are conducted.


This is an extensive handbook, it is systematic, Roberto Hutabarat


user friendly, and has been developed to be easy


IDEP Aceh Recovery Programs Coordinator


to read and use so as to make it as practical as


and Director GreenHand Field School


possible for Permaculture trainers. Notes...


iv Facilitator’s Handbook for Permaculture Workshops S


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P Notes...


vi Facilitator’s Handbook for Permaculture Workshops Table of Contents


INTRODUCTION: Considerations for Planning


a Permaculture Workshop 1


What is a Permaculture workshop? 3


Who facilitates Permaculture workshops? 4


Who attends Permaculture workshops? 5


About women’s participation 6


INTRODUCTION: Designing an Effective


Permaculture Workshop 7


BEGINNING A WORKSHOP: Workshop Opening


Address and Introductions 39


Presentation : Opening address and introductions 41


Presentation : Introduction to sustainability 46


Creative thinking : Forum on problems and solutions 48


Creative thinking : Discussion about the “quality of life” 50


Module No. 1: What is Permaculture? 53


Presentation : What is Permaculture? 55


Presentation: Permaculture ethics 56


Creative thinking : Local ethics that support sustainability 57


Presentation: Permaculture design principles 58


Creative thinking : Permaculture principles brainstorm 59


Module No. 2: Natural Patterns and Permaculture Design 61


Presentation : Patterns in nature 63


Field activity : Patterns observation and analysis walk 64


Presentation : Planning and methods for design 65


Field activity : Resources observation walk 66


Presentation : Various ways to create maps 67


Field activity : Making and using an A-frame 68


Field activity : Methods for measuring and right angles 69


Field activity : Creating a scaled map with elements 70


Presentation : Introduction to Permaculture zones 72


Creative thinking : Build a community zones model 73


Presentation : Introduction to the village zone 74


Creative thinking : Uses for community land 75


Presentation : Pollution of water, soil, and living creatures 76


Creative thinking : Create a list of pollutants 78


Presentation : Waste management 80


Creative thinking : Recycling and disposal of community waste 81


Creative thinking : Community garbage math 82


Table of Contents vii Module No. 3: Houses, Water, and Waste Management 85


Presentation : Houses and their environments 87


Presentation : Sustainable and unsustainable building materials 89


Creative thinking : List various building materials 90


Creative thinking : Sustainable house design ideas 92


Presentation : Healthy and practical kitchens 94


Presentation : Water strategies 96


Creative thinking : Managing and storing drinking water 98


Field activity : Create a safe water storage system 100


Field activity : Cleaning drinking water 101


Presentation : About wastewater treatment systems 102


Field activity : Create a biological wastewater filter 104


Field activity : Build a compost shower 106


Presentation : Types of composting toilets 107


Creative thinking : Plan to eliminate stagnant water 108


Creative thinking : Household waste disposal methods 110


Field activity : Design a “Permaculture house” 111


Module No. 4: Healthy Soil 113


Presentation : Soil improvements 115


Field activity : Simple method of testing soil 118


Creative thinking : Identify nutrient deficiencies in soil 119


Presentation : Mulching for soil improvement 120


Creative thinking : Legumes and their uses 122


Field activity : Mulching a garden bed 123


Presentation : How to use legumes 124


Field activity : Various methods of using legumes 125


Presentation : About natural fertilizers 126


Presentation : Various natural fertilizing techniques 127


Creative thinking : List of natural fertilizers and uses 128


Field activity : Make a quick compost heap 129


Field activity : Make liquid fertilizer 130


Field activity : Using liquid fertilizer 131


Presentation : About worms for healthy soils 133


Field activity : Make a worm farm 134


Module No. 5: Seed Saving and Nurseries 137


Presentation : How seeds are reproduced 139


Presentation : Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) 140


Creative thinking : What are GMOs? 142


Presentation : About seed saving 143


viii Facilitator’s Handbook for Permaculture Workshops


A Facilitator’s Handbook


for


~ ~


PERMACULTURE


Solutions for Sustainable Lifestyles


Developed by IDEP Foundation with PERMATIL and GreenHand


Published by IDEP Foundation • www.idepfoundation.org First edition 2011 © IDEP Foundation


IDEP Foundation


PO BOX 160 Ubud, 80571, Bali, Indonesia


w w w. i d e p f o u n d a t i o n . o r g


© Permatil and IDEP Foundation


THE AIM OF THIS BOOK IS...


To provide a wide range of practical and comprehensive guidelines, tools,


and techniques for delivering effective Permaculture workshops. It includes


over 200 presentations, creative thinking exercises, and practical hands-on


exercises, which can be used by local facilitators to design and implement


effective courses appropriate to the needs in their area. It has been


designed to work in conjunction with the companion books ‘‘A Resource


Book for Permaculture – Solutions for Sustainable Lifestyles” and


“The Facilitator’s Resource Book for Permaculture Training and


Assessment.”


These workshop techniques include knowledge and practical techniques for


environmental rehabilitation and sustainability, strengthening community


resilience and local economies. The contents of the book are based on concepts


of deep ecology, the inter connectedness of our environment and culture,


and the principles and ethics of sustainable community development.


Permatil and IDEP Foundation invite organizations or individuals wishing


to reproduce this book to do so, in the interest of sharing Permaculture


activities for non-commercial purposes and without altering the contents of


this book. For rights of reproduction for other purposes, please submit a


written request for permission to IDEP Foundation.


The materials contained in this book have been drawn from many different


sources including Permaculture works and publications worldwide as well as


practitioners in East Timor and Indonesia. If you have any input or suggestions


regarding either the contents or the use of this book, please contact us at


the address listed above. We greatly appreciate your suggestions and input.


We have tried to be as factual and accurate as possible. We hope that


this book will provide many benefits for those that use it. However, any


problems that occur as a result of practical use of the information is not the


responsibility of Permatil, IDEP Foundation, or of the book’s authors, artists,


contributors, or publisher. A Facilitator’s Handbook


for


~ ~


PERMACULTURE


Solutions for Sustainable Lifestyles


Developed by IDEP Foundation with PERMATIL and GreenHand


Published by IDEP Foundation • www.idepfoundation.org


Produced with


support from Written by


Lachlan McKenzie with Petra Schneider


Contributing Writers


Steve Cran, Gove DePuy


Valuable Information Contributors


IDEP Foundation, Permatil, all of the contributors of the Resource Book, and


IDEP and the GreenHand Field School’s Permaculture project participants and


partners. Permatil, Bali Permaculture Project and the GreenHand Field School’s


Permaculture project participants and partners, Yudi Suanda, Lachlan McKenzie,


Lakota Moira, Made Chakra, Dessy Haryanti, Nita Noor, Sherry Kasman Entus,


Purnawan Budisetia, Misbahhudin, Gede Sugiarta, Made Suyasa, I Gusti Raka


Panji Tisna, Roberto Hutabarat, Petra Schneider, Courtney Stephen, Kadek Lisa,


Dewi Surtikanti


Artists


Arte Moris Art School, Simao “Mong” Cardosso Periera, Gibrael “Aziby” Dias


Soares Carocho, Edson Arintes Da Costa Carminha, Grinaldo Gilmarodep


Fernandes, Jose “Osme” Fortunato Gonzalves, Jose “Tony” de Jesus Amaral,


Leo Marcal, Ozorio “Azo” Jeronimo, Kathryn “Cipi” Morgan, Lachlan McKenzie,


Rappy, Robi Supriyanto & the Spiritual Junkies


Editors and translators


Petra Schneider, Robi Supriyanto, Lakota Moira, Yudi Suanda, Adnyana, Sherry


Entus, Nita Noor


Desktop publishing and graphic design


Petra Schneider, Lakota Moira, Courtney Stephens, Dewi Surtikanti


Publisher


IDEP Foundation - www.idepfoundation.org Fo r w a rd


Permaculture is not simply a The contents of the books in the Permaculture


“back to nature” movement, it is a series have been derived from a wide range


system for sustainable development of experiences of Permaculture trainers and


based on natural principles. It is a practical and designers from many different areas, including


effective way to use natural patterns and natural local and international practitioners, over an


principles for increasing sustainability and quality extended period of time.


of life. This Permaculture Facilitator’s Manual has


been developed to assist Permaculture facilitators, This handbook will be most effective if used


trainers, and designers to use and share these for the purpose for which it was designed: as a


principles and methodologies through their work, Handbook for Permaculture design trainings.


and increase the benefits of natural methods


for development. Everyone can study and apply Even though the contents of this book have already


Permaculture by learning from proven effective in field application, this


and cooperating with nature does not mean that the manual is


while preserving natural complete, it is open for updates,


resources. inputs, and reviews. Just


as nature is constantly


This Permaculture in a dynamic process of


Facilitator’s Handbook change and evolution,


is designed to work in this Facilitator’s Handbook


conjunction with ‘The is very much a living


Permaculture Reference document open to new ideas


Book’, which covers a wide and inputs so that it can be


range of information about the made even more useful over time.


Principles of Permaculture and how


they can be applied in many practical ways. It was I hope that this Permaculture Facilitator’s


developed for Permaculture trainers, facilitators, Handbook, and the companion Reference Book


and designers to be able to deliver effective and Trainer’s Resources Book will be a driving


Permaculture workshops which will help people force for the important movement towards more


apply the practical ideas in the Permaculture sustainable living. The books are based on the


Reference Book. philosophy of sustainability, which was so well


explained by Mahatma Gandhi as “The earth


The practical and effective way that the contents provides enough to satisfy every man’s need but


of this handbook are presented are useful for not every man’s greed.”


any Permaculture teacher as a reference before,


during, and after trainings are conducted.


This is an extensive handbook, it is systematic, Roberto Hutabarat


user friendly, and has been developed to be easy


IDEP Aceh Recovery Programs Coordinator


to read and use so as to make it as practical as


and Director GreenHand Field School


possible for Permaculture trainers. Notes...


iv Facilitator’s Handbook for Permaculture Workshops S


T


N


E


T


N


TA B L E O F C O N T E N TS


O


C



F


O



E


L


B


A


T



-



k


o


o


b


d


n


a


H



s



r


o


t


a


t


i


l


i


c


a


F



e


r


u


t


l


u


c


a


m


r


e


P Notes...


vi Facilitator’s Handbook for Permaculture Workshops Table of Contents


INTRODUCTION: Considerations for Planning


a Permaculture Workshop 1


What is a Permaculture workshop? 3


Who facilitates Permaculture workshops? 4


Who attends Permaculture workshops? 5


About women’s participation 6


INTRODUCTION: Designing an Effective


Permaculture Workshop 7


BEGINNING A WORKSHOP: Workshop Opening


Address and Introductions 39


Presentation : Opening address and introductions 41


Presentation : Introduction to sustainability 46


Creative thinking : Forum on problems and solutions 48


Creative thinking : Discussion about the “quality of life” 50


Module No. 1: What is Permaculture? 53


Presentation : What is Permaculture? 55


Presentation: Permaculture ethics 56


Creative thinking : Local ethics that support sustainability 57


Presentation: Permaculture design principles 58


Creative thinking : Permaculture principles brainstorm 59


Module No. 2: Natural Patterns and Permaculture Design 61


Presentation : Patterns in nature 63


Field activity : Patterns observation and analysis walk 64


Presentation : Planning and methods for design 65


Field activity : Resources observation walk 66


Presentation : Various ways to create maps 67


Field activity : Making and using an A-frame 68


Field activity : Methods for measuring and right angles 69


Field activity : Creating a scaled map with elements 70


Presentation : Introduction to Permaculture zones 72


Creative thinking : Build a community zones model 73


Presentation : Introduction to the village zone 74


Creative thinking : Uses for community land 75


Presentation : Pollution of water, soil, and living creatures 76


Creative thinking : Create a list of pollutants 78


Presentation : Waste management 80


Creative thinking : Recycling and disposal of community waste 81


Creative thinking : Community garbage math 82


Table of Contents vii Module No. 3: Houses, Water, and Waste Management 85


Presentation : Houses and their environments 87


Presentation : Sustainable and unsustainable building materials 89


Creative thinking : List various building materials 90


Creative thinking : Sustainable house design ideas 92


Presentation : Healthy and practical kitchens 94


Presentation : Water strategies 96


Creative thinking : Managing and storing drinking water 98


Field activity : Create a safe water storage system 100


Field activity : Cleaning drinking water 101


Presentation : About wastewater treatment systems 102


Field activity : Create a biological wastewater filter 104


Field activity : Build a compost shower 106


Presentation : Types of composting toilets 107


Creative thinking : Plan to eliminate stagnant water 108


Creative thinking : Household waste disposal methods 110


Field activity : Design a “Permaculture house” 111


Module No. 4: Healthy Soil 113


Presentation : Soil improvements 115


Field activity : Simple method of testing soil 118


Creative thinking : Identify nutrient deficiencies in soil 119


Presentation : Mulching for soil improvement 120


Creative thinking : Legumes and their uses 122


Field activity : Mulching a garden bed 123


Presentation : How to use legumes 124


Field activity : Various methods of using legumes 125


Presentation : About natural fertilizers 126


Presentation : Various natural fertilizing techniques 127


Creative thinking : List of natural fertilizers and uses 128


Field activity : Make a quick compost heap 129


Field activity : Make liquid fertilizer 130


Field activity : Using liquid fertilizer 131


Presentation : About worms for healthy soils 133


Field activity : Make a worm farm 134


Module No. 5: Seed Saving and Nurseries 137


Presentation : How seeds are reproduced 139


Presentation : Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) 140


Creative thinking : What are GMOs? 142


Presentation : About seed saving 143


viii Facilitator’s Handbook for Permaculture Workshops


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