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Oil Painting For Dummies

321 Pages · 2008 · 14.43 MB · English

  • Oil Painting For Dummies

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    Oil Painting


    FOR


    DUMmIES



    by Anita Giddings & Sherry Stone Clifton 01_182307 ffirs.qxp 12/14/07 11:11 PM Page ii


    Oil Painting For Dummies®


    Published by


    Wiley Publishing, Inc.


    111 River St.


    Hoboken, NJ 07030-5774


    www.wiley.com


    Copyright © 2008 by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana


    Published by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana


    Published simultaneously in Canada


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    Library of Congress Control Number: 2007942004


    ISBN: 978-0-470-18230-7


    Manufactured in the United States of America


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    About the Authors


    Anita Giddingsis an artist and educator living in Indianapolis, Indiana. She holds a


    Bachelor of Fine Arts degree from Herron School of Art and Design and a Master of


    Fine Arts degree from Indiana State University. Giddings’ education and training is in


    painting but her work also includes sculpture, photography, and installation.


    Giddings began formal education in fine art when her high school art teacher, the late


    Mrs. Elizabeth McCallister, madeher go to art school. After graduating from Herron


    School of Art in Indianapolis, she went to graduate school and received her Master of


    Fine Arts degree in painting.


    Giddings began teaching community education classes more than 20 years ago. She


    particularly enjoys teaching painting and introducing her students to a greater appre-


    ciation of art through art making. She is currently a faculty member of Herron School


    of Art and Design in Indianapolis and also runs a program of studio classes for non-art


    students on the campus of Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis.


    Giddings met Sherry Stone Clifton when she returned to Herron to teach, and the two


    have been friends ever since. When the opportunity came to write this book, Giddings


    asked Stone Clifton to collaborate with her because of their shared philosophy of


    teaching.


    Sherry Stone Cliftongrew up in a family dotted with self-taught artists. Her great-


    grandfather made little paintings of animals and landscapes on scraps of cardboard


    cut from box lids. Her mother dressed up furniture and other odds and ends around


    the house with paintings. Her father retired from a career as a draftsman to work in


    stained glass.


    A scholarship landed her the opportunity to attend art school at Herron School of


    Artand Design, where she studied printmaking and painting. She graduated with a


    Bachelor of Fine Arts degree. After graduation, she taught non-art majors courses


    inpainting and drawing at Herron, beginning a teaching career that has spanned


    20years. She taught community outreach courses for all ages at Herron and the


    Indianapolis Museum of Art. For several years now, she has been a Lecturer in


    Foundation Studies at Herron, where she teaches drawing, color, 2-D design, and


    creative processes for first-year art students. She has earned awards for teaching at


    Herron and regularly speaks at conferences and publishes articles about teaching


    beginning art students.


    She says that she is first and foremost an artist. She believes that her artwork


    enhances her teaching and that her teaching enhances her artwork. She has this to


    say about teaching art:


    “This book reflects the ideas about teaching art that I use in my classroom every day:


    Learn to make art by making it. It’s important to look at actual art by the masters —


    both old and contemporary. Read about art ideas and techniques. Drawing a little


    every day and studying design and color will give your painting a strong foundation.


    An open mind and healthy curiosity about the world is good. Beginning students are


    very special to me. They have wonderful hopes and dreams, and I love helping them


    make progress toward achieving them.” 01_182307 ffirs.qxp 12/14/07 11:11 PM Page iv 01_182307 ffirs.qxp 12/14/07 11:11 PM Page v


    Dedication


    To the two women who encouraged me always: my mother Phyllis Giddings and the


    late Mrs. Elizabeth McCallister. —AG


    For my parents, who never once suggested that I study something “practical.” —SSC


    Authors’ Acknowledgments


    We would like to thank Tim Gallan, Mike Baker, and Sarah Faulkner at Wiley Publishing


    for help and patience in this project. Our thanks as well to the Graphics and Layout


    teams at Wiley who helped put this book together. We would also like to thank Vance


    Farrow, our colleague and technical editor.


    We also thank Sara Hook, Lisa Londe, and our colleagues in the faculty and staff at


    Herron School of Art and Design, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis.


    Thanks to Lisa Kleindorfer, Heather Shebeck, and Michael Schulbaum for the loan of


    their paintings. To Carla Knopp, Richard Emery Nickolson, Andrew Winship, Marc


    Jacobson, and Mary Ann Davis for allowing us to photograph their studios. Thanks


    toErin Harper Vernon for help with documenting artwork.


    We would also like to thank William Potter, Valerie Eickmeier, and Eric Nordgulen at


    Herron School of Art and Design for giving us the time and space to complete this


    book.


    Thanks to our own teachers over the years who guided us, to our families, friends,


    and students for putting up with us during this project, and to our friends at Herron


    School of Art and Design, who acted as our sounding board and gave us advice over


    the past few months. 01_182307 ffirs.qxp 12/14/07 11:11 PM Page vi


    Publisher’s Acknowledgments


    We’re proud of this book; please send us your comments through our Dummies online registration form


    located at www.dummies.com/register/.


    Some of the people who helped bring this book to market include the following:


    Acquisitions, Editorial, and Media Development Composition Services


    Senior Project Editor: Tim Gallan Project Coordinator: Lynsey Osborn


    Acquisitions Editor: Mike Baker Layout and Graphics: Stacie Brooks, Carl Byers,


    Laura Campbell, Alissa D. Ellet, Brooke Graczyk,


    Senior Copy Editor: Sarah Faulkner


    Jennifer Mayberry, Brent Savage, Erin Zeltner


    Editorial Program Coordinator:


    Proofreaders:Laura Albert, Melissa D. Buddendeck,


    Erin Calligan Mooney


    Caitie Kelly


    Technical Editor:Vance Farrow


    Indexer:Rebecca R. Plunkett


    Editorial Manager: Michelle Hacker


    Editorial Assistants:Leeann Harney, David Lutton,


    Joe Niesen


    Front Cover Photo: Jerry Driedl/Getty Images


    Cartoons: Rich Tennant (www.the5thwave.com)


    Publishing and Editorial for Consumer Dummies


    Diane Graves Steele, Vice President and Publisher, Consumer Dummies


    Joyce Pepple, Acquisitions Director, Consumer Dummies


    Kristin A. Cocks, Product Development Director, Consumer Dummies


    Michael Spring, Vice President and Publisher, Travel


    Kelly Regan,Editorial Director, Travel


    Publishing for Technology Dummies


    Andy Cummings,Vice President and Publisher, Dummies Technology/General User


    Composition Services


    Gerry Fahey,Vice President of Production Services


    Debbie Stailey,Director of Composition Services 02_182307 ftoc.qxp 12/14/07 11:12 PM Page vii


    Contents at a Glance


    Introduction ...........................................................................1


    Part I: Getting Your Feet Wet in Oil Paint.................................7


    Chapter 1: So You Want to Paint........................................................................................................9


    Chapter 2: Getting to Know Your Oils.............................................................................................17


    Chapter 3: Assembling Your Materials...........................................................................................31


    Chapter 4: Preparing to Paint..........................................................................................................41


    Chapter 5: Walking Through the Painting Process........................................................................51


    Part II: Break Out the Brushes and Start Painting! .................67


    Chapter 6: A Study in Black and White...........................................................................................69


    Chapter 7: Mixing Color and Three Oil Studies.............................................................................79


    Chapter 8: Putting Paint to Canvas: Brushstrokes and Glazing Techniques.............................97


    Part III: People, Places, and Things......................................109


    Chapter 9: Tricky Still Life Subjects Made Easy..........................................................................111


    Chapter 10: Take It Outside: Landscapes.....................................................................................131


    Chapter 11: Basic Portrait Painting 101........................................................................................155


    Chapter 12: Beyond Portraiture: More on Painting People........................................................171


    Part IV: Color and Design ....................................................189


    Chapter 13: Planning Your Painting..............................................................................................191


    Chapter 14: Shape, Space, and the Surface of Your Painting.....................................................207


    Chapter 15: How the Parts of a Composition Work Together....................................................219


    Chapter 16: Communicating Ideas Visually.................................................................................241


    Chapter 17: Using Color with Confidence....................................................................................259


    Part V: The Part of Tens.......................................................277


    Chapter 18: Ten Strategies to Immediately Improve Your Painting..........................................279


    Chapter 19: Ten Artists You Should Know: The Painter’s Painters...........................................285


    Index .................................................................................291 02_182307 ftoc.qxp 12/14/07 11:12 PM Page viii 02_182307 ftoc.qxp 12/14/07 11:12 PM Page ix


    Table of Contents


    Introduction............................................................................1


    About This Book................................................................................................................1


    Conventions Used in This Book......................................................................................2


    What You’re Not To Read.................................................................................................2


    Foolish Assumptions........................................................................................................3


    How This Book Is Organized............................................................................................4


    Part I: Getting Your Feet Wet in Oil Paint..............................................................4


    Part II: Break Out the Brushes and Start Painting!..............................................4


    Part III: People, Places, and Things.......................................................................4


    Part IV: Color and Design.......................................................................................5


    Part V: The Part of Tens..........................................................................................5


    Icons Used in This Book...................................................................................................5


    Where to Go From Here....................................................................................................6


    Part I: Getting Your Feet Wet in Oil Paint .................................7


    Chapter 1:So You Want to Paint..................................................................................9


    What It’s Like to Paint with Oils......................................................................................9


    Gathering Your Materials...............................................................................................10


    Finding a Space to Paint.................................................................................................11


    Safety issues...........................................................................................................11


    Painting in shared spaces.....................................................................................12


    Starting Your Painting Adventure.................................................................................12


    Getting yourself organized to paint....................................................................13


    Understanding the painting process...................................................................14


    Developing Painting Skills..............................................................................................15


    Chapter 2: Getting to Know Your Oils.......................................................................17


    The Basics about Oils.....................................................................................................17


    The main ingredients: Pigments and binder......................................................17


    The difference between the cheap and the expensive stuff............................18


    How oil paints behave..........................................................................................19


    Taking care of your paint......................................................................................20


    The Characteristics of Pigments...................................................................................20


    Is it opaque or transparent?.................................................................................20


    Project: Painting in layers....................................................................................22


    Tinting strengths...................................................................................................23


    Project: Studying your paint................................................................................23


    The drying speeds of pigments...........................................................................24


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