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Nineteenth-Century Photography

1630 Pages · 2007 · 19.6 MB · English

  • Nineteenth-Century Photography

    E N C Y C L O P E D I A O F


    Nineteenth-Century Photography


    Hannavy_RT72353_C000v1.indd i 7/5/2007 10:14:41 AM Hannavy_RT72353_C000v1.indd ii 7/5/2007 10:14:57 AM E N C Y C L O P E D I A O F


    Nineteenth-Century Photography


    VOLUME 1


    A–I


    INDEX


    John Hannavy


    E D I T O R


    New York London


    Hannavy_RT72353_C000v1.indd iii 7/5/2007 10:14:57 AM Routledge Routledge


    Taylor & Francis Group Taylor & Francis Group


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    Trademark Notice: Product or corporate names may be trademarks or registered trademarks, and are used only for identification and explanation with-


    out intent to infringe.


    Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data


    Encyclopedia of nineteenth-century photography / John Hannavy, ed.


    p. cm.


    Includes bibliographical references and index.


    ISBN 0-415-97235-3 (978-0-415-97235-2 : alk. paper)


    1. Photography--Encyclopedias. I. Hannavy, John.


    TR9.H25 2007


    770.3--dc22 2007018144


    Visit the Taylor & Francis Web site at


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    Hannavy_RT72353_C000v1.indd iv 7/5/2007 10:14:58 AM Contents


    Board of Advisors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xii


    Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix


    Alphabetical List of Entries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiii


    Thematic List of Entries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xxv


    Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xxxvii


    Entries A to Z


    A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1


    B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .105


    C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .233


    D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .363


    E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .459


    F . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .519


    G . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .565


    H . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .631


    I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .735


    J . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .765


    K . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .787


    L . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .811


    M . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .879


    N . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .971


    O . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1017


    P . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1043


    Q . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1181


    R . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1183


    S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1235


    T . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1373


    U . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1415


    V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1431


    W . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1465


    X . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1517


    Y . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1519


    Z . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1521


    Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I1


    Hannavy_RT72353_C000a.indd v 7/24/2007 2:09:57 PM Hannavy_RT72353_C000a.indd vi 7/24/2007 2:10:21 PM Board of Advisors


    Gordon Baldwin Ken Jacobson


    Department of Photographs Independent Scholar


    J. Paul Getty Museum Great Bardfi eld, England


    Los Angeles, California


    Peter James


    Geoffrey Batchen Birmingham Central Library


    Department of Art History Birmingham, England


    City University of New York


    Steven F. Joseph


    New York, New York


    Independent Scholar


    Malcolm Daniel Brussels, Belgium


    Metropolitan Museum of Art


    Gerardo F. Kurtz


    New York, New York


    Independent Scholar


    Roy Flukinger Madrid, Spain


    Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center


    Anne McCauley


    University of Texas


    Department of Art and Archaeology and Art Museum


    Austin, Texas


    Princeton University


    Philippe Garner Princeton, New Jersey


    Christie’s


    Therese Mulligan


    London, England


    George Eastman House


    Colin Harding Rochester, New York


    National Media Museum


    Gael Newton


    Bradford, England


    National Gallery of Australia


    Janice Hart Canberra, Australia


    School of Media


    Maria Antonella Pelizzari


    London College of Printing


    Canadian Centre for Architecture


    London, England


    Quebec, Canada


    Mark Haworth-Booth


    Ulrich Pohlmann


    Victoria & Albert Museum


    Münchner Stadtmuseum


    London, England


    München, Germany


    Françoise Heilbrun


    Michael Pritchard


    Musée d’Orsay


    Christie’s


    Paris, France


    London, England


    vii


    Hannavy_RT72353_C000a.indd vii 7/24/2007 2:10:21 PM BOARD OF ADVISORS


    Larry J. Schaaf Will Stapp


    Independent Scholar Independent Scholar


    Glasgow, Scotland Washington, DC


    Joan M. Schwartz Roger Taylor


    National Archives of Canada Independent Scholar


    Photography Acquisition and Research Bradford, England


    Visual and Sound Archives Division


    Ann Thomas


    Ottawa, Canada


    Photographs Collection


    Graham Smith National Gallery of Canada


    School of Art History Ottawa, Canada


    University of St. Andrews


    Michael Ware


    Fife, Scotland


    Independent Scholar


    Buxton, England


    viii


    Hannavy_RT72353_C000a.indd viii 7/24/2007 2:10:22 PM Contributors


    Fabio Adler Ron Callender


    William R Alschuler John Cameron


    Jan Altmann Denis Canguilhem


    Jenny Ambrose Elisa Canossa


    Saskia Asser Justin Carville


    Quentin Bajac Claudia Cavatorta


    Etelka L Baji Milan Chlumsky


    Inga Lára Baldvinsdóttir Laura Claudet


    Gordon Baldwin David Coleman


    Julia Ballerini J.T.H. Connor


    Stephen Bann Alistair Crawford


    Tony Bannon Isobel Crombie


    Peter Barberie Lee Ann Daffner


    Martin Barnes Laurie Dahlberg


    Paulette E. Barton Malcolm Daniel


    Sarah Bassnett Kathleen Davidson


    Geoffrey Batchen Daniel M. Davis


    Jordon Bear Lynn Ann Davis


    William B. Becker Dominique de Font-Réaulx


    Carlo Benini Hans de Herder


    Terry Bennett Catherine De Lorenzo


    Hans Bjelkhagen Robert Deane


    Carolyn Bloore Michelle Anne Delaney


    Helene Bocard Margaret Denny


    Mattie Boom Frances Dimond


    Nuno Borges de Araujo Marcy Dinius


    Rita Bott Sebastian Dobson


    Laure Boyer Deidre Donohue


    Steve Brace Jocelyne Dudding


    Marta Braun Isabelle Duquenne


    Elizabeth Brayer Steve Edwards


    Leslie K Brown Elizabeth Edwards


    François Brunet Alan Elliott


    Bill Buchanan Bruce T Erickson


    Gail Buckland Anne-Marie Eze


    David Burder John Falconer


    Matthew Butson Jennifer Farrell


    ix


    Hannavy_RT72353_C000a.indd ix 7/24/2007 2:10:22 PM


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