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MEDICINE AND PHILOSOPHY

419 Pages · 2007 · 4.23 MB · English

  • MEDICINE AND PHILOSOPHY

    MEDICINE AND PHILOSOPHY


    IN CLASSICAL ANTIQUITY


    Thisworkmakesavailableforthefirsttimeinonededicatedvolume


    PhilipvanderEijk’sselectedpapersonthecloseconnectionsthatex-


    istedbetweenmedicineandphilosophythroughoutantiquity.Medical


    authorssuchastheHippocraticwriters,Diocles,Galen,Soranusand


    CaeliusAurelianuselaboratedonphilosophicalmethodssuchascausal


    explanation,definitionanddivision,applyingconceptssuchastheno-


    tionofnaturetotheirunderstandingofthehumanbody.Similarly,


    philosopherssuchasPlatoandAristotlewerehighlyvaluedfortheir


    contributionstomedicine.Thisinteractionwasparticularlystriking


    inthestudyofthehumansoulinrelationtothebody,asillustratedby


    approachestotopicssuchasintellect,sleepanddreams,anddietand


    drugs.Withadetailedintroductionsurveyingthesubjectasawhole


    andanewchapteronAristotle’streatmentofsleepanddreams,this


    wide-rangingcollectionisessentialreadingforstudentsandscholars


    ofancientphilosophyandscience.


    philip j. van der eijk is Professor of Greek at the Uni-


    versity of Newcastle upon Tyne. He has published widely on an-


    cient philosophy, medicine and science, comparative literature and


    patristics.HeistheauthorofAristoteles.Deinsomniis.Dedivinatione


    persomnum(Berlin:AkademieVerlag,1994)andofDioclesofCarystus.


    A Collection of the Fragments with Translation and Commentary


    (2vols.,Leiden:Brill,2000–1).Hehaseditedandco-authoredAncient


    Histories of Medicine. Essays in Medical Doxography and Historiogra-


    phyinClassicalAntiquity(Leiden:Brill,1999)andco-editedAncient


    MedicineinitsSocio-CulturalContext(2vols.,AmsterdamandAtlanta:


    Rodopi,1995). MEDICINE AND PHILOSOPHY


    IN CLASSICAL ANTIQUITY


    Doctors and Philosophers on Nature, Soul,


    Health and Disease


    PHILIP J. VAN DER EIJK


    ProfessorofGreekattheUniversityofNewcastleuponTyne uf763uf761uf76duf762uf772uf769uf764uf767uf765 uf775uf76euf769uf776uf765uf772uf773uf769uf774uf779 uf770uf772uf765uf773uf773


    Cambridge, New York, Melbourne, Madrid, Cape Town, Singapore, São Paulo


    Cambridge University Press


    TheEdinburghBuilding,Cambridgeuf763uf762uf732uf732uf772uf775,UK


    Published in the United States of America by Cambridge University Press, New York


    www.cambridge.org


    Information on this title: www.cambridg e.org /9780521818001


    ©PhilipvanderEijk2005


    Thisbookisincopyright.Subjecttostatutoryexceptionandtotheprovisionof


    relevantcollectivelicensingagreements,noreproductionofanypartmaytakeplace


    withoutthewrittenpermissionofCambridgeUniversityPress.


    Firstpublishedinprintformat 2005


    uf769uf773uf762uf76e-uf731uf733 uf739uf737uf738-uf730-uf735uf731uf731-uf731uf731uf733uf732uf739-uf731 eBook (MyiLibrary)


    uf769uf773uf762uf76e-uf731uf730 uf730-uf735uf731uf731-uf731uf731uf733uf732uf739-uf733 eBook (MyiLibrary)


    uf769uf773uf762uf76e-uf731uf733 uf739uf737uf738-uf730-uf735uf732uf731-uf738uf731uf738uf730uf730-uf731 hardback


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    CambridgeUniversityPresshasnoresponsibilityforthepersistenceoraccuracyof


    uf775uf772uf76csforexternalorthird-partyinternetwebsitesreferredtointhisbook,anddoesnot


    guaranteethatanycontentonsuchwebsitesis,orwillremain,accurateorappropriate. ForArachne Contents


    Acknowledgements pageix


    Noteontranslations xiii


    Noteonabbreviations xiv


    Introduction 1


    i hippocratic corpus and diocles


    of carystus


    1 The‘theology’oftheHippocratictreatiseOntheSacred


    Disease 45


    2 DioclesandtheHippocraticwritingsonthemethodof


    dieteticsandthelimitsofcausalexplanation 74


    3 Tohelp,ortodonoharm.Principlesandpracticesof


    therapeuticsintheHippocraticCorpusandinthework


    ofDioclesofCarystus 101


    4 Theheart,thebrain,thebloodandthepneuma:Hippocrates,


    DioclesandAristotleonthelocationofcognitiveprocesses 119


    ii aristotle and his school


    5 Aristotleonmelancholy 139


    6 TheoreticalandempiricalelementsinAristotle’streatmentof


    sleep,dreamsanddivinationinsleep 169


    7 The matter of mind: Aristotle on the biology of ‘psychic’


    processesandthebodilyaspectsofthinking 206


    vii viii Contents


    8 DivinemovementandhumannatureinEudemianEthics8.2 238


    9 OnSterility(‘Hist.an.10’),amedicalworkbyAristotle? 259


    iii late antiquity


    10 Galen’suseoftheconceptof‘qualifiedexperience’inhis


    dieteticandpharmacologicalworks 279


    11 TheMethodismofCaeliusAurelianus:someepistemological


    issues 299


    Bibliography 328


    Indexofpassagescited 379


    Generalindex 396 Acknowledgements


    SincetheoriginalpublicationofthesepapersIhavetakentheopportunity


    tomakesome,mostlyminor,revisionstosomechapters,mainlyonpoints


    ofstyleandpresentation,inordertoenhanceaccessibility.Thusquotations


    fromGreekandLatinarenowaccompaniedbyEnglishtranslationsorpara-


    phrase,andinseveralcaseswordsinGreekscripthavebeentransliterated.


    I have also in a number of cases taken account of publications that have


    come out since the paper was first published; there have, however, been


    no changes to the substance, and all revisions have been clearly marked


    by square brackets; in some cases I have presented them in the form of a


    postscriptattheendoftherelevantchapter,soastofacilitatereferenceto


    theoriginalpublication.


    Chapter1wasfirstpublishedinApeiron23(1990)87–119,andisreprinted


    (withslight,mainlystylisticalterations)withthekindpermissionofAca-


    demicPrintingandPublishing.


    Chapter2wasfirstpublishedinR.WitternandP.Pellegrin(eds.),Hip-


    pokratische Medizin und antike Philosophie (Medizin der Antike, Band 1),


    Hildesheim: Olms, 1996, 229–57, and is reprinted here with the kind


    permission of Olms Verlag; but the numeration of the Diocles frag-


    ments, and the translation of fr. 176 printed here have been modified in


    accordance with the relevant sections in my Diocles of Carystus, Leiden,


    2000,whicharereprintedherewiththekindpermissionofBrillAcademic


    Publishers.


    Chapter3isaslightlyexpandedversionofapaperpublishedunderthe


    title ‘The systematic status of therapy in the Hippocratic Corpus and in


    theworkofDioclesofCarystus’,inI.Garofalo,D.Lami,D.Manettiand


    A. Roselli (eds.), Aspetti della terapia nel Corpus Hippocraticum, Florence:


    Olschki, 1999, 389–404, reprinted with the kind permission of Olschki


    Editore;anabbreviatedversioninDutchappearedunderthetitle‘Helpen,


    ofnietschaden.Enkeleuitgangspuntenvantherapeutischhandeleninde


    klassiekeGrieksegeneeskunde’inHermeneus71(1999)66–71.


    ix


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