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MEDICINAL PLANTS in Folk Tradition

431 Pages · 2007 · 23.68 MB · English

  • MEDICINAL PLANTS in Folk Tradition

    Medicinal Plants in Folk Tradition


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    & MEDICINAL PLANTS


    in Folk Tradition


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    &


    8


    David E.Allen


    &


    Gabrielle Hatfield


    Timber Press


    Portland • Cambridge The authors and publisher cannot accept any responsibility for


    any situation or problems which could arise from experimentation


    with any ofthe remedies mentioned in this book.


    Copyright © 2004 by David E.Allen and Gabrielle Hatfield.


    Colour photographs © 2004 by Deni Bown.


    All rights reserved.


    Page 2,Sanicula europaea,sanicle (Brunfels 1530,fig.80).


    Map,page 33, by Jamie Quinn and Elanor McBay,The Drawing Office,


    Department ofGeography,University College London.


    Published in 2004 by


    Timber Press,Inc. Timber Press


    The Haseltine Building 2 Station Road


    133 S.W.Second Avenue,Suite 450 Swavesey


    Portland,Oregon 97204-3527,U.S.A. Cambridge CB4 5QJ,U.K.


    www.timberpress.com


    Printed in China


    Library ofCongress Cataloging-in-Publication Data


    Allen,David E.


    Medicinal plants in folk tradition :an ethnobotany ofBritain & Ireland / David E.


    Allen and Gabrielle Hatfield.


    p. cm.


    ISBN 0-88192-638-8 (hardcover)


    1.Ethnobotany—Great Britain. 2.Ethnobotany—Ireland. 3.Medicinal plants—


    Great Britain. 4.Medicinal plants—Ireland. 5.Traditional medicine—Great Britain.


    6.Traditional medicine—Ireland. I.Hatfield,Gabrielle. II.Title.


    GN585.G7 A45 2004


    581.6'34'0941—dc22


    2003019706


    A Catalogue record for this book is also available from the British Library. To Clare and John,


    with love


    8 Contents


    8


    Preface 11


    CHAPTER1 HerbsWithouttheHerbals:RetracingaLostTradition 15


    CHAPTER2 Introduction to the Compendium ofUses 31


    Geographical Areas 31


    Records 34


    Plant Names 36


    Names ofAilments 37


    CHAPTER3 Bryophytes,Lichens,Algae and Fungi 39


    Bryophytes 39


    Lichens 41


    Algae 43


    Fungi 48


    CHAPTER4 Pteridophytes and Conifers 54


    Pteridophytes 54


    Conifers 64


    CHAPTER5 Water-lilies,Buttercups and Poppies 69


    Nymphaeaceae 69


    Ranunculaceae 70


    Berberidaceae 76


    Papaveraceae 77


    Fumariaceae 80


    6 CHAPTER6 Elms to Docks 83


    Ulmaceae 83


    Cannabaceae 84


    Urticaceae 84


    Myricaceae 86


    Fagaceae 87


    Betulaceae 88


    Aizoaceae 89


    Chenopodiaceae 90


    Portulacaceae 90


    Caryophyllaceae 91


    Polygonaceae 94


    Plumbaginaceae 100


    CHAPTER7 St John’s-worts to Primulas 103


    Clusiaceae 103


    Tiliaceae 106


    Malvaceae 107


    Droseraceae 110


    Cistaceae 111


    Violaceae 111


    Cucurbitaceae 113


    Salicaceae 114


    Brassicaceae 116


    Empetraceae 121


    Ericaceae 121


    Primulaceae 124


    CHAPTER8 Currants,Succulents and Roses 133


    Grossulariaceae 133


    Crassulaceae 134


    Saxifragaceae 139


    Rosaceae 140


    7 8 Contents


    CHAPTER9 Legumes,Spurges and Geraniums 160


    Fabaceae 160


    Lythraceae 164


    Thymelaeaceae 164


    Onagraceae 165


    Viscaceae 166


    Celastraceae 167


    Aquifoliaceae 168


    Buxaceae 168


    Euphorbiaceae 169


    Rhamnaceae 171


    Linaceae 172


    Polygalaceae 173


    Oxalidaceae 173


    Geraniaceae 174


    CHAPTER10 Ivy and Umbellifers 179


    Araliaceae 179


    Apiaceae 181


    CHAPTER11 Gentians and Nightshades 194


    Gentianaceae 194


    Apocynaceae 196


    Solanaceae 196


    Convolvulaceae 200


    Cuscutaceae 200


    Menyanthaceae 201


    CHAPTER12 Comfrey,Vervain and Mints 206


    Boraginaceae 206


    Verbenaceae 211


    Lamiaceae 212


    CHAPTER13 Plantains,Figworts,Foxglove and Speedwells 245


    Callitrichaceae 245


    Plantaginaceae 245


    Oleaceae 248


    Scrophulariaceae 250


    Orobanchaceae 262


    Lentibulariaceae 263 Contents 9


    CHAPTER14 Bedstraws,Valerian and Scabious 267


    Rubiaceae 267


    Caprifoliaceae 270


    Valerianaceae 274


    Dipsacaceae 275


    CHAPTER15 Daisies 280


    Asteraceae 280


    CHAPTER16 Pondweeds,Grasses,Lilies and Orchids 319


    Alismataceae 319


    Potamogetonaceae 320


    Araceae 320


    Lemnaceae 322


    Juncaceae 322


    Cyperaceae 322


    Poaceae 323


    Typhaceae 325


    Liliaceae 325


    Iridaceae 331


    Dioscoreaceae 333


    Orchidaceae 333


    CHAPTER17 Distribution Patterns ofFolk Medicinal Uses 337


    Appendix Veterinary Remedies 348


    Reference Sources 363


    Index ofFolk Uses 379


    Index ofScientific Names 409


    Index ofVernacular Names 417


    Colour plates on pages 225–236


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