54 Pages · 2008 · 1.1 MB · English









    . . . in half time

    by Lynn Lundquist

    Learning Spoken English

    ...in half the time

    by Lynn Lundquist

    Publisher information

    Public Domain. This book (Learning Spoken English) may be freely published in

    English or translated into any other language. It may be sold or distributed in any man-

    ner (including website publication) without permission from, or royalty payments to,

    the original author. It may carry any publisher's, translator's, or author's name and copy-

    right as long as other publishers outside of the original country of publication can pub-

    lish their own edition. The book's title may be changed at the publisher's discretion. The

    book's dual purpose is first, to help those wanting to learn English become more suc-

    cessful in that endeavor, and secondly, to be an effective advertising medium for Spo-

    ken English Learned Quickly as distributed by www.FreeEnglishNow.com. As such,

    our only requirement is that: 1) the English text of the numbered chapters be published

    as supplied (however, the book's title, cover, and the content of the front material in-

    cluding the introduction may be altered at the discretion of the publisher), 2) any trans-

    lation be a true translation of the English text, and 3) the names Spoken English

    Learned Quickly and www.FreeEnglishNow.com be prominently displayed in the text.

    Any one of three texts available on the www.FreeEnglishNow.com website may be

    used: the HTML texts by copying the VIEW SOURCE files, the PDF file, or the Mi-

    crosoft Word files. The graphics file (included with the Microsoft Word files) may

    be used as is or may be redrawn provided that the intent of the individual graphic re-

    main unchanged.

    For greater interest and sales, we recommend that Learning Spoken

    English be published using both the translated language and English.

    The translated language should be emphasized as the primary language

    with the translated book title in larger font on the cover and each page

    occupying the left-hand page. English should be the secondary lan-

    guage with the book title in smaller font and each English page occupy-

    ing the right-hand page. See the example on


    We also suggest that a CD of the entire course be included with the

    book. See www.FreeEnglishNow.com/help14.html.



    Chapter 1: Teaching Your Tongue to Speak English . . . . . 1

    Chapter 2: Four Rules for Learning Spoken English . . . . . 12

    Chapter 3: Grammar and Writing in Spoken English Study 17

    Chapter 4: Do You Need Beginning and Advanced Lessons? 21

    Chapter 5: Selecting a Text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

    Chapter 6: Studying the English Verb . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35

    Chapter 7: Success in Spoken English Study . . . . . . . . . 43


    You have an opportunity for a better paying job, but you need to

    improve your English before you can apply. Or, you want to enroll in a

    university in the United States, but your English is not good enough yet.

    You have already taken English classes for two years in secondary

    school. Maybe you have studied more English at the university. You

    know English grammar and can write, but you need to learn how to

    speak English.

    And you need to improve your spoken English very quickly.

    This book will tell you how to retrain your mind—and your

    tongue—in order to learn fluent spoken English.

    With the information from this book, you can learn to speak English

    in half of the time it normally takes.

    Throughout this book, I will emphasize spoken English.

    Chapter 1: Teaching Your Tongue to Speak English explains the con-

    cept on which this Spoken English Learned Quickly method is built.

    The remaining chapters tell you how to apply that information as you

    learn to speak English fluently.

    I wish you the best of success as you study spoken English.

    Chapter 1: Teaching Your Tongue to Speak English

    Chapter Summary: Speech is controlled in your mind by feed-

    back from your hearing and mouth position as much as it is from

    your memory. If you want to speak fluent English, it is just as im-

    portant to retrain your tongue as it is to train your memory. To be

    effective, however, you must retrain your mind, tongue, and hear-

    ing at exactly the same time because they must work together

    when you speak English.

    Why have you studied English so long in school without learn-

    ing to speak fluently? It is because your teachers have tried to

    train your mind with written exercises without retraining your

    tongue at the same time.

    If you want to learn to speak English fluently, it will help you to

    understand how the human mind produces speech.

    However, before looking at the mechanics of speech, I want to draw

    an analogy from machine control because the analogy closely parallels

    neurological responses in spoken language.

    Open-loop machine control

    Wikipedia describes an open-loop control system as follows:

    An open-loop controller, also called a non-

    feedback controller, is a type of controller

    which computes its input into a system using

    only the current state . . . of the system. A

    characteristic of the open-loop controller is

    that it does not use feedback to determine if

    its input has achieved the desired goal. This

    means that the system does not observe the

    output of the processes that it is

    2 Learning Spoken English

    controlling. Consequently, a true open-loop

    system . . . cannot correct any errors that

    it could make.

    For example, a sprinkler system, programmed

    to turn on at set times could be an example

    of an open-loop system if it does not measure

    soil moisture as a form of feedback. Even if

    rain is pouring down on the lawn, the

    sprinkler system would activate on schedule,

    wasting water.

    Figure 1 shows an

    open-loop control

    Open-Loop Control

    system. The control

    may be a simple


    switch, or it could be a

    combination of a

    switch and a timer.

    Yet, all it can do is

    turn the machine on. It

    cannot respond to

    anything the machine

    is doing.

    Figure 1: An open-loop machine control.

    Closed-loop machine control

    Wikipedia then describes closed-loop control as follows:

    To avoid the problems of the open-loop

    controller, control theory introduces

    feedback. A closed-loop controller uses

    feedback to control states or outputs of a

    dynamical system. Its name comes from the

    information path in the system: process

    inputs (e.g. voltage applied to a motor) have

    an effect on the process outputs (e.g.

    velocity . . . of the motor), which is

    measured with sensors and processed by the

    controller; the result (the control signal)

    is used as input to the process, closing the


    Teaching Your Tongue to Speak English 3

    Wikipedia's definition of a closed-loop system subsequently

    becomes too technical to use here. However, as Wikipedia suggests

    above, a sprinkler incorporating a soil moisture sensor would be a

    simple closed-loop system. The sprinkler system would have both a

    timer and a control valve. Either could operate independently, and either

    could shut the water off, but both would need to be open in order for the

    sprinkler to operate. The arrangement is shown in Figure 2.

    Water pipe



    Valve Soil moisture probe

    Figure 2: A closed-loop sprinkler system.

    If the soil is already moist, the sprinkler will remain off whether or

    not the timer is open. When the moisture probe senses dry soil, the valve

    is opened. However, after the sprinkler is on, if the soil becomes moist

    enough, the valve will close even if the timer is still open. Thus, the

    sprinkler uses feedback from its own operation to control itself.

    Figure 3 shows a simple

    closed-loop machine


    Closed-Loop Control

    Notice that Figure 3 also

    shows a calibration Control

    function. Irrespective of

    whether it is a soil moisture Calibration

    sensor on a sprinkler—or a

    counter on a machine—


    there must be some way of

    setting the control so that it

    will respond in a

    predetermined way. In a Figure 3: A closed-loop machine control.

    4 Learning Spoken English

    machine application, the calibration function could be a counter which

    is set so that the machine will produce a certain number of finished


    Human speech is a closed-loop system

    Human speech is a complex learned skill and is dependent on a

    number of memory and neurological functions. Speech is a closed-loop

    system because sensors within the system itself give feedback to the

    control portion of the system. The control then corrects and coordinates

    ongoing speech. In this case, the mind is in control of the closed-loop

    system, the mouth produces the desired product (speech), and auditory

    feedback from the ears and feedback from the nerve sensors in the

    mouth allow the mind to coordinate the speech process in real time.[1]

    When you speak your own language, your mind stores all of the

    vocabulary you need. Your mind also controls your tongue, mouth, and

    breathing. Your hearing is also an important part of the control because

    your ears hear everything your mouth says. Therefore, what you say

    next is partially dependent on the vocabulary and other information

    stored in your mind. But what you say next is also dependent on what

    your ears are hearing your mouth say, and on the feedback that is

    coming from the nerves in your tongue and mouth.

    Because you have spoken your own language all of your life, all of

    this control is automatic—you do not need to think about it. But when

    you learn to speak English, you must retrain all of these processes so

    that they will all work together at the same time. It is not enough to

    simply put new vocabulary words or grammar drills into your memory.

    You must retrain your mind to use all of the new sounds your ears will

    hear, as well as the new movements of your tongue, mouth, and

    breathing. Yet, since all of these things must happen together for you to

    speak fluent English, all retraining of your memory, hearing, and the

    nerves in your mouth must be done simultaneously.

    The inter-relationship of these functions is shown in the table below.

    The meanings of specialized words are given below the table.

    Teaching Your Tongue to Speak English 5

    The Organ or Primary Function(s) Comments


    The mind 1. vocabulary mem- The mind is the storage

    provides: ory bank for vocabulary.

    2. partial syntax con- Memory is also involved

    trol in structuring syntax.

    3. feedback coordina- The mind uses both

    tion auditory and propriocep-

    4. calibration by the tive feedback to monitor

    speaker to give and calibrate speech in

    meaning to the real time.


    The mouth and 1. sound production The proprioceptive

    related organs 2. breath regulation sense is involved in both

    provide: 3. proprioceptive pronunciation and syntax

    feedback to the feedback. It is essential

    mind in real time for speech control.

    which regulates

    pronunciation and

    provides partial

    syntax control

    Hearing 1. auditory feedback Auditory and proprio-

    provides: to the mind in real ceptive feedback are

    time combined in the mind

    for essential speech con-


    Table 1: The three components of human speech and their primary


    Proprioceptive.[2] Human speech would be impossible without the

    proprioceptive sense. (Proprioceptive refers to the sense within the

    organism itself which detects or controls the movement and location of

    the muscles, tendons, and joints which are used to create speech.) Our

    mouth, vocal cords, diaphragm, and lungs incorporate thousands of

    nerve sensors which the brain uses to control the movement and

    position of these same organs—the mouth, vocal cords, diaphragm, and

    lungs. Imagine the complexity of pronouncing even a single word with

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