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Karl Marx: A Biography

495 Pages · 2012 · 8.14 MB · English

  • Karl Marx: A Biography

    K A R L M A R X


    D A V I D M c L E L L A N A B I O G R A P H Y


    ndoubtedly the best


    one-volume biography of


    the great man in existence.'


    Sunday Times KARL MARX


    DAVID MCLELLAN is Professor of Political Theory at


    the University of Kent. His numerous books have been


    translated into many languages. His most recent publi-


    cations are Simone Weil: Utopian Pessimist and Unto


    Caesar: The Political Relevance of Christianity and he is


    now working on a book which relates recent case law


    to political theory. ALSO BY DAVID McLELLAN


    The Young Hegelians and Karl Marx


    Marx before Marxism


    Karl Marx: The Early Texts


    Marx's Grundrisse


    Karl Marx: His Life and Thought


    Marx


    Engels


    Karl Marx: Selected Writings


    Marxism after Marx


    Simone Weil: Utopian Pessimist


    Unto Caesar: The Political Relevance of Christianity David McLellan


    KARL MARX


    A Biography


    PAPERMAC &


    First published 1973 by Macmillan Press Ltd


    This edition published 1995 by Papermac


    an imprint of Macmillan General Books


    Cavaye Place London swio gtc


    and Basingstoke


    Associated companies throughout the world


    ISBN O 333 63947 2


    Copyright © David McLellan 1973, 1995


    The right of David McLellan to be identified as the


    author of this work has been asserted by him in accordance


    with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.


    All rights reserved. No reproduction, copy or transmission


    of this publication may be made without written permission.


    No paragraph of this publication may be reproduced, copied


    or transmitted save with written permission or in accordance


    with the provisions of the Copyright Act 1956 (as amended).


    Any person who does any unauthorised act in relation to


    this publication may be liable to criminal prosecution


    and civil claims for damages.


    135798642


    A CIP catalogue record for this book is available from


    the British Library


    Phototypeset by Intypc, London


    Printed and bound in Great Britain by


    Mackays of Chatham pic, Kent


    This book is sold subject to the condition that it shall not,


    by way of trade or otherwise, be lent, re-sold, hired out,


    or otherwise circulated without the publisher's prior consent


    in any form of binding or cover other than that in which


    it is published and without a similar condition including this


    condition being imposed on the subsequent purchaser. Contents


    List of Plates vii


    Acknowledgements viii


    Preface to Third Edition ix


    Preface to First Edition xi


    Map: Germany about 1848 xiii


    ONE: TRIER, BONN AND BERLIN


    Childhood, 1. Student Days, 13. Journalism, 32.


    two: PARIS


    Marriage and Hegel, 57. The Deutsch-Franzosische Jahrbiicher, 69.


    The 'Paris Manuscripts', 91. Last Months in Paris, 110.


    THREE: BRUSSELS


    The Materialist Conception of History, 125. Weitling and Proudhon, 137.


    The Founding of the Communist League, 149.


    FOUR: COLOGNE


    From Brussels to Paris, 173. Politics in Cologne, 177.


    The Neue Rheinische Zeitung, 179. The Watershed, 186.


    The Demise of the Neue Rheinische Zeitung, 193. Paris Again, 201.


    FIVE: LONDON


    The First Year in London, 207.


    Refugee Politics, 229. Life in Dean Street, 237.


    Resumed Economic Studies, 251. Journalism, 255. vi CONTENTS


    Six: THE 'ECONOMICS'


    The Grundrisse and Critique of Political Economy, 266. Herr Vogt, 283.


    Marx and Lassalle, 287. Life in Grafton Terrace, 294. Capital, 302.


    Life in Modena Villas, 319.


    SEVEN: THE INTERNATIONAL


    Origins of the International, 332. Growth of the International, 337.


    The International at its Zenith, 346.


    The Franco-Prussian War and the Decline of the International, 355.


    EIGHT: THE LAST DECADE


    Marx at Home, 380. Work, 385. Health, 390. The European Scene, 394.


    Russia, France and Britain, 401. The Last Years, 408.


    NINE: EPILOGUE


    The Russian Aristocrat, 417. The American Senator, 417.


    The Down-and-out Prussian Lieutenant, 418. The Faithful Disciple, 419.


    The Anarchist Opponent, 419. The Adoring Daughter, 420.


    The English Gentleman, 420. Marx's Confession, 421.


    TEN: POSTSCRIPT: MARX TODAY 422.


    Chronological Table, 426.


    Genealogical Tree, 432.


    Diagram of Marx's 'Economics', 433.


    Select Critical Bibliography, 434.


    Index, 456. List of Plates


    1 Marx's birthplace


    2 Karl Marx, aged eighteen


    3 Jenny von Westphalen


    4 Friedrich Engels


    5 Helena Demuth


    6 Jenny Marx, soon after her marriage


    7 Jenny Marx with her eldest daughter Jenny


    8 28 Dean Street


    9 The first known photograph of Marx


    10 The younger Jenny


    n Laura Marx


    12 Freddy Demuth


    13 Eleanor Marx


    14 Edgar Marx


    15 Marx and Engels with Jenny, Eleanor and Laura


    16 9 Grafton Terrace


    17 Marx in 1872


    18 Marx and his daughter Jenny


    19 Marx in 1867


    20 The only known profile photograph of Marx


    21 Marx in 1875


    22 Marx in 1882: the last photograph


    23 41 Maitland Park Road


    24 The chair in the British Museum


    25 Marx's tomb in Highgate Cemetery


    26 Jenny Marx shortly before her death Acknowledgements


    The plates are reproduced by permission of the following: i, Staatsbiblio-


    thek, Berlin; 2 and 14, Dietz Verlag, Berlin; 3-7, io, 15, 18 and 26, Int.


    Instituut voor Soc. Geschiedenis, Amsterdam; 9 and 21, Radio Times


    Hulton Picture Library; 11 and 13, Marx Memorial Library; 12, David


    Heisler, London; 17, 19 and 22, Institut fur Marxismus-Leninismus, East


    Berlin; 20 and 23, Communist Party Headquarters, London; 24, the


    British Museum; 25, Angelo Hornak, London. Nos 8 and 16 were taken


    by the author.


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