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Introduction to Forensic Psychology - B. Arrigo

386 Pages · 2006 · 38.25 MB · English

  • Introduction to Forensic Psychology - B. Arrigo

    This page intentionally left blank Introduction


    to Forensic


    Psychology Introduction


    to Forensic


    Psychology


    Issues and Controversies in


    Crime and Justice


    Bruce A. Arrigo


    Institute of Psychology, Law and Public Policy


    California School of Professional Psychology


    Fresno, C 'alifornia


    \ ACADEMIC PRESS


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    03 04 05 06 07 9 8 76 For Marc: Sometimes close, often deep, always my brother. This page intentionally left blank Contents


    About the Author


    Acknowledgments


    Preface


    P A RT I


    Police and Law Enforcement


    1 Adult Forensics


    Overview 3


    Power, Authority, and Discretionary Decision Making 4


    Use of Force 8


    Evidence Tampering 12


    Adult Criminal Profiling 17


    Coerced Confessions 23


    2 Juvenile Forensics


    Overview 31


    Dealing with Troubled Youths 32


    Policing Juvenile Gangs 39


    vii viii Contents


    Juveniles' Attitudes toward the Police 43


    Adolescent Female Prostitutes: Criminals or Victims? 48


    3 Civil Forensics


    Overview 55


    Public Attitudes toward Police 56


    Exploring the Police Personality 61


    Police and the Mentally 111 68


    Community Policing: Trendy or Effective? 72


    Police Training: Communication Skills and


    Conflict Resolution 76


    Policing Minority Populations 82


    4 Family Forensics


    Overview 89


    Police as Mediators in Domestic Disputes 90


    Police Stress 95


    Police Work and Family Stress 103


    Homosexual Police Officers 108


    P A RT II


    Court and the Legal System


    5 Adult Forensics


    Overview 115


    Plea Bargaining 117


    Competency to Stand Trial 121


    Jury Selection 124


    Psychological Tests and Forensic Assessment Instruments


    in the Courtroom 127


    Risk Assessment 132


    Forensic Verdicts or Psychiatric Justice: NGRI and GBMI 136 Contents


    6 Juvenile Forensics


    Overview 141


    Defining the Age of Criminal Responsibility 142


    Children/Juveniles and the Reliability of Their Courtroom Testimony 148


    Best Interests of the Child Doctrine 152


    Sentencing: Psychology of Juvenile Rehabilitation 156


    7 Civil Forensics


    Overview 161


    Defining Mental Illness 163


    Right to Refuse Treatment 168


    Least Restrictive Alternative Doctrine 172


    Duty to Inform vs Client Confidentiality 177


    Victim Compensation Programs 181


    Victim-Offender Mediation 186


    8 Family Forensics


    Overview 195


    Family Trauma and the Cycle of Crime 197


    Family Violence: Homicide 200


    Impact of Mental Health Law Doctrines on Families: Paternalism


    and Parens Patriae 206


    Family Law and Emotional Rights 210


    Domestic Violence 217


    Gay/Lesbian Rights and Definitions of the Family 221


    P A RT Ml


    Corrections and Prison Practices


    9 Adult Forensics


    Overview


    Offender s Right to Refuse Treatment


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