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Intermediate Arabic For Dummies

363 Pages · 2008 · 7.3 MB · English

  • Intermediate Arabic For Dummies

    Intermediate


    Arabic


    FOR


    DUMmIES‰


    by Keith Massey, PhD Intermediate


    Arabic


    FOR


    DUMmIES‰


    by Keith Massey, PhD Intermediate Arabic For Dummies®


    Published by


    Wiley Publishing, Inc.


    111 River St.


    Hoboken, NJ 07030-5774


    www.wiley.com


    Copyright © 2008 by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana


    Published simultaneously in Canada


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    Library of Congress Control Number: 2008933792


    ISBN: 978-0-470-37337-8


    Manufactured in the United States of America


    10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 About the Author


    Keith Massey has been studying languages his whole life, starting with high school


    Latin and continuing to a PhD in Biblical Hebrew and Arabic at the University of


    Wisconsin-Madison. After 9/11, he went to work at the Top Secret National Security


    Agency as an Arabic linguist, where he served for more than four years. He now teaches


    Latin and Arabic in New Jersey, summering with his wife in her native Romania. An avid


    traveler, Keith has visited 15 different countries, 5 of which have been Arabic-speaking


    countries.


    Dedication


    To my father Bill and my late mother Nancy, who taught me the value of hard work.


    And to Dustin Cowell, my first Arabic instructor. May this book further the mutual


    understanding between cultures to which you have devoted your life.


    Author’s Acknowledgments


    First and foremost, I want to thank my wife, Adriana, for her support as I wrote this book.


    Thanks to my agent, Barb Doyen, for her encouragement throughout this process. And


    to all the people at Wiley Publishing, especially to project editor Stephen Clark and


    copy editor Jessica Smith for their extraordinary patience and enormous talent in this


    project. Thanks also goes to acquisitions editor Michael Lewis, senior copy editors


    Sarah Faulkner and Danielle Voirol, and technical editor Dr. Haitham M. Alkhateeb.


    Last but not least, thanks to my former colleagues David, Jennifer, Michael, and Ron for


    their friendship at the Fort and beyond as well as to my students Arielle Shahid and


    Sherron Tynan for their helpful suggestions on the manuscript. Publisher’s Acknowledgments


    We’re proud of this book; please send us your comments through our Dummies online registration form


    located at www.dummies.com/register/.


    Some of the people who helped bring this book to market include the following:


    Acquisitions, Editorial, and Media Development Composition Services


    Project Editor: Stephen R. Clark Project Coordinator: Katie Key


    Acquisitions Editor: Michael Lewis Layout and Graphics: Carl Byers, Carrie A. Cesavice


    Copy Editor: Jessica Smith Proofreaders: Jessica Kramer, Shannon Ramsey


    Editorial Program Coordinator: Indexer: Carol A. Burbo


    Erin Calligan Mooney


    Special Help: Sarah Faulkner and Danielle Voirol


    Technical Editor: Haitham M. Alkhateeb


    Editorial Manager: Christine Meloy Beck


    Editorial Assistants: Joe Niesen, David Lutton


    Cartoons: Rich Tennant (www.the5thwave.com)


    Publishing and Editorial for Consumer Dummies


    Diane Graves Steele, Vice President and Publisher, Consumer Dummies


    Joyce Pepple, Acquisitions Director, Consumer Dummies


    Kristin A. Cocks, Product Development Director, Consumer Dummies


    Michael Spring, Vice President and Publisher, Travel


    Kelly Regan, Editorial Director, Travel


    Publishing for Technology Dummies


    Andy Cummings, Vice President and Publisher, Dummies Technology/General User


    Composition Services


    Gerry Fahey, Vice President of Production Services


    Debbie Stailey, Director of Composition Services Contents at a Glance


    Introduction ............................................................................1


    Part I: Polishing Your Arabic Skills ...........................................7


    Chapter 1: Looking at Numbers, Times, and Dates ..........................................................................9


    Chapter 2: Arabic 101 Refresher .......................................................................................................27


    Chapter 3: The Write Stuff: How to Read and Write the Arabic Alphabet ..................................51


    Part II: Becoming a Master at Using Nouns .............................73


    Chapter 4: Making Your Case with the Three Cases of the Arabic Noun ....................................75


    Chapter 5: Forming the Plural in Arabic ..........................................................................................87


    Chapter 6: Bringing Your Sentences to Life with Adjectives and Adverbs .................................99


    Chapter 7: Making Connections: Mastering the ’iDaafa Construction .......................................117


    Chapter 8: Pronouns: Relatively Speaking .....................................................................................127


    Part III: Staying Active: Forming Arabic Verbs.......................141


    Chapter 9: Forms and Functions: The Forms of the Arabic Verb ...............................................143


    Chapter 10: Exploring Irregularity in Arabic Verbs ......................................................................167


    Chapter 11: Using the Imperative in Commands ..........................................................................193


    Chapter 12: Writing to the Point with Object Suffixes and Pronouns ........................................207


    Chapter 13: The Indicative, Jussive, and Subjunctive Moods of the Arabic Verb ....................221


    Part IV: Enlivening Your Writing with Particles ......................237


    Chapter 14: Forming Conditional Sentences .................................................................................239


    Chapter 15: Picking Up the Pieces Using Particles and Partitives..............................................251


    Chapter 16: Uncovering the Source of the Verbal Noun ..............................................................263


    Chapter 17: Being Positive About Adding the Negative to Arabic Sentences ...........................277


    Chapter 18: Active and Passive Participles ...................................................................................287


    Part V: The Part of Tens .......................................................301


    Chapter 19: Ten Mistakes to Avoid in Arabic ................................................................................303


    Chapter 20: Ten Ways to Fine-Tune Your Arabic Skills ...............................................................307


    Part VI: Appendixes .............................................................311


    Appendix A: Verb Chart ...................................................................................................................313


    Appendix B: English-Arabic Dictionary ..........................................................................................315


    Appendix C: Arabic-English Dictionary ..........................................................................................323


    Index ..................................................................................331 Table of Contents


    Introduction .....................................................................................1


    About This Book .........................................................................................................................1


    Conventions Used in This Book ................................................................................................2


    Foolish Assumptions ..................................................................................................................2


    How This Book Is Organized .....................................................................................................3


    Part I: Polishing Your Arabic Skills .................................................................................3


    Part II: Becoming a Master at Using Nouns ...................................................................3


    Part III: Staying Active: Forming Arabic Verbs ..............................................................3


    Part IV: Enlivening Your Writing with Particles ............................................................4


    Part V: The Part of Tens ...................................................................................................4


    Part VI: Appendixes ..........................................................................................................4


    Icons Used in This Book .............................................................................................................4


    Where to Go from Here ..............................................................................................................5


    Part I: Polishing Your Arabic Skills ...................................................7


    Chapter 1: Looking at Numbers, Times, and Dates. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9


    Focusing on Arabic Numbers ....................................................................................................9


    Cardinal numbers: The digits you count with ............................................................10


    Ordinal numbers: The numbers you rank things with ...............................................15


    Arabic numerals: The symbols you write numbers with ..........................................17


    Discovering How to Tell Time the Arabic Way .....................................................................18


    Making Dates: Getting to Know the Arabic Days and Months ............................................20


    Exploring the days of the week .....................................................................................21


    Remembering the months of the year .........................................................................21


    Writing full dates with the day, month, and year .......................................................22


    Answer Key ................................................................................................................................24


    Chapter 2: Arabic 101 Refresher. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27


    Understanding How the Arabic Triliteral Root System Impacts Nouns ............................28


    Naming People, Places, and Things: Nouns 101 ....................................................................29


    Exploring the types of Arabic nouns ............................................................................29


    Engendering differences ................................................................................................30


    Being Specific with the Definite State .....................................................................................32


    The sun letters ................................................................................................................33


    The moon letters ............................................................................................................34


    Working with Pronouns and Pronoun Suffixes .....................................................................35


    Discovering the independent forms of Arabic pronouns ..........................................35


    Tacking on the possessive pronoun suffixes to Arabic nouns .................................36


    Getting Active with Arabic Verbs ...........................................................................................38


    Writing the past tense verb ...........................................................................................38


    Creating the present tense verb ...................................................................................39


    Forming the future tense verb ......................................................................................41


    Grasping Arabic Grammar Essentials.....................................................................................42


    Adding up equational sentences ..................................................................................43


    Creating action with verbal sentences.........................................................................44


    Expressing possession with the ’iDaafa structure .....................................................44


    Navigating Arabic Bilingual Dictionaries ...............................................................................45


    Using the dictionaries in the appendixes of this book ..............................................46


    Finding your way through a regular Arabic-English dictionary................................46


    Answer Key ................................................................................................................................47


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