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Indian Geography

378 Pages · 2015 · 13.35 MB · English

  • Indian Geography

    Indian Geography India : General Introduction



    Sindhu (Persian) becomes Hindu


    B harata Varsha (Legendry King Bharata, or Bharata tribe )


    European =India



    Location :


    Latitude : Northern Hemisphere, from 604’ to 37o6, N latitude


    Longitude : Eastern Hemisphere ,from 68 o 7 E to 97 o 225’ E.



    Northern most point : Indira col (J&K)


    Southern most point : Indira Point (Pygmalion point), Kanya Kumari (8o4’TN)



    Shape Size :


    N-S distance : 3214 Km


    E-W distance : 2933 Km



    Land frontier : 15,200 Km


    Coastline : 7516 Km, Excluding Islands (6100km)



    Gujarat Longest line


    Andhra Pradesh line.(Second longest)



    UNCLOSS: United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea,1982



    Territorial Sea : 12 Nautical miles from the coastline.


    Continguous Zone : 24 Nautical miles from the coastline.


    Exclusive Economic Zone : 200 Nautical Miles . Tropic of cancer passes from the middle of India through 8 States :



    Gujarat,Rajasthan,Madhra Pradesh,Chattisgarh,Jharkhand,West Bengal


    ,Tripura and Mizoram.



    Standard Meridian : 82o30’ E (IST=+ 5:30 Hrs of GMT ),Mirzapur.




















    Administrative Composition : 29 states , 7 union territories



    AreaWise : Rajasthan>MadhyaPradesh>Maharashtra>UttarPradesh


    Goa is the smallest state.



    Important facts :


    Punducherry –situated in TN, Karaikal ,Yanam ,Mahe



    Islands :



    Andaman Nicobar Islands :


    North Andaman ,Middle Andaman, South Andaman, Little Andaman



    Car Nicobar ,Little Nicobar ,and great Nicobar.



    Port Blair ,Capital situated in South Andaman



    Indira Point ,the southernmost point of India is the southern point of Great Nicobar


    Island .



    Barren Island which is India’s only volcano is in the middle Andaman.


    Narcondam Island is also a volcanic island.


    10o Channel separates Andaman from Nicobar.


    Duncan pass is between South Andaman and Little Andaman.




    Coco Straight is between great Nicobar and Sumatara.


    The Andaman & Nicobar islands are also known as the Emerald islands.



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