Indian Geography

378 Pages · 2015 · 13.35 MB · English

  • Indian Geography

    Indian Geography India : General Introduction

    Sindhu (Persian) becomes Hindu

    B harata Varsha (Legendry King Bharata, or Bharata tribe )

    European =India

    Location :

    Latitude : Northern Hemisphere, from 604’ to 37o6, N latitude

    Longitude : Eastern Hemisphere ,from 68 o 7 E to 97 o 225’ E.

    Northern most point : Indira col (J&K)

    Southern most point : Indira Point (Pygmalion point), Kanya Kumari (8o4’TN)

    Shape Size :

    N-S distance : 3214 Km

    E-W distance : 2933 Km

    Land frontier : 15,200 Km

    Coastline : 7516 Km, Excluding Islands (6100km)

    Gujarat Longest line

    Andhra Pradesh line.(Second longest)

    UNCLOSS: United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea,1982

    Territorial Sea : 12 Nautical miles from the coastline.

    Continguous Zone : 24 Nautical miles from the coastline.

    Exclusive Economic Zone : 200 Nautical Miles . Tropic of cancer passes from the middle of India through 8 States :

    Gujarat,Rajasthan,Madhra Pradesh,Chattisgarh,Jharkhand,West Bengal

    ,Tripura and Mizoram.

    Standard Meridian : 82o30’ E (IST=+ 5:30 Hrs of GMT ),Mirzapur.

    Administrative Composition : 29 states , 7 union territories

    AreaWise : Rajasthan>MadhyaPradesh>Maharashtra>UttarPradesh

    Goa is the smallest state.

    Important facts :

    Punducherry –situated in TN, Karaikal ,Yanam ,Mahe

    Islands :

    Andaman Nicobar Islands :

    North Andaman ,Middle Andaman, South Andaman, Little Andaman

    Car Nicobar ,Little Nicobar ,and great Nicobar.

    Port Blair ,Capital situated in South Andaman

    Indira Point ,the southernmost point of India is the southern point of Great Nicobar

    Island .

    Barren Island which is India’s only volcano is in the middle Andaman.

    Narcondam Island is also a volcanic island.

    10o Channel separates Andaman from Nicobar.

    Duncan pass is between South Andaman and Little Andaman.

    Coco Straight is between great Nicobar and Sumatara.

    The Andaman & Nicobar islands are also known as the Emerald islands.

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