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How to Grow More Vegetables

545 Pages · 2012 · 10.93 MB · English

  • How to Grow More Vegetables

    Copyright © 1974, 1979, 1982, 1991, 1995, 2002, 2006, 2012 by


    Ecology Action of the Midpeninsula


    All rights reserved. Published in the United States by Ten Speed Press, an


    imprint of the Crown Publishing Group, a division of Random House,


    Inc., New York.


    www.crownpublishing.com


    www.tenspeed.com


    Ten Speed Press and the Ten Speed Press colophon are registered


    trademarks of Random House, Inc.


    www.growbiointensive.org


    www.bountifulgardens.org


    www.commongroundinpaloalto.org


    See also: www.johnjeavons.info


    Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data


    Jeavons, John.


    How to grow more vegetables : (and fruits, nuts, berries, grains, and


    other crops) than you ever thought possible on less land than you can


    imagine / John Jeavons. — 8th ed.


    p. cm.


    Includes bibliographical references and index.


    1. Vegetable gardening. 2. Organic gardening. I. Title.


    SB324.3.J43 2012


    635—dc23


    2011040066 eISBN: 978-1-60774-190-9


    Illustrations by Pedro J. Gonzalez, Ann Miya, Susan Stanley, Sue Ellen


    Parkinson, Betsy Jeavons Bruneau, and Dan Miller


    Photos on this page and this page by Cynthia Raiser Jeavons


    Cover photograph (pumpkin) and spine photograph courtesy of Bountiful


    Gardens


    Cover photograph (red chard) © iStockphoto.com/swalls


    Cover photograph (soil) © iStockphoto.com/AdShooter


    Cover photograph (red boots) © iStockphoto.com/cjp


    v3.1 CONTENTS


    Cover


    Title Page


    Copyright


    Dedication


    ACKNOWLEDGMENTS


    by Alice Waters


    FOREWORD


    Ecology Action and the Common


    PREFACE


    Ground Project


    by the Ecology Action Staff


    Building Soil, Building the


    INTRODUCTION


    Future


    History and Philosophy of the GROW


    BIOINTENSIVE Method • How to Use This Book 1 Deep Soil Creation and


    Maintenance


    Getting Started—Correct Tools • Laying Out Your


    Beds • Types of Deep Soil Preparation • General


    Double-Digging Procedure • Considerations for


    Initial Dig with Very Poor Soils • Prepared Beds


    2 Sustainability


    Sustainable Soil Fertility • The Loss of Soil Nutrients


    and Humus • Initially Adding Nutrients and Humus to


    the Soil • 100% Sustainability Impossible • The


    Need for Up to 99% Sustainability • Ecology


    Action’s Pursuit of Sustainability • How to Design for


    Your Soil’s Fertility


    3 The Use of Compost and Soil


    Fertility


    A “Natural” System • Compost Functions • The


    Process • Soil and Other Materials in the Compost


    Pile • Locating the Pile • Size and Timing • Building


    the Pile • Watering the Pile • Compost Curing and


    Application Rates • Composting Methods


    Compared • Materials to Use Minimally or Not at All


    • Benefits of Compost in the Soil • Building a


    Compost Pile Step-By-Step • All Compost Is Not


    Equal 4 Fertilization


    Soil Testing • Taking a Soil Sample • pH •


    Recommended Sources of Nutrients • Adding


    Fertilizers and Compost • More Sustainable


    Fertilization


    5 Open-Pollinated Seeds, Seed


    Propagation, Close Spacing, and


    Seed Saving


    Seed Planting • Seedling Flats • Flat Soil • Some


    Causes of Poor Germination • Pricking Out


    Seedlings • Transplanting • Spotting • Planting by


    the Phases of the Moon • Watering • Shadenetting •


    Mini-Greenhouses • Key Water Factors • Weeding •


    Planting in Season


    6 Companion Planting


    Health • Rotations • Nourishing the Soil • Physical


    Complementarity • Weed, Insect, and Animal


    Relationships


    7 An Interrelated Food-Raising


    System: Creating and Caring for a


    Balanced Natural Ecosystem with


    Insect Life Natural Predators • Other Initiatives


    8 Master Charts and Planning


    Letter Codes • Vegetable and Garden Crops •


    Calorie, Grain, Protein Source, and Vegetable Oil


    Crops • Compost, Carbon, Organic Matter, Fodder,


    and Cover Crops • Energy, Fiber, Paper, and Other


    Crops • Tree and Cane Crops • Flower Spacing


    Chart • Herb Spacing Chart • Planning Sheet


    9 Sample Garden Plans


    Appendices


    Tools


    APPENDIX 1


    The Efficacy of the GROW


    APPENDIX 2


    BIOINTENSIVE Method in


    Increasing Sustainable Yields and


    Building Soils


    Ecology Action Publications


    APPENDIX 3


    Organizations


    APPENDIX 4 Memberships and Ordering


    APPENDIX 5


    INDEX


    ABOUT THE AUTHOR


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