How to Grow More Vegetables

How to Grow More Vegetables

How to Grow More Vegetables

545 Pages ·2012·10.93 MB ·English

How to Grow More Vegetables

Copyright © 1974, 1979, 1982, 1991, 1995, 2002, 2006, 2012 by


Ecology Action of the Midpeninsula


All rights reserved. Published in the United States by Ten Speed Press, an


imprint of the Crown Publishing Group, a division of Random House,


Inc., New York.


www.crownpublishing.com


www.tenspeed.com


Ten Speed Press and the Ten Speed Press colophon are registered


trademarks of Random House, Inc.


www.growbiointensive.org


www.bountifulgardens.org


www.commongroundinpaloalto.org


See also: www.johnjeavons.info


Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data


Jeavons, John.


How to grow more vegetables : (and fruits, nuts, berries, grains, and


other crops) than you ever thought possible on less land than you can


imagine / John Jeavons. — 8th ed.


p. cm.


Includes bibliographical references and index.


1. Vegetable gardening. 2. Organic gardening. I. Title.


SB324.3.J43 2012


635—dc23


2011040066 eISBN: 978-1-60774-190-9


Illustrations by Pedro J. Gonzalez, Ann Miya, Susan Stanley, Sue Ellen


Parkinson, Betsy Jeavons Bruneau, and Dan Miller


Photos on this page and this page by Cynthia Raiser Jeavons


Cover photograph (pumpkin) and spine photograph courtesy of Bountiful


Gardens


Cover photograph (red chard) © iStockphoto.com/swalls


Cover photograph (soil) © iStockphoto.com/AdShooter


Cover photograph (red boots) © iStockphoto.com/cjp


v3.1 CONTENTS


Cover


Title Page


Copyright


Dedication


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS


by Alice Waters


FOREWORD


Ecology Action and the Common


PREFACE


Ground Project


by the Ecology Action Staff


Building Soil, Building the


INTRODUCTION


Future


History and Philosophy of the GROW


BIOINTENSIVE Method • How to Use This Book 1 Deep Soil Creation and


Maintenance


Getting Started—Correct Tools • Laying Out Your


Beds • Types of Deep Soil Preparation • General


Double-Digging Procedure • Considerations for


Initial Dig with Very Poor Soils • Prepared Beds


2 Sustainability


Sustainable Soil Fertility • The Loss of Soil Nutrients


and Humus • Initially Adding Nutrients and Humus to


the Soil • 100% Sustainability Impossible • The


Need for Up to 99% Sustainability • Ecology


Action’s Pursuit of Sustainability • How to Design for


Your Soil’s Fertility


3 The Use of Compost and Soil


Fertility


A “Natural” System • Compost Functions • The


Process • Soil and Other Materials in the Compost


Pile • Locating the Pile • Size and Timing • Building


the Pile • Watering the Pile • Compost Curing and


Application Rates • Composting Methods


Compared • Materials to Use Minimally or Not at All


• Benefits of Compost in the Soil • Building a


Compost Pile Step-By-Step • All Compost Is Not


Equal 4 Fertilization


Soil Testing • Taking a Soil Sample • pH •


Recommended Sources of Nutrients • Adding


Fertilizers and Compost • More Sustainable


Fertilization


5 Open-Pollinated Seeds, Seed


Propagation, Close Spacing, and


Seed Saving


Seed Planting • Seedling Flats • Flat Soil • Some


Causes of Poor Germination • Pricking Out


Seedlings • Transplanting • Spotting • Planting by


the Phases of the Moon • Watering • Shadenetting •


Mini-Greenhouses • Key Water Factors • Weeding •


Planting in Season


6 Companion Planting


Health • Rotations • Nourishing the Soil • Physical


Complementarity • Weed, Insect, and Animal


Relationships


7 An Interrelated Food-Raising


System: Creating and Caring for a


Balanced Natural Ecosystem with


Insect Life Natural Predators • Other Initiatives


8 Master Charts and Planning


Letter Codes • Vegetable and Garden Crops •


Calorie, Grain, Protein Source, and Vegetable Oil


Crops • Compost, Carbon, Organic Matter, Fodder,


and Cover Crops • Energy, Fiber, Paper, and Other


Crops • Tree and Cane Crops • Flower Spacing


Chart • Herb Spacing Chart • Planning Sheet


9 Sample Garden Plans


Appendices


Tools


APPENDIX 1


The Efficacy of the GROW


APPENDIX 2


BIOINTENSIVE Method in


Increasing Sustainable Yields and


Building Soils


Ecology Action Publications


APPENDIX 3


Organizations


APPENDIX 4 Memberships and Ordering


APPENDIX 5


INDEX


ABOUT THE AUTHOR


Copyright © 1974, 1979, 1982, 1991, 1995, 2002, 2006, 2012 by


Ecology Action of the Midpeninsula


All rights reserved. Published in the United States by Ten Speed Press, an


imprint of the Crown Publishing Group, a division of Random House,


Inc., New York.


www.crownpublishing.com


www.tenspeed.com


Ten Speed Press and the Ten Speed Press colophon are registered


trademarks of Random House, Inc.


www.growbiointensive.org


www.bountifulgardens.org


www.commongroundinpaloalto.org


See also: www.johnjeavons.info


Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data


Jeavons, John.


How to grow more vegetables : (and fruits, nuts, berries, grains, and


other crops) than you ever thought possible on less land than you can


imagine / John Jeavons. — 8th ed.


p. cm.


Includes bibliographical references and index.


1. Vegetable gardening. 2. Organic gardening. I. Title.


SB324.3.J43 2012


635—dc23


2011040066 eISBN: 978-1-60774-190-9


Illustrations by Pedro J. Gonzalez, Ann Miya, Susan Stanley, Sue Ellen


Parkinson, Betsy Jeavons Bruneau, and Dan Miller


Photos on this page and this page by Cynthia Raiser Jeavons


Cover photograph (pumpkin) and spine photograph courtesy of Bountiful


Gardens


Cover photograph (red chard) © iStockphoto.com/swalls


Cover photograph (soil) © iStockphoto.com/AdShooter


Cover photograph (red boots) © iStockphoto.com/cjp


v3.1 CONTENTS


Cover


Title Page


Copyright


Dedication


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS


by Alice Waters


FOREWORD


Ecology Action and the Common


PREFACE


Ground Project


by the Ecology Action Staff


Building Soil, Building the


INTRODUCTION


Future


History and Philosophy of the GROW


BIOINTENSIVE Method • How to Use This Book 1 Deep Soil Creation and


Maintenance


Getting Started—Correct Tools • Laying Out Your


Beds • Types of Deep Soil Preparation • General


Double-Digging Procedure • Considerations for


Initial Dig with Very Poor Soils • Prepared Beds


2 Sustainability


Sustainable Soil Fertility • The Loss of Soil Nutrients


and Humus • Initially Adding Nutrients and Humus to


the Soil • 100% Sustainability Impossible • The


Need for Up to 99% Sustainability • Ecology


Action’s Pursuit of Sustainability • How to Design for


Your Soil’s Fertility


3 The Use of Compost and Soil


Fertility


A “Natural” System • Compost Functions • The


Process • Soil and Other Materials in the Compost


Pile • Locating the Pile • Size and Timing • Building


the Pile • Watering the Pile • Compost Curing and


Application Rates • Composting Methods


Compared • Materials to Use Minimally or Not at All


• Benefits of Compost in the Soil • Building a


Compost Pile Step-By-Step • All Compost Is Not


Equal 4 Fertilization


Soil Testing • Taking a Soil Sample • pH •


Recommended Sources of Nutrients • Adding


Fertilizers and Compost • More Sustainable


Fertilization


5 Open-Pollinated Seeds, Seed


Propagation, Close Spacing, and


Seed Saving


Seed Planting • Seedling Flats • Flat Soil • Some


Causes of Poor Germination • Pricking Out


Seedlings • Transplanting • Spotting • Planting by


the Phases of the Moon • Watering • Shadenetting •


Mini-Greenhouses • Key Water Factors • Weeding •


Planting in Season


6 Companion Planting


Health • Rotations • Nourishing the Soil • Physical


Complementarity • Weed, Insect, and Animal


Relationships


7 An Interrelated Food-Raising


System: Creating and Caring for a


Balanced Natural Ecosystem with


Insect Life Natural Predators • Other Initiatives


8 Master Charts and Planning


Letter Codes • Vegetable and Garden Crops •


Calorie, Grain, Protein Source, and Vegetable Oil


Crops • Compost, Carbon, Organic Matter, Fodder,


and Cover Crops • Energy, Fiber, Paper, and Other


Crops • Tree and Cane Crops • Flower Spacing


Chart • Herb Spacing Chart • Planning Sheet


9 Sample Garden Plans


Appendices


Tools


APPENDIX 1


The Efficacy of the GROW


APPENDIX 2


BIOINTENSIVE Method in


Increasing Sustainable Yields and


Building Soils


Ecology Action Publications


APPENDIX 3


Organizations


APPENDIX 4 Memberships and Ordering


APPENDIX 5


INDEX


ABOUT THE AUTHOR


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