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History of Philosophy

696 Pages · 2008 · 30.02 MB · English

  • History of Philosophy

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    BTOURONKER10»9.HTI8S5T9ORcY.1OF PHILOSOPHY


    3 T1S3 DOQSTTOS 5 History of Philosophy


    BY


    WILLIAM TURNER,


    S.T.D.


    Boston, U.S.A., and London


    GINN & COMPANY, PUBLISHERS


    C!)e Sttbetiseatn press Entered at Stationers' Hall


    Copyright, 1903


    By WILLIAM TURNER


    AM, RIGHTS RESERVED


    24.9 PREFACE


    The purpose of the writer in compiling this text-book has


    been so to set forth the succession of schools and systems


    of philosophy as to accord to Scholasticism a presentation in


    some degree adequate to its importance in the history of


    speculative thought.


    Of the text-books that are at present available for use in the


    lecture room, some dismiss the Scholastic period with a para-


    graph ; others, while dealing with it more sympathetically, treat


    it from the point of view of German transcendentalism. The


    result is that even works which succeed in doing justice to


    the schoolmen are practically useless to students who are more


    familiar with the terminology of Scholasticism than with that


    of Hegelianism.


    The scope of the work has determined not only the general


    arrangement of the volume, but also the selection of material and


    of bibliographical references. Under the title " Sources," the


    student will find mention of the most recent publications and of


    one or two standard works which have been selected as being


    most easy of access. Bibliography is rapidly becoming a dis-


    tinct branch of study in the different departments of philosophy.


    Dr. Rand's Bibliography ofPhilosophy, which is to be published


    as the third volume of Baldwin's Dictionary of Philosophy and


    Psychology, willdoubtless meet thedemandas faras completeness


    is concerned, and will render unnecessary the attempt to furnish PREFACE


    iv


    complete lists of sources in a text-book such as this is intended


    to be. It is, therefore, with a view to inculcate a proper idea of


    historical method rather than to supply a complete bibliography


    that a paragraph entitled " Sources" is prefixed to each chapter.


    Similarly, it is for the purpose of impressing on the student


    the importance of estimating the value of systems and schools


    of philosophy that, at the end of each chapter, suggestions for


    criticism are offered under the title "Historical Position." No


    one is more keenly alive than the author himself to the absurdity


    of regarding such criticisms as possessing more than a rela-


    tive value. If they sometimes convey to the reader a sense of


    intended finality, allowance will perhaps be made for the impos-


    sibility of finding, within the limits of a text-book, space for a


    more ample discussion of questions which are far from being


    finally and incontrovertibly settled.


    The plan of the work precludes much claim to originality.


    Use has been made of primary sources wherever it was possible


    to do so. In dealing with Scholastic philosophy, especially,


    recourse has been had to the works of the schoolmen, experience


    having abundantly shown the danger of relying on secondary


    authorities for this period. The frequent mention, both in


    the text and in the notes, of Zeller's PJiilosopJiie der Griechen,


    of Stockl's LeJirbiich dcr Geschichte der PJiilosophie, of the


    Geschichte dcr PJiilosophie des Mittelalters by the same author,


    of De Wulf's Histoire de la philosophic medicvalc, of Gonzalez'


    Historiade lafilosofia, and of Falckenberg's and Hoffding's his-


    tories of modern philosophy, indicates the principal secondary


    sources which have been used, but does not represent the full


    extent of the writer's indebtedness to those works. In revising


    the manuscript and in reading the proofs use has been made


    of the Dictionary of Philosophy and Psychology edited by


    Professor M. Baldwin.


    J.


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