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Historical Painting Techniques

241 Pages · 2011 · 8.97 MB · English

  • Historical Painting Techniques

    HisotricPaali ntTiencgh niques,


    Materiaandl sS,t udPiorc atice PUBLICATICOONOSR DINATIODNi:n ahB erland


    EDITIN&G PRODUCTIOCNO ORDINATIOCNo:r innLei ghtweaver


    EDITORICAOLN SULTATIOJNoH: i ll


    COVERD ESIGNJ:a ckieG allagher-Lange


    PRODUCTIO&N P RINTINAGl:l ePnr esIsn,c .L,a wrencKea,n sas


    SYMPOSIUOMR GANIZERS:


    ErmaH ermensA,r tH istoIrnys titouftt eh eU niversoiftL ye iden


    MarjPae ekC,e ntrRaels earLcahb oratfoorryO bjecotfsA rta ndS cience,


    Amsterdam


    © 1995b yT heJ .P aulG ettTyr ust


    Allr ighrtess erved


    Printiendt heU niteSdt atoefsA merica


    ISBN0 -89236-322-3


    TheG ettCyo nservatIinosnt itiusct oem mittteodt hep reservaotfi on


    cultuhrearli tawgoer ldwiTdhee.I nstitsueteekt so a dvancsec ientiRc


    knowledagned p rofessipornaaclt iacnedt or aispeu bliacw areneosfs


    conservatTihorno.u grhe seartcrha,i nidnogc,u mentateixocnh,a nogfe


    informatainodnR ,e Ipdr ojectthseI, n stitaudtder essiesss ureesl atteod


    thec onservaotfim ouns eumo bjecatnsd a rchicvoalll ections,


    archaeolomgoincuamle ntasn ds iteasn,dh istobrUiicl dianngdsc ities.


    TheI nstitiusat neo peratpinrgo graomf t heJ .P aulG ettTyr ust.


    COVERI LLUSTRATION


    GherardCoi bo",C olchicfoo,l"i1 o7 ro fH erbariucma,.1 570C.o urtesy


    oft heB ritiLsihb rary.


    FRONTISPIECE


    Detaiflr omJ anB aptisCtoel laeCrotl,o Orl iv1i5,6 6-162A8f.t er


    JohannSetsr adanCuosu.r teosfyt heR ijksmuseum-Stichting,


    Amsterdam.


    LibraorfyC ongreCsast aloguing-in-PuDbaltiac ation


    Historipcaailn titnegc hniques, maatnedsr tiuadlipsor, a cti:c e


    preprionfta s s ymposiu[mh eladt ]U niversoifLt eyi detnh,e


    Netherlan2d6s-,2 J9u ne1 99/5 editebdyA riWea llerEtr,m a


    Hermensa,n dM arjPae ek.


    p. cm.


    Includbeisb liograprheifcearle nces.


    ISBN0 -89236-32(2p-b3k .)


    1.P aintiTnegc-nhiques-Congre2s.sA erst.i smtast'e rials-


    -Congres3s.eP so.l ychromy-CongresIs.We asl.l erAtr,i e,


    1950- IIH.e rmensE,r ma,1 958-.I IIP.e ekM,a rja1,9 61-


    ND1500.H571 995


    751.'0 9-dc20 95-9805


    CIP


    Seconpdr inti1n9g9 6


    iv Contents


    vii Foreword


    viii Preface


    1 LesliAe.C arlylBee,y oanC do llecotfDi aotnaW :h aWte C an


    Learnf roDmo cumenStoauryr ocneA sr tiMsattse'r ainadl s


    Techniques


    6 SylvaBnaar retDtu,s anC .S tuliAkn,I ntegrAaptperdo afcothrh e


    StudoyfP aintTiencgh niques


    12 HelenG lanvilVlaern,i sGhr,o unVdise,w iDnigs taanncde ,


    LightSionmgNe:o teosnS eventeenth-Century Italian Painting


    Technique


    20 AnnM assinFgr, oBmo okosfS ecrteoEt nsc ylopPeadiinatsi:n g


    TechniiqnFu raensc bee twe1e6n0a 0n d1 800


    30 SallAy. W oodcockT,he R oberAsrocnh ive: aCnodn tent


    Significance


    38 ArieW allerLti,b rSoe conddoe D iverCsoil orei S isdea M etterae


    Oro:A Fifteenth-TCeecnhtnuTirrcyea alto inMs aen USCript


    Illumination


    48 ErmaH ermensA, S eventeenthI-tCaelTnirtaeunar toyin s e


    MiniatPuarien tainndIg t Asu thor(s)


    58 BeatFee derspiQeule,s tiaobnosuM te dieGveaslsG or ounds


    65 RenatWeo udhuysenl-lKeeArs,e pctosfP aintTiencgh niiqntu hee


    Useo fV erdiagnrdCi osp pReers inate


    70 JosephiAn.eD arra,hC onnectainodCn osi ncidTehnrceees :


    Pigments


    78 KateI .D uffyJ,a ckAi. E lgaAr,n I nvestiogfPa atlieoatnnt dCe o lor


    NotatiUosnetsdoC reaatS ee otf T ibeTtahann gkas


    85 ZuzanSak alvoa,N ewE videfnoctreh Mee diePvraold ucotfi on


    Icoinnst hNei lVea lley


    91 HelenC .H owardT,e chnioqftu heReso manesaqnudGe o thWiacl l


    Paintiinnt ghHseo lSye pulCchharpee Wli,n cheCsattehre dral


    105 EddieS inclaTiherP, olychroofEm xye taenrdS alisbury


    CathedAr Parlesl:i mCionmaprya rison


    111 AndreRao theA,n drMeaan tegAndao'rast ioofnt heM agi


    117 UlricBhi rkmaiAerri,eW allerAtn,d reRao theT,e chnical


    ExaminaotfiT otinisaV ne'nsus a ndA doniAs: N otoen E arly


    ItalOiiaPlna intTiencgh nique


    127 CatheriAn.eM etzgeBra,r barHa. BerriGee, raDradv iSdt'.s


    AnneA ltarpiEecvei:d efnocWreo rkshPoapr ticipation


    v 135 MollFya rieCsh,r isSttae inbucahnedlJ ,. R .J .v anA speredne


    Boe,rM aartveannH eemskearncdJk a nv anS corHeala'rsl em


    Workshop


    140 E.M elaniGei fforSdt,y alnedT echniiqnDu uet cLha ndscape


    Paintiintn hg1e 6 20s


    148 J¢rgeWna dum,J ohanVneersm e(e1r6 32-1a6n7dH5 i)sU seo f


    Perspective


    155 IlzPeo rietDea,c eC holderAe T, echnSitcuadolyf t hMea terials


    andM ethoUdsse bdy t hPea intoeftr hsLe a tviCahnu rcihnet sh e


    SeventCeeennttuhr y


    158 MelisRs.aK atzW,i lliHaoml maHnu natn dt h«eP re-Raphaelite


    Technique"


    166 JoK irbyA,s hokR oy,P auDle laroAc Chaes:Se t udoyfA cademic


    Painting


    176 JoycHe. T ownsned,P aintTiencgh niaqnudMe ast erioaflT su rner


    andO theBrri tiAsrht i1s7t7s5 -1875


    186 StepheHna ckneAy,r t AfrotrS' ask Teh:e M aterainadl s


    TechnioqfJu aemse Msc NeiWlhli st(l1e8r3 4-1903)


    191 JohnR .G ayerP,a intoinan P gh otogrSaupbhsitcrN aottee:s


    RegardMiantge riaanldsT echnioqvueetrsh P ea s1t0 0Y ears


    196 Ernsvta nd eW eterinRge,fl ectoino ntRshe el atbieotnw een


    TechniaqnudSe t yTlehe:U seo ft hPea lebtytt eh See venteenthxad


    CentuPrayi nter


    204 IndeoxfC ontributors


    vi Foreword


    Oneo ft hefi rsetv entosr ganizbeytd h eG ettCyo nservatIinosnt itaust e


    itb egani tasc tiviatbioeustt e ny earasg ow asa symposiuomn paintings


    conservatWieo fne.l att t hatti met haotu rp articualpaprr oacbha,s eodn


    multipdlies cipllionoeksi antga singplreo blecmo,u lcdo ntribute signifixad


    canttlyot hef ielodfc onservatOivoenrt. h ec oursoef t hep asyte arwse


    havec ontinuteodd eveloipnt hadti rectainodnw itht habte liesfoi, t i s


    particulaaprplryo pritaost eee t hesiem portapnrte pricnotmse t ol ight for


    theU niversoifLt eyi dens'ysm posium.


    Theh istoorfyp aintitnegc hniqiuseb sy n aturae m ultidiSCipalrienaa ry


    ofs tudcyo,m binirnegs earicnhs ciencceo,n servatainodan r,t h istoarsy


    well sapse ciefixcp ertiinsp ea intinMgesm.b erosf e acho neo ft hese proxad


    fessibornisn tgot hea retah eiorw nd etaiklneodw ledignea rtismtast'e rials,


    techniquoersm ,e thodwsh,e theirtb ei nformatsipoenc itfiocp igments,


    bindimnegd ias,i gnatsutryel oer,a rchirveasle arch.


    Thef ieolfdh istoorfpy a intitnegc hniqhuaesbs e ene volvivnegrr ya pidly


    inr ecenyte arasn do peninegn ormouosp portuniftoirfe usr threers earch


    andc onnOisseurassth hiipis,m portagnrto uopf p aperdse monstraNtoets .


    onlsyc ientific omfee txhaomdisn atbiuotan l sboi bliograapnhdia craclh ival


    researacrhem akinsgi gnificcaonntt ributions.


    Thea uthoorfst hesper epribnrtisn ag w idea rraoyf e xperktn owledge


    asw elals m anyf respho intosfv iewt haatr ec ertationp rovoksee rious


    questioannsd d ebatTeh.e editors-AWrailel erEtr,m aH ermensa,n d


    MarjPae ek-havaes sembltehdi vso lumwei tah mosti nSighatpfpurlo ach


    andf ocuSso. iti sw itha greadte aolf s atisfaacntdip olne asutrhea wte


    presetnhte spea perfso rt hes tuday,n de njoymenotfa, fascinaatnidn g


    challengfiinegl d.


    MigueAln geClo rzo,D irector


    TheG ettCyo nservatIinosnt itute


    vii Preface


    Thisv olumoef p reprinptrse,p arfeodr a ni nternatsiyomnpaols iuomn


    HistoriPcaailn tiTnegc nhiqueMsa,t eriaalnsdS, t udiPor actiactte h eU nixad


    versiotfLy e idetnh,e N etherla2n6d-s2,J9 u ne1 995c,o ntaitnhser esults


    ofw orko nh istorpiacianlt itnegc hniqfureosm a lpla rtosft hew orldT.h e


    suggesttiooo nr ganiszuec ha meetinwga sr aiseddu rintgh es ymposium


    on theT echnoloogfyA rtW orksf romt heC entraElu ropeaRne gioonr xad


    ganizbeyd tAhrec hivoefsA rtT echnoloignyP raguien 1 993T.h eP rague


    symposiuemm phasizCezde chp aintearnsdt heitre chniquTeos b.r oaden


    thes copoef a ttentiEornm,aH ermenosf t heA rtH istoIrnys titouftt eh e


    UniversoiftL ye ideann dM arjPae eko ft heA rtH istoriDceapla rtmeonft


    theC entrRaels earLcahb oratfoorryO bjecotfsA rta ndS ciencienA mxad


    sterdatmo oko nt het asokf o rganizai snegc onmde etinignL eiden.


    Thep urposoef t hes ymposiuamn dt hipsu blicatiisto onp romotae


    greatuenrd erstanodfit nhgec hangibnogu ndarainedsi nteracbteitowne en


    arhti storicaonnss,e rvaatnodrc so,n servastciioenn twiosrtksi nignt hefi elds


    ofh istoripcaailn titnegc hniques-incwlauldplia nign tinangdsp olyxad


    chromsec ulpture-paimnattienrgi aalnsds, t udipor actice.


    Inr ecenyte artsh,e rhea sb eena ni ncreasiinntge riensh ti storpiacianlt xad


    ingt echniquTehse.s tudoyf t hep aintitnegc hniqaunedsm ateriuaslesd


    throughhoiustt oarnydi nv ariocuusl turiesbs y n aturaen i nterdisciplinary


    exerciIsnet .h ep asstu chs tudiweesr es ometimceosn ductweidt hl ittle


    interacbteitowne eanr th istoricaonnss,e rvatmoartse,r isaclise ntiasntds ,


    historioafsn csi ence, beeaccahuds ies ciplinet otp ernedsse tnhte r esults


    ofi tsst uditeosd ifferfeonrtu msT.h isv olumaei mst op resednitf ferent


    approachteots h es tudoyf h istorpiacianlt itnegc hniqiunet sh eh opet hat


    itw ileln couracgoeo perataimoonn gt hesvea rioduiss ciplines.


    Informataiboonu pta intitnegc hniquceansb e gaineidn a varieotfy


    waysi,n cludtihnegc hemicoarlp hysicaanla lysoefts h em aterifaolusn d


    int hep aintinAgnsa.l ysoefsa largneu mbero fp aintiantgtsr ibuttoe d


    certain resgcihoonoslw,so ,r kshoposri, n dividmuaaslt ercsa nc ontribute


    toa histoorfyp aintitnegc hniquAensa.l ytirceaslu lctasn a lshoe lpa rt


    historiaasnsse astst ributainodnc sa ns upporotrr ejetchte ihry potheses.


    Thea nalyshtosw,e evr,n eedt hea rth istoritaoin nsf ortmh ema boutth e


    styliisdtiiocs yncraansdsi iegsn ificoaftn hcoess ec hools, worokrsm haospxads,


    ters.


    Iti so fterne warditnosg e ew hata rtihsatvses aiadb outth eiorw nw ork


    andt os tudtyh eiwrr ittseonu rcoens paintitnegc hniques.k iTnhdoi fs


    informathiaoscn o med ownt ou si nd iariseusc,ha sN erid iB icciR'isc orxad


    danzei;np aintihnagn dbooskusc ha sC enniin'Lsi brdae ll'Airnta en,o nyxad


    mousr ecipbeo oksa;n de veni nm odelb ookss,u cha sS tephaSnc hriber's


    MusterbuTchhe.s ree cipbeo oktse lslc ientwihsattss u bstantcoel so ofko r


    ina nalysBiost.hs cientainfdai rcht i storiincfaolr mathieolnup s u nderstand


    thes ignificaonfsc oem etimreast heorb scurree cipaensd t eluls w hether


    them ethodasn dm ateridaelssc ribaerdec ommono re xceptiofnoartl h e


    particpuelrairo Tdod. ayi ti sn otu nusutaolfi ndi nformatfiroonmh istorical


    sourciensc orporiantte hdee xaminatoifoi nn dividpuaailn tings.


    viii The discussiiontn hsi vso lumper esenhti storpiacianlt itnegc hniques


    froma varieotfyp rofessipoenraslp ectiWvietshi. t wsi der angoef t opics


    anda pproachteots h es tudoyf h istorpiacianlt itnegc hniqutehsip,su blixad


    catiiosnp resentientd h eh opet haittw ilplr oviadnei mpetufso rf urther


    studitehsa itn volmvaet erisacli encaer,th istocroyn,s ervatairocnh,a eoxad


    metrya,n dt heh istoorfys ciencWee. a lshoo pei tw ilble o nei na series


    ofs uchi nterdisciapnldic noalrlya borvaotliuvmee s.


    Ina ddititootn h ankianlgtl h ec olleagautoe usr i nstituwthiooh nesl ped


    us witha dvicaen de xpertiwsee a,l swoo uldl ikteo a cknowledtghee


    invaluable anwdos rukp porotfs everianld ividiunap lasr ticuMliagru.e l


    AngelC orzod,i rectoofrt heG ettCyo nservatIinosnt itiumtmee,d iately


    supporttehde i deat op ublitshhe p resentatoifot nhses ymposiuamn d


    generoupsrloyv idheidst imea nds uppoirntt hep roductoifot nh ep resent


    volumeA.g nesG rafinB allestrdeimr,e ctooftr h eC entrRaels earLcahb xad


    oratofroyrO bjecotfsA rta ndS ciencienA msterdaamn,d A .W . A.B osxad


    chlooof t heA rtH istoIrnys titouftt eh eU niversoiftL ye idesnu pported


    thee ntiprreo jefcrto mi tisn itsitaalg aensd a dvisuesdd urintgh ee ditorial


    procesCso.r innLei ghtweaavnedrJ oH illi,n dependeednitt orcioanls ulxad


    tantcsa,r rioeudti nvaluawbolreko nt hem anuscriapstssi,s btyeJ do yH artxad


    nettI.nt hep reparatoifto hne sper eprifnotrps u blicatwieo anl,s woi sht o


    thanDki nahB erlanpdu,b licatciooonrsd inra,t thoeG ettCyo nservation


    Institute.


    Arie Wallert


    TheG ettCyo nservation Institute


    Erma Hermens


    ArtH istoIrnys titouftt eh eU niversoiftL ye iden


    Marya Peek


    CentrRaels earLcahb oratfoorryO bjecotfsA rta ndS ciencAem,s terdam


    ix Plalt,ael eftB.a rtoVlvioamreiaonc it1i,4v �5e14 91,


    SaiPnett e1r94,0 T.em peornap arFtreolPm.o lyptych


    with JSaamietnsht Ge r eaTthereV, i rgainndC hild


    andO ther STahei]nP.tau sl.G etMtuys euMma,l ibu


    (17.BP3.0).


    Plabt,ae b o1Dv eet.fa orimVl vi ariSnaiiP'netst serh,o wxad


    incgl evairsliiybn ldei,vb irdusustahrl o kes.


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