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Global Warming

383 Pages · 2013 · 4.11 MB · English

  • Global Warming

    This page intentionally left blank Global Warming


    TheCompleteBriefing


    ThirdEdition


    Global warming and the resulting climate change are among the most


    serious environmental problems facing the world community. Global


    Warming:TheCompleteBriefingisthemostcomprehensiveguideavail-


    able to the subject. A world-renowned expert, Sir John Houghton ex-


    plores the scientific basis of global warming and the likely impacts of


    climatechangeonhumansociety,beforeaddressingtheactionthatcould


    betakenbygovernments,byindustryandbyindividualstomitigatethe


    effects.Thefirsttwoeditionsreceivedexcellentreviews,andthiscom-


    pletelyupdatedneweditionwillprovetobethebestbriefingthestudent


    orinterestedgeneralreadercouldwishfor.


    uf773uf769uf772 uf76auf76fuf768uf76e uf774. uf768uf76fuf775uf767uf768uf774uf76fuf76e uf763uf762uf765, uf766uf772uf773 is a former Chairman of the


    Scientific Assessment Working Group of the Intergovernmental Panel


    on Climate Change, Chairman of the UK’s Royal Commission on


    Environmental Pollution, Vice President of the World Meteorological


    Organization, President of the Royal Meteorological Society, and


    Professor of Atmospheric Physics at Oxford University. He was Chief


    ExecutiveoftheUKMeteorologicalOfficefrom1983tohisretirement


    in1991.Aswellasthepreviouseditionsofthisbook,heisauthorofThe


    PhysicsofAtmospheres(CambridgeUniversityPress,inthreeeditions),


    and has published numerous research papers and contributed to many


    influential research documents. Sir John and his wife Sheila live in


    Wales.


    Fromreviewsofpreviouseditions


    ‘ItisdifficulttoimaginehowHoughton’sexpositionofthiscomplexbodyof


    informationmightbesubstantiallyimprovedupon...Seldomhassucha


    complextopicbeenpresentedwithsuchremarkablesimplicity,directnessand


    crystallineclarity...Houghton’scompletebriefingiswithout doubtthebest


    briefingtheconcernedcitizencouldhopetofindwithinthepagesofa


    pocketablebook.’


    JohnPerry,BulletinoftheAmericanMeteorologicalSociety


    ‘Icanrecommend(thisbook)toanyonewhowantstogetabetterperspective


    onthetopicofglobalwarming...averyreadableandcomprehensiveguideto


    thechangesthatareoccurringnow,andcouldoccurinthefuture,asaresultof humanaction...bringstheglobalwarmingdebaterightuptodate...Read


    Houghton’sbookifyoureallywanttounderstandboththescientificand


    politicalissuesinvolved.’


    WilliamHarston,TheIndependent


    ‘...preciseaccountofthescience,accompaniedbyfigures,graphs,boxeson


    specificpoints,andsummariesattheendofeachchapter,withquestionsfor


    students...rangesbeyondthescienceintothediplomacy,politics,economics


    andethicsoftheproblem,whichtogetherpresentaformidablechallengeto


    humanunderstandingandcapacityforaction.’


    SirCrispinTickell,TheTimesHigherEducationSupplement


    ‘...awidelypraisedbookonglobalwarminganditsconsequences.’


    TheEconomist


    ‘...aninterestingaccountofthetopicforthegeneralreader.’


    EnvironmentalAssessment


    ‘...verythoroughandpresentsabalanced,impartialpicture.’


    JonathanShanklin,JournaloftheBritishAstronomicalAssociation


    ‘Iwouldthoroughlyrecommendthisbooktoanyoneconcernedaboutglobal


    warming.Itprovidesanexcellentessentiallynon-technicalguideonscientific


    andpoliticalaspectsofthesubject.Itisanessentialbriefingforstudentsand


    scienceteachers.’


    TonyWaters,TheObservatory


    ‘Forthenon-technicalreader,thebestprogramguidetothepoliticaland


    scientificdebateisJohnHoughton’sbookGlobalWarming:TheComplete


    Briefing.Withthisbookinhandyouarereadytomakesenseofthedebateand


    reachyourownconclusions.’


    AlanHecht,ClimateChange


    ‘Thisisaremarkablebook...Itisamodelofclearexpositionand


    comprehensiblewriting...Quiteapartfromitsvalueasabackgroundreader


    forscienceteachersandstudents,itwouldmakeasplendidbasisforacollege


    generalcourse.’


    AndrewBishop,AssociationforScienceEducation


    ‘GlobalWarmingremainsthebestsingle-volumeguidetothescienceof


    climatechange.’


    GregTerrill,TimesLiterarySupplement


    ‘Thisveryreadableandinformativebookisvaluableforanyonewantinga


    broadoverviewofwhatweknowaboutclimatechange,itspotentialimpactson


    societyandthenaturalworld,andwhatcouldbedonetomitigateoradaptto


    globalwarming.Tothisend,discussionquestionsareincludedattheendof


    eachchapter.Thepaperbackeditionisespeciallygoodvalue...Houghton’s compactbookisanaccessible,well-researched,andbroadlybasedintroduction


    totheimmenselycomplicatedglobalwarmingproblem.’


    DennisL.Hartmann,DepartmentofAtmosphericSciences,UniversityofWashington,


    Seattle,USA


    ‘Ihavenohesitationinendorsingthisimportantbook.’


    WilfridBach,InternationalJournalofClimatology


    ‘...ausefulbookforstudentsandlaymentounderstandsomeofthe


    complexitiesoftheglobalwarmingissue.Questionsandessaytopicsattheend


    ofeachchapterprovideusefulfollow-upworkandtherangeofmaterial


    providedunderonecoverisimpressive.Atastudent-friendlyprice,thisisa


    booktobuyforyourselfandnotrelyonthelibrarycopy.’


    AllenPerry,Holocene


    ‘InsummaryIwouldthoroughlyrecommendthisbooktoanyoneconcerned


    aboutglobalwarming.Itprovidesanexcellentnon-technicalguideon


    scientificandpoliticalaspectsofthesubject.Itisanessentialbriefingfor


    studentsandscienceteachers.’


    TonyWaters,Weather


    ‘ThisbookisoneofthebestIhaveencountered,thatdealwithclimatechange


    andsomeofitsanthropogeniccauses.Wellwritten,wellorganised,richly


    illustratedandreferenced,itshouldberequiredreadingforanybodyconcerned


    withthefateofourplanet.’


    ElmarR.Reiter,MeteorologyandAtmosphericPhysics


    ‘SirJohnHoughtonisoneofthefewpeoplewhocanlegitimatelyusethe


    phrase“thecompletebriefing”asasubtitleforabookonglobalwarming...Sir


    Johnhasdoneusallagreatfavourinpresentingsuchawealthofmaterialso


    clearlyandaccessiblyandindrawingattentiontotheethicalunderpinningsof


    ourinterpretationofthisareaofenvironmentalscience.’


    ProgressinPhysicalGeography


    ‘...thiscompletebriefingonglobalwarmingisremarkablyfactualand


    inclusive.Houghton’sconcernaboutplanetEarthanditspeopleblendswell


    withthishishopesforglobalcooperationinconcertwiththespiritofthe


    IntergovernmentalPanelonClimateChange.’


    Choice


    ‘Throughoutthebookthisargumentiswelldevelopedandexplainedinaway


    thattheaveragereadercouldunderstandespeciallybecausetherearemany


    diagrams,tables,graphsandmapswhichareeasytointerpret.’


    SATYA


    ‘...thisbookisthemostcomprehensiveguideavailable.Ignoreitatyourperil.’


    TheCanadianField-Naturalist Global Warming


    The Complete Briefing


    THIRD EDITION


    Sir John Houghton cambridge university press


    Cambridge, New York, Melbourne, Madrid, Cape Town, Singapore, São Paulo


    Cambridge University Press


    The Edinburgh Building, Cambridge cb2 2ru, UK


    Published in the United States of America by Cambridge University Press, New York


    www.cambridge.org


    Information on this title: www.cambridge.org/9780521528740


    © C J. T. Houghton 1994, 1997, 2004


    This publication is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception and to the provision of


    relevant collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part may take place


    without the written permission of Cambridge University Press.


    First published in print format 2004


    isbn-13 978-0-511-21276-5eBook (EBL)


    isbn-10 0-511-21276-3 eBook (EBL)


    isbn-13 978-0-521-52874-0paperback


    isbn-10 0-521-52874-7 paperback


    Cambridge University Press has no responsibility for the persistence or accuracy of urls


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    guaranteethatanycontentonsuchwebsitesis,orwillremain,accurateorappropriate. Tomygrandchildren,


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