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Generalization in Qualitative Psychology

262 Pages · 2007 · 3.16 MB · English

  • Generalization in Qualitative Psychology

    Qualitative Psychology Nexus: Vol. 5


    Leo Gürtler,


    Mechthild Kiegelmann,


    Günter L. Huber (Eds.)


    Generalization in


    Qualitative Psychology


    Verlag


    Ingeborg


    Huber All parts of this publication are protected by copyright. All rights


    reserved. No portion of this book may be reproduced by any


    process or technique, without the prior permission in writing from


    the publisher.


    Enquiries concerning reproduction should be sent to the publisher


    (see address below).


    Bibliographic information published by


    Die Deutsche Bibliothek


    Die Deutsche Bibliothek lists this publication in the Deutsche


    Nationalbibliografie; detailed bibliographic data is available in


    the Internet at http://dnb.ddb.de


    1. Edition 2007


    © Verlag Ingeborg Huber


    Viktor-Renner-Str. 39


    72074 Tübingen,


    Germany


    Tel./Fax +49 7071 885147


    e-mail: [email protected]


    Web-Page: http://www.aquad.de


    ISBN 3-9810087-1-5 Content


    Introduction . .......................................... 5


    Development and future of the Center for Qualitative Psychology


    Mechthild Kiegelmann


    Part 1: General considerations


    01-1 .................................................. 17


    Should we generalize? Anyway, we do it all the time in everyday life.


    Leo Gürtler & Günter L. Huber


    01-2 .................................................. 37


    Generalisierung durch qualitative Heuristik


    Thomas Burkart & Gerhard Kleining


    01-3 .................................................. 53


    Attempts not to over-generalize the results of metaphor analyses


    Rudolf Schmitt


    01-4 .................................................. 71


    The identity politics of qualitative research. A discourse analytic


    inter-text


    Pascal Dey & Julia Nentwich


    Part 2: Specific approaches to generalization


    02-1 ................................................. 107


    Integrated methodology: From self-observation to debate groups to the


    design of intercultural educational materials and teacher training.


    M.Concepción Dominguez & Antonio Medina Rivilla


    02-2 ................................................. 129


    From feedback about resources to the improvement of the curricular


    design of practical training as a generalization process


    Tiberio Feliz Murias & M. Carmen Ricoy Lorenzo


    02-3 ................................................. 145


    Competencies design as a qualitative process of generalization. Designing


    the competencies of educators in the technological resources


    M. Carmen Ricoy Lorenzo & Tiberio Feliz Murias


    02-4 ................................................. 161


    Youth welfare services and problems of borderline personality disorder


    Silke Birgitta Gahleitner & Julia Markner Part 3: Generalizing empirical findings


    03-1 ................................................. 177


    Intercultural competence for transnational co-operations between small


    and medium-sized enterprises in Austria and Hungary


    Inge Herfort, Andreas Weiss & Martin Mühlberger


    03-2 ................................................. 191


    A study of training needs of adults in the 21st-century society: An inte-


    grated research model involving discussion groups, questionnaires, and


    case studies


    Lorenzo Almazán Moreno & Ana Ortiz Colón


    03-3 ...................................................... 195


    Problems of discipline and learning in the educational system


    Samuel Gento & M.Concepción Dominguez


    03-4 ................................................. 235


    The relation of instructional quality to students' emotions in secondary


    schools - a qualitative-quantitative study


    Michaela Gläser-Zikuda


    Name Index ........................................... 249


    Subject Index .......................................... 254


    About the authors . ..................................... 256 Introduction


    Development and future of the


    Center for Qualitative Psychology


    Mechthild Kiegelmann


    In this brief description of the past and future of the Center for Qualitative


    Psychology I will cover the following points. First, I remind us of our


    past and how the center changed from an idea into the actual founding of


    the center. Then I will talk about the workshops that we have held so far


    and also mention our publications. I will continue with describing the


    original purpose of the center and the mission statement. This is followed


    by some remarks about why qualitative psychology is the purpose of our


    organization but also why we think this qualitative psychology is still


    necessary to be developed further. I continue with talking about other


    networks that are related to ours and finally talk about tasks for the future,


    i.e. a discussion about our common interest and the purpose of the center


    and also a discussion about the organizational structure. In the end I will


    close with a few remarks on funding.


    About the history of the Center for Qualitative Psychology


    In 1999, when I arrived in Tübingen and started my job in educational


    psychology at the University of Tübingen, I had the organizational back-


    ground and support to realize a plan for creating a Center for Qualitative


    Psychology. This plan I brought basically with me when I came back from


    the United States to do more research and study in Germany. So, while I


    still lived in Berlin, the idea of founding a center for qualitative psychology


    became more realistic and I was able to meet with people who had similar


    ideas in terms of supporting qualitative research in Germany and in an


    international network. I met with Jarg Bergold who has been very active


    in the "Neue Gesellschaft für Psychologie" that is the organization for


    psychology in which there is a subgroup of researchers who are explicitly


    interested in qualitative research. Jarg Bergold and I met in Berlin and


    talked about how to organize those researchers who are psychologists or


    are working in the area of psychology and are interested in qualitative 6 Mechthild Kiegelmann


    methods. In the first years of the existence of the Center for Qualitative


    Psychology, Jarg Bergold always came to the meeting of the workshop for


    qualitative psychology and he also brought his colleagues whom he has


    worked with for a long time. After a break and extensive work in Argen-


    tina, he again is an active member of our group.


    I also met with Katja Mruck in 1998, and we both had ideas of


    creating institutions for qualitative research, and Katja Mruck was able to


    get DFG-funding from the library sciences for her work on the online


    journal FQS or Forum: Qualitative Social Research (see at URL http://


    www.qualitative-research.net/fqs/fqs-eng.htm) which by now has grown


    into an institutionalized and well established high-ranking journal for


    qualitative research in the field of social sciences. She and I are both


    engaged in supporting qualitative research while I am more engaged in


    organizing face-to-face meetings and doing workshops with people


    interested in doing qualitative research and especially in facilitating a


    creation of new projects and joint research endeavors. Katja Mruck is very


    good in managing online resources and organizing a larger group of


    people, and in addition she and Günter Mey established the "Berliner


    Methodentreff" that is a support structure for doctoral students using


    qualitative methods in the wide field of social research. In contrast, in our


    Center for Qualitative Psychology we focus more narrowly on psychology


    only. Back in 1999 when we started working on the Center for Quali-


    tative Psychology I also had a consultation with Renee Fall who has been


    for many years an administrator and professional fund raiser at various


    institutions in the US. Renee helped with figuring out the administrative


    details of starting the center. In addition, I also had some consultations


    with Werner Fiedler and also talked to Uwe- Dieter Steppuhn who both


    work at the Hans-Böckler-Stiftung. There is a high interest from the foun-


    dation to support qualitative social research. Mr. Fiedler and Mr.


    Steppuhn were able help me by applying for a grant from the Hans-


    Böckler-Foundation that I used as start-up money for initializing the


    Center for Qualitative Psychology. There is also the ZBBS, Zentrum für


    qualitative Bildungs-, Beratungs- und Sozialforschung (http://www.uni-


    magdeburg.de/iew/zbbs/) in Magdeburg which again is a center for quali-


    tative research but in the area of counseling a more educationally focused


    research. In 1999 I attended the initial meeting of the center and their


    graduates' school which at the same time started when we with our center


    started. Finally, I was able to attend the conference of the "Neue Gesell-


    schaft für Psychologie" (see: http://www.ngfp.de/) in Berlin in 1999, there


    I could advertise the idea of founding a center for qualitative psychology The Center for Qualitative Psychology 7


    and also meet with other researchers who have worked in this area for a


    while.


    So, when I got the job at the University of Tübingen, I was lucky to be


    able to work with Günter L. Huber who has supported the idea of the


    center from the very beginning and who has contributed countless hours


    of work for this project. He and I worked on the details of the initial


    meeting for the center for qualitative psychology. We found a conference


    house near the University of Tübingen for the first meeting. There is a


    general structure for the schedule of each workshop, which we initiated at


    the first workshop. It still remains the basic backbone of each meeting.


    We always start on a Friday evening with an informal opening and intro-


    duction round and space for announcing new projects and research


    interests and also areas where people are writing grants. Friday evening


    leaves time for informal networking among the researchers and parti-


    cipants. We then have the next day, the Saturday of the weekend work-


    shop. Saturdays provide the space for a full day of intensive work on


    qualitative research in psychology. After opening presentations, papers


    and work-in-progress-reports are presented and thoroughly discussed in


    thematic workgroups. Finally, on Sundays, i.e. the final day of each


    meeting, we have the business meeting of the Center, and also a session


    where we are using the time to start up new joint research projects and


    also think about how to present qualitatively oriented research in other


    organizations like the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Psychologie or the Ameri-


    can Psychological Association or the EARLI (European Association of


    Research and Learning). The mixture of intensive work on academic


    research and the presentation of academic papers on the one hand and on


    the other hand time for networking, cooperation and the start up of new


    projects, remains the main structure for each meeting. We offer childcare


    every time in order to make possible that young researchers with small


    children are able to attend as well.


    In the beginning, in the initiation phase of the project we were able to


    hire Bea Dörr as project manager who was financed by the Hans-Böckler-


    Foundation who helped with organizing the first workshop and initiating


    the structure for the center. Also, the Ingeborg Huber Verlag has been


    supportive from the very beginning of the center by publishing the


    proceedings of each workshop. Since Leo Gürtler joined the educational


    psychology department at the University of Tübingen, he has been


    working for the success of the Center for Qualitative Psychology. 8 Mechthild Kiegelmann


    Table 1: List of workshops of the Center for Qualitative Psychology,


    2000-2007


    Year Workshop Title Meeting Place


    2000 Blaubeuren,


    Qualitative Research in Psychology Germany


    2001 The Role of the Researcher in Blaubeuren,


    Qualitative Psychology Germany


    2002 Research Questions and Matching Perlora, Spain


    Methods of Analysis


    2003 Areas of Qualitative Psychology — Blaubeuren,


    Special Focus on Design Germany


    2004 Mixed Methodology in Psychological Freudenstadt,


    Research Germany


    2005 Generalization in Qualitative Klagenfurt,


    Psychology Austria


    2006 Qualitative Psychology in the Changing Riga, Latvia


    Academic Context


    2007 Qualitative Approaches in the Field of Berlin, Germany


    Psychology


    As shown in table 1 we met in 2000 in Blaubeuren near Tübingen


    with the workshop about "Qualitative research in psychology." Then, in


    2001, the conference title was "The role of the researcher in qualitative


    psychology." After that, in 2002, we met in Perlora in Spain with a work-


    shop on "Research questions and matching methods of analysis." In 2003


    the workshop again was held in Germany, in Blaubeuren, and we worked


    about "Areas of qualitative psychology – special focus on design ." 2004


    the title was "Mixed methodology in psychological research" which we


    discussed in a conference hotel in Freudenstadt, Germany. Then, in the


    year 2005, the topic was "Generalization in qualitative psychology" which


    we worked on in Klagenfurt, Austria. In 2006 we met in Riga, Latvia and


    worked on "Qualitative psychology in the changing academic context."


    Finally, the meeting for the year 2007 is planned again in Germany at a


    conference hotel near Berlin and the topic there will be "Qualitative


    approaches in the field of psychology." There we will continue our re- The Center for Qualitative Psychology 9


    structuring process of the organization of the Center for Qualitative Psy-


    chology, i.e. we plan to register the center as a non-profit organization.


    Purposes of the Center for Qualitative Psychology


    When we started the Center for Qualitative Psychology we began with


    formulating a mission statement. If you look at our original mission


    statement (see Table 2) you will see that there are three main arguments


    for the purpose of the Center for Qualitative Psychology.


    Table 2: Original Mission Statement of the Center for Qualitative Psy-


    chology


    The Center for Qualitative Psychology was founded in 1999 to


    further develop and enhance qualitative research methods in the


    psychological field. It is especially committed to supporting quali-


    tative methods for socially committed research, built on the German


    tradition of qualitative psychology starting since the 1950ies, such as


    the use of observation, introspection, and interviews.


    The center provides qualitatively working psychologists the oppor-


    tunity for networking, for enhancing their expertise in annual


    meetings, and for engagement in international co-operation. The


    center aims to uphold the German tradition of qualitative psychology


    as well as to engage in an active scholarly exchange with the inter-


    national community of researchers in psychology.


    The center was founded in October 1999 in the department of


    educational psychology at the University of Tübingen and promotes


    qualitative research methods in the field of psychology.


    The original mission statement included: 1) the purpose is to develop


    and enhance qualitative methods specifically in the discipline of psycho-


    logy. This means in contrast to other organizations that provide a network


    and support for people who are using qualitative methods in social


    sciences our center focuses is explicitly on the discipline of psychology.


    Therefore it is a unique subgroup of the movement of qualitatively


    working social scientists. 2) The second aspect of the mission statement is


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