2

Forest Products, Livelihoods and Conservation

349 Pages · 2004 · 10.72 MB · English

  • Forest Products, Livelihoods and Conservation

    Forest Products,


    Livelihoods and


    Conservation


    Case Studies of Non-Timber Forest Product Systems


    VOLUME 2 - AFRICA


    Editors


    Terry Sunderland and Ousseynou Ndoye Forest Products, Livelihoods


    and Conservation


    Case Studies of Non-Timber Forest Product Systems


    VOLUME 2 - AFRICA


    Editors


    Terry Sunderland and Ousseynou Ndoye © 2004 by CIFOR


    All rights reserved. Published in 2004


    Printed by Indonesia Printer


    Cover photo by Brian Belcher


    ISBN 979-3361-25-5


    ISBN 979-3361-23-9 (Volumes 1-3)


    Copy-editing: Henning Pape-Santos


    Illustrations: Iskak Syamsudin and Lucy Smith


    Design: Gideon Suharyanto, Yoeli Setiawan and Eko Prianto


    Maps: Andy Darmawan


    National Library of Indonesia Cataloging-in-Publication Data


    Forest Products, Livelihoods and Conservation. Case Studies of Non-Timber


    Forest Product Systems. Volume 2 x96 Africa / edited by Terry Sunderland and


    Ousseynou Ndoye


    p.cm.


    ISBN 979-3361-25-5


    1. Non-timber forest products 2. Livelihoods 3. Conservation 4. Case studies


    5. Africa


    Published by


    Center for International Forestry Research


    Mailing address: P.O. Box 6596 JKPWB, Jakarta 10065, Indonesia


    Office address: Jl. CIFOR, Situ Gede, Sindang Barang,


    Bogor Barat 16680, Indonesia


    Tel: +62 (251) 622622


    Fax: +62 (251) 622100


    E-mail: cifor@cgiar.org


    Web site: http://www.cifor.cgiar.org Contents


    Contributors vi


    Acknowledgements ix


    Foreword by His Excellency, Henri Djombo x


    Foreword by J.E. Michael Arnold xii


    Chapter 1


    Commercialisation of non-timber forest products in Africa:


    history, context and prospects 1


    Terry C.H. Sunderland, Susan T. Harrison and Ousseynou Ndoye


    MEDICINAL, HYGIENE AND COSMETIC PLANTS


    Chapter 2


    Dental hygiene and livelihoods: a case of chewing sticks in Ghana 25


    Dominic Blay


    Chapter 3


    x91Chop, but no broke potx92: the case of Prunus africana on


    Mount Cameroon 37


    Nouhou Ndam and Mahop Tonye Marcelin


    Chapter 4


    Achieving a fair and sustainable trade


    in devilx92s claw (Harpagophytum spp.) 53


    Rachel Wynberg


    Chapter 5


    The informal trade of Cassipourea flanaganii


    as a cosmetic in South Africa 73


    Michelle Cocks and Tony Dold iv


    FRUITS AND OILS


    Chapter 6


    The contribution of shea butter (Vitellaria paradoxa C.F. Gaertner)


    to local livelihoods in Benin 91


    Kathrin Schreckenberg


    Chapter 7


    A case study of Garcinia kola nut production-to-consumption


    system in J4 area of Omo forest reserve, South-west Nigeria 115


    Atilade Akanmu Adebisi


    Chapter 8


    Potential for development and conservation of Dacryodes edulis


    in Sakpoba Forest Reserve, Edo State, in the Niger Delta area


    of Nigeria 133


    Hassan Gbadebo Adewusi


    WOODCARVING AND WOOD PRODUCTS


    Chapter 9


    The woodcarving industry in Kenya 149


    Simon Kosgei Choge


    Chapter 10


    Carved wooden drums and trade in Mpigi district, Uganda 169


    Patrick Omeja, Joseph Obua and Anthony B. Cunningham


    Chapter 11


    Trading forest products in South-Eastern Zimbabwe: ecology,


    economics and politics of woodcarving 183


    Wavell Standa-Gunda and Oliver Braedt


    Chapter 12


    The Pterocarpus angolensis DC. based woodcraft industry


    in the Bushbuckridge district, South Africa 203


    Sheona E. Shackleton and Charlie M. Shackleton


    Chapter 13


    Fuelwood in the Maroua area of the Far North Province


    of Cameroon 229


    Tata Precillia Ijang v


    FIBRES AND WEAVING MATERIALS


    Chapter 14


    Palm utilisation for basketry in Xini Ward, Sengwe communal


    areas, Zimbabwe 245


    Phosiso Sola


    Chapter 15


    The rattan industry in the Ashanti and western regions of Ghana 263


    Charles Adu-Anning


    Chapter 16


    The rattan sector of Rio Muni, Equatorial Guinea 275


    Terry C.H. Sunderland, Michael B. Balinga and Mercy A. Dione


    Chapter 17


    Rattan exploitation in the Yaoundé Region of Cameroon 291


    Louis Defo


    ANIMAL PRODUCTS


    Chapter 18


    Sport hunting of elephant in Zimbabwe: a case study of


    Kanyurira Ward in Guruve district 317


    Dale Doré and Ivan Bond


    Sources used for illustrations 333 vi


    Contributors


    Atilade Akanmu Adebisi Dominic Blay


    CENRAD Forestry Research Institute of Ghana


    P.M.B. 5052 University Box 63, Kumasi


    5 Akinola Maja Street Ghana


    Jericho Hills, Ibadan E-mail: dblay@forig.org


    Nigeria


    E-mail: cenrad@mail.skannet.com; Ivan Bond


    cenrad@ibadan.skannet.com World Wide Fund for Nature


    (Southern Africa Region


    Hassan Gbadebo Adewusi Programme Office)


    Department of Forest Resources Almond Tree Cottage


    Management Long Wittenham Road


    University of Ibadan North Moreton, Nr Didcot


    Nigeria Oxon OX11 9AZ


    E-mail: ajilete@hotmail.com United Kingdom


    E-mail:


    Charles Adu-Anning leebee@atcottage.freeserve.co.uk


    Department of Agroforestry


    Institute of Renewable Natural Oliver Braedt


    Resources Federal Research Centre for


    Kwame Nkrumah University of Forestry and Forest Products (BFH)


    Science and Technology Leuschnerstrasse 91


    Kumasi D-21031, Hamburg


    Ghana Germany


    E-mail: canning@forig.org; E-mail: braedt@holz.uni-hamburg.de


    canning_01@yahoo.com


    Simon Kosgei Choge


    Michael B. Balinga Kenya Forestry Research Institute


    African Rattan Research Programme PO. Box 20412, Nairobi


    c/o Limbe Botanic Garden Kenya


    P.O. Box 437, Limbe E-mail: skchoge2002@yahoo.com;


    Cameroon kefri@arcc.or.ke


    E-mail: mpbalinga@yahoo.fr vii


    Michelle Cocks Tata Precillia Ijang


    Institute of Social & Economic Ministry of Scientific and Technical


    Research, Rhodes University Research in Cameroon


    P.O. Box 94, Grahamstown 6140 Institute of Agricultural Research


    South Africa for Development, Dschang


    E-mail: M.Cocks@ru.ac.za c/o Presbyterian Church Dschang


    P.O.Box 353 Dschang


    Anthony B. Cunningham Cameroon


    People and Plants Initiative E-mail: ijang2001@yahoo.fr


    84 Watkins Street


    White Gum Valley, Fremantle Nouhou Ndam


    Australia Limbe Botanic Garden


    E-mail: peopleplants@bigpond.com P.O. Box 437, Limbe


    Cameroon


    Louis Defo E-mail: Lbg@bifunde.com;


    University of Leiden, WOTRO Ph.D Lbgmcp@camnet.cm


    fellowship programme


    P.O. Box 8297 Yaounde Ousseynou Ndoye


    Cameroon CIFOR Cameroon


    E-mail: defotls@yahoo.fr c/o IITA Humid Forest Station


    B.P. 2008, Yaounde


    Mercy A. Dione Cameroon


    University of Buea E-mail: o.ndoye@cgiar.org


    SW Province


    Cameroon Joseph Obua


    Department of Forest Biology and


    Tony Dold Ecosystems Management


    Selmar Schonland Herbarium Faculty of Forestry and Nature


    Rhodes University Conservation, Makerere University


    P.O. Box 94, Grahamstown 6140 P.O.Box 7062, Kampala


    South Africa Uganda


    E-mail: T.Dold@ru.ac.za E-mail: obua@forest.mak.ac.ug


    Dale Doré Patrick Omeja


    SHANDUKO: Centre for Agrarian and Faculty of Forestry & Nature


    Environmental Research Conservation


    195 Fife Avenue, Harare Makeree University


    Zimbabwe PO. Box 7062, Kampala


    E-mail: daledore@zol.co.zw Uganda


    E-mail: omejap@hotmail.com


    Susan Tarka Harrison


    Department of Botany Kathrin Schreckenberg


    Natural History Museum, London Forest Policy and Environment


    Cromwell Road Group, Overseas Development


    London SW7 5BD Institute (ODI)


    United Kingdom 111 Westminster Bridge Road


    E-mail: tarkaharrison@yahoo.com London SE1 7JD


    United Kingdom


    E-mail: k.schreckenberg@odi.org.uk viii


    Charlie M. Shackleton Mahop Tonye Marcelin


    Environmental Science Department PhD student Queen Mary College


    Rhodes University University of London


    Grahamstown, 6140 E-mail: tonyemah@yahoo.com


    South Africa


    E-mail: c.shackleton@ru.ac.za Rachel Wynberg


    Graduate School of Environmental


    Sheona Elizabeth Shackleton Studies


    Environmental Science Department University of Strathclyde


    Rhodes University P.O. Box 83, Kalk Bay 7990


    Grahamstown 6140 South Africa


    South Africa E-mail: rachel@iafrica.com


    E-mail: s.shackleton@ru.ac.za


    Phosiso Sola


    SAFIRE


    10 Lawson Ave, Milton Park


    Box BExa0398 Belverdere, Harare


    Zimbabwe


    E-mail: afpc2a@bangor.ac.uk;


    sola@safire.co.zw


    xa0


    Wavell Standa Gunda


    Center for International Forestry


    Research


    Regional Office for Eastern &


    Southern Africa


    73 Harare Drive


    Mt. Pleasant, Harare


    Zimbabwe


    E-mail: w.standa@cgiar.org


    Terry C.H. Sunderland


    African Rattan Research Programme


    c/o Limbe Botanic Garden


    P.O. Box 437, Limbe


    Cameroon


    E-mail: afrirattan@aol.com;


    TCHSunderland@aol.com ix


    Acknowledgements


    We express our thanks to all people who contributed to the content and


    production of this book, including: Manuel Ruiz-Pérez, Brian Belcher, Bruce


    Campbell, Julius Tieguhong Chupezi, Laurie Clark, James Acworth, Tony


    Cunningham, Ramadhani Achdiawan, Koen Kusters, Jeff Sayer, Eyebe Antoine,


    Citlalli Lopez, Mike Arnold, Titin Suhartini and Munoh Florence. We thank


    Michelle Cocks and Sheona Shackleton for organising a regional workshop.


    The work was supported by the UK Department for International Development


    (DFID) and CIFOR core funding.


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