Environmental Engineering FOURTH EDITION

Environmental Engineering FOURTH EDITION

Environmental Engineering FOURTH EDITION

510 Pages ·2003·12.15 MB ·English

Environmental Engineering FOURTH EDITION

Ruth F. Weiner and Robin Matthews


-


Updated e d iti o n of Environmental Engineering, previousI y c o a ut ho red


by J. Jeffrey Peirce and P. Aarne Vesilind.


FOURTH EDITION ENVIRONMENTAL


ENGINEERING


Fourth Edition ENVIRONMENTAL


ENGINEERING


Fourth Edition


Ruth E Weiner


Department of Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Sciences


University of Michigan


Ann Arbor; MI


and


Robin A. Matthews


Huxley College of Environmental Studies


Western Washington University


Bellingham, WA


I$====


E I N E M A N N


An inlprht of Elsevier science


www.bh.com


Amsterdam Boston London New York Oxford Paris San Diego


San Francisco Singapore Sydney Tokyo Butterworth-Heinemanni s an imprint of Elsevier Science.


Copyright Q 2003, Elsevier Science (USA).A ll rights reserved.


Permissions may be sought directly from Elsevier’s Science t Technology Rights


Department in Oxford, UK: phone: (+44) 1865 843830,f ax: (+44) 1865 853333,


e-mail: permissionsQelsevier.corn.uk. You may also complete your request on-line via


the Elsevier Science homepage (http://elsevier.com), by selecting “Customer Support”


and then “Obtaining Permissions.”


@ Recognizing the importance of preserving what has been written, Elsevier-Science prints its


books on acid-free paper whenever possible.


Library of Congress Cataloging-in-PublicationD ata


A catalogue record for this book is available from the Library of Congress.


International Standard Book Number: 0750672943


British Library Cataloguing-in-PublicationD ata


A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library.


The publisher offers special discounts on bulk orders of this book.


For information, please contact:


Manager of Special Sales


Elsevier Science


200 Wheeler Road


Burlington, MA 01 803


Tel: 781-313-4700


Fax: 781-313-4882


For information on all Butterworth-Heinemannp ublications available, contact our World Wide


Web home page at: http:l/www.bh.com


03 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1


Printed in the United States of America To Hubert Joy, Geojky Matthews,


and Natalie Weiner Contents


Preface xiii


1 Environmental Engineering 1


Civil Engineering 1


Public Health 4


Ecology 5


Ethics 7


Environmental Engineering as a Profession 10


Organization of This Text 10


2 Assessing Environmental Impact 13


Environmental Impact 13


Use of Risk Analysis in EnvironmentalA ssessment 23


Socioeconomic Impact Assessment 24


Conclusion 29


Problems 30


3 RiskAnalysis 33


Risk 33


Assessment of Risk 34


Probability 35


Dose-Response Evaluation 38


Population Responses 40


Exposure and Latency 40


Expression of Risk 41


Risk Perception 46


Ecosystem Risk Assessment 47


Conclusion 47


Problems 47


4 Water Pollution 51


Sources of Water Pollution 51


Elements of Aquatic Ecology 54


Biodegradation 57


vii


Ruth F. Weiner and Robin Matthews


-


Updated e d iti o n of Environmental Engineering, previousI y c o a ut ho red


by J. Jeffrey Peirce and P. Aarne Vesilind.


FOURTH EDITION ENVIRONMENTAL


ENGINEERING


Fourth Edition ENVIRONMENTAL


ENGINEERING


Fourth Edition


Ruth E Weiner


Department of Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Sciences


University of Michigan


Ann Arbor; MI


and


Robin A. Matthews


Huxley College of Environmental Studies


Western Washington University


Bellingham, WA


I$====


E I N E M A N N


An inlprht of Elsevier science


www.bh.com


Amsterdam Boston London New York Oxford Paris San Diego


San Francisco Singapore Sydney Tokyo Butterworth-Heinemanni s an imprint of Elsevier Science.


Copyright Q 2003, Elsevier Science (USA).A ll rights reserved.


Permissions may be sought directly from Elsevier’s Science t Technology Rights


Department in Oxford, UK: phone: (+44) 1865 843830,f ax: (+44) 1865 853333,


e-mail: permissionsQelsevier.corn.uk. You may also complete your request on-line via


the Elsevier Science homepage (http://elsevier.com), by selecting “Customer Support”


and then “Obtaining Permissions.”


@ Recognizing the importance of preserving what has been written, Elsevier-Science prints its


books on acid-free paper whenever possible.


Library of Congress Cataloging-in-PublicationD ata


A catalogue record for this book is available from the Library of Congress.


International Standard Book Number: 0750672943


British Library Cataloguing-in-PublicationD ata


A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library.


The publisher offers special discounts on bulk orders of this book.


For information, please contact:


Manager of Special Sales


Elsevier Science


200 Wheeler Road


Burlington, MA 01 803


Tel: 781-313-4700


Fax: 781-313-4882


For information on all Butterworth-Heinemannp ublications available, contact our World Wide


Web home page at: http:l/www.bh.com


03 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1


Printed in the United States of America To Hubert Joy, Geojky Matthews,


and Natalie Weiner Contents


Preface xiii


1 Environmental Engineering 1


Civil Engineering 1


Public Health 4


Ecology 5


Ethics 7


Environmental Engineering as a Profession 10


Organization of This Text 10


2 Assessing Environmental Impact 13


Environmental Impact 13


Use of Risk Analysis in EnvironmentalA ssessment 23


Socioeconomic Impact Assessment 24


Conclusion 29


Problems 30


3 RiskAnalysis 33


Risk 33


Assessment of Risk 34


Probability 35


Dose-Response Evaluation 38


Population Responses 40


Exposure and Latency 40


Expression of Risk 41


Risk Perception 46


Ecosystem Risk Assessment 47


Conclusion 47


Problems 47


4 Water Pollution 51


Sources of Water Pollution 51


Elements of Aquatic Ecology 54


Biodegradation 57


vii


Please note: To fully read this free PDF ebook completely for free you need .