2

Encyclopedia of Islam

801 Pages · 2009 · 11.55 MB · English

  • Encyclopedia of Islam


    Encyclopedia of


    Islam


    JA


    :F Encyclopedia of Buddhism


    Encyclopedia of Catholicism


    Encyclopedia of Hinduism


    Encyclopedia of Islam


    Encyclopedia of Judaism


    Encyclopedia of Protestantism Encyclopedia of World Religions


    nnnnnnnnnnn



    Encyclopedia of


    Islam


    JA


    :F


    Juan E. Campo


    J. Gordon Melton, Series Editor Encyclopedia of Islam


    Copyright © 2009 by Juan E. Campo


    All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or utilized in any form


    or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by


    any information storage or retrieval systems, without permission in writing from the


    publisher. For information contact:


    Facts On File, Inc.


    An imprint of Infobase Publishing


    132 West 31st Street


    New York NY 10001


    Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data


    Campo, Juan Eduardo, 1950–


    Encyclopedia of Islam / Juan E. Campo.


    p. cm.— (Encyclopedia of world religions)


    Includes bibliographical references and index.


    ISBN-13: 978-0-8160-5454-1


    ISBN-10: 0-8160-5454-1


    1. Islamic countries—Encyclopedias—Juvenile literature. 2. Islam—Encyclope-


    dias—Juvenile literature. I. Title.


    DS35.53.C36 2008


    297.03—dc22 2008005621


    Facts On File books are available at special discounts when purchased in bulk


    quantities for businesses, associations, institutions, or sales promotions. Please call


    our Special Sales Department in New York at (212) 967-8800 or (800) 322-8755.


    You can find Facts On File on the World Wide Web at http://www.factsonfile.com


    Text design by Erika K. Arroyo


    Cover design by Cathy Rincon/Takeshi Takahashi


    Illustrations by Sholto Ainslie


    Printed in the United States of America


    VB Hermitage 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1


    This book is printed on acid-free paper and contains 30 percent postconsumer


    recycled content. For Magda, Andrés, and Federico


    In Memory of Julio H. Campo (1925–2006)



    Que bonita es esta vida . . . contents


    K


    About the Editors and Contributors ix


    List of Illustrations and Maps xv


    Preface xvii


    Acknowledgments xix


    Introduction xxi


    Chronology xxxvii


    ENTRIES A TO Z 1


    Bibliography 725


    Index 731 about the editors


    and contributors


    K


    Series Editor program. He specializes in the comparative


    J. Gordon Melton is the director of the Institute for study of the cultural formations of Islam in the


    the Study of American Religion in Santa Bar- Middle East and South Asia, sacred space and


    bara, California. He holds an M.Div. from the pilgrimage, and political Islam in the contexts


    Garrett Theological Seminary and a Ph.D. from of modernity. His research has taken him to


    Northwestern University. Melton is the author Egypt, where he has lived, studied, or taught


    of American Religions: An Illustrated History, The for nearly six years, as well as India, Saudi


    Encyclopedia of American Religions, Religious Arabia, Bahrain, Turkey, Malaysia, Singapore,


    Leaders of America, and several comprehensive Thailand, and Israel. Professor Campo’s first


    works on Islamic culture, African-American book, The Other Sides of Paradise: Explorations


    religion, cults, and alternative religions. He has in the Religious Meanings of Domestic Space in


    written or edited more than three dozen books Islam, won the American Academy of Religion’s


    and anthologies as well as numerous papers and award for excellence, in 1991. He has edited


    articles for scholarly journals. He is the series or contributed articles to a number of leading


    editor for Religious Information Systems, which reference works, including Merriam-Webster’s


    supplies data and information in religious stud- Encyclopedia of World Religions, Encyclopedia of


    ies and related fields. Melton is a member of the the Qur’an, and the Macmillan Encyclopedia of


    American Academy of Religion, the Society for Islam and the Muslim World. His current projects


    the Scientific Study of Religion, the American include a comparative study of modern Muslim,


    Society of Church History, the Communal Stud- Hindu, and Christian pilgrimage.


    ies Association, and the Society for the Study of


    Metaphysical Religion. Contributors


    Fahad A. Alhomoudi holds a Ph.D. from McGill


    Volume Editor University. He is the vice dean of academic


    Juan E. Campo, associate professor of religious research at al-Imam Muhammad bin Saud


    studies at the University of California, Santa Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. He


    Barbara, holds an M.A. and Ph.D. from the specializes in Islamic thought and Islamic law,


    University of Chicago’s History of Religions with a focus on its origins. He is the author of


    ix


    Please note: To fully download this free PDF,EBook files you need know All free.
    Found by internet command,site not saved pdf file
You May Also Like

Related PPT Template in the same category.