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Current Essentials of Medicine

607 Pages · 2010 · 2.64 MB · English

  • Current Essentials of Medicine

    a LANGE medical book


    CURRENT


    ESSENTIALS


    MEDICINE


    of


    Fourth Edition


    Edited by


    Lawrence M. Tierney, Jr., MD


    Professor of Medicine


    University of California, San Francisco


    Associate Chief of Medical Services


    Veterans Affairs Medical Center


    San Francisco, California


    Sanjay Saint, MD, MPH


    Associate Chief of Medicine, Ann Arbor VA Medical Center


    Director, VA/UM Patient Safety Enhancement Program


    Professor of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School


    Ann Arbor, Michigan


    Mary A. Whooley, MD


    Professor of Medicine, Epidemiology and Biostatistics


    University of California, San Francisco


    Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center


    San Francisco, California


    New York Chicago San Francisco Lisbon London Madrid Mexico City


    Milan New Delhi San Juan Seoul Singapore Sydney Toronto Copyright © 2011, 2005, 2002, 1997 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights re-


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    ISBN: 978-0-07-176665-4


    MHID: 0-07-176665-0


    The material in this eBook also appears in the print version of this title: ISBN: 978-0-07-163790-9,


    MHID: 0-07-163790-7.


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    Notice


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    cause whatsoever whether such claim or cause arises in contract, tort or otherwise. To Katherine Tierney: a sister whose absolute commitment to her par-


    ents at the end of their lives provides a model for anyone fortunate


    enough to know her.


    Lawrence M. Tierney, Jr.


    To my father, Prem Saint, and father-in-law, James McCarthy, whose


    commitment to education will inspire generations.


    Sanjay Saint


    In memory of my mother, Mary Aquinas Whooley (1940–2003).


    Mary A. Whooley This page intentionally left blank Contents


    Contributors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii


    Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi


    1. Cardiovascular Diseases. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1


    2. Pulmonary Diseases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37


    3. Gastrointestinal Diseases. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66


    4. Hepatobiliary Disorders. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92


    5. Hematologic Diseases. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109


    6. Rheumatologic & Autoimmune Disorders. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147


    7. Endocrine Disorders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178


    8. Infectious Diseases. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202


    9. Oncologic Diseases. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 286


    10. Fluid, Acid–Base, and Electrolyte Disorders . . . . . . . . . . . . . 309


    11. Genitourinary and Renal Disorders. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 325


    12. Neurologic Diseases. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 350


    13. Geriatrics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 372


    14. Psychiatric Disorders. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 381


    15. Dermatologic Disorders. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 399


    16. Gynecologic, Obstetric, and Breast Disorders . . . . . . . . . . . . 450


    17. Common Surgical Disorders. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 468


    18. Common Pediatric Disorders. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 481


    19. Selected Genetic Disorders. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 500


    20. Common Disorders of the Eye. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 509


    21. Common Disorders of the Ear, Nose, and Throat. . . . . . . . . . 529


    22. Poisoning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 540


    Index. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 565


    Tab Index. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Back Cover This page intentionally left blank Contributors


    Timir Baman, MD


    Cardiolology Fellow, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann


    Arbor, Michigan


    Cardiovascular Diseases


    Alex Benson, MD


    Fellow, Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine,


    University of Colorado Hospital, Aurora, Colorado


    Pulmonary Diseases


    Aaron Berg, MD


    Clinical Lecturer and Hospitalist, Department of Internal Medicine,


    University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan


    Fluid, Acid–Base, and Electrolyte Disorders


    Jeffrey Critchfield, MD


    Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine, Department of Medicine,


    San Francisco General Hospital, University of California, San


    Francisco School of Medicine, San Francisco, California


    Rheumatologic & Autoimmune Disorders


    Vanja Douglas, MD


    Assistant Clinical Professor, Department of Neurology, University of


    California, San Francisco, California


    Neurologic Disorders


    Rebecca A. Jackson, MD


    Associate Professor & Chief, Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive


    Sciences, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California,


    San Francisco, California


    Gynecologic, Obstetric, and Breast Disorders viii Contributors


    Kirsten Neudoerffer Kangelaris, MD


    Research Fellow, Division of Hospital Medicine, University of


    California, San Francisco, California


    Selected Genetic Disorders


    Helen Kao, MD


    Assistant Professor, Division of Geriatrics, Department of Medicine,


    University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California


    Geriatrics


    Kewchang Lee, MD


    Associate Clinical Professor of Psychiatry, University of California,


    San Francisco; Director of Psychiatry Consultation, San Francisco


    Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco, California


    Psychiatric Disorders


    Joan C. Lo, MD


    Research Scientist, Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente


    Northern California; Associate Clinical Professor of Medicine,


    University of California, San Francisco, Oakland, California


    Endocrine Disorders


    Michael P. Lukela, MD


    Director, Medicine-Pediatrics Residency Program, University of


    Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan


    Common Pediatric Disorders


    Read G. Pierce, MD


    Chief Resident, Internal Medicine, University of California, San


    Francisco, San Francisco, California


    References


    Jack Resneck, Jr., MD


    Associate Professor of Dermatology and Health Policy, Department


    of Dermatology and Phillip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy


    Studies, University of California, San Francisco School of


    Medicine, San Francisco, California


    Dermatologic Disorders


    Michael Rizen, MD, PhD, and Stephanie T. Phan, MD


    Eye Clinic of Bellevue, Ltd, P.S., Bellevue, Washington


    Common Disorders of the Eye Contributors ix


    Amandeep Shergill, MD


    Assistant Clinical Professor of Medicine, Division of


    Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, San Francisco Veterans


    Affairs Medical Center & University of California, San Francisco,


    San Francisco, California


    Gastrointestinal Diseases


    Hepatobiliary Disorders


    Sanjay Shewarkramani, MD


    Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine,


    Georgetown University Hospital, Washington, DC


    Poisoning


    Emily Shuman, MD


    Clinical Lecturer, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of


    Infectious Diseases, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan


    Infectious Diseases


    Jennifer F. Waljee, MD, MS


    Department of Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan


    Common Surgical Disorders


    Sunny Wang, MD


    Assistant Clinical Professor of Medicine, Hematology/Oncology,


    University of California, San Francisco & San Francisco VA


    Medical Center, San Francisco, California


    Hematologic Diseases


    Oncologic Diseases


    Suzanne Watnick, MD


    Medical Director, VA Dialysis Unit, Associate Professor of Medicine,


    Portland VA Medical Center and Oregon Health & Science


    University, Portland, Oregon


    Genitourinary and Renal Disorders


    Katherine C. Yung, MD


    Assistant Professor, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck


    Surgery, Division of Laryngology, University of California, San


    Francisco, California


    Common Disorders of the Ear, Nose, and Throat


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