comprehensive wildlife conservation strategy

comprehensive wildlife conservation strategy

comprehensive wildlife conservation strategy

428 Pages ·2012·11.77 MB ·English

comprehensive wildlife conservation strategy


M ’


I S S I S S I P P I S


C W


O M P R E H E N S I V E I L D L I F E


C S


O N S E R V A T I O N T R A T E G Y



2 0 0 5 - 2 0 1 5





VERSION 1



Coordinated by the Mississippi Department of Wildlife,


Fisheries and Parks on behalf of the State of Mississippi



October, 2005





MISSISSIPPI’S COMPREHENSIVE WILDLIFE CONSERVATION STRATEGY



M ’


I S S I S S I P P I S


C


O M P R E H E N S I V E


W C


I L D L I F E O N S E R V A T I O N


S


T R A T E G Y








2 0 0 5 - 2 0 1 5


VERSION 1.1



COORDINATED BY THE MISSISSIPPI DEPARTMENT OF WILDLIFE, FISHERIES AND PARKS


ON BEHALF OF THE STATE OF MISSISSIPPI



NOVEMBER, 2005



MISSISSIPPI’S COMPREHENSIVE WILDLIFE CONSERVATION STRATEGY


Our Mission:




It is the mission of the Mississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries,



and Parks to conserve and enhance Mississippi’s natural resources, to


provide continuing outdoor recreational opportunities, to maintain the


ecological integrity and aesthetic quality of the resources and to


ensure socioeconomic and educational opportunities for present and


future generations.


For comments or queries regarding this strategy,


please contact:



Charles Knight


charles.knight@mmns.state.ms.us



Mississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries and Parks


Mississippi Museum of Natural Science


2148 Riverside Drive


Jackson, MS 39202



601-354-7303


www.mdwfp.com/cwcs



Credits:


Charles Knight and Elizabeth Barber, CWCS Coordinators


Photos by the Mississippi Museum of Natural Science, except where noted.


Illustrations by Sam Beibers from Endangered Species of Mississippi.


Maps by Nick Winstead, MMNS




:


Suggested Citation Format


Mississippi Museum of Natural Science. 2005. Mississippi’s Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy.


Mississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries and Parks, Mississippi Museum of Natural Science, Jackson,


Mississippi.




The MDWFP is an equal opportunity employer and provider of programs and services. If anyone believes they have been


subjected to discrimination on the basis of political affiliation, race color, national origin, marital status, sex, religion, creed,


age or disability, they may file a complaint alleging discrimination with either the MDWFP, P. O. Box 451, Jackson, MS


39205-0451, or the U.S. Equal Opportunities Commission, 1810 L. Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20507



MISSISSIPPI’S COMPREHENSIVE WILDLIFE CONSERVATION STRATEGY


FOREWORD




The Mississippi Department of Wildlife Fisheries and Parks was created in 1932.


Since its inception, our state has seen its wild turkey and white-tailed deer populations


restored, the return of the American alligator and bald eagles, and 800,000 acres of


wildlife habitat have been conserved and protected through our 38 wildlife


management areas. Opportunities to hunt, fish, canoe, wildlife watch and camp have


expanded greatly thanks to the collective efforts of our agency staff, partners, other


agencies and organizations and our congressional, state and legislative leadership.


Funding for traditional programs is provided by hunting and fishing licenses and


through federal aid provided by the Pittman-Robertson Act, the Dingell-Johnson Act


and Wallop-Breaux Amendment.



Where we have devoted our attention, resources and applied our knowledge of wildlife and fisheries


management, many game species and their habitats have thrived. Yet the vast majority of our wildlife species


have not received sufficient management attention, and many have fallen through the cracks. Today we spend


most of our budget on 14 percent of the wildlife and fisheries species in our state, while the other 86 percent


receive almost no attention until they are in danger of extinction. Like all states, we face widespread declines


and losses across all species groups and ecosystems. In the U.S. over 1,200 animals and plants have been


federally listed as threatened or endangered. Over 90 more are proposed for listing and another 250 are


candidates. In Mississippi, 86 species are listed.



To prevent more species from becoming threatened or endangered, and to keep the common species common,


we as an agency, a state and a country must broaden our attention to the great diversity of wildlife and natural


communities as a whole. It is time for MDWFP to extend its efforts to truly be an “all wildlife agency”.



The good news is that we are receiving help and encouragement. Congress recognized that despite our best


efforts, many wildlife populations continue to decline, and that a new approach is needed. I am pleased to


introduce MDWFP’s new effort to serve as steward of ALL of our state’s wildlife resources: the Mississippi


Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy (CWCS). This CWCS has been developed in compliance with


a congressional mandate and will serve as Mississippi’s blueprint for fish and wildlife conservation statewide


for the next half century. This is not a plan for our agency, but rather a broad set of conservation strategies for


wildlife and fish species and their key habitats in greatest need of conservation. It was developed by a broad


team of wildlife and fisheries professionals in the state in partnership with conservation organizations,


agencies, individuals, academics and industries and with public input. It is a comprehensive, cost-effective,


pro-active and non-regulatory approach to conserving entire communities, and we hope that it will be widely


used by all Mississippians interested in protecting and restoring biodiversity in Mississippi. I want to thank all


those that worked over the past three years to develop this important and dynamic strategy. It is my hope that


this effort’s success will be measured by the cultivation of lasting conservation partnerships and the promise


of fish and wildlife resources for future Mississippians.



Sam Polles, Ph.D.


Executive Director


Mississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries and Parks



MISSISSIPPI’S COMPREHENSIVE WILDLIFE CONSERVATION STRATEGY


TABLE OF CONTENTS



Foreword



Table of Contents



Executive Summary ....................................................................................................................1



Hurricane Katrina’s Impact ......................................................................................................11



Chapter I. Introduction and Purpose ......................................................................................13



Chapter II. Approach and Method ...........................................................................................17


1. Organizational Structure and Committees


2. Stakeholder and Public Input


3. Coordination with Other Agencies


4. Criteria for Selecting and Prioritizing Species of Greatest Conservation Need


5. Mississippi’s Species of Greatest Conservation Need


6. Classifying and Ranking Wildlife Habitats in Mississippi


7. Identifying Threats and Conservation Actions for Species and their Habitats


8. References for this Section



Chapter III. Mississippi’s Ecological Framework - Ecoregions of Mississippi .......................61




1. East Gulf Coastal Plain Ecoregion


2. Mississippi River Alluvial Plain Ecoregion


3. Upper East Gulf Coastal Plain Ecoregion


4. Northern Gulf of Mexico Ecoregion


5. References for this Section



Chapter IV. Wildlife Habitats for Mississippi’s SGCN,


Threats and Conservation Actions ..........................................................................................77



1. Introduction


2. A Guide to Using this Section


3. Habitat Types and Subtypes



1. Dry-Mesic Upland Forests/Woodlands. ....................................................87


1.1 Dry Hardwood Forests


1.2 Dry Longleaf Pine Forests


1.3 Dry-Mesic Hardwood Forests


1.4 Dry-Mesic Shortleaf/Loblolly Pine Forests





MISSISSIPPI’S COMPREHENSIVE WILDLIFE CONSERVATION STRATEGY


2. Agriculture Fields, Hay and Pasture Lands,


Old Fields, Prairies, Cedar Glades and Pine Plantations. .....................101


2.1 Northeast Prairie/Cedar Glades


2.2 Jackson Prairie


2.3 Hay and Pasture Lands


2.4 Pine Plantations


2.5 Old Fields and Young Hardwoods (Shrublands)


2.6 Agriculture Fields (Row Crops)



3. Mesic Upland Forests ...............................................................................119


3.1 Beech/Magnolia Forests


3.2 Mesic Longleaf Pine Savanna/Forests


3.3 Loess Hardwood Forests


3.4 Lower Slope/High Terrace Hardwood Forests



4. Bottomland Hardwood Forests ..............................................................133


4.1 Bottomland Hardwood Forests



5. Riverfront Forests/Herblands/Sandbars .................................................139


5.1 Cottonwood/Black Willow/River Birch Woodlands


5.2 Sandbars



6. Wet Pine Savannas ..................................................................................147


6.1 Wet Pine Savannas


6.2 Slash Pine Flatwoods



7. Spring Seeps .............................................................................................155


7.1 Hardwood Seeps


7.2 Pine Seeps



8. Bogs ...........................................................................................................163


8.1 Pitcher Plant Flat/Bogs



9. Inland Freshwater Marshes .....................................................................167


9.1 Freshwater Marshes



10. Swamp Forests ........................................................................................171


10.1 Bald Cypress/Gum Swamp Forests


10.2 Small Stream Swamp Forests



11. Lacustrine (Lentic) Communities .........................................................179


11.1 Oxbow Lakes


11.2 Reservoirs


11.3 Artificial Ponds


11.4 Ephemeral (Temporary) Ponds


11.5 Beaver Ponds



MISSISSIPPI’S COMPREHENSIVE WILDLIFE CONSERVATION STRATEGY


12. Streams (Lotic Communities) ................................................................193



12.1 Mississippi River


12.2 Northeast Hills , Tennessee River Drainage


12.3 Tombigbee Drainage


12.4 Lower Mississippi North Drainage (LMND) Hatchie And Wolf Systems


12.5 Upper Coastal Plain, Yazoo Drainage


12.6 Big Black River Drainage


12.7 Upper Coastal Plain, Pearl River Drainage


12.8 Mississippi Alluvial Plain (MAP)


12.9 Lower Coastal Plain, Pearl Drainage


12.10 Pascagoula Drainage


12.11 Coastal Rivers Drainage


12.12 Lake Ponchartrain Drainage


12.13 Lower Mississippi South Drainage



13. Upland Maritime and Estuarine Fringe .................................................233


13.1 Barrier Island Uplands


13.2 Man-Made Beaches


13.3 Barrier Island Wetlands


13.4 Mainland Beaches


13.5 Barrier Island Beaches


13.6 Shell Middens and Estuarine Shrublands


13.7 Maritime Woodlands



14. Estuary and Mississippi Sound


(Inside or Associated with Barrier Islands). ...........................................253


14.1 Estuarine Bays, Lakes and Tidal Streams


14.2 Mississippi Sound


14.3 Estuarine Marshes


14.4 Barrier Island Passes


14.5 Salt Pannes


14.6 Seagrass Beds


14.7 Mollusk Reefs



15. Marine Habitats (Outside Barrier Islands) ...........................................275


15.1 Marine Habitats (Smooth Bottoms)


15.2 Hard Bottoms and Oceanic Reefs


15.3 Artificial Reefs



16. Urban and Suburban Lands .....................................................................283


16.1 Urban And Suburban Lands


16.2 Buildings, Bridges, Overpasses, Etc.



17. Rock Outcrops and Caves ......................................................................289


17.1 Rock Outcrops


17.2 Caves



4. References for this Section



MISSISSIPPI’S COMPREHENSIVE WILDLIFE CONSERVATION STRATEGY


Chapter V. Status and Trend Monitoring and Survey and Research Needs ...................303



Chapter VI. Review and Revision of Mississippi’s CWCS ...................................................313



Glossary ....................................................................................................................................315



Supporting References ...........................................................................................................319



Acknowledgements .................................................................................................................329



Appendices



I. IAFWA Guiding Principles ............................................................................335



II. CWCS Committees .......................................................................................339



III. Copy of Survey, Evaluation of Species of Greatest


Conservation Need in Mississippi ............................................................347



IV. Presentations and Meetings Regarding Mississippi’s CWCS .....................353



V. Mississippi’s CWCS Promotional Brochure ................................................357



VI. Articles about Mississippi’s CWCS ...............................................................361



VII. Wildlife Habitat Types and Subtypes by Ecoregion ...................................371



VIII. Mississippi Species of Greatest Conservation Need by Ecoregion ............375



IX. Pelagic and Migratory Bird Species of Concern Included as Groups in


Mississippi’s Wildlife Habitat Subtypes ..................................................381



X. Value of Habitats to SGCN ...........................................................................383



XI. Crosswalk of CWCS Habitat Types and Subtypes with


Ecological Community Types .................................................................391



XII. Interpreting NatureServe Conservation Status Ranks ..............................395



XIII. Survey and Research Needs .........................................................................399








MISSISSIPPI’S COMPREHENSIVE WILDLIFE CONSERVATION STRATEGY




MISSISSIPPI’S COMPREHENSIVE WILDLIFE CONSERVATION STRATEGY


EXECUTIVE SUMMARY



Introduction


Mississippi's Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy (CWCS) is part of a national collaborative


effort among natural resource agencies, conservation organizations, corporations and private landowners


to address habitat needs of declining wildlife species. These strategies mark the first time in U.S. history


that state wildlife agencies and the broader conservation community have cooperated to design a


conservation blueprint for all wildlife species.



Since the early 1990s, the 3,000-member nationwide Teaming


with Wildlife Coalition has worked to secure funding for state


fish and wildlife agencies to take preventative actions, keeping


rare species from becoming endangered and common species


abundant. In 2001, Congress responded to this need by


creating the State Wildlife Grants (SWG) program and from


2001 - 2005, over $300 million has been allocated to state


wildlife agencies.



In order to make the best use of the State Wildlife Grants


(SWG) program, Congress charged each state and territory


with developing a CWCS. Over the past three years, the


Mississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries and Parks


(MDWFP) has coordinated this effort on behalf of the state of


Mississippi to meet congressional requirements and to


provide a "conservation blueprint" for agencies, organizations,


industries, private landowners and academics across the state to advance sound management of all of our


fish and wildlife resources in the future. The overarching goal of this planning effort is to provide a


guide to effective and efficient long-term conservation of Mississippi's biological diversity.



This document represents the summary of a conservation planning effort that officially began in


response to the congressional mandate, but which actually builds upon many years of research and data


accumulated by the MDWFP staff through the Mississippi Museum of Natural Science (MMNS) and


many other organizations, agencies and individuals. To meet our overarching goal and to fulfill


congressional requirements, we enlisted the help of several individuals, organizations, agencies and


academia. Two CWCS Coordinators, Charles Knight and Elizabeth Barber, organized all aspects of the


development of this strategy in conjunction with a Technical Committee composed of MDWFP


EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1



M ’


I S S I S S I P P I S


C W


O M P R E H E N S I V E I L D L I F E


C S


O N S E R V A T I O N T R A T E G Y



2 0 0 5 - 2 0 1 5





VERSION 1



Coordinated by the Mississippi Department of Wildlife,


Fisheries and Parks on behalf of the State of Mississippi



October, 2005





MISSISSIPPI’S COMPREHENSIVE WILDLIFE CONSERVATION STRATEGY



M ’


I S S I S S I P P I S


C


O M P R E H E N S I V E


W C


I L D L I F E O N S E R V A T I O N


S


T R A T E G Y








2 0 0 5 - 2 0 1 5


VERSION 1.1



COORDINATED BY THE MISSISSIPPI DEPARTMENT OF WILDLIFE, FISHERIES AND PARKS


ON BEHALF OF THE STATE OF MISSISSIPPI



NOVEMBER, 2005



MISSISSIPPI’S COMPREHENSIVE WILDLIFE CONSERVATION STRATEGY


Our Mission:




It is the mission of the Mississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries,



and Parks to conserve and enhance Mississippi’s natural resources, to


provide continuing outdoor recreational opportunities, to maintain the


ecological integrity and aesthetic quality of the resources and to


ensure socioeconomic and educational opportunities for present and


future generations.


For comments or queries regarding this strategy,


please contact:



Charles Knight


charles.knight@mmns.state.ms.us



Mississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries and Parks


Mississippi Museum of Natural Science


2148 Riverside Drive


Jackson, MS 39202



601-354-7303


www.mdwfp.com/cwcs



Credits:


Charles Knight and Elizabeth Barber, CWCS Coordinators


Photos by the Mississippi Museum of Natural Science, except where noted.


Illustrations by Sam Beibers from Endangered Species of Mississippi.


Maps by Nick Winstead, MMNS




:


Suggested Citation Format


Mississippi Museum of Natural Science. 2005. Mississippi’s Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy.


Mississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries and Parks, Mississippi Museum of Natural Science, Jackson,


Mississippi.




The MDWFP is an equal opportunity employer and provider of programs and services. If anyone believes they have been


subjected to discrimination on the basis of political affiliation, race color, national origin, marital status, sex, religion, creed,


age or disability, they may file a complaint alleging discrimination with either the MDWFP, P. O. Box 451, Jackson, MS


39205-0451, or the U.S. Equal Opportunities Commission, 1810 L. Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20507



MISSISSIPPI’S COMPREHENSIVE WILDLIFE CONSERVATION STRATEGY


FOREWORD




The Mississippi Department of Wildlife Fisheries and Parks was created in 1932.


Since its inception, our state has seen its wild turkey and white-tailed deer populations


restored, the return of the American alligator and bald eagles, and 800,000 acres of


wildlife habitat have been conserved and protected through our 38 wildlife


management areas. Opportunities to hunt, fish, canoe, wildlife watch and camp have


expanded greatly thanks to the collective efforts of our agency staff, partners, other


agencies and organizations and our congressional, state and legislative leadership.


Funding for traditional programs is provided by hunting and fishing licenses and


through federal aid provided by the Pittman-Robertson Act, the Dingell-Johnson Act


and Wallop-Breaux Amendment.



Where we have devoted our attention, resources and applied our knowledge of wildlife and fisheries


management, many game species and their habitats have thrived. Yet the vast majority of our wildlife species


have not received sufficient management attention, and many have fallen through the cracks. Today we spend


most of our budget on 14 percent of the wildlife and fisheries species in our state, while the other 86 percent


receive almost no attention until they are in danger of extinction. Like all states, we face widespread declines


and losses across all species groups and ecosystems. In the U.S. over 1,200 animals and plants have been


federally listed as threatened or endangered. Over 90 more are proposed for listing and another 250 are


candidates. In Mississippi, 86 species are listed.



To prevent more species from becoming threatened or endangered, and to keep the common species common,


we as an agency, a state and a country must broaden our attention to the great diversity of wildlife and natural


communities as a whole. It is time for MDWFP to extend its efforts to truly be an “all wildlife agency”.



The good news is that we are receiving help and encouragement. Congress recognized that despite our best


efforts, many wildlife populations continue to decline, and that a new approach is needed. I am pleased to


introduce MDWFP’s new effort to serve as steward of ALL of our state’s wildlife resources: the Mississippi


Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy (CWCS). This CWCS has been developed in compliance with


a congressional mandate and will serve as Mississippi’s blueprint for fish and wildlife conservation statewide


for the next half century. This is not a plan for our agency, but rather a broad set of conservation strategies for


wildlife and fish species and their key habitats in greatest need of conservation. It was developed by a broad


team of wildlife and fisheries professionals in the state in partnership with conservation organizations,


agencies, individuals, academics and industries and with public input. It is a comprehensive, cost-effective,


pro-active and non-regulatory approach to conserving entire communities, and we hope that it will be widely


used by all Mississippians interested in protecting and restoring biodiversity in Mississippi. I want to thank all


those that worked over the past three years to develop this important and dynamic strategy. It is my hope that


this effort’s success will be measured by the cultivation of lasting conservation partnerships and the promise


of fish and wildlife resources for future Mississippians.



Sam Polles, Ph.D.


Executive Director


Mississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries and Parks



MISSISSIPPI’S COMPREHENSIVE WILDLIFE CONSERVATION STRATEGY


TABLE OF CONTENTS



Foreword



Table of Contents



Executive Summary ....................................................................................................................1



Hurricane Katrina’s Impact ......................................................................................................11



Chapter I. Introduction and Purpose ......................................................................................13



Chapter II. Approach and Method ...........................................................................................17


1. Organizational Structure and Committees


2. Stakeholder and Public Input


3. Coordination with Other Agencies


4. Criteria for Selecting and Prioritizing Species of Greatest Conservation Need


5. Mississippi’s Species of Greatest Conservation Need


6. Classifying and Ranking Wildlife Habitats in Mississippi


7. Identifying Threats and Conservation Actions for Species and their Habitats


8. References for this Section



Chapter III. Mississippi’s Ecological Framework - Ecoregions of Mississippi .......................61




1. East Gulf Coastal Plain Ecoregion


2. Mississippi River Alluvial Plain Ecoregion


3. Upper East Gulf Coastal Plain Ecoregion


4. Northern Gulf of Mexico Ecoregion


5. References for this Section



Chapter IV. Wildlife Habitats for Mississippi’s SGCN,


Threats and Conservation Actions ..........................................................................................77



1. Introduction


2. A Guide to Using this Section


3. Habitat Types and Subtypes



1. Dry-Mesic Upland Forests/Woodlands. ....................................................87


1.1 Dry Hardwood Forests


1.2 Dry Longleaf Pine Forests


1.3 Dry-Mesic Hardwood Forests


1.4 Dry-Mesic Shortleaf/Loblolly Pine Forests





MISSISSIPPI’S COMPREHENSIVE WILDLIFE CONSERVATION STRATEGY


2. Agriculture Fields, Hay and Pasture Lands,


Old Fields, Prairies, Cedar Glades and Pine Plantations. .....................101


2.1 Northeast Prairie/Cedar Glades


2.2 Jackson Prairie


2.3 Hay and Pasture Lands


2.4 Pine Plantations


2.5 Old Fields and Young Hardwoods (Shrublands)


2.6 Agriculture Fields (Row Crops)



3. Mesic Upland Forests ...............................................................................119


3.1 Beech/Magnolia Forests


3.2 Mesic Longleaf Pine Savanna/Forests


3.3 Loess Hardwood Forests


3.4 Lower Slope/High Terrace Hardwood Forests



4. Bottomland Hardwood Forests ..............................................................133


4.1 Bottomland Hardwood Forests



5. Riverfront Forests/Herblands/Sandbars .................................................139


5.1 Cottonwood/Black Willow/River Birch Woodlands


5.2 Sandbars



6. Wet Pine Savannas ..................................................................................147


6.1 Wet Pine Savannas


6.2 Slash Pine Flatwoods



7. Spring Seeps .............................................................................................155


7.1 Hardwood Seeps


7.2 Pine Seeps



8. Bogs ...........................................................................................................163


8.1 Pitcher Plant Flat/Bogs



9. Inland Freshwater Marshes .....................................................................167


9.1 Freshwater Marshes



10. Swamp Forests ........................................................................................171


10.1 Bald Cypress/Gum Swamp Forests


10.2 Small Stream Swamp Forests



11. Lacustrine (Lentic) Communities .........................................................179


11.1 Oxbow Lakes


11.2 Reservoirs


11.3 Artificial Ponds


11.4 Ephemeral (Temporary) Ponds


11.5 Beaver Ponds



MISSISSIPPI’S COMPREHENSIVE WILDLIFE CONSERVATION STRATEGY


12. Streams (Lotic Communities) ................................................................193



12.1 Mississippi River


12.2 Northeast Hills , Tennessee River Drainage


12.3 Tombigbee Drainage


12.4 Lower Mississippi North Drainage (LMND) Hatchie And Wolf Systems


12.5 Upper Coastal Plain, Yazoo Drainage


12.6 Big Black River Drainage


12.7 Upper Coastal Plain, Pearl River Drainage


12.8 Mississippi Alluvial Plain (MAP)


12.9 Lower Coastal Plain, Pearl Drainage


12.10 Pascagoula Drainage


12.11 Coastal Rivers Drainage


12.12 Lake Ponchartrain Drainage


12.13 Lower Mississippi South Drainage



13. Upland Maritime and Estuarine Fringe .................................................233


13.1 Barrier Island Uplands


13.2 Man-Made Beaches


13.3 Barrier Island Wetlands


13.4 Mainland Beaches


13.5 Barrier Island Beaches


13.6 Shell Middens and Estuarine Shrublands


13.7 Maritime Woodlands



14. Estuary and Mississippi Sound


(Inside or Associated with Barrier Islands). ...........................................253


14.1 Estuarine Bays, Lakes and Tidal Streams


14.2 Mississippi Sound


14.3 Estuarine Marshes


14.4 Barrier Island Passes


14.5 Salt Pannes


14.6 Seagrass Beds


14.7 Mollusk Reefs



15. Marine Habitats (Outside Barrier Islands) ...........................................275


15.1 Marine Habitats (Smooth Bottoms)


15.2 Hard Bottoms and Oceanic Reefs


15.3 Artificial Reefs



16. Urban and Suburban Lands .....................................................................283


16.1 Urban And Suburban Lands


16.2 Buildings, Bridges, Overpasses, Etc.



17. Rock Outcrops and Caves ......................................................................289


17.1 Rock Outcrops


17.2 Caves



4. References for this Section



MISSISSIPPI’S COMPREHENSIVE WILDLIFE CONSERVATION STRATEGY


Chapter V. Status and Trend Monitoring and Survey and Research Needs ...................303



Chapter VI. Review and Revision of Mississippi’s CWCS ...................................................313



Glossary ....................................................................................................................................315



Supporting References ...........................................................................................................319



Acknowledgements .................................................................................................................329



Appendices



I. IAFWA Guiding Principles ............................................................................335



II. CWCS Committees .......................................................................................339



III. Copy of Survey, Evaluation of Species of Greatest


Conservation Need in Mississippi ............................................................347



IV. Presentations and Meetings Regarding Mississippi’s CWCS .....................353



V. Mississippi’s CWCS Promotional Brochure ................................................357



VI. Articles about Mississippi’s CWCS ...............................................................361



VII. Wildlife Habitat Types and Subtypes by Ecoregion ...................................371



VIII. Mississippi Species of Greatest Conservation Need by Ecoregion ............375



IX. Pelagic and Migratory Bird Species of Concern Included as Groups in


Mississippi’s Wildlife Habitat Subtypes ..................................................381



X. Value of Habitats to SGCN ...........................................................................383



XI. Crosswalk of CWCS Habitat Types and Subtypes with


Ecological Community Types .................................................................391



XII. Interpreting NatureServe Conservation Status Ranks ..............................395



XIII. Survey and Research Needs .........................................................................399








MISSISSIPPI’S COMPREHENSIVE WILDLIFE CONSERVATION STRATEGY




MISSISSIPPI’S COMPREHENSIVE WILDLIFE CONSERVATION STRATEGY


EXECUTIVE SUMMARY



Introduction


Mississippi's Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy (CWCS) is part of a national collaborative


effort among natural resource agencies, conservation organizations, corporations and private landowners


to address habitat needs of declining wildlife species. These strategies mark the first time in U.S. history


that state wildlife agencies and the broader conservation community have cooperated to design a


conservation blueprint for all wildlife species.



Since the early 1990s, the 3,000-member nationwide Teaming


with Wildlife Coalition has worked to secure funding for state


fish and wildlife agencies to take preventative actions, keeping


rare species from becoming endangered and common species


abundant. In 2001, Congress responded to this need by


creating the State Wildlife Grants (SWG) program and from


2001 - 2005, over $300 million has been allocated to state


wildlife agencies.



In order to make the best use of the State Wildlife Grants


(SWG) program, Congress charged each state and territory


with developing a CWCS. Over the past three years, the


Mississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries and Parks


(MDWFP) has coordinated this effort on behalf of the state of


Mississippi to meet congressional requirements and to


provide a "conservation blueprint" for agencies, organizations,


industries, private landowners and academics across the state to advance sound management of all of our


fish and wildlife resources in the future. The overarching goal of this planning effort is to provide a


guide to effective and efficient long-term conservation of Mississippi's biological diversity.



This document represents the summary of a conservation planning effort that officially began in


response to the congressional mandate, but which actually builds upon many years of research and data


accumulated by the MDWFP staff through the Mississippi Museum of Natural Science (MMNS) and


many other organizations, agencies and individuals. To meet our overarching goal and to fulfill


congressional requirements, we enlisted the help of several individuals, organizations, agencies and


academia. Two CWCS Coordinators, Charles Knight and Elizabeth Barber, organized all aspects of the


development of this strategy in conjunction with a Technical Committee composed of MDWFP


EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1


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