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Close-Up and Macro Photography

317 Pages · 2014 · 11.54 MB · English

  • Close-Up and Macro Photography

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    Heart Center Publications


    315 Marion Avenue


    Big Rapids, Michigan 49307


    [email protected]


    First Published 2011 © Michael Erlewine 2011


    Second Edition August, 2014


    ISBN 925182-72-9


    All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced,


    stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any


    means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or


    otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher. This


    photo book may be shared provided no fee is charged. All are free


    to have it for personal use.


    All nature photos taken by Michael Erlewine,


    © 2007-2014 Michael Erlewine


    Cover, text, format, and graphic design by Michael Erlewine.



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    Dedication


    This book is dedicated to my father Ralph L. Erlewine who placed a


    Kodak Retina-2a 35mm cam- era, tripod, and light meter in my


    hand in 1956, showed me how to use them, and turned me loose.


    Thanks dad!


    May these books be of benefit to all photographers and nature


    lovers, and may every- one experience the awe, beauty, and


    instruction from the natural world as I have.


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    Table of Content


    Dedication ....................................................................................... 3


    The Cosina/Voigtlander 90mm f/3.5 APO Lens ............................. 15


    Welcome e-book Readers!............................................................ 16


    Types of Close-Up Photography .................................................... 17


    Photo Types: Mini-Landscapes ..................................................... 18


    Photo Types: Close-up or Macro ................................................... 19


    Photo Types: Macro (life size or larger) ......................................... 20


    Photo Types: Photomicroscopy or Macro ...................................... 21


    Photomicroscopy .......................................................................... 21


    Photo Types: Microphotography .................................................... 23


    Introduction to Close-up and Macro Photography ......................... 24


    Minimum Equipment Requirements .............................................. 24


    Megapixels: How Many? ............................................................... 26


    DX or FX Sensor? ......................................................................... 26


    More on Sensor Size .................................................................... 27


    Mirror-Up ....................................................................................... 28


    Interchangeable Lenses ................................................................ 30


    Depth of Field Preview Button (upper button) ............................... 32


    To Flash or Not Flash .................................................................... 33


    Onboard Flash .............................................................................. 34


    External Flash (SB-400 shown above) ....................................... 35


    Viewfinders Are About Light .......................................................... 36


    DK-17M Magnifying Eye Piece ...................................................... 37


    Histograms: Our Light Meter ......................................................... 38


    Quick Release Clamps ................................................................. 40


    The Four Camera Modes .............................................................. 42


    Program Mode .............................................................................. 42


    Shutter Priority Mode .................................................................... 42


    Aperture Priority Mode .................................................................. 43


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    Manual Mode ................................................................................ 43


    How to Pick a Lens ....................................................................... 47


    Passion and Persistence ............................................................... 47


    Sharpness (Zeiss Otus 55mm, f/1.4 APO) ............................... 49


    Fast Lens (Nikkor 50mm f/1.2 .................................................... 50


    Focus Throw (Leica 100mm 100mm Elmarit R) ....................... 53


    Reproduction Ratio ....................................................................... 54


    APO (Apochromatic) Lenses ......................................................... 55


    Minimum Focus Distance .............................................................. 55


    Lens Summary .............................................................................. 57


    The Lens Is the Thing ................................................................... 57


    The Quest for Depth of Field ......................................................... 58


    Diffraction Fears ............................................................................ 60


    Sidebar: Cosina and Zeiss ............................................................ 61


    Voigtlander 125mm, f/2.5 APO-LantherThe Three Wise Lens-men


    ...................................................................................................... 61


    Björn Rörslett ................................................................................ 62


    Thom Hogan ................................................................................. 62


    Lloyd Chambers ............................................................................ 62


    Web Sites: Fotozones.com ........................................................... 63


    Extensions, Close-up Dipoters, and Teleconverters ..................... 63


    Close-up Adaptors and Diopters ................................................... 65


    Extension Tubes ........................................................................... 67


    Teleconverters .............................................................................. 72


    Accessories and Other Topics ...................................................... 73


    Lens Hoods Hoods? ..................................................................... 73


    Extra Batteries .............................................................................. 74


    Flash Cards: How Large? ............................................................. 75


    Dust Bunnies ................................................................................. 75


    Sensor Cleaning ........................................................................... 76


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    Sensor Blower ............................................................................... 79


    Hand Blowers ................................................................................ 82


    Step-down Rings ........................................................................... 82


    Polarizers ...................................................................................... 83


    Hot-Shoe Bubble Level ................................................................. 84


    LED Flashlight ............................................................................... 85


    UV-Filters ...................................................................................... 86


    Lens Cloths ................................................................................... 87


    Velvet ............................................................................................ 88


    Lens Resolution Tests .................................................................. 88


    Light Box ....................................................................................... 90


    Pinch Cap ..................................................................................... 91


    Z-Finder ........................................................................................ 91


    Screw Drivers JIS ......................................................................... 92


    Lens Caps ..................................................................................... 93


    McClamp, Plamps, and Articulated Arms ...................................... 93


    Allen Wrenches ............................................................................. 94


    Stuck Filters .................................................................................. 95


    Super Magnets .............................................................................. 95


    Threadlocker ................................................................................. 96


    Tools That Help ............................................................................. 96


    Storing Photo Accessories ............................................................ 97


    Focus Rails ................................................................................... 99


    The Wind is No Friend to Macro Work ........................................ 103


    Light Tents in the Field ................................................................ 107


    Light Diffusers ............................................................................. 109


    Higher Apertures ......................................................................... 112


    Sharpness ................................................................................... 112


    Narrow DOF Greater DOF .......................................................... 113


    Beginning with Focus Stacking ................................................... 114


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    Additional Considerations: .......................................................... 116


    Investment .................................................................................. 116


    Playing With Stacks .................................................................... 116


    Inherently Flawed ........................................................................ 116


    An Art, Not a Science .................................................................. 116


    Focus Stacking Problems ........................................................... 117


    The Bad Frame ........................................................................... 117


    Too Many Frames ....................................................................... 117


    Minimal Frames .......................................................................... 117


    Run It Again ................................................................................ 117


    Don’t Forget the Traditional Photo .............................................. 117


    Short Stacks for Macro, Not Micro .............................................. 118


    Landscapes ................................................................................. 118


    Close-up, Macro, and Micro ........................................................ 118


    Not for Micro Work ...................................................................... 119


    Looking Close ............................................................................. 119


    The Classic Nikon 70-180 Macro Zoom ...................................... 121


    Velcro Strips Can Rig Almost Anything ....................................... 122


    Far is Now Near .......................................................................... 122


    Beauty Begets Beauty ................................................................ 123


    What Do All These Photos Mean? .............................................. 123


    Get Out There! ............................................................................ 124


    The Passport from ColorChecker ................................................ 125


    In the Field .................................................................................. 126


    What’s in the Macro Field Bag? .................................................. 126


    Where Are My Lenses? .............................................................. 128


    What’s in my Car ......................................................................... 128


    Range Roving ............................................................................. 128


    Windependent ............................................................................. 129


    Flowerpod ................................................................................... 129


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    Close-Up Photography ................................................................ 130


    Peering Through a Really Fne Macro Lens................................. 130


    Panoramas .................................................................................. 131


    Single and Multi-row Panos ........................................................ 132


    Panorama Problems ................................................................... 134


    Summary..................................................................................... 134


    Tripods for Stacking and Panoramas .......................................... 135


    The Background in Stacked Panos ............................................. 135


    Combining Focus Stacking with Panoramas ............................... 137


    An Approach to Macro Landscapes ............................................ 138


    Wide-Angle Lenses and Panoramas ........................................... 142


    The Classic Nikon 200mm f/4 Macro Lens.................................. 143


    Plastic Lens Caps ....................................................................... 144


    The Nikon D3x, 24MP Camera ................................................... 145


    To Stack or Not to Stack Panoramas .......................................... 145


    A Multi-tier Pano Rig from Really-Right-Stuff .............................. 148


    The “Growling Swallet” Panorama by Fred Nirque ...................... 149


    The Focus-Stacked Panoramas of Fred Nirque .......................... 149


    Section “Growling Swallet” Panorama by Fred Nirque ................ 151


    Focus Stacking ........................................................................... 153


    Two Types of Focus Stacking ..................................................... 153


    The Equipment Needed .............................................................. 154


    The Actual Technique ................................................................. 155


    Software to Align and Merge ....................................................... 156


    Focus Stacking Results .............................................................. 157


    A Possible Theory ....................................................................... 157


    Focus Stacking Apertures ........................................................... 158


    Stacking Issues ........................................................................... 159


    Background Too Much in Focus ................................................. 159


    Tripods for Macro Use ................................................................ 160


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    My Experience with Tripods ........................................................ 161


    Lightweight Tripods ..................................................................... 161


    Strength ...................................................................................... 161


    Three or Four Leg Sections? ...................................................... 162


    Center Columns .......................................................................... 162


    Using Tripods in the Field ........................................................... 162


    Reflections .................................................................................. 163


    Carrying Tripods ......................................................................... 163


    Using Tripods .............................................................................. 163


    Keep It Tight ................................................................................ 164


    Tripods I Use ............................................................................... 164


    The Lester A. Dine 100mm macro f/2.8 Macro ........................... 165


    Camera Body Cap ...................................................................... 166


    Fighting the Wind and the Light .................................................. 166


    Retouching Stacked Photos ........................................................ 167


    THE BASIC IDEA ........................................................................ 169


    More Notes on Retouching ......................................................... 178


    What Does Retouching Involve? ................................................. 179


    The Nikon 105mm f/4 Macro Lens .............................................. 180


    Focus Stacking Software ............................................................ 181


    Summary..................................................................................... 182


    Patience and Exercise ................................................................ 182


    The Nikon 35mm f/1.4 ................................................................. 183


    Focus Stacking Notes ................................................................. 184


    Time Consuming ......................................................................... 184


    Space Expensive ........................................................................ 184


    An Approach ............................................................................... 184


    Impressions ................................................................................. 184


    Outdoors ..................................................................................... 185


    Equipment for Focus Stacking .................................................... 185


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    Cosina/Voigtlander 125mm f/2.5 APO-Lanthar ........................... 187


    Light ............................................................................................ 187


    Light and Shadow ....................................................................... 188


    Small Kit ...................................................................................... 189


    Carrying It All .............................................................................. 190


    Software You Will Need .............................................................. 191


    Boots on the Ground for Wading ................................................. 192


    Focus Stacking Detractors .......................................................... 193


    Increments .................................................................................. 193


    Tripod .......................................................................................... 193


    Ball Heads ................................................................................... 194


    L-Bracket..................................................................................... 194


    Gotcha! ....................................................................................... 194


    Found Beauty .............................................................................. 195


    Not Art ......................................................................................... 195


    Battery Checker .......................................................................... 196


    Light Uses ................................................................................... 196


    The Kinds of Light ....................................................................... 198


    Reflectors .................................................................................... 198


    Flashlights ................................................................................... 198


    Flowerpod ................................................................................... 199


    Clips ............................................................................................ 199


    Knee Pads .................................................................................. 199


    Rain Protection ........................................................................... 200


    Water and Food .......................................................................... 200


    Color Spaces .............................................................................. 201


    Cosmetics Mirror ......................................................................... 202


    Macro Photography ..................................................................... 202


    As Exercise ................................................................................. 202


    Equipment: What Do We Need? ................................................. 203


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