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Climate Change and Health

800 Pages · 2015 · 47.52 MB · English

  • Climate Change and Health

    Climate Change


    and Health


    Training Modules SEA/EH/585


    Climate Change


    and Health


    Training Modules © World Health Organization 2015


    All rights reserved.


    Requests for publications, or for permission to reproduce or translate WHO publications – whether


    for sale or for noncommercial distribution – can be obtained from SEARO Library, World Health


    Organization, Regional Office for South-East Asia, Indraprastha Estate, Mahatma Gandhi Marg,


    New Delhi 110 002, India (fax: +91 11 23370197; e-mail: searolibrary@who.int).


    The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the


    expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the World Health Organization concerning the


    legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation


    of its frontiers or boundaries. Dotted lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which


    there may not yet be full agreement.


    The mention of specific companies or of certain manufacturers’ products does not imply that they


    are endorsed or recommended by the World Health Organization in preference to others of a


    similar nature that are not mentioned. Errors and omissions excepted, the names of proprietary


    products are distinguished by initial capital letters.


    All reasonable precautions have been taken by the World Health Organization to verify the


    information contained in this publication. However, the published material is being distributed


    without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied. The responsibility for the interpretation


    and use of the material lies with the reader. In no event shall the World Health Organization be


    liable for damages arising from its use.


    This publication does not necessarily represent the decisions or policies of the World Health


    Organization.


    Printed in India Contents


    Acronyms ............................................................................................................................v


    Bibliography .......................................................................................................................ix


    Action planning activity: Country action planning ..............................................................xxi


    Glossary ...........................................................................................................................xxv


    Revision activity: Graffiti wall .........................................................................................xxxix


    Introductory activity: Human Map ...................................................................................xliii


    Action planning activity: Individual action planning ...........................................................xlv


    Reflection activity: Key learnings from yesterday ..............................................................xlix


    Overview of the WHO Training Course for Public Health Professionals ................................li


    Evaluation activity: Post it wall............................................................................................lxi


    Post-training questions .....................................................................................................lxiii


    Pre- and post-training testing question and answers


    (for WHO marking and evaluation only) ...........................................................................lxv


    Pre-training testing ...........................................................................................................lxix


    Introductory activity: Reasons for attending the training ...................................................lxxi


    Climate Change and Health Training Package: Training Equipment Guide ......................lxxiii


    Climate Change and Health Training Package: Venue Guide ...........................................lxxv


    Module 1: Introduction to weather, climate, climate change and variability .........................1


    Module 2: Population health and climate change ..............................................................45


    Module 3: Policies & practice of mitigation & adaptation - Relevance to health .................89


    Module 4: Assessment and prediction of the health impacts of climate change ...............127


    Module 5: Thermal extremes ..........................................................................................181


    Module 6: Extreme weather............................................................................................227


    Module 7: Vector-borne diseases and climate change .....................................................277


    Module 8: Water-borne diseases and climate change ......................................................323


    Contents iii Module 9: Food security and malnutrition ......................................................................379


    Module 10: Air quality ....................................................................................................431


    Module 11: Assessing health vulnerability .......................................................................475


    Module 12: Adaptation to climate change ......................................................................507


    Module 13: Mitigation and co-benefits ...........................................................................551


    Module 14: Health and the UNFCCC .............................................................................579


    Module 15: Disaster risk management ............................................................................641


    Module 16: Communicating climate change and health ..................................................689


    iv Climate Change and Health – Training Modules Acronyms


    The following is a list of acronyms from the health and climate change field:


    ACS American Cancer Society


    AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome


    APF Adaptation Policy Framework


    AVHRR Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer


    AWG-LCA Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-Term Cooperative Action


    BoD Burden of disease


    BSE Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy


    BTV Bluetongue virus


    CBD Convention on Biological Diversity


    CC Climate change


    CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


    CDM Clean Development Mechanism


    CER Certified emission reduction


    CH4 Methane


    CIESIN Center for International Earth Science Information Network


    CO Carbon monoxide


    CO2 Carbon dioxide


    COP Conference of Parties


    COSMIC Country Specific Model for Intertemporal Climate - Computer Software


    CVD Cardiovascular disease


    DALY Disability adjusted life year


    DHF Dengue hemorrhagic fever


    ENSO El Nino-Southern Oscillation


    ESM Earth System Model


    FAO Food and Agricultural Organization


    GBD Global burden of disease


    GCM General Circulation Model


    GDP Gross domestic product


    GEF Global Environment Facility


    GHG Greenhouse gas


    GIS Geographic Information System


    GLOF Glacial lake outburst flood


    HIA Health Impact Assessment


    HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus


    HPAI Highly pathogenic avian influenza


    ICD-10 International Classification of Diseases − 10th Edition


    Acronyms v ICESCR International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights


    ICIMOD International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development


    IFPRI International Food Policy Research Institute


    IFRC International Federation of the Red Cross


    IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change


    ISDR International Strategy for Disaster Reduction


    JE Japanese encephalitis


    LAP Length of growing period


    MARA/ARMA Mapping malarial risk in Africa


    MDGs Millennium Development Goals


    MEA Multilateral environmental agreement


    MIASMA Modeling Framework for the Health Impact Assessment of Man-Induced


    Atmospheric Changes


    MPH Miles per hour


    NAO North Atlantic Oscillation


    NAPA National Adaptation Program of Action


    NCAR National Center for Atmospheric Research


    NCD Noncommunicable disease


    NDVI Normalized Difference Vegetative Index


    NO2 Nitrogen dioxide


    NOx Nitrous oxides


    NWP Nairobi Work Program


    NYC New York City


    O2 Oxygen


    O3 Ozone


    OCHA United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs


    OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development


    PAR Population at risk


    Pb Lead


    PDSI Palmer Drought Severity Index


    PM Particulate matter


    ppb Parts-per-billion


    ppm Parts-per-million


    PTSD Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder


    RVF Rift Valley Fever


    SBI Subsidiary Body for Implementation


    SBSTA Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice


    SEA South-East Asia


    SEARO South-East Asia Regional Office


    SIDS Small island developing states


    SO2 Sulfur dioxide


    vi Climate Change and Health – Training Modules SOI Southern Oscillation Index


    SRES Standardized Reference Emission Scenarios


    SST Sea surface temperature


    UKMO United Kingdom Meteorological Office


    UNCCD United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification


    UNDP United Nations Development Programme


    UNEP United Nations Environment Programme


    UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change


    UN-OHCHR United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights


    UVR Ultraviolet radiation


    VBD Vector-borne disease


    VBZ Vector-borne zoonose


    VOC Volatile organic compound


    WHA World Health Assembly


    WHD World Health Day


    WHO World Health Organization


    WMO World Meteorological Organization


    WNV West Nile Virus


    YLL Years of life lost


    Acronyms vii


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