Bible History: Old Testament

Bible History: Old Testament

Bible History: Old Testament

1122 Pages ·2010·4.61 MB ·English

Bible History: Old Testament

Bible History - Old Testament








www.williambranhamstorehouse.com










BIBLE HISTORY



Old Testament






By




Alfred Edersheim














www.williambranhamstorehouse.com 1 Bible History - Old Testament








BIBLE HISTORY



Old Testament



Alfred Edersheim


1825 – 1889






This electronic edition is a reproduction


of the work ‘Bible History, Old Testament’ that


appeared in 1890, comprising seven volumes.
















www.williambranhamstorehouse.com 2 Bible History - Old Testament


www.williambranhamstorehouse.com 3 Bible History - Old Testament






VOLUME I






THE WORLD BEFORE THE FLOOD



and



THE HISTORY OF THE PATRIARCHS





www.williambranhamstorehouse.com 4 Bible History - Old Testament


PREFACE


One of the most marked and hopeful signs of our time is the increasing attention


given on all sides to the study of Holy Scripture. Those who believe and love the


Bible, who have experienced its truth and power, can only rejoice at such an issue.


They know that "the Word of God liveth and abideth for ever," that "not one tittle" of


it "shall fail;" and that it is "able to make wise unto salvation, through faith which is


in Christ Jesus."


Accordingly they have no reason to dread the results either of scientific investigation,


or of searching inquiry into "those things which are most surely believed among us."


For, the more the Bible is studied, the deeper will be our conviction that "the


foundation of God standeth sure."


It is to help, so far as we can, the reader of Holy Scripture - not to supersede his own


reading of it -that the series, of which this is the first volume, has been undertaken. In


writing it I have primarily had in view those who teach and those who learn, whether


in the school or in the family. But my scope has also been wider. I have wished to


furnish what may be useful for reading in the family, - what indeed may, in some


measure, serve the place of a popular exposition of the sacred history. More than this,


I hope it may likewise prove a book to put in the hands of young men, - not only to


show them what the Bible really teaches, but to defend them against the insidious


attacks arising from misrepresentation and misunderstanding of the sacred text.


With this threefold object in view, I have endeavored to write in a form so popular


and easily intelligible as to be of use to the Sunday-school teacher, the advanced


scholar, and the Bible-class; progressing gradually, in the course of this and the next


volume, from the more simple to the more detailed. At the same time, I have taken up


the Scripture narrative successively, chapter by chapter, always marking the portions


of the Bible explained, that so, in family or in private reading, the sacred text may be


compared with the explanations furnished. Finally, without mentioning objections on


the part of opponents, I have endeavored to meet those that have been raised, and that


not by controversy, but rather by a more full and correct study of the sacred text itself


in the Hebrew original. In so doing, I have freely availed myself not only of the


results of the best criticism, German and English, but also of the aid of such kindred


studies as those of Biblical geography and antiquities, the Egyptian and the Assyrian


monuments, etc.


But when all has been done, the feeling grows only more strong that there is another


and a higher understanding of the Bible, without which all else is vain. Not merely to


know the meaning of the narratives of Scripture, but to realize their spiritual


- 4 -


www.williambranhamstorehouse.com 5 Bible History - Old Testament


application; to feel their eternal import; to experience them in ourselves, so to speak -


this is the only profitable study of Scripture, to which all else can only serve as


outward preparation. Where the result is "doctrine, reproof, correction, and


instruction in righteousness," the Teacher must be He, by whose "inspiration all


Scripture is given." "For what man knoweth the things of a man, save the spirit of


man which is in him? even so the things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of


God." But the end of all is Christ - not only "the end of the law for righteousness to


every one that believeth," but also He in whom "all the promises of God are Yea and


Amen."


A. E. Heniach Bournemouth.


- 5 -


www.williambranhamstorehouse.com 6 Bible History - Old Testament


TABLE OF CONTENTS


PREFACE 4


INTRODUCTION 15


CHAPTER 1: Creation - Man in the Garden of Eden - The Fall. 20


CHAPTER 2 : Cain and Abel - The Two Ways and the Two Races. 25


CHAPTER 3: Seth and his Descendants - The Race of Cain 30


CHAPTER 4: Genealogy of the Believing Race, through Seth. (GENESIS


5) 34


CHAPTER 5: The Universal Corruption of Man - Preparation for the Flood.


(GENESIS 6) 38


CHAPTER 6: The Flood (GENESIS 7-8:15) 44


HISTORY OF THE PATRIARCHS 50


CHAPTER 7: After the Flood - Noah's Sacrifice - Noah's Sin - Noah's


Descendants. (GENESIS 8:15-9:28.) 51


CHAPTER 8: Genealogy of Nations - Babel - Confusion of Tongues


(GENESIS 10-11:10) 57


CHAPTER 9: The Nations and their Religion (Job) 63


CHAPTER 10: The Chronology of the Early History of the Bible -


Commencement of the History of God's Dealings with


Abraham and his Seed 67


CHAPTER 11: The Calling of Abram - His Arrival in Canaan, and


Temporary Removal to Egypt (GENESIS 11:27-13:4) 71


CHAPTER 12: The Separation of Abram and Lot - Abram at Hebron -


Sodom plundered - Lot rescued - The fleeting with


Melchizedek (GENESIS 13, 14) 78


CHAPTER 13: The Twofold Promise of "a Seed" to Abraham - Ishmael -


Jehovah visits Abraham - The Destruction of Sodom -


Abraham's Sojourn at Gerar - His Covenant with


Abimelech (GENESIS 15-20, 21:22-34) 84


CHAPTER 14: Birth of Isaac - Ishmael sent away - Trail of Abraham's faith


in the Command to sacrifice Isaac -Death of Sarah - Death


of Abraham (GENESIS 21-25:18) 91


CHAPTER 15: The Marriage of Isaac - Birth of Esau and Jacob - Esau sells


his Birthright - Isaac at Gerar - Esau's Marriage (GENESIS


24; 25:19-26:35) 98


CHAPTER 16: Isaac's Blessing obtained by Jacob deceitfully - Esau's


Sorrow - Evil Consequences of their error to all the


members of their family - Jacob is sent to Laban - Isaac


renews and fully gives him the Blessing of Abraham


(GENESIS 27-28:9) 105


- 2 -


www.williambranhamstorehouse.com 7 Bible History - Old Testament


CHAPTER 17: Jacob's Vision at Bethel - His Arrival at the House of Laban


- Jacob's double Marriage and Servitude - His Flight from


Haran - Pursuit of Laban, and Reconciliation with Jacob


(GENESIS 28:10-31:55) 111


CHAPTER 18: Jacob at Mahanaim - The Night of Wrestling -


Reconciliation between Jacob and Esau - Jacob settles at


Shechem - Jacob proceeds to Bethel to pay his Vow - Death


of Rachel - Jacob settles at Hebron (GENESIS 32-36) 119


CHAPTER 19: Joseph's Early Life - He is Sold by his Brethren into Slavery


- Joseph in the House of Potiphar -Joseph in Prison


(GENESIS 37-39) 127


CHAPTER 20: Joseph in Prison - The Dream of Pharaoh's Two Officers -


The Dream of Pharaoh - Joseph's Exaltation - His


Government of Egypt (GENESIS 40, 41; 47:13-26) 134


CHAPTER 21: The Sons of Jacob arrive in Egypt to Buy Corn - Joseph


Recognizes his Brothers - Imprisonment of Simeon - The


Sons of Jacob come a second time, bringing Benjamin with


them - Joseph tries his Brethren - He makes himself known


to them - Jacob and his family prepare to descend into


Egypt (GENESIS 42-45) 142


CHAPTER 22: Departure of Jacob and his family into Egypt - Jacob's


Interview with Pharaoh - His last Illness and command to


be buried in Canaan - Adoption of Ephraim and Manasseh


among the Sons of Israel (GENESIS 46-48) 150


CHAPTER 23: The Last Blessing of Jacob - Death of Jacob - Death of


Joseph (GENESIS 49:1) 156


- 3 -


www.williambranhamstorehouse.com 8 Bible History - Old Testament


Dates of Events Recorded in the Book of Genesis,


According to Hales, Ussher, and Keil.



Column 1 - Ussher, Before Christ; Column 2 - Ussher. Year of the World; Column 3 -


Event; Column 4 - Hales, Before Christ; Column 5 - Hales, Year of the World; Column 6


- Keil, Year after the immigration into Canaan.



Ussher Ussher Event Hales Hales Keil


B.C. Y.W. B.C. Y.W. Y.C.



4004 1 The Creation 5411 1


3874 130 Birth of Seth 5181 230


3769 235 Birth of Enos 4976 435


3679 325 Birth of Cainan 4786 625


3609 395 Birth of Mahaleel 4616 795


3074 930 Death of Adam 4481 930


3544 460 Birth of Jared 4451 960


3382 622 Birth of Enoch 4289 1122


3317 687 Birth of Methuselah 4124 1287


3130 874 Birth of Lamech 3937 1474


3017 987 Translation of Enoch 3914 1487


2948 1056 Birth of Noah 3755 1656


2348 1656 Deluge 3155 2256


2346 1658 Birth of Arphaxad 3153 2258


2311 1693 Birth of Salah 3018 2393


2281 1723 Birth of Heber 2888 2523


1998 2006 Death of Noah 2805 2606


2247 1757 Birth of Pelag 2754 2657


2233 1771 Confusion of Tongues 2554 2857


2217 1787 Birth of Reu 2624 2787


2185 1819 Birth of Serug 2492 2919


2155 1849 Birth of Nahor 2362 3049


2126 1878 Birth of Terah 2283 3128


1998 2006 Death of Noah


1996 2008 Birth of Abram 2153 3258


1921 2083 Abram in Canaan 2078 3333 1


1910 2094 Birth of Ismael 2067 3344 11


Beg. Of Circumcision 24


1896 2108 Birth of Isaac 2053 3358 25


Death of Sarah 62


1856 2148 Marriage of Isaac 2013 3398 65


1836 2168 Birth of Esau & Jacob 1993 3418 85


Death of Abraham 100


Esau's Marriage 125


Death of Ishmael 1916 3495 148


1760 Jacob to Padan Aram 162


Jacob's Marriage 169


1745 2259 Birth of Joseph 1902 3509 176


1739 2265 Jacob's to Canaan 1896 3515 182


1732 2272 Jacob's at Hebron 1889 3522 192


www.williambranhamstorehouse.com 9 Bible History - Old Testament


1728 2276 Joseph sold into Egypt 1885 3526 193


1716 2288 Death of Isaac 1873 3538 205


1715 2289 Joseph Gov. of Egypt 1872 3539 206


1706 2298 Jacob goes to Egypt 1863 3548 215


1689 2315 Death of Jacob 1846 3565 232


1635 2369 Death of Joseph 1792 3619 286





The reader will find in ch. 10, some explanations regarding the systems of Chronology


by Ussher and Hales. Hales professes to follow the text of the Greek or LXX translation


of the Old Testament, correcting it by the Jewish historian Josephus, whose dates,


however, are often manifestly very inaccurate. Ussher professes to follow the Hebrew


text. The modern Jewish chronology places the birth of Isaac, when Abraham was one


hundred years old, in the year of the world 2048. With this latter very nearly agrees the


chronology adopted by a celebrated modern German commentator, Professor Keil, who


places it only two years earlier, viz. in 2046. We have given in the last column,


according to the chronology of Keil, the succession of events after the migration of


Abram into Canaan. Keil places the latter event in the year of the world 2021, and


before Christ 2137. From this the reader will easily be able to calculate all the other


dates according to the chronology of Keil, which on the whole seems to us the most


reliable. He bases it on the following data: according to 1 Kings 6:1, the Temple of


Solomon was built 480 years after the Exodus, while the deportation of Israel into


Babylon took place 406 years after the building of the Temple, that is, in all, 886 years


after the Exodus. But as the commencement of the Exile must have fallen in the year


606 before Christ, we have the year 1492 before Christ (or 2666 after the Creation) as


that of the Exodus. The year 606 before Christ is fixed as that of the commencement of


the Babylonish exile, because it ended after 70 years, in the first year of the sole reign


of Cyrus, which we know to have been the year 536 before Christ.


www.williambranhamstorehouse.com 10


Bible History - Old Testament








www.williambranhamstorehouse.com










BIBLE HISTORY



Old Testament






By




Alfred Edersheim














www.williambranhamstorehouse.com 1 Bible History - Old Testament








BIBLE HISTORY



Old Testament



Alfred Edersheim


1825 – 1889






This electronic edition is a reproduction


of the work ‘Bible History, Old Testament’ that


appeared in 1890, comprising seven volumes.
















www.williambranhamstorehouse.com 2 Bible History - Old Testament


www.williambranhamstorehouse.com 3 Bible History - Old Testament






VOLUME I






THE WORLD BEFORE THE FLOOD



and



THE HISTORY OF THE PATRIARCHS





www.williambranhamstorehouse.com 4 Bible History - Old Testament


PREFACE


One of the most marked and hopeful signs of our time is the increasing attention


given on all sides to the study of Holy Scripture. Those who believe and love the


Bible, who have experienced its truth and power, can only rejoice at such an issue.


They know that "the Word of God liveth and abideth for ever," that "not one tittle" of


it "shall fail;" and that it is "able to make wise unto salvation, through faith which is


in Christ Jesus."


Accordingly they have no reason to dread the results either of scientific investigation,


or of searching inquiry into "those things which are most surely believed among us."


For, the more the Bible is studied, the deeper will be our conviction that "the


foundation of God standeth sure."


It is to help, so far as we can, the reader of Holy Scripture - not to supersede his own


reading of it -that the series, of which this is the first volume, has been undertaken. In


writing it I have primarily had in view those who teach and those who learn, whether


in the school or in the family. But my scope has also been wider. I have wished to


furnish what may be useful for reading in the family, - what indeed may, in some


measure, serve the place of a popular exposition of the sacred history. More than this,


I hope it may likewise prove a book to put in the hands of young men, - not only to


show them what the Bible really teaches, but to defend them against the insidious


attacks arising from misrepresentation and misunderstanding of the sacred text.


With this threefold object in view, I have endeavored to write in a form so popular


and easily intelligible as to be of use to the Sunday-school teacher, the advanced


scholar, and the Bible-class; progressing gradually, in the course of this and the next


volume, from the more simple to the more detailed. At the same time, I have taken up


the Scripture narrative successively, chapter by chapter, always marking the portions


of the Bible explained, that so, in family or in private reading, the sacred text may be


compared with the explanations furnished. Finally, without mentioning objections on


the part of opponents, I have endeavored to meet those that have been raised, and that


not by controversy, but rather by a more full and correct study of the sacred text itself


in the Hebrew original. In so doing, I have freely availed myself not only of the


results of the best criticism, German and English, but also of the aid of such kindred


studies as those of Biblical geography and antiquities, the Egyptian and the Assyrian


monuments, etc.


But when all has been done, the feeling grows only more strong that there is another


and a higher understanding of the Bible, without which all else is vain. Not merely to


know the meaning of the narratives of Scripture, but to realize their spiritual


- 4 -


www.williambranhamstorehouse.com 5 Bible History - Old Testament


application; to feel their eternal import; to experience them in ourselves, so to speak -


this is the only profitable study of Scripture, to which all else can only serve as


outward preparation. Where the result is "doctrine, reproof, correction, and


instruction in righteousness," the Teacher must be He, by whose "inspiration all


Scripture is given." "For what man knoweth the things of a man, save the spirit of


man which is in him? even so the things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of


God." But the end of all is Christ - not only "the end of the law for righteousness to


every one that believeth," but also He in whom "all the promises of God are Yea and


Amen."


A. E. Heniach Bournemouth.


- 5 -


www.williambranhamstorehouse.com 6 Bible History - Old Testament


TABLE OF CONTENTS


PREFACE 4


INTRODUCTION 15


CHAPTER 1: Creation - Man in the Garden of Eden - The Fall. 20


CHAPTER 2 : Cain and Abel - The Two Ways and the Two Races. 25


CHAPTER 3: Seth and his Descendants - The Race of Cain 30


CHAPTER 4: Genealogy of the Believing Race, through Seth. (GENESIS


5) 34


CHAPTER 5: The Universal Corruption of Man - Preparation for the Flood.


(GENESIS 6) 38


CHAPTER 6: The Flood (GENESIS 7-8:15) 44


HISTORY OF THE PATRIARCHS 50


CHAPTER 7: After the Flood - Noah's Sacrifice - Noah's Sin - Noah's


Descendants. (GENESIS 8:15-9:28.) 51


CHAPTER 8: Genealogy of Nations - Babel - Confusion of Tongues


(GENESIS 10-11:10) 57


CHAPTER 9: The Nations and their Religion (Job) 63


CHAPTER 10: The Chronology of the Early History of the Bible -


Commencement of the History of God's Dealings with


Abraham and his Seed 67


CHAPTER 11: The Calling of Abram - His Arrival in Canaan, and


Temporary Removal to Egypt (GENESIS 11:27-13:4) 71


CHAPTER 12: The Separation of Abram and Lot - Abram at Hebron -


Sodom plundered - Lot rescued - The fleeting with


Melchizedek (GENESIS 13, 14) 78


CHAPTER 13: The Twofold Promise of "a Seed" to Abraham - Ishmael -


Jehovah visits Abraham - The Destruction of Sodom -


Abraham's Sojourn at Gerar - His Covenant with


Abimelech (GENESIS 15-20, 21:22-34) 84


CHAPTER 14: Birth of Isaac - Ishmael sent away - Trail of Abraham's faith


in the Command to sacrifice Isaac -Death of Sarah - Death


of Abraham (GENESIS 21-25:18) 91


CHAPTER 15: The Marriage of Isaac - Birth of Esau and Jacob - Esau sells


his Birthright - Isaac at Gerar - Esau's Marriage (GENESIS


24; 25:19-26:35) 98


CHAPTER 16: Isaac's Blessing obtained by Jacob deceitfully - Esau's


Sorrow - Evil Consequences of their error to all the


members of their family - Jacob is sent to Laban - Isaac


renews and fully gives him the Blessing of Abraham


(GENESIS 27-28:9) 105


- 2 -


www.williambranhamstorehouse.com 7 Bible History - Old Testament


CHAPTER 17: Jacob's Vision at Bethel - His Arrival at the House of Laban


- Jacob's double Marriage and Servitude - His Flight from


Haran - Pursuit of Laban, and Reconciliation with Jacob


(GENESIS 28:10-31:55) 111


CHAPTER 18: Jacob at Mahanaim - The Night of Wrestling -


Reconciliation between Jacob and Esau - Jacob settles at


Shechem - Jacob proceeds to Bethel to pay his Vow - Death


of Rachel - Jacob settles at Hebron (GENESIS 32-36) 119


CHAPTER 19: Joseph's Early Life - He is Sold by his Brethren into Slavery


- Joseph in the House of Potiphar -Joseph in Prison


(GENESIS 37-39) 127


CHAPTER 20: Joseph in Prison - The Dream of Pharaoh's Two Officers -


The Dream of Pharaoh - Joseph's Exaltation - His


Government of Egypt (GENESIS 40, 41; 47:13-26) 134


CHAPTER 21: The Sons of Jacob arrive in Egypt to Buy Corn - Joseph


Recognizes his Brothers - Imprisonment of Simeon - The


Sons of Jacob come a second time, bringing Benjamin with


them - Joseph tries his Brethren - He makes himself known


to them - Jacob and his family prepare to descend into


Egypt (GENESIS 42-45) 142


CHAPTER 22: Departure of Jacob and his family into Egypt - Jacob's


Interview with Pharaoh - His last Illness and command to


be buried in Canaan - Adoption of Ephraim and Manasseh


among the Sons of Israel (GENESIS 46-48) 150


CHAPTER 23: The Last Blessing of Jacob - Death of Jacob - Death of


Joseph (GENESIS 49:1) 156


- 3 -


www.williambranhamstorehouse.com 8 Bible History - Old Testament


Dates of Events Recorded in the Book of Genesis,


According to Hales, Ussher, and Keil.



Column 1 - Ussher, Before Christ; Column 2 - Ussher. Year of the World; Column 3 -


Event; Column 4 - Hales, Before Christ; Column 5 - Hales, Year of the World; Column 6


- Keil, Year after the immigration into Canaan.



Ussher Ussher Event Hales Hales Keil


B.C. Y.W. B.C. Y.W. Y.C.



4004 1 The Creation 5411 1


3874 130 Birth of Seth 5181 230


3769 235 Birth of Enos 4976 435


3679 325 Birth of Cainan 4786 625


3609 395 Birth of Mahaleel 4616 795


3074 930 Death of Adam 4481 930


3544 460 Birth of Jared 4451 960


3382 622 Birth of Enoch 4289 1122


3317 687 Birth of Methuselah 4124 1287


3130 874 Birth of Lamech 3937 1474


3017 987 Translation of Enoch 3914 1487


2948 1056 Birth of Noah 3755 1656


2348 1656 Deluge 3155 2256


2346 1658 Birth of Arphaxad 3153 2258


2311 1693 Birth of Salah 3018 2393


2281 1723 Birth of Heber 2888 2523


1998 2006 Death of Noah 2805 2606


2247 1757 Birth of Pelag 2754 2657


2233 1771 Confusion of Tongues 2554 2857


2217 1787 Birth of Reu 2624 2787


2185 1819 Birth of Serug 2492 2919


2155 1849 Birth of Nahor 2362 3049


2126 1878 Birth of Terah 2283 3128


1998 2006 Death of Noah


1996 2008 Birth of Abram 2153 3258


1921 2083 Abram in Canaan 2078 3333 1


1910 2094 Birth of Ismael 2067 3344 11


Beg. Of Circumcision 24


1896 2108 Birth of Isaac 2053 3358 25


Death of Sarah 62


1856 2148 Marriage of Isaac 2013 3398 65


1836 2168 Birth of Esau & Jacob 1993 3418 85


Death of Abraham 100


Esau's Marriage 125


Death of Ishmael 1916 3495 148


1760 Jacob to Padan Aram 162


Jacob's Marriage 169


1745 2259 Birth of Joseph 1902 3509 176


1739 2265 Jacob's to Canaan 1896 3515 182


1732 2272 Jacob's at Hebron 1889 3522 192


www.williambranhamstorehouse.com 9 Bible History - Old Testament


1728 2276 Joseph sold into Egypt 1885 3526 193


1716 2288 Death of Isaac 1873 3538 205


1715 2289 Joseph Gov. of Egypt 1872 3539 206


1706 2298 Jacob goes to Egypt 1863 3548 215


1689 2315 Death of Jacob 1846 3565 232


1635 2369 Death of Joseph 1792 3619 286





The reader will find in ch. 10, some explanations regarding the systems of Chronology


by Ussher and Hales. Hales professes to follow the text of the Greek or LXX translation


of the Old Testament, correcting it by the Jewish historian Josephus, whose dates,


however, are often manifestly very inaccurate. Ussher professes to follow the Hebrew


text. The modern Jewish chronology places the birth of Isaac, when Abraham was one


hundred years old, in the year of the world 2048. With this latter very nearly agrees the


chronology adopted by a celebrated modern German commentator, Professor Keil, who


places it only two years earlier, viz. in 2046. We have given in the last column,


according to the chronology of Keil, the succession of events after the migration of


Abram into Canaan. Keil places the latter event in the year of the world 2021, and


before Christ 2137. From this the reader will easily be able to calculate all the other


dates according to the chronology of Keil, which on the whole seems to us the most


reliable. He bases it on the following data: according to 1 Kings 6:1, the Temple of


Solomon was built 480 years after the Exodus, while the deportation of Israel into


Babylon took place 406 years after the building of the Temple, that is, in all, 886 years


after the Exodus. But as the commencement of the Exile must have fallen in the year


606 before Christ, we have the year 1492 before Christ (or 2666 after the Creation) as


that of the Exodus. The year 606 before Christ is fixed as that of the commencement of


the Babylonish exile, because it ended after 70 years, in the first year of the sole reign


of Cyrus, which we know to have been the year 536 before Christ.


www.williambranhamstorehouse.com 10


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