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Basic Italian A Grammar and Workbook

205 Pages · 2005 · 609 KB · English

  • Basic Italian A Grammar and Workbook

    BASIC ITALIAN:


    A GRAMMAR AND WORKBOOK


    Basic Italian: A Grammar and Workbook comprises an accessible


    reference grammar and related exercises in a single volume.


    This workbook presents 23 individual grammar points in lively and


    realistic contexts. Each unit consists of jargon-free explanations and


    comparisons with English, targeting the more common difficulties experi-


    enced by learners of Italian. Grammar points are followed by examples


    and exercises selected to make use of contemporary Italian.


    Basic Italian introduces Italian culture and people through the medium of


    the language used today, providing readers with the basic tools to


    express themselves in a wide variety of situations.


    Features include:


    • examples in both Italian and English


    • grammar tables for easy reference


    • full exercise answer key


    • glossary of grammatical terms


    Basic Italian is the ideal reference and practice book for beginners and


    also for students with some knowledge of the language.


    Stella Peyronel is a lecturer at the University of Turin, Italy. She has


    taught Italian to foreigners for over 20 years and is the author of


    several Italian grammars. Ian Higgins is Honorary Senior Lecturer at the


    University of St Andrews and is co-author of Thinking Italian Translation. Other titles available in the Grammar Workbooks series are:


    Basic Cantonese


    Intermediate Cantonese


    Basic Chinese


    Intermediate Chinese


    Basic German


    Intermediate German


    Basic Polish


    Intermediate Polish


    Basic Russian


    Intermediate Russian


    Basic Welsh


    Intermediate Welsh


    Titles of related interest published by Routledge:


    Colloquial Italian, Second Edition


    by Sylvia Lymbery


    Modern Italian Grammar: A Practical Guide, Second Edition


    by Anna Proudfoot and Francesco Cardo


    Modern Italian Grammar Workbook, Second Edition


    by Anna Proudfoot BASIC ITALIAN:


    A GRAMMAR AND


    WORKBOOK


    Stella Peyronel and Ian Higgins First published 2006


    by Routledge


    2 Park Square, Milton Park, Abingdon OX14 4RN, UK


    Simultaneously published in the USA and Canada


    by Routledge


    270 Madison Ave, New York, NY 10016


    Routledge is an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group


    This edition published in the Taylor & Francis e-Library, 2005.


    “To purchase your own copy of this or any of Taylor & Francis or Routledge’s


    collection of thousands of eBooks please go to www.eBookstore.tandf.co.uk.”


    © 2006 Stella Peyronel and Ian Higgins


    All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted


    or reproduced or utilized in any form or by any electronic, mechanical,


    or other means, now known or hereafter invented, including


    photocopying and recording, or in any information storage or


    retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publishers.


    British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data


    A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library


    Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data


    A catalog record for this book has been requested


    ISBN 0-203-64007-1 Master e-book ISBN


    ISBN 0–415–34717–3 (Print Edition) CONTENTS


    Introduction vii


    List of signs and abbreviations viii


    1 Nouns: gender and number 1


    2 Definite and indefinite articles 9


    3 Adjectives; possessive and demonstrative pronouns 17


    4 The present tense of essere and avere 28


    5 The present tense of regular (and some irregular) verbs 36


    6 Adverbs 46


    7 Direct object pronouns (1) 52


    8 Prepositions 57


    9 Questions 68


    10 Indirect object pronouns (1) 74


    11 Piacere and similar verbs 79


    12 The present perfect tense 84


    13 Direct and indirect object pronouns (2) 94


    14 Direct and indirect object pronouns (3: stressed forms) 99


    15 Relative pronouns 104


    16 The imperfect tense 111


    17 The pronouns ne and ci 120


    18 The future tense 129


    19 The past perfect tense 137 vi Contents


    20 Reflexive pronouns 143


    21 The imperative 149


    22 The pronoun si 157


    23 The present conditional 162


    Key to exercises 168


    Glossary of technical terms 187


    Index 191 INTRODUCTION


    If you are an English-speaking learner preparing GCSE, Scottish Standard


    Grade (credit level) or similar examination, or simply learning the language


    for everyday use, this grammar and workbook is for you. You will typically be


    either following a course at school, college or evening class, or teaching your-


    self from a published course. This book is not itself a course, but a self-help


    reference/revision grammar, with exercises designed to reinforce your grasp


    of the points dealt with, unit by unit. You will find it a help to have access to a


    good Italian–English dictionary when working through the book.


    Since this is not a self-contained course, the grammar points are usually


    given on their own, out of context. Of course, this is artificial, because, in


    everyday life, when we say or write something it is always in a situation or


    context. To compensate for this artificiality, the grammar points are illus-


    trated with abundant examples, which are often reused, with variations,


    under different headings. This is partly to strengthen your grasp of grammar


    and vocabulary, but mostly to help you learn how to manipulate the Italian


    language in a wide range of situations. Giving plenty of examples is a more


    effective way of helping you develop the ability to communicate in Italian


    than giving you lists of rules with just one or two examples.


    At the end of each unit, there are several sets of exercises. If you work


    through these, you will find that they consolidate your understanding of the


    various points introduced in the unit, and also that they give you the con-


    fidence to have a go at expressing yourself in a range of situations and


    contexts.


    The aim of the examples and exercises is to strengthen awareness of the


    specific points dealt with in the unit; they are not intended to cover all the


    possible uses of a given word or grammatical structure.


    At the end of the book, there is a key to all the exercises, and a glossary of


    grammatical terms, with examples. SIGNS AND ABBREVIATIONS


    f feminine


    fp feminine plural


    fs feminine singular


    lit. literally


    m masculine


    mp masculine plural


    ms masculine singular


    pl. plural


    sing. singular


    Square brackets indicate an explanatory comment attached to an example,


    e.g.


    C’èLuisaaltelefono. That’s Luisa on the phone.


    [i.e.shehasjustrung]


    Quanto zucchero [ms] vuoi? How much sugar do you want?


    ‘Dov’èAnna?’‘Noloso.’ ‘Where’s Anna?’ ‘I don’t know.’


    [lit. I don’t know it]


    Round brackets in an example show that the material in brackets is optional,


    e.g.


    ‘Haiilibri?’‘Sì,(ce)liho.’ ‘Have you got the books?’


    ‘Yes, I’ve got them.’


    Ne ho mangiati due. I ate two (of them).


    A chi scrivete? Who(m) are you writing to?


    Round brackets round an entire sentence show that, while possible, this is a


    formal form that is not often used, e.g.


    ((Loro)Partono,SignoriBianco?) Are you leaving(, Mr and Mrs


    Bianco)? Signs and abbreviations ix


    A slash shows alternative ways of saying something, e.g.


    Gli dico/Dico loro la verità. I tell them the truth. (Here, gli dico and dico


    loro are alternative ways of saying ‘I tell them’.)


    Non mi sembra giusto. It doesn’t seem fair to me/I don’t think it’s fair.


    (Here, the English sentences are alternatives to one another.)


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