Agroforestry and Biodiversity Conservation in Tropical Landscapes

537 Pages · 2010 · 5.95 MB · English

  • Agroforestry and Biodiversity Conservation in Tropical Landscapes

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    sarily reflect the views of these foundations. Agroforestry and

    Biodiversity Conservation

    in Tropical Landscapes Agroforestry and

    Biodiversity Conservation

    in Tropical Landscapes


    Götz Schroth, Gustavo A. B. da Fonseca,

    Celia A. Harvey, Claude Gascon,

    Heraldo L. Vasconcelos, and

    Anne-Marie N. Izac

    Washington • Covelo • London Copyright © 2004 Island Press

    All rights reserved under International and Pan-American Copyright Conventions. No part of

    this book may be reproduced in any form or by any means without permission in writing from

    the publisher: Island Press, 1718 Connecticut Avenue, N.W., Suite 300, Washington, DC


    ISLAND PRESS is a trademark of The Center for Resource Economics.

    Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

    (CIP Data to come)

    British Cataloguing-in-Publication Data available.

    Book design by Brighid Willson

    Printed on recycled, acid-free paper

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    09 08 07 06 05 04 03 02 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Contents

    Preface xi

    Introduction: The Role of Agroforestry in Biodiversity Conservation

    in Tropical Landscapes 1

    Götz Schroth, Gustavo A. B. da Fonseca, Celia A. Harvey,

    Heraldo L. Vasconcelos, Claude Gascon, and Anne-Marie N. Izac

    Part I: Conservation Biology and Landscape Ecology

    in the Tropics: A Framework for Agroforestry

    Applications 13

    Chapter 1: Biodiversity Conservation in Deforested and

    Fragmented Tropical Landscapes: An Overview 15

    Claude Gascon, Gustavo A. B. da Fonseca, Wes Sechrest,

    Kaycie A. Billmark, and James Sanderson

    Chapter 2: Ecological Effects of Habitat Fragmentation in the

    Tropics 33

    William F. Laurance and Heraldo L. Vasconcelos

    Chapter 3: Landscape Connectivity and Biological Corridors 50

    Susan G. W. Laurance

    Part II: The Ecological Economics of Agroforestry:

    Environmental Benefits and Effects

    on Deforestation 65

    Chapter 4: The Economic Valuation of Agroforestry’s

    Environmental Services 67

    David Pearce and Susana Mourato

    vii viii Contents

    Chapter 5: Is Agroforestry Likely to Reduce Deforestation? 87

    Arild Angelsen and David Kaimowitz

    Chapter 6: Chocolate Forests and Monocultures: A Historical

    Review of Cocoa Growing and Its Conflicting Role in

    Tropical Deforestation and Forest Conservation 107

    François Ruf and Götz Schroth

    Chapter 7: Achieving Biodiversity Conservation Using

    Conservation Concessions to Complement

    Agroforestry 135

    Eduard Niesten, Shelley Ratay, and Richard Rice

    Part III: The Biodiversity of Agroforestry Systems:

    Habitat, Biological Corridor, and Buffer

    for Protected Areas 151

    Chapter 8: The Biodiversity and Conservation Potential of Shifting

    Cultivation Landscapes 153

    Bryan Finegan and Robert Nasi

    Chapter 9: Biodiversity Conservation in Neotropical Coffee

    (Coffea arabica) Plantations 198

    Eduardo Somarriba, Celia A. Harvey, Mario Samper, François

    Anthony, Jorge González, Charles Staver, and Robert A. Rice

    Chapter 10: Complex Agroforests: Their Structure, Diversity,

    and Potential Role in Landscape Conservation 227

    Götz Schroth, Celia A. Harvey, and Grégoire Vincent

    Chapter 11: Live Fences, Isolated Trees, and Windbreaks: Tools

    for Conserving Biodiversity in Fragmented Tropical

    Landscapes 261

    Celia A. Harvey, Nigel I. J. Tucker, and Alejandro Estrada

    Chapter 12: Agroforestry Systems: Important Components in

    Conserving the Genetic Viability of Native Tropical

    Tree Species? 290

    David H. Boshier Contents ix

    Part IV: Biodiversity as Burden and Natural Capital:

    Interactions between Agroforestry Areas, Natural

    Ecosystems, and Rural Communities in Tropical

    Land Use Mosaics 315

    Chapter 13: Wildlife Conservation in Agroforestry Buffer Zones:

    Opportunities and Conflict 319

    Lisa Naughton-Treves and Nick Salafsky

    Chapter 14: Hunting in Agroforestry Systems and Landscapes:

    Conservation Implications in West-Central Africa

    and Southeast Asia 346

    David S. Wilkie and Robert J. Lee

    Chapter 15: Invasive Agroforestry Trees: Problems

    and Solutions 371

    David M. Richardson, Pierre Binggeli, and Götz Schroth

    Chapter 16: Diseases in Tropical Agroforestry Landscapes: The Role

    of Biodiversity 397

    Ulrike Krauss

    Part V: Matrix Management in Practice: Agroforestry Tools

    in Landscape Conservation 413

    Chapter 17: Agroforestry Buffer Zones and Stepping Stones:

    Tools for the Conservation of Fragmented Landscapes

    in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest 415

    Laury Cullen Jr., Jefferson Ferreira Lima, and Tiago Pavan Beltrame

    Chapter 18: Agroforestry and Biodiversity: Improving Conservation

    Outcomes in Tropical Northeastern Australia 431

    Nigel I. J. Tucker, Grant Wardell-Johnson, Carla P. Catterall,

    and John Kanowski

    Chapter 19: Silvopastoral Systems: Ecological and Socioeconomic

    Benefits and Migratory Bird Conservation 453

    Robert A. Rice and Russell Greenberg

    Chapter 20: Agroforestry and Climate Change–Integrated

    Conservation Strategies 473

    Lee Hannah

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