2

A Short History of Indonesia

289 Pages · 2007 · 4.65 MB · English

  • A Short History of Indonesia

    History Indonesia PAGES 13/2/03 8:28 AM Page i


    A SHORT HISTORY OF


    INDONESIA History Indonesia PAGES 13/2/03 8:28 AM Page ii


    Short History of Asia Series


    Series Editor: Milton Osborne


    Milton Osborne has had an association with the Asian region for over


    40 years as an academic, public servant and independent writer. He is


    the author of eight books on Asian topics, including Southeast Asia:


    An Introductory History, first published in 1979 and now in its eighth


    edition, and, most recently, The Mekong: Turbulent Past, Uncertain


    Future, published in 2000. History Indonesia PAGES 13/2/03 8:28 AM Page iii


    A SHORT HISTORY OF


    INDONESIA


    THE UNLIKELY NATION?


    Colin Brown History Indonesia PAGES 13/2/03 8:28 AM Page iv


    First published in 2003


    Copyright © Colin Brown 2003


    All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form


    or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording or by


    any information storage and retrieval system, without prior permission in writing


    from the publisher. TheAustralian Copyright Act 1968(the Act) allows a maximum of


    one chapter or 10 per cent of this book, whichever is the greater, to be photocopied by


    any educational institution for its educational purposes provided that the educational


    institution (or body that administers it) has given a remuneration notice to Copyright


    Agency Limited (CAL) under the Act.


    Allen & Unwin


    83 Alexander Street


    Crows Nest NSW 2065


    Australia


    Phone: (61 2) 8425 0100


    Fax: (61 2) 9906 2218


    Email: info@allenandunwin.com


    Web: www.allenandunwin.com


    National Library of Australia


    Cataloguing-in-Publication entry:


    Brown, Colin,


    A short history of Indonesia : the unlikely nation?


    Bibliography.


    Includes index.


    ISBN 1 86508 838 2


    1. Indonesia—History.


    I. Title. (Series : Short histories of Asia).


    959.4


    Index compiled by Russell Brooks.


    Set in 11/14 pt Goudy by Midland Typesetters, Maryborough, Victoria


    Printed by South Wind Productions, Singapore


    10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 History Indonesia PAGES 13/2/03 8:28 AM Page v


    For Christopher and Meily.


    This is their story, more than it is mine. History Indonesia PAGES 13/2/03 8:28 AM Page vi History Indonesia PAGES 3/3/03 1:53 PM Page vii


    CONTENTS


    Acknowledgements ix


    Maps of Indonesia xi


    Acronyms xiv


    Glossary xvi


    Note on transcription xviii


    1 The Indonesian context 1


    What’s in a name? 2


    The physical environment 5


    The ethnographic environment 9


    2 The rise of states: 1–1500 CE 11


    The rise of the state 13


    Hindu and Buddhist societies 17


    3 The age of commerce: 1400–1700 29


    The spread of Islam 31


    The beginnings of colonialism 32


    4 Economic demise, political decline: 1600–1800 49


    Extension of VOC control 55


    Decline of Mataram 57


    The Chinese War, 1740–1741 60


    The Company outside Java 65


    The collapse of the VOC 68


    The legacy of the VOC 70


    5 Establishment of empire: 1800–1900 72


    Colonial reactions 81


    The Cultivation System 83


    Liberal Era 89


    East coast of Sumatera 91


    Aceh 96


    The Aceh War 99


    vii History Indonesia PAGES 13/2/03 8:28 AM Page viii


    A Short History of Indonesia


    The other islands 101


    The colonial infrastructure 102


    6 Times of change: 1900–1945 104


    Japanese administration 140


    7 From revolution to authoritarian rule: 1945–1957 156


    8 Guided to Pancasila democracy: 1956–1998 185


    The rise of the New Order government 197


    New Order foreign policy 208


    The New Order and East Timor 209


    Separatism in Aceh 212


    Economic developments under Suharto 218


    Restraints on the exercise of power 223


    9 Reformasi: The post-Suharto era? 225


    Bibliographical essay 247


    Endnotes 260


    Index 263


    viii History Indonesia PAGES 13/2/03 8:28 AM Page ix


    Acknowledgements


    The author of any book acquires a mountain of debts, both academic


    and social. I am no exception.


    The first draft of this book was written in the second half of 2000,


    while I was on study leave from Flinders University. For part of this


    time, I was a Visiting Fellow at the International Institute for Asian


    Studies in Leiden, the Netherlands. I gratefully acknowledge the warm


    collegial support I received during my stay there, from the Director


    Professor W. A. L. Stokhof and all his colleagues.


    I also spent several weeks in the Faculty of Social and Political


    Sciences at Parahyangan University, Bandung, Indonesia. I have been


    visiting Parahyangan regularly for some years now; once again, staff and


    students there made me feel most welcome. I thank in particular the


    Rector of the University, Professor B. Suprapto Brotosiswojo, the Deputy


    Rector for Academic Affairs, Mr Johannes Gunawan, the Deputy Rector


    for International Cooperation, Dr R. W. Triweko, and the then Dean of


    the Faculty, Dr Pius Suratman Kartasasmita.


    Griffith University, where I first taught Indonesian history, pro-


    vided me with office and library facilities for the final part of my leave.


    I thank Professor Nick Knight, Dean of the Faculty of Asian and


    International Studies, and Professor Colin Mackerras.


    At Flinders University, I have had the good fortune to work with


    a number of very talented scholars. I must single out Dr Jim Schiller,


    with whom I have co-taught courses and co-supervised postgraduate


    students, for his willingness to discuss almost any aspect of Indonesia,


    and his deep knowledge of and feeling for the country. We have not


    always agreed on interpretation of events, but I have always admired


    and respected the persuasive ways in which he makes his points.


    I also acknowledge the students I have taught, and debated with,


    at Griffith University, the University of Tasmania, Parahyangan Uni-


    versity and Flinders University. It is almost a cliché to say so, but I


    ix


    Please note: To fully download this free PDF,EBook files you need know All free.
    Found by internet command,site not saved pdf file
You May Also Like

Related PPT Template in the same category.