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A History of European Art

376 Pages · 2012 · 1.14 MB · English

  • A History of European Art

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    “Pure intellectual stimulation that can be popped into


    Fine Arts & Music Visual Arts


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    —Harvard Magazine


    A A History of


    “Passionate, erudite, living legend lecturers. Academia’s



    best lecturers are being captured on tape.” H


    —The Los Angeles Times i


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    o European Art


    “A serious force in American education.” r


    y


    —The Wall Street Journal


    o


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    E


    Course Guidebook


    u


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    a Professor William Kloss


    n


    Independent Art Historian,


    A


    The Smithsonian Associates,


    r


    t Smithsonian Institution


    Professor William Kloss is an independent art historian and


    lecturer for the Smithsonian Institution’s seminar and travel


    program. He has delivered hundreds of courses and lectures


    around the world on a range of European and American


    art to such prestigious universities and institutions as the


    University of Virginia, The Art Institute of Chicago, and


    Sotheby’s Institute.


    THE GREAT COURSES®


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    Cover Image: © Studio DMM Photography, Designs & Art/Shutterstock.com; o


    2010 by Dover Publications, Inc. o


    Course No. 7100 © 2005 The Teaching Company. PB7100A k PUBLISHED BY:


    THE GREAT COURSES


    Corporate Headquarters


    4840 Westfi elds Boulevard, Suite 500


    Chantilly, Virginia 20151-2299


    Phone: 1-800-832-2412


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    Copyright © The Teaching Company, 2005


    Printed in the United States of America


    This book is in copyright. All rights reserved.


    Without limiting the rights under copyright reserved above,


    no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in


    or introduced into a retrieval system, or transmitted,


    in any form, or by any means


    (electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise),


    without the prior written permission of


    The Teaching Company. William Kloss, M.A.


    Independent Art Historian,


    The Smithsonian Associates,


    Smithsonian Institution


    P


    rofessor William Kloss is an independent


    art historian and scholar who lectures and


    writes about a wide range of European


    and American art. He was educated at Oberlin


    College, where he earned a B.A. in English and


    an M.A. in Art History.


    Professor Kloss continued his postgraduate work as a Teaching Fellow at


    the University of Michigan. He was awarded a Fulbright Fellowship for


    two years of study in Rome and was an Assistant Professor of Art History at


    the University of Virginia, where he taught 17th- and 18th-century European


    art and 19th-century French art. His courses were very highly rated by both


    undergraduate and graduate students.


    A resident of Washington DC, Professor Kloss has enjoyed a long association


    with the Smithsonian Institution as an independent lecturer for the seminar


    and travel program, presenting more than 100 courses in the United States


    and abroad on subjects ranging from ancient Greek art to Impressionism to


    the works of Winslow Homer. He has also been a featured lecturer for the


    National Trust for Historic Preservation and for The Art Institute of Chicago


    and a guest faculty lecturer for the American Arts Course at Sotheby’s


    Institute of Art.


    Professor Kloss serves on the Committee for the Preservation of the White


    House, a presidential appointment he has held since 1990, and is a member


    of the Portrait Advisory Panel for the U.S. Senate Commission on Art. He is


    the author of several books, including the award-winning Art in the White


    House: A Nation’s Pride and most recently coauthored United States Senate


    Catalogue of Fine Art. He has also written articles published in Winterthur


    Portfolio, The Magazine Antiques, American Arts Quarterly, White House


    History, and Antiques & Fine Art and has recorded four earlier Teaching


    i Company courses: Great Artists of the Italian Renaissance, A History of


    European Art, Dutch Masters: The Age of Rembrandt, and Masterworks of


    American Art. (cid:374)


    ii Table of Contents


    INTRODUCTION


    Professor Biography ............................................................................i


    Course Scope .....................................................................................1


    LECTURE GUIDES


    LECTURE 1


    Approaches to European Art ..............................................................4


    LECTURE 2


    Carolingian and Ottonian Art ............................................................14


    LECTURE 3


    Romanesque Sculpture and Architecture .........................................20


    LECTURE 4


    Gothic Art in France ..........................................................................27


    LECTURE 5


    Gothic Art in Germany and Italy........................................................33


    LECTURE 6


    Giotto and the Arena Chapel—Part I ................................................40


    LECTURE 7


    Giotto and the Arena Chapel—Part II ...............................................46


    LECTURE 8


    Duccio and the Maestà .....................................................................52


    LECTURE 9


    Sienese Art in the 14th Century .........................................................58


    LECTURE 10


    The Black Death and the International Style ....................................65


    iii Table of Contents


    LECTURE 11


    Early Renaissance Sculpture in Florence.........................................71


    LECTURE 12


    Early Renaissance Architecture in Florence .....................................77


    LECTURE 13


    Masaccio and Early Renaissance Painting ......................................83


    LECTURE 14


    Jan van Eyck and Northern Renaissance Art ...................................89


    LECTURE 15


    Northern Renaissance Altarpieces ...................................................96


    LECTURE 16


    Piero della Francesca in Arezzo .....................................................102


    LECTURE 17


    Sandro Botticelli..............................................................................107


    LECTURE 18


    Andrea Mantegna and Giovanni Bellini ..........................................113


    LECTURE 19


    High Renaissance Painting in Venice .............................................120


    LECTURE 20


    The High Renaissance—Leonardo da Vinci ...................................126


    LECTURE 21


    The High Renaissance—Raphael ..................................................132


    LECTURE 22


    The High Renaissance—Michelangelo ..........................................138


    LECTURE 23


    Albrecht Dürer and German Renaissance Art ................................145


    iv Table of Contents


    LECTURE 24


    Riemenschneider and Grünewald ..................................................152


    LECTURE 25


    Netherlandish Art in the 16th Century ..............................................158


    LECTURE 26


    Pieter Bruegel the Elder .................................................................165


    LECTURE 27


    Mannerism and the Late Work of Michelangelo .............................170


    LECTURE 28


    Annibale Carracci and the Reform of Art ........................................176


    LECTURE 29


    Caravaggio .....................................................................................183


    LECTURE 30


    Italian Baroque Painting in Rome ...................................................190


    LECTURE 31


    Gian Lorenzo Bernini ......................................................................196


    LECTURE 32


    Peter Paul Rubens .........................................................................201


    LECTURE 33


    Dutch Painting in the 17th Century ..................................................208


    LECTURE 34


    Rembrandt ......................................................................................214


    LECTURE 35


    Poussin and Claude—The Allure of Rome .....................................221


    LECTURE 36


    Baroque Painting in Spain ..............................................................228


    v Table of Contents


    LECTURE 37


    Louis XIV and Versailles .................................................................236


    LECTURE 38


    French Art in the 18th Century .........................................................242


    LECTURE 39


    Neoclassicism and the Birth of Romanticism .................................248


    LECTURE 40


    Romanticism in the 19th Century .....................................................255


    LECTURE 41


    Realism—From Daumier to Courbet ..............................................263


    LECTURE 42


    Manet and Monet—The Birth of Impressionism .............................270


    LECTURE 43


    Monet and Degas ...........................................................................277


    LECTURE 44


    Renoir, Pissarro, and Cézanne.......................................................282


    LECTURE 45


    Beyond Impressionism—From Seurat to Matisse ..........................290


    LECTURE 46


    Cubism and Early Modern Painting ................................................297


    LECTURE 47


    Modern Sculpture—Rodin and Brancusi ........................................305


    LECTURE 48


    Art between Two Wars—Kandinsky to Picasso ..............................312


    vi Table of Contents


    SUPPLEMENTAL MATERIAL


    Timeline ..........................................................................................320


    Glossary .........................................................................................329


    Biographical Notes .........................................................................339


    Bibliography ....................................................................................355


    vii viii


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