718 Pages · 2009 · 6.07 MB · English




    A Companion to Ancient History Edited by Andrew Erskine

    © 2009 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. ISBN: 978-1-405-13150-6 BLACKWELL COMPANIONS TO THE ANCIENT WORLD

    This series provides sophisticated and authoritative overviews of periods of ancient history,

    genres of classical literature, and the most important themes in ancient culture. Each volume

    comprises between twenty-fi ve and forty concise essays written by individual scholars within

    their area of specialization. The essays are written in a clear, provocative, and lively manner,

    designed for an international audience of scholars, students, and general readers.


    A Companion to the Roman Army A Companion to Classical Receptions

    Edited by Paul Erdkamp Edited by Lorna Hardwick and

    Christopher Stray

    A Companion to the Roman Republic

    Edited by Nathan Rosenstein and Robert A Companion to Greek and Roman

    Morstein-Marx Historiography

    Edited by John Marincola

    A Companion to the Roman Empire

    Edited by David S. Potter A Companion to Catullus

    Edited by Marilyn B. Skinner

    A Companion to the Classical Greek World

    Edited by Konrad H. Kinzl A Companion to Roman Religion

    Edited by Jörg Rüpke

    A Companion to the Ancient Near East

    Edited by Daniel C. Snell A Companion to Greek Religion

    Edited by Daniel Ogden

    A Companion to the Hellenistic World

    Edited by Andrew Erskine A Companion to the Classical Tradition

    Edited by Craig W. Kallendorf

    A Companion to Late Antiquity

    Edited by Philip Rousseau A Companion to Roman Rhetoric

    Edited by William Dominik and Jon Hall

    A Companion to Archaic Greece

    Edited by Kurt A. Raafl aub and A Companion to Greek Rhetoric

    Hans van Wees Edited by Ian Worthington

    A Companion to Julius Caesar A Companion to Ancient Epic

    Edited by Miriam Griffi n Edited by John Miles Foley

    A Companion to Ancient History A Companion to Greek Tragedy

    Edited by Andrew Erskine Edited by Justina Gregory

    A Companion to Latin Literature

    Edited by Stephen Harrison

    A Companion to Ovid

    Edited by Peter E. Knox

    A Companion to Greek and Roman

    Political Thought

    Edited by Ryan K. Balot A COMPANION



    Edited by

    Andrew Erskine

    A John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Publication This edition fi rst published 2009

    © 2009 Blackwell Publishing Ltd

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    been asserted in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.

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    Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

    A companion to ancient history / edited by Andrew Erskine.

    p. cm. – (Blackwell companions to the ancient world)

    Includes bibliographical references and index.

    ISBN 978-1-4051-3150-6 (hardcover : alk. paper)

    1. History, Ancient. I. Erskine, Andrew.

    D57.C66 2009



    A catalog record for this book is available from the British Library.

    Set in 10/12.5 pt Galliard by SNP Best-set Typesetter Ltd., Hong Kong

    Printed in the United Kingdom

    01 2009 In Memory of

    Peter Derow


    George Forrest Contents

    List of Figures xi

    List of Maps xii

    Notes on Contributors xiii

    Preface xix

    Abbreviations, Reference Works xx

    Abbreviations and Glossary, Ancient Authors xxiii

    Timeline xxx

    1 Personal Perspectives 1

    Josiah Ober, Peter Derow, Andrea Giardina, Neil McLynn,

    Kathryn Welch

    Part I: Evidence 11

    2 Historiography 13

    John Marincola

    3 Epigraphical Cultures of the Classical Mediterranean:

    Greek, Latin, and Beyond 23

    Gregory Rowe

    4 Papyrology 37

    Alan K. Bowman

    5 Numismatics 48

    A. R. Meadows

    6 Archaeology and Ancient History 59

    Stephen L. Dyson viii Contents

    7 Oratory 67

    Catherine Steel

    8 Ancient History Through Ancient Literature 77

    Tim Whitmarsh

    Part II: Problems and Approaches 87

    9 Ancient History Today 89

    J. A. North

    10 Political History 99

    Robert Morstein-Marx

    11 Economic and Social History 112

    Neville Morley

    12 Ethnicity and Culture 123

    Edward Herring

    13 Population and Demography 134

    Walter Scheidel

    14 Writing Women into History 146

    Amy Richlin

    15 Interpreting Myth 154

    Carol Dougherty

    16 Environmental History 164

    Robert Sallares

    Part III: People and Places 175

    17 The Near East 177

    Maria Brosius

    18 Egypt under the Pharaohs 189

    John Ray

    19 The Jews 201

    Gideon Bohak

    20 The Greeks 213

    Thomas Harrison

    21 Asia Minor 222

    Peter Thonemann

    22 Rome 236

    Christer Bruun Contents ix

    23 Italy beyond Rome 248

    Kathryn Lomas

    24 North Africa 260

    Josephine Crawley Quinn

    25 The Iberian Peninsula in the Roman Period 273

    A. T. Fear

    26 The “Celts” 284

    Constanze Witt

    Part IV: Encountering the Divine 299

    27 Religion 301

    Mark Humphries

    28 The Emergence of Christianity 312

    John Curran

    Part V: Living and Dying 327

    29 The Family 329

    Mary Harlow and Tim Parkin

    30 Food 342

    John Wilkins

    31 Eros: Love and Sexuality 352

    James Davidson

    32 Housing 368

    Lisa C. Nevett

    33 Entertainment 381

    David Potter

    34 Education 392

    Jason König

    35 Medicine 403

    Helen King

    36 Death 414

    David Noy

    Part VI: Economy 427

    37 The Mediterranean and the History of Antiquity 429

    R. Bruce Hitchner x Contents

    38 Ancient Economies 436

    John Davies

    39 Labor: Free and Unfree 447

    Peter Fibiger Bang

    40 The Countryside 462

    Robert Witcher

    41 Finance and Resources: Public, Private, and Personal 474

    Paul Millett

    42 Ancient Technology 486

    Tracey Rihll

    Part VII: Politics and Power 497

    43 Structures 499

    Hans Beck

    44 Citizenship 510

    Andrew Lintott

    45 Law 520

    Elizabeth A. Meyer

    46 Warfare 531

    Louis Rawlings

    Part VIII: Repercussions 543

    47 The Impact of Antiquity 545

    Rosamond McKitterick

    48 Ancient History and National Identity 555

    Andrew Erskine

    49 Hollywood’s Ancient World 564

    Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones

    Bibliography 580

    Index 654

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