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A COMPANION TO ANCIENT HISTORY

718 Pages · 2009 · 6.07 MB · English

  • A COMPANION TO ANCIENT HISTORY

    A COMPANION


    TO ANCIENT HISTORY


    A Companion to Ancient History Edited by Andrew Erskine


    © 2009 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. ISBN: 978-1-405-13150-6 BLACKWELL COMPANIONS TO THE ANCIENT WORLD


    This series provides sophisticated and authoritative overviews of periods of ancient history,


    genres of classical literature, and the most important themes in ancient culture. Each volume


    comprises between twenty-fi ve and forty concise essays written by individual scholars within


    their area of specialization. The essays are written in a clear, provocative, and lively manner,


    designed for an international audience of scholars, students, and general readers.


    ANCIENT HISTORY LITERATURE AND CULTURE


    A Companion to the Roman Army A Companion to Classical Receptions


    Edited by Paul Erdkamp Edited by Lorna Hardwick and


    Christopher Stray


    A Companion to the Roman Republic


    Edited by Nathan Rosenstein and Robert A Companion to Greek and Roman


    Morstein-Marx Historiography


    Edited by John Marincola


    A Companion to the Roman Empire


    Edited by David S. Potter A Companion to Catullus


    Edited by Marilyn B. Skinner


    A Companion to the Classical Greek World


    Edited by Konrad H. Kinzl A Companion to Roman Religion


    Edited by Jörg Rüpke


    A Companion to the Ancient Near East


    Edited by Daniel C. Snell A Companion to Greek Religion


    Edited by Daniel Ogden


    A Companion to the Hellenistic World


    Edited by Andrew Erskine A Companion to the Classical Tradition


    Edited by Craig W. Kallendorf


    A Companion to Late Antiquity


    Edited by Philip Rousseau A Companion to Roman Rhetoric


    Edited by William Dominik and Jon Hall


    A Companion to Archaic Greece


    Edited by Kurt A. Raafl aub and A Companion to Greek Rhetoric


    Hans van Wees Edited by Ian Worthington


    A Companion to Julius Caesar A Companion to Ancient Epic


    Edited by Miriam Griffi n Edited by John Miles Foley


    A Companion to Ancient History A Companion to Greek Tragedy


    Edited by Andrew Erskine Edited by Justina Gregory


    A Companion to Latin Literature


    Edited by Stephen Harrison


    A Companion to Ovid


    Edited by Peter E. Knox


    A Companion to Greek and Roman


    Political Thought


    Edited by Ryan K. Balot A COMPANION


    TO ANCIENT


    HISTORY


    Edited by


    Andrew Erskine


    A John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Publication This edition fi rst published 2009


    © 2009 Blackwell Publishing Ltd


    Blackwell Publishing was acquired by John Wiley & Sons in February 2007. Blackwell’s publishing


    program has been merged with Wiley’s global Scientifi c, Technical, and Medical business to form


    Wiley-Blackwell.


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    Kingdom


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    The Atrium, Southern Gate, Chichester, West Sussex, PO19 8SQ, UK


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    for permission to reuse the copyright material in this book please see our website at www.wiley.


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    The right of Andrew Erskine to be identifi ed as the author of the editorial material in this work has


    been asserted in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.


    All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or


    transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or


    otherwise, except as permitted by the UK Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988, without the prior


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    Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data


    A companion to ancient history / edited by Andrew Erskine.


    p. cm. – (Blackwell companions to the ancient world)


    Includes bibliographical references and index.


    ISBN 978-1-4051-3150-6 (hardcover : alk. paper)


    1. History, Ancient. I. Erskine, Andrew.


    D57.C66 2009


    930–dc22


    2008046753


    A catalog record for this book is available from the British Library.


    Set in 10/12.5 pt Galliard by SNP Best-set Typesetter Ltd., Hong Kong


    Printed in the United Kingdom


    01 2009 In Memory of


    Peter Derow


    and


    George Forrest Contents


    List of Figures xi


    List of Maps xii


    Notes on Contributors xiii


    Preface xix


    Abbreviations, Reference Works xx


    Abbreviations and Glossary, Ancient Authors xxiii


    Timeline xxx


    1 Personal Perspectives 1


    Josiah Ober, Peter Derow, Andrea Giardina, Neil McLynn,


    Kathryn Welch


    Part I: Evidence 11


    2 Historiography 13


    John Marincola


    3 Epigraphical Cultures of the Classical Mediterranean:


    Greek, Latin, and Beyond 23


    Gregory Rowe


    4 Papyrology 37


    Alan K. Bowman


    5 Numismatics 48


    A. R. Meadows


    6 Archaeology and Ancient History 59


    Stephen L. Dyson viii Contents


    7 Oratory 67


    Catherine Steel


    8 Ancient History Through Ancient Literature 77


    Tim Whitmarsh


    Part II: Problems and Approaches 87


    9 Ancient History Today 89


    J. A. North


    10 Political History 99


    Robert Morstein-Marx


    11 Economic and Social History 112


    Neville Morley


    12 Ethnicity and Culture 123


    Edward Herring


    13 Population and Demography 134


    Walter Scheidel


    14 Writing Women into History 146


    Amy Richlin


    15 Interpreting Myth 154


    Carol Dougherty


    16 Environmental History 164


    Robert Sallares


    Part III: People and Places 175


    17 The Near East 177


    Maria Brosius


    18 Egypt under the Pharaohs 189


    John Ray


    19 The Jews 201


    Gideon Bohak


    20 The Greeks 213


    Thomas Harrison


    21 Asia Minor 222


    Peter Thonemann


    22 Rome 236


    Christer Bruun Contents ix


    23 Italy beyond Rome 248


    Kathryn Lomas


    24 North Africa 260


    Josephine Crawley Quinn


    25 The Iberian Peninsula in the Roman Period 273


    A. T. Fear


    26 The “Celts” 284


    Constanze Witt


    Part IV: Encountering the Divine 299


    27 Religion 301


    Mark Humphries


    28 The Emergence of Christianity 312


    John Curran


    Part V: Living and Dying 327


    29 The Family 329


    Mary Harlow and Tim Parkin


    30 Food 342


    John Wilkins


    31 Eros: Love and Sexuality 352


    James Davidson


    32 Housing 368


    Lisa C. Nevett


    33 Entertainment 381


    David Potter


    34 Education 392


    Jason König


    35 Medicine 403


    Helen King


    36 Death 414


    David Noy


    Part VI: Economy 427


    37 The Mediterranean and the History of Antiquity 429


    R. Bruce Hitchner x Contents


    38 Ancient Economies 436


    John Davies


    39 Labor: Free and Unfree 447


    Peter Fibiger Bang


    40 The Countryside 462


    Robert Witcher


    41 Finance and Resources: Public, Private, and Personal 474


    Paul Millett


    42 Ancient Technology 486


    Tracey Rihll


    Part VII: Politics and Power 497


    43 Structures 499


    Hans Beck


    44 Citizenship 510


    Andrew Lintott


    45 Law 520


    Elizabeth A. Meyer


    46 Warfare 531


    Louis Rawlings


    Part VIII: Repercussions 543


    47 The Impact of Antiquity 545


    Rosamond McKitterick


    48 Ancient History and National Identity 555


    Andrew Erskine


    49 Hollywood’s Ancient World 564


    Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones


    Bibliography 580


    Index 654


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